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A Monthly Magazine 

Devoted to the Interest of the Shorthand 

Profession, and to a diffusion of the knowledge 

and practice of Shorthand as a part of an 

English Education. 


Stenographer Printing and Publishing Company, 

I 90 I 






DEC u uaa 


Associations : 

Eastern Commercial Teachers' 101 

National Shorthand Reporters' . . 99, 

172, 229 

Penna. State Stenographers' 178 


John B. Carey 86 

Kendrick C. Hill 255 

Stockley, W. W. 54, 81, 123. 176 

Sweeney, P. J 27 

Departments : 

Book-keeping 22, 84, 156 

Gabelsberger 14, 42, 67, 91, 112, 

142. 166, 191, 218, 244, 270 

Graham ...... .95. 118. 145, 170. 197. 

222, 246, 272 

Heraperley Home Study 254, 276 

Law and Legal Miscellany, 2, 29, 56, 

76, 103, 128, 151, 181, 205, 233, 259 

Munson 16, 46, 71, 93, 114, 144, 

195, 224, 250, 274 

Osgoodby 18, 44, t9, 116, 147, 

168, 193, 220, 248 

Pitman, (Benn)..12, 40. 65. 89. 110, 

139, 164. 189, 217, 242, 268 

Pitman, (Isaac).. 10, 37, 63, 87, 108, 

137, 162, 187. 214. 240, 266 

Practical Grammar. .7, 33, 61. 80, 

107. 132, 172, 185, 209. 237. 263 

Piatt's Shorthand at Home.. 48, 82, 

98, 120, 199 

Scott-Browne 97 

Speed and Legibility 226 

Women's 5, 31, 59, 78. 105, 130, 

154, 183. 207. 235 

Does it pay to lie 


Editorials.. 20, 48. 73, 83, 121. 135, 

174, 201, 213, 252, 282 

Passing of the Male Employee 125 

Photographs : 

Besack, Miss Jessie 150 

Bontz, L. E 124 

Campbell, J. D 1 

Gaston, O. C 26 

Homperley, Francis H 74 

Hill, Kendrick C 99 

Hoover, Francis A 

Plamer, George C 50 

Sweeney, Patrick J 27 

Tiffiny, Willis N 74 

Walker, C. E 281 

Rapid Transit 51 

Rings in our noses 256 

Something About Stenographers ..203 



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Rapidly Becoming 

Mr. J. J. Eagan Proprietor of the Eagan School 
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Retail price $1.25. 

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Stenographer Printing & Pvtillshing Co., ^ 





^bie Mill 
ITntcrest l^ou 


Happy New Year! 

Doing very well, thank you ! 
Had to increase our floor space 
at 150 Nassau Street. 

What is it you want to know ? 

We teach shorthand^typewrit- 
ing — phonograph — verbatim re- 
porting—shorthand by mail. 

The phonograph is a valuable 
assistant to increase your short- 
hand and typewriting speed. 

Would like to sell you an out- 
fit. If you buy a machine from 
us we will teach you free of 
charge how to use it. 

We use the Phonograph in our 
reporting business and we can 
therefore show you how to get 
the best results. . 

Pleased to help you even 
though we don't get any of your 



Mala omee : ) rj_^ v^rL- f Instfuctioii Department 
„^3 w-t Br<»dw.y ( i>iew YOfK. J ^^^ NassHU Street. 



Sole flpanufacturerg 

Park Ridge, N. J. 

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San Francisco: 110 Montgomer/ St 
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Depicts Possibilities of Shorthand In l jaBSORBING in character the atones 
Affairs of Dally Life — Its Business, Love abound in humorous, natural situa- 

Maklns, Crime. 

Everyone should read this interesting book 

To close out the balance of second and third editions 
n the U. S. or Canada for 40 cents. 

, the fortunes ot lovers forwarded — 
plots of rogues defeated by a knowledge ot 

Shorthand by the right person, under vary- 
ing circumstances. Will instruct and in- 
terest general reader and student or expert. 



a COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
dictation exercises, containing also 
many useful hints, phrases, abbreviations, 
lists of grammalogues, contractions, etc., 
which have never before been published. 

will send a copy to any addres* 


JJ CONCISE and comprehensive a 
mentof Grammatical Cautions ti 

English, supplemented by 
ses affording the drill necessary to ac- 
quire facility and skill in applying these 


Any of the More Books Sent Pottage Paid Upon Receipt of Price. 

Stenographer Printing & Publishing Co., -"lo orexei sidg., phiiada. 


James D. Campbell. 

: request of the appoint^ 

J AMES D. CAMPBELL, ihe effic- 
ieat Bud esteemed secretarj'- 
treasnrer of the National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association, is 
the official stenographer for the 
Seventh Judicial Circait of 
South Carolina, with headquarters at Spar- 
tanburg. He was born near that city May 2, 
1867,' and during the greater part of his 
minority lived the life of the ordinary coun- 
try youth. He completed his education in 
Naahville, Tenn., in 1887, and for the four 
years next succeeding served in a reportorial 
capacity on the staff of TJie Daily American 
of Nashville, the leading morning newspaper 
of Tennessee. 

Mr. Campbell was appointed to the posi- 
tion he now holds in 1891, in accordance with 
the resnlt of a competitive examination, held 

in Charleaton, a 
ing Judge. 

Mi. Campbell began thestudy of shorthand, 
the Burni system, in 1885, without a teacher, 
and says he was able to do satisfactory worlc 
in " smooth places " before he had ever seen 
a shorthand writer other than himself. Dur- 
ing his residence in Nashville he reported a 
number of important law trials and made the 
official report of every State Association in 
Tennessee which had its proceedings reported 
in shorthand, end of two or three national 
organizations, among them the Scotch-Irish 
Society of America. Since his removal from 
that city he reported the impeachment trial 
of Criminal Judge Du Bose, of Memphis, 
before the Tennessee Senate, and furnished 
daily copy for more than three weeks. 

Mr. Campbell attended and was secretary 
of the Convention of Stenographers held in 
Nashville in 1S97, in which the proposed 
formation of the present National Associa- 
tion originated. He also attended the or- 
ganization meeting of the National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association, in Chicago, in 
August, 1899, and was there elected to the 
position in the organization which he will 
continue to hold as long as the importunities 
of its conventions will induce him to do so. 

Personally and profession dly Mr. Campbell 
merits the highest consideration and kindest 
regards of nil shorthand writers, not alone on 
account of his character and attainments, but 
he it known that his zeal snd unselfish devo* 
tion to the phonographic profession, as 
evidenced by hie uninterrupted and untiring 
efforts in its behalf through years of labor in 
its service, entitle him to a place in the 
hearts of his shorthand countrymen. 

Kbndrick C. HlLI.. 


The Aspiring Amanuensis. 

q]0 develop from 

into a rapid stenographer, famil- 
iarity with correct outlines of 
many words is au esseotial. 
While this qualification is not 
expected of the beginner, yet 
he wlio would attain expertness must, event- 
ually, have proper word-forms at the end of 

How shall this proficiency be acquired in 
the aliorlest period, by the average aman- 
uensis? Along what lines will endeavor 
yield the best results? Into what fields shall 
incursions be made in searcb of this know- 
ledge ? How shall discrimination be made 
between the good and the bad. that the use- 
ful may be chosen and the impracticable 
discarded ? 

Many writers and instructors bave en- 
deavored to answer these questions, and 
most of them appear to have only succeeded 
to their own salisfaclion.- The present 
writer lias no hobby to lide ; no theory to 
exploit, or niatntain. His object solely is to 
call attention Co aspects of the subject, to 
which allusion has not been heretofore 

As the gray matter of each individual 
brain differs from that of another ; as there 
is a difference in the perceptive and reflective 
faculties of minds ; as people possess unequal 
manual dexterity; so, too, tnusl there be 
variance in the course, or method, to be 
pursued by different individuals to accom- 
lish A given result. Hence, wliat follows 
nmst be applied by each reader to his per- 
sonal needs, in such modified form as his 
individuality and environment suggest. 

Assuming that the amanuensis has mas- 
tered the stenographic vocabulary covering 

the immediate field of his employment, let 
him consider himself the center o( a series 
of concentric circles — similar, it you please, 
to the pebble cast into the placid pool, and 
the ever-widening circles which radiate 
from it. The spaces between these may be 
likened unto zones of In formation, the de- 
gree of usefulness of each depending upon 
its proximity to the center. For instance, 
within the first space are matters relating to 
the hamlet, village or city wherein the 
stenographer is employed— its religious, 
social and political life ; names of streets ; 
of business houses ; railroad, steamship, 
insurance, express and other corporations ; 
public buildings ; general character of in- 
dustries, names of municipal officials, 
localities, as cemeteries, race-tracks, fair- 
grounds, etc.. elc. Within the second may 
be found facts of the same general character 
relating to the county ; the third contains 
such as bave reference to the State, and the 
fourth to the country in which the aman- 
uensis resides, while the fifth space presents 
data of world-wide character^history, litera- 
ture, geography, etc., etc. 

The amanuensis acquaints himself with 
the information embraced within these Eones, 
writing it up in shorthand in the form of a 
general article. He encounters numerous 
words, terms and phrases the shorthand 
equivalents of which he does not know. He 
resorts to his phonographic dictionary, or 
book of word-forma, for the correct outlines, 
and writes them in red ink, thereby render- 
ing them conspicuous for reference there- 
after. He also makes a list of such red ink 
outlines, and these he writes, and writes 
until Uiey are, verily, on the tip of his pen. 


ke thus completes the first zone. In the 
same way he goes through the second and 
subsequent ones. 

Of course, this entails much work— writing, 
reading and thought. But, the aspiring 
amanuensis is to become an expert. He 
traverses a very large part of the domain of 
knowledge, and spends several years in so 
doing. He has covered the subject of black- 
smithing, in the first zone, and incidentally 
learned the correct form for ** anvil," 
** horse-shoe,** etc., as well as firmly fixed in 
his mind the proper outlines for "appen- 
dicitis," ** electric dynamo," etc., etc., 
while writing up the last zone. 

In other words, he has been completing 
his general, as well as his phonographic, 
education. ' He has fitted himself to pro- 
perly understand, and use, the ** context" 
in reading his notes. 

This "zone" analysis demonstrates most 
vividly that the expert stenographer's labors 
embrace a multiplicity of topics, that he 
must, perforce, have correct outlines for 
numerous words, terms and phrases and that 
he should possess sufficient elementary 
knowledge of those topics to serve him when 
resort to " context " becomes necessary in 
deciphering rapidly written notes of tech- 
nical or other matter. 


f OBSERVE that some of the young 
clerical stenographers of the country 
are impressing their business card upon 
their employer's stationery, with a rubber 
stamp. I received a letter not long ago from 
a lawyer with such a card upon it. Is it 
right to do this ? It is, if it be with the con- 
sent of the employer ; without it, it is wrong. 

The following clipping from the Christian 
Advocate^ while greatly exaggerating the 
subject, yet contains much truth : 

" If I were to give you an orange," said 
Judge Foote of Topeka to D. G. McCray, *• I 
would simply say, ' I give you this orange,* 
but should the transaction be intrusted to a 
lawyer to put in writing he would adopt this 
form ; * I hereby give, grant and convey to 
you all my interest, right, title and advant- 
age of and in said orange, together with its 
rind, skin, juice, pulp and pits and all rights 
and advantage therein, with full power to 
bite, suck or otherwise eat the same, or give 
away ^with or^ without the rind, skin, juice. 

pulp or pits, anything hereinbefore, or in 
any other deed or deeds, instruments of any 
nature or kind whatsoever, to the contrary 
in anywise notwithstanding.' " 

RoBBRT R Law, of Cambridge, N. Y., one 
of the official court stenographers, of the 
Fourth (N. Y.) Judicial District, aud a 
lawyer, was recently re-elected for the 
twenty-second time to the position of clerk 
of the Board of Supervisors of Washington 
Co. at a salary of I400. Brother Law should 
know by this time how to make up the 
record of that board. 

I AM pleased to learn that my friend 
Patrick J. Sweeney of New York, has opened 
an Instruction Department of the Manhattan 
Reporting Co., at 150 Nassau St., that city. 
Mr. Sweeney controls and performs much 
law and miscellaneous reporting, and he 
has evolved the happy idea of utilizing his 
reporting biisiness to furnish the opportunity 
to inexperienced stenographers, aqd grad- 


uates of shorthand schools, of post-graduate 
instruction in verbatim reporting. I have 
known of Mr. Sweeney since he went to the 
metropolis, a number of. years ago, a strug- 
gling student, and have watched his rise as 
stenographer, lawyer and educator with 
fatherly pride, inasmuch as he has acted 
largely upon' my suggestions. His rugged 
honesty, ability and facilities for the work 
should recommend him to the young persons 
who are seeking aid upon the road that Mr. 
Sweeney has so successfully traveled. 

Another instance of stenography as a 
stepping-stone comes to light in the selection 
by Governer-elect Odell (of N. Y.), of James 
G. Graham, Esq. , of Newburg, N. Y. , to be his 
private secretary. Mr. Graham is a lawyer, 
has been a member of assembly and began 
as a court stenographer. In the latter 
capacity he earned a considerable income 
while studying law in his father's office. 

Miss EWZABETH POTMAN, of 1 36 East 

Fulton St., Gloversville, N. Y., made a very 
creditable showing, at a recent term of court, 
when, sworn as a witness, she read from 
her original stenographic notes a large 
portion of the proceedings of a criminal 
trial reported about a year previously. 

Miss Mary O. Tooi«b, who is desirous of 
acquiring knowledge of, and proficiency in, 
court reporting, is now engaged as sten- 
ographic amanuensis with the Empire State 
Wine Company, at Penn Yan, N. Y. 


IHtfnan*s Twentieth Century Business 
Dictation Book of Legal Documents and 
Miscellaneous Work^ in ordinary type, 240 
pp., boards 75c., cloth |i, from Isaac Pitman 
& Sons, 33 Union Square, New York. 
Typography, paper and binding is of the 
high order for which this house is noted. 
One is impressed by the diversified subjects 
covered by the letters and other matter, 
which range from ** advertising '* through 
"pottery** to ** wool,*** covering fifty dis- 
tinct lines of business, counted off in suitable 
"takes*' for dictation. The legal forms 
occupy eight pages. The book is also 
published in parts, Parti "Business Dicta- 
tion,** 50c., Part II, " IvCgal Forms and Mis- 
cellaneous Selections,*' 35c. 

Thb printed proceedings of the last annual 
meeting of the N. Y. S.S.A., held in Brook- 
lyn last August. Aside from the subject of 
licensing stenographers, in my opinion the 
most important topic discussed, was what 
Colonel Hemstreet characterized as the 
" humility ** of the law stenographer, mean- 
ing, in part, the fear or disinclination of 
that official to insist upon proper recognition 
of his rights and an observance of the lim- 
itation of shorthand. The Colonel spoke 
truthfully. There appeared to be a ten- 
dency to " dodge,*' or belittle, this question, 
which should be rammed down the throats 
of Bench and Bar upon Avery favorable 
opportunity. H. W. Thornb. 

A. P. LiTTi,E, proprietor of the typewriter 
ribbon factory on Main street, Rochester, N. 
Y., where a fire occurred recently has written 
a letter to Chief Malcolm, praising the fire 
department for its efficient work at the fire. 

Mr. Little also sent a check for I50 to the 
chief, which will be turned into the firemen's 
pension fund. 

Commissioner of Public Safety Peck has 

temporarily appointed as his stenographer 

and typewriter Miss Blanche Welsh of the 

First Ward, who succeeds Miss Blanche Blum, 

recently resigned, owing to her approaching 
wedding. Miss Welsh was formerly in the 
employ of C. T. Snavlin, and is well qualified 
for the position she now holds. 

Miss Margarbt T. Barrett of Albany, 
N. Y., has been appointed stenographer at 
the State Hospital tor the Care of Crippled 
and Deformed Children at Tarry town, N. Y. 

"Women's Department* 

(Continued from folio 6.) 
been very successful and should prosper in 
her new venture. 

The Japanese are truly making rapid 
strides in their march towards Western cul- 
ture. The latest innovation is the formation 
of a commercial school for the training of 
female clerks ; and one of the largest railway 
companies in Nippon has intimated that 
after a certain date, ladies only wUl be 
employed in the clerical department. 

Miss Grace E. Clark, of Oneida, N. H., is 
employed stenographically in Brooklyn. 

Miss Amanda M. Bressler, of Lebanon, Pa., 
has been elected principal of the Shorthand 
Department of the Lancaster Business Col- 
lege. For more than six years she has been 
successfully engaged in this particular work ; 
having had a fine commercial education, she 
is well qualified to fill the new position. 

The stenographer of the Supreme Court 
Chambers of Catskill, N. Y., is Miss Georgi- 
anna Jackson, who we hear fills the position 
very ably. 

'*A Cleveland woman advertising for a 
place as stenographer sets forth among her 
qualifications that she is 42 years old and 
homely ; can it be possible that she really 
wants work?'* This is quoted from a New 
York paper, and gives one unfeeling editor's 
impression of the applicant whose frankness 
we were led some time ago to comment upon 
in these columns. 

Miss Florence Trickey of Bangor, Me.» 
has the reputation of being a capable, pains- 
taking stenographer. 

The New York State Court of claims late 
yesterday, Nov. 23, 1900, heard the case of 
Anna Smith, a stenographer residing in this 
city, Albany, N. Y., who sues the State of 
New York to recover |i,ooo damages for 
personal injuries sustained by falling down 
the steps at the southern approach of the 
capitol (at Albany, N. Y.) on May 24, 1899. 
The plaintiff in her complaint alleges that 
as a result of her fall she received great 
bodily injury, was disabled for the space of 
many weeks and is permanently injured. 

It is the season to make new resolutions 
and to wish many happy returns of the New 
Year ; our hopes are high for you. 

Ida E. Turnsr. 


THe Physician's Secretary* 

BT us spend an Bveiage working 
day with the yonng woman who 
fills the position of secretarj to 
a physician ; and we will select 
for the employer by no means a 
rare type, — i. e., one who is a 
specialist in his profession snd who con- 
tribntea to the literatare of the same. 

Her desk is usually in a conspicuous loca- 
tion in the outside waiting room where she 
can note anything worth while among the 
patients, answer their questions and in many 
ways relieve the doctor of the thousand and 
one details which are bo trying to a busy, 
talented man. While recording the names 
of those who call, — for she is supposed to 
know who the Tegular patients are and to 
learn the names and addresses of the uew> 
comers, — she is taking advantage of every 
opportunity to post the outside calls of the 
previous day in the ledger, — the doctor 
having handed her his book at the close of 
the day. Not the least of her duties is the 
tactful disposal of the cranks and other bores 
who look upon a physician as their natnral 

Should, during office hours (as often 
happens) the doctor have to catch a 
ttsin, to attend a consultation, orperform an 
Operation et a given time, interfering with 
his office hours, the secretary, who in these 
matters, acts as his diary, apprises him of 
the appointment, — and explains his depart- 
ure to the waiting patients,— who, though 
disappointed, readily forgive him, — this is 
one of the advantages of being more or less 
bmons ! 

Returning to the description of a usual 
Axji—t soon as office hours are over, the 

secretary hands the doctor his call book, and 
acquaints him with anything worthy of 
mention which has transpired in the outer 
office daring the morning. His mail he will 
have opened, and in the period between the 
closing of the office and luncheon he dic- 
tates the replies. 

During the early hours of the afternoon, 
when be is making calls, she typewrites the 
shorthand notes and does further general 
work. Upon hia return, should there not be 
afternoon office hours for patients, he and 
she take up sny particular work, literary or 
otherwise, on which he may be engaged. 

Another branch of her work is looking up 
and marking in books the history and 
references to cases about which the doctor 
may desire to have special information : she 
places all of this in convenient form for him, 
and by such work gradually comes to know 
some of the details of cases, herself 1 

Frequently, it falls to the lot of a physi- 
cian's secretary to take dictation in the 
evening ; bnt this is by special arrangement. 

She also sends out the doctor's bills, re- 
ceipts them when payment is made, and in 
his absence cares for his interests in every 
way that thought and experience may 

This, in the main, is the routine of a 
physiciau's secretary or assistant. The work 
is important, but pleasant and interesting ; 
and a tactful, capable stenographer will find 
this avenue of employment satisfactory from 
many points of view, — including the very 
important one, — the financial. 

Next month we hope to consider the 
Literary Man's Secretary. 


Giving Only VITHat One is 
Paid to Give. 

'TT'HE following recently appeared in a 
^ woman's mkgazine : " There are 
thousands of good men, but masculine 
human nature is weak, and when things 
have gone wrong at home, there is an 
immense satisfaction to the average man in 
getting a sweet sympathy, which he probably 
does not deserve, from a pretty, chatming 
typewriter who believes in him. But you 
are hired to work, not to cater to the emo- 
tions of your employer ; and when you are 
doing your work faithfully, you are doing 
all that you are paid for.'* 

This led the genial though sarcastic editor 
of the ** Philistine " to say : '* The business 
girl is not paid to cater to the emotions of 
her employer. As a business proposition, 

'she should extend nb sympathy that is not 
paid for; what could be plainer? Our 
esteemed contemporary is a business man 

. through and through, and never forgets it.** 
We are glad that some one has taken up 
some of the advice given to business women 
and shown just how odd much of it appears 
when the strong light of common sense is 
cast upon it. 

NortKern Pacific (R. R. Co.) 

to DiscHar^e VITomen 


(By Special Wire to The Albany Journal.) 
St. Paul Minn., Nov. 24.— It is possible 
that the Northern Pacific within the next few 
weeks will notify all its women stenogra- 
phers that after March i , their services will 
not be needed. The reason for such action 
is that the young women fill places, which, 
if held by young men, would put the latter 
directly in the Hne of promotion. Young 
women, undoubtedly make more satisfactory 
stenographers than young men, but the lat- 
ter are preferred for the reason that the gen- 
eral knowledge they acquire in taking dicta- 
tion from superiors soon qualifies them for 
higher positions, provided they have the 
ability and education to hold them. Except- 
ing such positions as stenographers and minor 
clerks, women have no positions in railroad 
offices and probably never will. The change 
would not displace as many young ladies as 
would be supposed. There are not more 


than 17 or 18 employed as stenographers in 
the general office in St. Paul and the total on 
the system does not exceed 25 or 30. — Kind- 
ness o/S. S. Rodgers^ Esq, , Albany ^ N. Y. 

Notes From tHe Field. 

•TIY'tTj E are pleased to note the appointment 
^^^^ by the State Civil Service Board of 
Miss Jessie E. Holmes, in the Public Works 
Department, Albany, N. Y. 

Miss Linda W. Chapman, of Marblehead, 
Mass., is stenographer and book-keeper, at 
Stearn*8 Boat Yard, filling the position very 

The women of four States, — Colorado, 
Utah, Wyoming and Idaho. — assisted in the 
election of President this year ; as the New 
York Herald sa\^^ "They are strong minded 
in its large sense : they are well posted in 
politics, and will not vote as their husbands 
do, unless their husbands vote as they do.'* 

The stenographer of the Superior Court, at 
Taunton, Mass., is Miss M. Hill. 

Miss Florence Nelson, Waterbury, Conn., 
fills the position of stenographer with the 
Oakville Co. of that place. 

Miss Alice Babin of Bridgeport, Conn., has 
obtained a position, as stenographer, in 
Waterbury, and we wish her much success. 

The Long Island State Hospital is fortunate 
in possessing the stenographic services of 
Miss Amy B. Babcock of Chatham, N. Y. 

It is gratifying to learn that the British 
Association for the Advancement of Science 
has decided to admit women to membership. 
The only wonder is that such an august body 
has put off this simple act of justice so long ! 

Miss Ida M. Cook is stenographer in the 
office of Mr. A. J. Bennett, Longlet Building, 
Woonsocket, R. I. 

We congratulate Miss Hattie M. Hook 
upon her appointment as stenographer of the 
Manhattan State Hospital, — Rome, N. Y. 

Mrs. Julia Rush, of Utica, N. Y., has secured 
a position with the American Shaft Coupling 
Co., while Miss Ella Godfrey has been 
equally fortunate with the American Wringer 

Miss M. F. Peaslee, Dover, N. H., form- 
erlv shorthand teacher at the Dover Bus- 
in ess College, opened a shorthand school of 
her own recently. In the past she has 

on folio 4<) 


Department of practical (Brammar. 

By PROF* JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Ettdid Ave., Phila., Pa, 
Author of '^ Ptmcttiatioa and Capital Letters/' 


Adjectives are words that modify nouns 
and pronouns. DEFINITIVE adiectives 
point out number, or denote quantity ; 
DESCRIPTIVE adjectives denote quality. 
Descriptive adjectives may either assume 
or affirm the quality : when they ASSUME 
they are closely attached to their nouns ; 
when they AFFIRM the quality, they are in 
the predicate. The natural position for adjec- 
tives that assume is BEFORE the nouns they 
modify, and AFTER the pronouns they 

modify ; 

Tall, sweet, graceful maidens were in the dance. 

We all strong^ and healthy could have aided him. 

When adjectives that assume the quality 
are to be emphasized or are modified by a 
phrase, they are placed directly after the 

Rosalind, simple and pure, is a lover not ashamed of be- 
ing so. 

The Confederates, proud of their success, encamped on 
the heights so bravely won. 

DIRECTION— In the following exercise, 
point out the adjectives. Tell whether they 
are definitive or descriptive : if definitive, 
whether they point out or number or denote 
quantity ; if descriptive, whether the quality 
is assumed or affirmed. 

Few boys, white horses, eighty years, 
western prairies, those houses, lions are 
ferocious, square boxes, white snow, exciting 
news, two days, weighty evidence, Indians 
are wild, biting dogs, several stones, upper 
counties, good God, ambitious politicians, 
an overcoat, black hat, a crooked stick, 
yellow gold, powerful nations, sickening 
sights, a cent, the circular saw, state govern- 
ment, lower streets, the same person, iron 
pots, gold is heavy, Southern strifes, three 
streets, pink roses, gold watch, eighty dollars 
bad workman, black coal, this green field, 
talking parrots, more horses, cubical fig- 
ures, small streets, men are strong, some 
money, crawling snakes, red man, one road. 

green grass, northern lakes, light vessels 
large houses, round to^i^ers, brick stable, 
morning papers, proud people, snow is light, 
that peach.* 

Here follow six cautions to be observed in 
using adjectives. 

I. AN and A mean ONE : Before a vowel 
sound, use AN: before a consonant sound, 
use A. 

Why are ANsm^ A incorrectly used in the 
sentences that follow ? 
They delayed a hour. . 
Shylock was an usurer. 
I have still an use for it. 
It is a honor to be selected. 
He is a heir to a large estate. 
The tradesmen have formed an union. 
She laved her dainty hands in an ewer. 
All wild was she to found an university. 
Thou thoughtest I was such an one as thou. 

II. AN and A LIMIT nouns ; THE dis- 
tinguishes nouns : AN and A limit a noun 
to one thing of a class — to ANY ont ; THE 
distinguishes ( i ) one thing or several things 
from others ; (2) one class of things from 
other classes. When the noun is neither to 
be LIMITED nor to be DISTING- 
UISHED, use neither^ nor WA^, nor THE. 

Correct use — A hat and an overcoat were 

The engineer at the factory is related to 
the engineer in our building. 

The horse is more sagacious than the rein- 

VIOLATIONS.— He is styled A marquis, 

THE fish are not amphibious. 

Should a boy be called A master ? 

Cleon was another sort of A man. 

I looked for some such l^ A' answer. 

What sort of AN animal is an oj-ster ? 

*Some of the adjectives above denote a quality charac- 
teristic of the accompanying noun ; pick them out; some 
are nouns used as qualifying adjectives ; pick these out 



Geometry is a branch of THE mathe- 

Our chief-magistrate is called THE presi- 

Cromwell received the title of A protector. 

THE love of animals is a passion with 
some men. 

III. When connected adjectives modify 
DIFFERENT nouns expressed or under- 
8tood,--use A, AN, or THE before EACH 

CORRECT USE— Does Peru border on 
THE Atlantic or THE Pacific ocean ? 

He can ride both A gentle and A balky 

Don't use A, AN, or THE before (i) con- 
nected adjectives modifying the SAME noun, 
unless (2) the qualities are to be made PROM- 

CORRECT USE.— (i) The path of duty 
is a (plain and straight) one. 

I rejoice that there is AN (other and bet- 
ter) world. 

(2) Gen. Thomas's fame as^ patriotic and 
A soldierly man is beyond question. 

Mr. Millet shows in this picture THE 
natural and THE trained observer. 

Some thought this A curious and AN 
ominous fact. 

IV. Repeat A, AN, or THE before CON- 
NECTED nouns that are to be distinguished. 

CORRECT USE— Truth is THE founda- 
tion of all knowledge, and THE cement of 
all society. 

Men know THE effects of many things, 
but THE causes of few. 

V. Use A FEW and A LITTLE in op- 
position to NONE, or NO ; use FEW in 
opposition to MANY ; LITTLE, in oppo- 
sition to MUCH. 

CORRECT USE— John \iza A FEW dol- 
lars ; I have NONE^ 

John has A LITTLE : I have NO money. 

John has MANYiri^n^^\ you have FE W. 

They have MUCH time ; we have LIT- 

VI. In using adjectives : — 

1. Have them APT; 

2. Avoid needless adjectives, and those 
repeating or exaggerating the idea : 

3. Be exact in PLACING them :* 

a. When they are in a series and of dif- 
ferent rank, place NEAREST the noun the 
one most closely modifying it ; 

b. When of the same rank, place them 
where they shall sound BEST,— which is 
generally in the order of their length, the 
SHORTEST being first. 

5. How do the following words in italics 
violate the sixth caution ? 

Glass is frail. 

Elephants are unagile. 

Buy a black pot of paint. 

Adams was shorty rotund, bald. 

He is an ingenuous mechanic. 

His remarks were very inept. 

He has a young kennel of dogs. 

Taxes became heavy and onerous, 

I have found the least specimens. 

James is both puerile and childish. 

All our rooms have an equitable heat. 

He has a French wooden box of penholders. 

The company was pleasing and agreeable, 

God delights in earnest, true thinkers. 

They passed a very credible examination. 

The men in the fort are sure from attack. 

Life is a pastime in happy ^ giddy, gay Paris. 

A rickety old man was found in the streets. 

I saw an old fine set of china at the sale. 

They have aided a starved army of laborers. 

The pigs were fed a green barrel of apples. 

They have already drunk a red old keg of 

After eating all he required, he said he had 

Wisdom is required in civil, religious^ 
moral conduct. 

Steep, precipitous mountain sides must be 

This transient, petty, secret attack put the 
colonies to great expense. 

^Several descriptive adjectives may modify a noun, but 
<ome of them more closely than others. Here appended 
are several sentences Illustrative of this; those of the 
SAME rank are separated by the comma, to show that a 
connecting word Is omitted, All descriptive adjectives are 
enclosed within parenthesis. 

Buy a (large, thick, heavy woolen) overcoat. 

(Agile, timid, little young black) monkeys were trapped. 

Seven (clean, heavy, young white Arabian) horses were 

Annapolis had a (small, pretty, well-built new stone) 

There are several (rough, crooked, hilly old) roads near 

(Tall, strong, graceful. Intelligent young German) 
students attend. 

His wife Is a (ripe, buxom, captivating little young 
American) woman. 

There was a (small square wooden) meeting-house on 
some rising ground. 

He was a (neat, polished, generous, free-hearted, open- 
handed young Southern) gentleman. 

The (long, arrowy) Shenandoah rushes to join the 
(broad, deep, yellow, sluggish) Potomac. 

A ^complete virtuous, religious, industrious) education Is 
the best Inheritance. 

He was son of that (narrow, upright, sturdy, bigoted 
old English) Puritan, Thomas Dudley. 


Ugly and ill-tempered persons were refused 

Empty, light minds are ever running after 
superficial, trashy literature. 

These ever-present, ghastly^ invidious dan- 
gers demanded obstinate courage. 


A oyster is an bivalve. He is a youthful 
boy. Here is a wide, broad box. An Un- 
itarian has been chosen. The fourth and 
fifth verse. The sheep are gentle animals. 
Read the long and short story. Fidelity is a 
great virtue. The fourth and the fifth 
verses. How the old and new method differ. 
John shot a large and small bird. He is a 
studious and a diligent boy. They speak 
horrible English. Did you buy a stub box 
of pens? It was a gorgeous picture. Mr. 
Edison has been titled a count. Durant was 
commonly called Quaker. He had less 
horses than I thought. Here is a wooden 
box of penholders. The boys and girls are 
cousins. We crossed a wide and rough 
river. John is a lazy and a bad boy. Do 
you want the green or black cloth ? William 
has leas apples than Mary. He has fewer 
letters to superscribe. He threw a piece of 
hard iron. Buy a large thick black heavy 
overcoat. Churlish dirty cold five the small 
rooms. The Indians and French were slain. 
Can you distinguish a goat from sheep ? He 
fully merited the name of a traitor. The 
horse is more intelligent than cow. This 
is a passenger and a freight boat. The book 
is read by the old and the young. Many 
were there, but we saw only a few. The 
drover bought many oxen, but sold few. 
The boy studied much, but learned a little. 
The teaching penmanship is tedious. A great 
and a good man looks beyond time. The 
sixth and tenth have a hour's recess. A 
noisy and an boisterous man was removed. 
The large and small men can be employed. 
To-morrow will be a cold and damp day. 
Flattery corrupts the receiver and giver. 
The two men and three women were exiled. 
Neither the rules nor the examples are cor- 
rect The lion attacked the monkeys and 
baboons. Blue french all this good rich 
silk was sold. She makes exquisite coffee 
and nice biscuits. This is unripe fruit, but 
you may eat little. The child eats much, 

but gains little flesh. We bought all the stone 
and the brick houses. A proverb is the wit of 
one and wisdom of many. He needed a little 
assistance, but he received much. I thought 
I could have no pleasure, but I had little. 
The men and boys have taken different direc- 
tions. It is near the first or second bend in 
the river. The colonists laid out a long and 
a broad street. They expected much danger 
where there was ^l little. He was influenced 
by a just and generous principle. A bright 
or good-natured boy will usually succeed. He 
had great hopes, but got little encourage- 
ment. Self-love exaggerates faults as well 
as virtues. A corporal and private caught 
a spy and deserter. Industry has the fairest 
fruits and richest rewards. The Alleghany 
and the Monongehela rivers form the Ohio. 
This transition was a difficult and arduous 
undertaking. Heavy young white seven 
clean arabian horses were sold. There was 
a case of wine for that supper, but a little was 
drunk. Old rough those hilly crooked 
several roads are being repaired. We take 
credit for the good and attribute bad to mis- 
fortune. Two lazy these rough black laugh- 
ing african negroes were whipped. The 
composition of the letter is splendid, but the 
penmanship is awful. Brave few intelligent 
a restless energetic people were seen. They 
were assailed with a flippant and a somewhat 
ignoble ridicule. Large expensive many 
beautiful these preciousjewels will ornament 
the crown. Charles Lee spoiled the plan at 
Monmouth by making a shameful and a 
disorderly retreat. 

*  * 

A truly rural lover, with a truly rural cot, 
Wooed a truly rural maiden all the May ; 

Said the truly rural lover. " Truly rural is our lot- 
Let us marry In a truly rural way I" 

So a truly rural wedding and a truly rural feast 
Made two true truly rurals truly one ; 

For naught not truly rural truly cared they In the least— 
Oh. two truer truly rurals there are none I 

Emma C. Dowd. in Life. 

J. Frank O'M arrah, formerly of Ogdens- 
burg, N. Y. , has been appointed confidential 
clerk and stenographer to State Architect 
G. L. Heins. Mr. O'Marah has been in the 
State service for the past few years and the 
news of his advancement will be a source of 
pleasure to his numerous friends in this city. 

Chbstbr C. Woi^fe, at the Bettendorff 
shops, goes with the Cash Register at Dayton, 
Ohio, as stenographer. 


^■^HE " Penman's Art Journal "in spealc- 

/ iog of" Pitman's 2oth Century DicU- 

\i^ tion Book and Legal Forms" says: 

■' This is a most excellent volume 

compiled by a practical teacher and bualoess 

man. Pari /, consists of business letters. 

From '■ Advertising " to "Wool," letlers 

that have passed through the i; 

admirably selected, to which is" added 
series of miscellaneous articles on various 
topica that are of much value. A most help- 
ful feature of the book is a series of " talks" 
oa practical subjects. The business world is 
demanding from year to year that the aman- 
uensis be better qualified, that he have 
broader education and that all the teaching 
be done in school. These practical " talks " 
embody much that the amanuensis must 
thoroughly undersland, that he may be re- 
lieved of many a reverse after ]ie begins his 
active Bteuographic career. We do not know 
of a single item in the book we would omit ; 
not do we know of anything that is needed 
to make it complete. The book is in ordin- 
. ary type, and can be used by students and 
teachers of all systems. Every business and 
penmanship teacher should be interested in 
the volume, for there is much that can be 
made of use in the correspondence class." 

Mr. Max Magnus, Prin. N. E. Phono- 
graphic Institute, Providence, R. I. .writes 
as follows: "I have much pleasure in inform- 
ing ^ou that I have tliis day graduated Miss 
Jessie Ferns at a speed of over one hundred 
and forty words a minute after four nioiiths 
tuition. The average time that Miss Ferns 
studied has been Ihree hours a day, for iive 
days a week. Slie took the test at the rooms 
of the Remington Typewriter Co. of this 
city, and transcribed their notes without an 

Not long since Mr. Bryan, was on his way 
to New York in his private car, had finished 
exchanging greetings with a crowd assem- 
bled to watch the train go by. and liad 
settled down for a conference with the 
friends who accompanied him. when a re- 
porter introduced himself with a carefully 
concocted paper of questions, and informed 
the candidate that he should be pleased to 
take down his answers in ahorttaand and 
publish them in full ! Mr. Bryan firmly — but 

politely— declined to be "heckled," and 
observed that he preferred to state his views 
on public questions on the platform. The 
incident says " Pitman's Phonetic Journal" 
is interesting as showing tliat American re- 
porters are at last recognizing the value of 
shorthand in interviewing. To some extent 
the questioning of candidates in this fashion 
is a novelty, and we imagine that candidates 
generally would be likely to assume Mr. 
Bryan's attitude towards the loo enterprising 

K.W to Gr&decl C3t«rcises. 
CeAPTHR 15. — W AND Y Diphthongs. 

i. — Week, woman, Wilson, water, iron, 
item, ivory, almost, tissue, brow, endow, 

Employer's Rkfkrench Association, 
Boston, Mass. 
Sirs :— As it is near our yearlj' vacation 
season, when we frequently require help. I 
wish you would send us the names of a few 
young women typists. I am willing to pay 
weekly salaries of from twelve to twenty 
dollars ot by the folio for their work it they 

Yours truly. 

I. — Term, charm, person, Charles, per- 
mission, telegraph, dark, chair, barley, 

2.— Courteous, colonel, former, north, 
journey, colony, coldness, portray, church. 

Charles Gardner, Garden City, California. 
Dear Sir :— Permit me to request that you 
send us by parcel delivery samples of cre- 
tonne for curtains and parlor furniture 
covers. We have been furnished with a 
variety of samples by other persons but 
thought perhaps it would be better to sec 
what you have to ofFer before purchasing. 
Very truly yours. 


imple» PhonOKiaphlc I 
1-9 loth Cenluiy Dlctatl 


Ic DIcM 

FQnns.'jse pp ', ?sc- Siblished 

wlihtht shonhKi 
Phonoeraphy. i< 



Graded Exercises and Correspondence on ** Isaac Pitman's Complete 

Phonographic Instructor.*' 

Chapter 15.— W and Y Diphthongs. 


% ^ -^" > 1' . 

•^: -- ° I o ^ x "^ ^ ^. < ^- ^\r- 

Chapter 16.— Pr and Pl Vocalization. 

1 V^A^^r^'V^^l^j^V^ 

V^ ^. 


Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department, Isaac Pitman fr Sons, 33 Union Square, New 
York. . 


Ho-w Lost Cars Are Traced. 

From Chicago Record's "Shop Talks." 
(CoDtitiued from December number.) 

— of cars occasionallj become so blurred and 
indistinct that tbe road on whose line the; 
are, find themselves unable to tell who 
their owners are. 

On a MicbigBD road a short time ago a car 
bad been lost track of completely, aud the 
most diligent search failed to reveal its 
whereabouts. A farmer finally volunteered 
the information to tbe lost-car agent that the 
car he waa looking for was about "seven 
miles from the track back in the woods." 
The agent, on investigating the matter, 
found this to be the case. 

The previous winter a temporary track 
seven miles long had been laid back in the 
woods from the main line to a lumber camp. 
Some of the contractors at the camp, being 
in need of a comfortable kitchen, had 
appropriated a car for the purpose, removing 
tbe body from tbe trucks, which were then 
shoved in a ditch and covered with brush. 

In the spring, when the temptorary track 
was taken up, this car was overlooked, with 
the result that it was left stranded in the 
woods seven miles from the place it should 
have been. 

RicKard Grant ^White's Def. 
inition of •• Education." 

— I^DUCATION is not the getting of 

knowledge, but discipline, develop- 
ment ; and it is not for the knowl- 
edge we obtain at school and college that 
we pass our early years in study. The mere 
acquaintance with facts that we then pain- 

fully acquire, we conld, in our maturer 
years, obtain in a tenth part of tbe time that 
we give to our education. Nor is it necessary 
in modem days that any one should go for 
knowledge to Greek and I^tin authors. All 
the lore and the thought of the past is easily 
attainable in a living tongue. And, finally, 
to tbe demand why, if boys must study lan- 
guage as a means of education, can they not 
stud; French or German languages which are 
now apoken, and which will be of some 
practical (money-getting) use to them, the 
answer is, tbat tbe value of the classical ton- 
gues as meana of education isin the very fact 
that they are dead, and that their structure is 
so remote from that of ours that to dismember 
their senteueesand reconstruct them accord- 
ing to our own fashion of speaking is such 
an exercise of perception, judgment and 
memory, such a training in thought and in 
the use of language, as can be found in no 
other study or intellectual exertion to which 
immature and untrained persona of ordinary 
powers are competent. To us of English 
race and speech this discipline is more 
severe, and therefore more valuable, than 
to any people of the Continent, because of 
the greater distance, in this respect, between 
our own language than between any one of 
theirs and the Greek and Latin, and the 
wider difference between the English and 
the Greek or tbe Latin cast of thought. 
* * * ' In brief, because the Greek and 
Latin languages have grammar — formal 
grammar— and the English language, to all 
intents and purposes, has none. — From 
" Words and Their Uses." 





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Corresponding Style. 

Deak Sir : We try in our price list to 
give you infoimation everj week on which 
can be fomied a clear uaderatanding of the 
conditions of the market on the various 
goods in our line, which enables you to do 
your tnarketiug without the expense of 
coming to town. Such trips are uot only an 
expense but a loss of time, which to an 
active and busy man is money. Out of three 
or four hundred worthy people four or five 
have permitted otir price list to be returned, 
fearing that they might be obliged to pay 
for snbsctiption ; remember, you who re- 
ceive this lut are entitled to a copy of it so 
long as you show your appreciaiion of it. 
Very respectfully, 

Reporting Style. 


The colnmna of The New York Times 
Saturday Keview are not devoted to the 
discussion of ordinary political questions, 
and certainly uot those ot a partisan nature. 
But among our readers are many thousands 
of men and women of education. To those 
of them who live in the City of New York 
we think that it cannot be amiss to point 
out that they have in many respects, aud 
especially at the present time, a res[ 
bility quite different from that of the 
of people who are uninstructed or bui in- 
diSerently instructed. 

This responsibility comes chiefly from the 
fact that an educated person must necessarily 
understand more clearly than others the 
conditions of decent, orderly, and upright 
administTation of the aSairs of a large 
community. He must know that these con- 
ditions are very different from those that 
S resent themselves in a small town. In the 
itter the causes and the remedies for defects 
and faults are readily seen by all. The ma- 
chinery of administration is compact, its 
operations and its agencies are familiar, and 
if it goes very wrong every man who cares 
about it can recognize almost at once who 
are accountable and can know how they csn 
be reached. In a great city this cannot easily 
be done. The machinery is bothentensiveand 
complex. A thorough understanding of it is 
possible only to a few, and an understanding 
sufficient even for an intelligent guidance in 
ordinary political action is hardly possible for 

isnd wplaiD the gcnci 
IcalioDH (Vm of chatBf li 
—Dr. K. Tombo. 

M Ii."n. v" 

a of Phonography, 

the majority. For the education, if their 
education is worth anything, it is always 
practicable, and if they take the trouble to 
reach such an understanding and to act up- 

Again, the educated have the 
advantage, or can have it, of knowledge of 
the history ot organized communities and 
of the experience of other times and other 
peoples in dealing with evils or with dif- 
ficulties such as we must dea! with. They 
are uot left to the blind groping after short 
cuts to good government to which ignorant 
men are prone. They know tbat nothing of 
real value has ever been accomplished in 
human societies without time and patience 
and systematic effort and the subordination 
of immediate interests and personal pre- 

1'udices to the common advantage. They 
;now that the experience of the past has 
been a continuous and progressive course of 
instruction, and that it has determined 
certain generalizations which cannot be 
disregartied with safety or with honor. 
Hence again their responsibility. They are 
not free either to commit the errors of the 
ignorant or to assume indifference to the 
consequences of such errors. They are, in 
the forcible language of the old jurispru- 
dence, " charged with knowledge " of what 
experience has shown can or cannot be 
done, and they cannot turn aside from the 
plain path of their duty and in the tribunal 
of their own conscience plead the poor 
excuse of ignorance. 

We wish to call the attention of our read- 
ers to these facts very earnestly. We beg 
them to remember and steadily to bear in 
mind that in the trials of the next year in 
this great city they have a distinct pari to 
bear. They can do much to raise the level 
of life here ; they can aid powerfully to 
make better the conditions of existence for 
multitudes who, of themselves, are practically 
helpless. They csn help to make cleaner, 
more wholesome, more hopeful and helpful 
the surroundings of thousands ot the homes 
ot those who cannot readily defend them. 
It will not at best bean easy task, and it 
will require precisely the service that the 
educated can, if they will, render. It will 
be a sad and shameful thing if that service 
is not rendered. T/ie New York Times, 
December i, 1900. 


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Children as Trespikssers. 

^■■b^HE facts disclosed by the testimony 
^\j are as follows : The defendant com- 
^^ pany owned a lumberyard, which was 
nsed for the purpose of storing bridge mater- 
ial and other like lumber. It was feaced, 
except upon one side, along the company's 
railroad tracks. The plaintiff, at the time 
of the accident, was about eight years old, 
and lived, with her mother, just across an 
alley from the yard. Not bejug fenced along 
the track, the yard was easily accessible. It 
was shown that the plaintiff and other chil- 
dren were accustomed to resort there for 
the purpose of playing, but it was also shown 
that they were uniformly ordered out by the 
servants of the company. The parents of 
some of them were also warned to keep them 
away. It appeared, however, that, notwith- 
standing the persistent efforts of the ser- 
vants of the company, tbe children would 
return. Just before the accident happened, 
the plaiatiffwassenthoraeby the watchman, 
and went ont ; but as soon as he was called 
away by other duties she returned. lu at- 
tempting to climb upon the pile of bridge 
ties one of them fell down, and crushed her 
toes. There was evidence tending to show 
that the ties were insecurely stacked. 

Ordinarily, the owner of prooerty is not 
bound to keep it in such condition as to 
protect trespassers upon it from danger. 
Liability may be incurred by making an 
excavation upon one's own land sufBciently 
near a street or highway that another may, 
in the exercise of reasonable care, fall into 
it, or by exposing dangerous machinery or 
appliances in or near some public place, 
whereby one without fault on his part may 
be injured. Especially in the latter case may 
liability be incurred when children are the 
victims. Until they have learned some 
discretion, they cannot be held guilty of 
contributory negligence. With reference to 
children, there is still another class of cases 
which goastep further, and bold that the 

owner of land may not place upon it danger- 
ous macbiuerj;, which is alluring to children, 
without securing it, so as to protect them 
against injury vrhile tampering with it. To 
this class belong what have become com- 
monly known in legal parlance as " The 
Turntable Cases." But when it is said that 
it is enough that the object or place i* 
attractive or alluring to children, and when 
it is said, as has been intimattd, that the fact 
that they resort to a particular locality is 
evidence of its attractiveness, the question 
suggests itself, what object or place is not 
attractive to very young persons who are 
left free to pursue their innate propensity to 
wander in quest of amusement? What object 
at all unusual is exempt from infantile 
curiosity ? What place, conveniently accessi- 
ble for their congregation, i» free from the 
restless feet of adventurous truants? Here 
the language of an eminent judge in dispos- 
ing of a similar case is appropriate ; "There" 
are streams and pools of water where children 
may be drowned ; there are inequalities of 
surface where they may be injured. To 
compel the owners of such property either 
to enclose it, or fill up their ponds and level 
the surface so that trespassers may not be 
injured, would be an oppressive rule. The 
law does not require us to enforce any such 
principle, even wbere the trespassers arc 
children. We all know (hatboj'Sof eight 

¥£ars of age indulge in athletic sports, 
hey fith. shoot, swim, and climb trees. All 
of these amusements are attended with 
danger, and accidents frequently occnc. It 
is a part of a boy's nature to trespass, es- 
pecially wliere there is tempting fruit ; yet 
I never heard that it was tbe duty of the 
owner oF a fruit tree to cut it down because 
a boy trespasser may possibly fall from its 
branches. Yet the principle contended for 
the plaintiff would bring us to th is absurdity 
if carried to its logical conclusion. More- 
over, it would charge the duty of the pro- 
tection of children upon every member of 
the community except their parents. " 

Applying the principles announced to the 
facts of this case, we are of opinion that the 
plaintiff was not entitled to recover.— £■*■- 
Iracl from opinion in Railroad Co. v. Ed~ 
wards, j6 S. IV. 430. 






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Contractions and 'Word-forms. 

I. Dkar Sir :— We Bball not be able to 
complete the putcliase of the Hoadley prop- 
erty at present. The mesBeager we sent was 
notified by sotue one in the neighborhood 
that the estate was heavily mortgaged, and 
upon further inquiry it was learned that the 
chattel mortgage was overdue ; andinasmnch 
as tbe fact was afterwards disclosed that the 
obligstion secured by tbe real estate bond 
and niortgsge would mature in November, 
the negotiation in relation to the transfer 
was discontinued, under the advice of the 
lawyer who acted as counsel for the adminis- 
trator, and with his approval. 

If circumstances shall at any time warrant 
a renewal of the negotiation, we will notify 

a. My Dbar Sir : — Vour letter of inquiry 
as to tbe political standing of Mr. Perkins 
can be answered in • few words. He is very 
changeable. He was formerly a distinguished 
representative of Democracy ; next, a digni- 
fied Republican legislator ; then an lude- 
pendent, characterized by the most positive 
opinions ; and he now undertakes to demon- 
strate the truth of his original convictions 
as a Democrat, in acknowledgment of a 
conditional promise of a nomination by the 
party to a position of importance for which 
I understand he has lon^ negotiated, in the 
expectation that everythmg connected with 
his former in consideration will be forgotten 
or toi^ven by intelligent voters. 

If the committee desire more particular 
information, it will be promptly furnished. 

3. Gentlemen ; — I have referred your 
communication of the lolh inst, to Mr. 
Bacon. His reply was dictated by him to 
his stenographer, and he wishes me to re- 
peat it to you. It is in these words : 

" Tbe perpendicular portion naturally be- 
came particularly important, in an architec- 
tural and mechanical sense, for the proper 
and efficient support and maintenance of the 
eastsrly extension of the principal building 
of the university, notwithstanding its in- 
tersection with the north-eastern structure ; 
nevertheless, the inexperience and lack of 
comprehension of the superintendent, who 
has undertaken independently to certify to 
its sufficiency, so characteristic of his want 
of inteUigence, should have led the trustees 
to anticipate the imperfect workmanship, 
and the consequent occurrence of an accident 
of that description, involving the authorities 
of tbe institution in the expense and danger 
of an action for negligence. 

If I can be of further assistance to you 
in tbe matter, please inform me. 

J. Dbar Carrie :— In my last letter I 
spoke of our drive on Grand avenue. We 
found a eood deal of wealth represented in 
the architecture of that portion of the city, 
equaling anything we have any rememlwance 
of having before discovered in our journey. 
This was uoticable in our first superficial 
observation of the buildings, but theconstant 
succession of elegant structures was very 
remarkable. It is difiicult to describe the, 
effect upon us of this wonderful exhibition. 
In fact no description could possibly repre- 
sent it. It is beyond my ability to relate, 
or yours to imagine, the many objects of 
interest which we were given an opportunity 
to examine, and which we observed on 
either baud as we continued our conrse 
among tbese countless attractions. It was 
afterwards our privilege to visit and ex- 
amine the internal arrangements of some of 
the dwellings, and we found them quite 
equal to What we had been led to eSpcct 
from their external appearance. Although 
entire strangers, we were received with 
hearty welcome, — 

D^Osgoodby's Pkonelic Shorthand Manual, $1.15; Speed-book {without key), $1.00; 
CoMipenditttn,/orlhevest-pockel. sac ; Word-Book, $1.50; The Great Moon Hoax {engraved 
skorfhand) $1.15. For sale by The Stenographer Printing and Publishing Co.. 

410 Drexel Building, Philadelphia, Pa, 






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TtK StenoeraplKr Printing & PubliiUng Co. 
410 Dtezel BvUdltif, PbiU., Pi. 

Francis H. HemperleV, President and Edllor. 
JOHB C. Dixon. S«r*uiy ind Tiaaani. 

Vol. XVI. JANUARY, 1901. No. 1. 

orih« Sboithand and Typcwriline pTofeHlDB of the 
CDuntrr: and all men, all a^atema aud all machloea 
wUI recslTt equal recognition in ite columna. 

The columnB of Thk Stesogi 
opto to correaponilenta. WeahalllXElad topul 

^□cho. Cam'inunlcationa ^lould'be addrrv^'to 


« for 

; opinio 

of cotTeapondinta. 

Tbb STHNOORAFHEit 1b * ptOKTeBalre joumal, 
and the publiahera will appreciate auggcrtiona of 

laaaed on the first of each month. 

SubKTiption : United Stala, Catiada and MeilcO, 
ti.aa  Tear; other places la Poatal Union, fi.aj  

AdTettlalug Rate* fUrdi*h«d on application. 


lilE congratulate the readers of The Stb- 
^ NOGRAFHER upou their entrance into 
tfae Twentieth Century. 

K, like Patrick Henry, we may " jiiiige the 
future by the past," the next hundred years 
will bring with them such glorious achieve- 
ments as have not hitherto, " entered into 
hearts of man to conceive." 

Let us hope that, with all the progress in 
intellectual and scientific things there may 
be a corresponding development in the good 
things of unselfish love and devotion lo the 
common welfare of all. There is a lime fore- 
told when "Nation shall not lift np sword 
against nation, neither shall they leam war 

Let us, who use the pen, try by our words 
and deeds to prove that " the pen is," truly, 
" mightier than the sword." 

We wish each and all of you a New Year 
of happiness and prosperity, and many years 
al successful usefulness. 

R. COLIN CAMERON, of Locbiel, A.riz., 
letter to the editor of ThB STE- 


I, says ; 


of an A No. i stenographer. Do you know 
of one who would like to work in so isolated 
a place?" If any of out readers desire to 
look into the matter we should be glad if 
they will correspond with Mr. Cameron upon 
the subject. 

RBR. W. B. BOTTOME. 120 BrowJwmy, 
i I New York City, writes us that be bas 
had charge of the reporting of the 
Boo^ Court of Inquiry at West Point, N. V., 
using two assistants. The testimony from 
Monday the 17th up to Saturday night the 
sad, amount to 900 typewritten pages, with 
three folios to the page. The Court sat evety 
day from 9.30 to 6. The examination cov- 
ered about 90 cadets out of 350 summoned. 

I I Practical Typewriting, fourth edition, 
is one of the finest of the up'to^ate 
manuals illustrated by Mr, Torrey's genius so 
that the dullest can master the subject and 
the brightest can become expert in the brief- 
est time. The ability to write upon the type- 
writer without looking at the key-board is 
much to be desired, and Mr. Torrey's All- 
finger method with its illustrations, exam- 
ples, and thoroughly practical advice is the 
best for the times. We cau furnish copies of 
this book, handsomely bound in cloth, for 
fi.oo, postage paid. 

THE Manhattan Reporting Company, of 
which Mr. Patrick ]. Sweeney is the 
proprietor, with headquarters at 150 Nassau 
Street, New York City (advertised elsewhere 
in The Stenocrapheb), we think is the 
only institution which really teaches verbatim 
reportiiTg. Mr. Sweeney is well and favor- 
ably known, and we advise all interested in 
this subject to write him for further informa- 


.^■^HE Smith Premier 

4.1 J Typewriter Company 
^■' have issued a very 
handsome booklet entitled 
'■ Higher Education in Type- 
writer Operating," copies of 
which will be sent free to any 
one requesting the same and 
mention ins Thb Stbnogra- 
PRER. Address the home 
office at Syracuse, N. Y. 
This booklet is a work of 
art, being printed on the 
finest of paper, illustrated 
by very haudsome cuts and 
contains much valuable in- 

This half-tone is from 
" Higher Education in Type- 
writer Operating. " 



HOEVER has occasion to write with lead pencil must know of Joseph Dis< 
We give our readers a portrait of him herenith. 

He was a good man in his day, and his good works follow aftet 

Joseph Dizon Crucible Company, Jersey City, N. J., for a very ii * ' 

tell you all about it. 


Chapter IV. 

Thus far we have only coniidered traos- 
actions in which the values going into and 
those coining out of departments of the 
business were equal. There are however, 
transactions iu which ins or outs are de- 
ferred, in whole or in part tor a time; as 
when we buy or sell goods on credit. How- 
ever, as we have seen, the double-entry 
system requires that for each transaction, 
the iu and the out entries must be equal in 
amount. See rule pp. For this reason, and 
tor the further reason that we wish to have 
our books show what others owe us. and 
what we owe to others, in such cases we 
treat the fimi we make the transaction with, 
as it they were a department of our business, 
placing the values of the goods that go to 
them on credit, iuto the in column of their 
1 the values of the goods we buy 

from them t 

)n cr 


, in 

to the 

out column 

of their acco 




itauce, 1 

suppose that 

we sell to Rerali 


Co. $1. 

00 worth of 


:, re< 



in pay. 

ueut a note 

for (60., the 



ingon . 

credit. Our 

entries wonld be, — Bills Receivable in $60, 
Seralian and Co. in J40. Merchandise out 
fioo. If in this eicaniple the position of 
buyer and seller had been reversed, the 
entry would have been :— Merchandise in 
|ioo. Bills Payable out f;6o, Seralian and Co. 

In this sort of transaction therefore, we 
are guided by the following rule ; — 



When a man decides to go into business, 
be first sets aside a sum of money to do 
business with. Tbis money goes into the 
Cash Department but at the lime there ia 
nothing corresponding to this money going 
out of any department. According to our 
rule, therefore, the proprietor must be 
treated as if he were a department of the 
businesss, and the amount he had invested 
must be placed into the out columu of hia 
account. If at any time he withdraws cash 
for his personal use, — but in no other case — 
we enter the amount be takes out into the in 
column of his account, and into the out col- 
umn ot the Cash account. If there is more 
than one proprietor, we enter iuto the out 
column of each one's account the amount 
that be invests, and corresponding amounts 
into the in column of the Cash a 

Match 1. Henry Brown begins business 
by investing {jooo in cash. 

Marcli 2. Bought a store bnilding aud lot 
for f 1000 iu cash. 

March 3. Bought a stock of goods for 
^1500, paying (i 100 in cash and giving a 
note for {300. 

March 4. Bought of H. Anderson and Co. 
a lot of dry-goods for f6oo ou account. 

March 5. Sold to F. Homer on account 
J1.63 worth of groceries and J1.40 worth of 
dry -goods. 



March 6. Sold to P. Horner on his note, 
$13 worth of dry-goods. 

March 7. Deposited $1500 in cash at the 
First National Bank. (First National Bank 

I500.00 Chicago , 1 1,1*. , March 8, 1 895. 

To THE First National Bank of Chic- 
Pay to the order of H. Anderson and Co. 
the sum of Five Hundred dollars. 

Hrnry Brown. 

The above is a form of check. It will be 
seen that the bank pays to H. Anderson and 
Co. from the money we have deposited with 
them the sum of I500. The bank is in this 
case treated as a department of the business, 
as also is H. Anderson and Co. We there- 
fore enter this : — H. Anderson and Co. in, 
First National Bank out. When we receive 
checks from others, we treat them as i! they 
were cash. 

March 8. Sent a check to H. Anderson 
and Co. for I500. 

March ^. Sold to Gurnsey Bros, on ac- 
count, I50 worth of merchandise. 

March 10. Sold to John Burton on account 
$20 worth of merchandise. 

March 11. Bought of James Snell and 
Co. on account of I300 worth of merchandise. 

March 12. Bought of Huffy Bros, on ac- 
count {150 worth of groceries. 

March 13. Sold to James Green on account 
J36 worth of dry-goods and groceries. 

March 14. Bought of Draper Bros, on 
account J286 worth of dry goods. 

The student should take a trial balance 
before going further. 

$25.00. Chicago, Ili..; March 15, 1895. 

To GURNSBY Bros., City,— 

Pay to the order of Jas. Suell and Co. the 
sum of twenty- five dollars and charge the 
same to my account. Hbnry Brown. 

The above is a form of a draft or bill of 
exchange. By referring to the ledger it will 
be seen that Gurnsey Bros, owe the business 
$50, and we have therefore a right to say to 
whom they shall' pay this amount. When 
they have paid this draft of $25 as we have 
ordered, they will owe us $25 less ; the pay- 
ment being the same in effect as if they had 
paid us directly. When Jas. Snell and Co. 
receive the $2$ in money which we have 
ordered paid to them, our debt to them is 

diminished by that amount, because the 
money is paid to them by our order. The 
effect of this draft then is the same as if 
Gurnsey Bros, had paid us $23 in cash, and 
we had turned over this money to Jas. Snell 
and Co. The full entries for this double 
transaction would be : — Gurnsey Bros, out, 
Cash in ; Cash out, Jas. Snell and Co. in. 
But since the amount is handed right over to 
Jas. Snell and Co. without actually passing 
through our hands, it is not necessary to 
enter the amount into the in and the out col- 
umns of the Cash account, for the balance of 
this account will remain the same whether 
we do so or not. For this reason, and for the 
further reason that no cash is actually han- 
dled, we can omit the cash entries and sim- 
ply enter the transaction as follows : Jas. 
Snell and Co. in, Gurnsey Bros. out. 11 is 
necessary therefore ^ as soon as we draw a 
draft on any person ^ to enter the amount 
drawn for into the out column of this per- 
son's account. Students must be cateful to 
impress this deeply upon their mitidSy for 
they are more likely to forget this than any- 
thing else. 

When anyone draws a draft on us, we pay 
the amount drawn for to the person desig- 
nated in the draft, and by so doing pay the 
person who draws upon us, this amount. 

Accepting a draft which is drawn on us, 
consists in writing the word ** Accepted** 
and below it our signature, across the face of 
the draft. This virtually converts the draft 
into a note and the act of accepting is the 
same thing as that of giving our note. Hence,, 
when we receive and accept such a draft, we 
enter the amount into the in column of the 
drawer's account, and into the out column 
of the Bills Payable account. 

If we handle drafts, either not drawn by 
ourselves or not drawn on us, we treat them 
precisely as if they were notes passing into 
or out of the Bills Receivable Department. 

March 15. Sent our draft of $25 on Gurnsey 
Bros, to Jas. Snell and Co. to apply on our 

March 16. Huffy Bros, have drawn on us 
for 1 1 00 and we have accepted the draft. 

March 17. John Burton has sent us a 
draft for |2o on Field and Co. in payment of 
his account. 

March 18. Sent to Jas. Snell and Co. our 
draft of $25 on Gurnsey Bros. 



March 19. Sent our check of $100 on 
First National Bank to Huffy Bros, in pay- 
ment of their draft which we had accepted 
on the 1 6th inst. 

March 20. Sold to Gurnsey Bros. $65 
worth of merchandise on account. 

March 21. Sold F. Horner $23 worth of 
merchandise on account. 

March 23. Drew on Jas. Green for I36 in 
favor of Huffy Bros, and sent them th'e draft. 

March 24. Draper Bros, have drawn on 
us for I286, and we send them a check for 
the amount. 

March 25. Deposited $300 in cash at the 

March 26. Drew on Gurnsey Bros, in 
favor of Jas. Snell and Co. for I55 and have 
forwarded the draft to them. 

March 29. Received a check for $12 from 
F. Horner in payment of his note. Have 
deposited the check in the bank. 

March 30. Sent Huffy Bros, our check 
for I14. . 

Having satisfied ourselves that our work 
has been done correctly, we next proceed to 
ascertain how much has been lost or gained 
during the month. If we have sold our 
merchandise above cost, and if what is still 
on hand is of the same or of a higher value 
than it was when we bought it, this value, 
added to the amount realised, will amount to 
more than the cost, or to the amount of the 
in*s in the merchandise account : since the 
in column shows the cost of the goods, and 
the out column what we get for them. If, 
therefore, we take an inventory of everything 
on hand, and place the value of these things 
in the out columns of their respective ac- 
counts, then add the two columns and find 
the difference between them, we shall be 
able to determine whether we have lost or 
gained, and how much. If the total of the 
in column is least, we have gained, if great- 
est we have lost. 

In other words, suppose that we have 
bought $(oo worth of merchandise during 
the month, and that at the end of the month 
our inventory shows that we still have {25 
worth on hand. Then it is quite clear that 
we have sold $75 worth. If now, our out 
column shows that we have received (90 for 
that which we sold, then we have gained 
J15, if on the contrary it shows that we have 

received only I70, then we have lost $5. 
Instead of going through the double process 
of subtraction we get the same result by add- 
ing the inventory to the out column and 
then finding the difference between this 
amount and the total ins. 

Our inventories on March 31st are 
Merchandise $2800.00 
Real Estate $2200.00 

We enter these inventories with red ink 
into the out columns of their respective ac- 
counts, and by the above mentioned method 
are then in position to ascertain how much 
has been lost or gained in each of these 
departments. We find tliat the outgoing 
value of Real Estate is $200 and that of 
Merchandise is $173.03 greater than the in- 
coming values ; indicating gains to that 
extent. We place these amounts with red 
ink into the columns, where, in order to 
make the accounts balance, they are needed, 
writing opposite each the words Loss and 
Gain. As there are no other departments in 
this months business which can show a loss 
or gain, we have now calculated all the 
losses and gains in each department by 
itself. We must now collect these losses 
and gains to find the loss or the gain for the 
whole business. 

For this purpose we rule off a space in our 
Ledger just as we have done for the depart- 
ment accounts, and transfer the Loss and 
Gain items to it, writing each of them in the 
column oppsite to that from which they are 
taken. We may now lay down a rule which 
must be observed, viz : 


For instance, a red ink entry from an in 
column must be transferred to an out column 
and vice versa. 

Our Loss and Gain account shows a total 
gain of $373.03. If there had been any depart- 
ments showing losses, these losses would have 
been entered into the left-hand or loss col- 
umn of this account, and would thus have 
diminished the total gain. For, in order to 
find the total gain or loss, we must first add 
together by themselves, all the losses and all 
the gains ; if the losses are greater than the 
gains then the business has lost as much as 



they are greater ; if the gains are greater* 
then the business has gained as much as they 
are greater. In the present instance there 
have been no losses, hence the difference 
between the losses and the gains is 1373.03, 
We enter this amount in red ink into the col- 
umn where it is needed to make the accodnt 
balance, writing opposite the amount the 
name of the proprietor, since the gains of the 
business go to him, and the losses are made 
good by him. If there are two or more pro- 
prietors, the amount must be divided between 
them in accordance with an agreement 
usually made on entering into partnership. 
The account is now closed by ruling the red 
cross lines as in the example and writing in 
the footings. 

The item balancing the Loss and Gain 
account is now posted to the proprietors ac- 
count observing the rule for transferring red 
ink entries. This being done we are ready to 
ascertain what are the resources and liabili- 
ties of the business ; or, what the different 
departments and individuals owe the busi- 
ness, and what the business owes to other in- 
dividuals and departments. If a department 
or individual has received more than it has 
given up, it will show a resource for the busi- 
ness ; if, on the contrary, it has given more 
than it has received, it will show a liability or 
debt for the business. We must first find the 
resource or liability in each account, and then 
collect all of these together to find the total 
resources and liabilities. The resources and 
liabilities of each account are obtained by 
balancing all of the remaining accounts, 
writing the amounts needed to balance them 
in red ink in the proper columns, with the 
words Resources and Liabilities opposite to 

them. The proprietor's account show^ a 
balance of $537303. The Cash, Real Estate 
and Merchandise accounts already balance. 
The Bills Payable account shows a balance- of 
$300, and so on. After balancing all of the 
accounts we collect all the resources and 
liabilities items and also all of the inventory 
items into a Resources and Liabilities ac- 
count, for which we have ruled off a space 
in the Ledger just below the Loss and Gain 
account. Observing the rule for posting xtsd 
ink items we transfer the above mentioned 
items as we have said and find that the 
account balances, as it always must. 


Mar. 31. Henry Brown. 


Mar. 31. 




Real Estate 

Mar. 31. 

Mar. 31. 


Real Estate 
F. Horner 
Bills Rec. 
First Nat'l Bank 


Henry Brown 
Bills Payable 
H. Anderson & Co. 
Jas. Suell & Co. 














The Beginner. 

•• Pee "-** bee "-'* tee '»-** dee," 

Will I ever get to be. 

So I can tell the difference, sir, 

•Tween ** ree '* and his companion *' er '* ? 

Then, when that I've sorter learned 
Up another thing has turned ; 
And that's the use of '* shee " and ** ish,'* 
Now which one must I use in ** fish " ? 

Sometimes I get so awful blue 
I'm sure I don't know what to do ; 
I kmder think I'll quit my books, 
And get out my old fishin' hooks. 

Pishin' hooks is heap more fun 
Than that new kind you use in ** run." 
But I am not a quitin' yet, 
I'm still a studying you can bet. 

— S. M. Cooper. 

Mr. J. D. Campbbi,!*, Secretary-Treasurer 
o£ the National Shorthand Reporters' As- 
sociation, Spartanburg, S. C, says all who 
desire a copy of the Proceedings for 1900 
should enclose 50 cents. 

Ford : ** Your lawyer made some pretty 
severe charges against the other fellow, 
didn't he?" 

Smai,i,wort : **Y-e-e-s ! but you ought to 
see how he charged me." 

Gov. Roosbvei^t, who left here to-day on 
his way to Albany, accompanied by Attorney 
General Davies, said that he had decided to 
appoint William Loeb, Jr., his present ste- 
nographer, as his secretary when he takes 
the office as Vice President. — 

Times, New York, Dec. 30, 1900. 

sp eci al to GODl^T and GOflVEllTIOll HEPOl^TEl{S. 

If jfou wiib to incrcfUK your apced, use 


Ho- S Blaatie-Baek Hot8"Boott. 

a NY kind of paper can be used ID the manufacture of 
note-books, but to produce the desi results, certain 
peculiarities of" stock " and " fiuish " are absolntelj 
essential, and the paper in Ihii book is the result of  care- 
ful studj of over fifteen years. In regard to binding this is 
the only note book that, after  page is tamed will lie per- 
fectly fiat and stay there — a fact appreciated in rapid work. 

onjly re 

<] «lth th 



" All shorthand writers in the 
toortd concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
tftHm pf ifiorthamt, and the one 
which forms the basis ^or a 
hu ndred or more modifica lions.'' 
Dr. Wm. T. Harris, U. S. Com- 
' of Education. 

... My coltHE"' 
Court of General ShiI 

1 The Stenoorapher.  

Is Coun uys Ihit your b 

rk Qly. 
lat I can • 

—Peter P. McLaughuk. 

I havt pnvloutly used."— Thomas Burrill. DtDanmcri of HlThwayt. 
Brooklyn. N.V. t- « j 

Sample copy post-paid, SOc> Very liberal reduction by 
the dozen. Specimen pnges showing 3 styles of ruling free. 
tunc PITMim i SOUS. Pabliahtn. 33 Union Squon. Htw York. 


urora (ollege sss 
Sbortbanft School 

T* TWOS. J. AIXEN. Pr«., 




/rONTAINS notes of testimony and business 
letters by Isaac S. Dbmbnt, fastest 
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C. *. ¥»IIDiR¥00ltT.S04E. tf9 ST.. K. f, Citf. 

Mention thli manilne and make money ordeis MyabI* 
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It i 

brief, intetestitij; and up-to- 


J. L. PEBR, Norwood, N. 

"How to Sei the Point and Place It"? 

"|\UNCTUATI0N Without Rulesof Gram- 
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for placing " the point " in letter writing to 
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Mason's Complete Course In PlionoEraphf. 

Bt w. l. MaaoN. 
(JONTAINS everything necessary to insure 
proficiencv, tisides being rich in prac- 
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This book is the result of x> years' ex- 
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19 far ahead of anything heretofore pub- 
lished. Price St.OO. Liberal discount to 
teachers and schools. 

Stenographer Printing & Publishing Co., 410 Drexel Bldg., Philada. 

i^3^^3^^&i^ /flIiVERTISCflEMT/ ^i^^^^ 

Pitaan Phonogpaphy. 

For Schools and G>Uege8 

^^» mr* 

Director. Department of Commerce anriF Finance. 
Drexel InstHute. PhiladclpTiia. 

^HE book presents the Bean Pitman System In the 
\r " Reporting Style " an<f is the fruit of twelve years 
of teaching. Although published as recently as June 
of 1900. it is already in its second edition and has betfn 
adopted by maif^ scliools and colleges throughout the 
country, in afl of which it is giving eminent satisfaction. 
The took. consisting of laS pages, is the finest product of 
the eni^raver. printer, and binder. 

-I>f*ir»A ^1 f\g\ Liberal discounts to schools 
■- ■IV^, 4fM.\M U. and teachers. Sample pages 
""""■^^^■■^ free ; also pamphlet containing 

reviews of the boolc by teachers and shorthand critics. 

Address, PARKE SCHOCH, Publisher, 
Drexel Institute, - - Philadelphia. 

The LEAD PENCIL for Shorthand Writers is 


••SM»» or"M»» Grade. Ifyour stationer 2 
th^m, mention The Stenographer 2 

docs not keep , w^.^^,,^. 

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Easiest system to teach. 
Easiest. system to learn. 
Teaches one row of keys at a time. 
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Bright students learn to copj from 50 to 100 
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Ask for circulars with sample lesson. One 
lesson will show the superiority of the system. 

Twelve charts, 50 cents. Liberal discounts 
to schools. For sale by 

717 N. Y. Life Building, 
. Omaha, Ncbnuka, 

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Chicago, Ul. 

Practical Court P'^ce 



Pos< _, 

By H. W. THORNE, ^37 Piwes. la mo. 

Attomey-at . Law and bound In Clotli "A book 

Official Court Stenog- for the Aspiring Court 

rapher. Reporter." 

THE STENOGRAPHER, 410 Drexel BIdg., Phila. 


Bv W. L. MASON. 

"QJJJHAT does it contain? Everything,— 
that is, everything a stenographer or 
typewriter needs to help him to get up speed. 
Easy dictation exercises, genuine business 
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g COMPLETE Manual of Instructions in 
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. PRICE, $1.00. 








Tbe 20th Century 

practical ^i?pewriting 




*OR Class and Self-Instruction. 
^ bound in board cover. 



« with established guides. 

Any of the Above Books Sent Posto8:e.Pafd Upon Receipt 

of Price. 

Tbt Stemgrapker, 410 Drnel BulMlig, Plillada. 

i I 

i ^HERE is but one TOUCH method ; { 

! namely, by tenure of hand position, J 

maintained by frequent finger contact » 








This has ALWAYS been our way 

Price. $1.00, Postpaid. 
Chart, 25 Cents. 

Liberal Discount to Teachers and Schools. 


332 Congress St., Boston. » 

IN ooMuronmNo with 



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accuracy of trausiilbiiMr 
>f an enpen 


d line pay when proflcent. This 
: UiKTetical but tbe reault d( ' 
STTlce aa an eipert conrt reporter. 

'^oml^Bloo ^^ 

'. B. BOtTUHE. 220°BroBdwBy|*New v' 

punctuation anb Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS, 1427 Eucll4 Ave.,PhlU. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a genius in the 
art of book niaking. He succeeds in 
putting into these mouograpba all that is 
necessary for a coniprehenaive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Journal of Education. 





A wonderful success for the easy and 
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terprising Americans should have a practical 
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Ctiba and Porto Ric<j. 

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machine, as den! red) will be run during 1901 in 


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A trial subscription will confirm 
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55 Campau BIdg., Detroit, ilich. 



The 20th Century 

practical ZTi^pewriting 




\ ^HERE is but one TOUCH method ; 
\ namely, by tenure of hand position, 

\ maintained by frequent finger contact 
J with established guides. 


Tliis iias ALWAYS been our way 

Price $1.00, Postpaid. 
Chart, 26 Cents. 

Liberal Discount to Teachers and Schools. 

r. S. ^WB^BSTKR CO. 
332 Congress St., Boston. 





You've made your New Year's resolutions : now, stick 
to 'em. Write or call on us at once. 

We have up-to-date methods for thorough instruction 
and actual work in Shorthand — Typewriting — Verbatim 
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never get tired. Stop worrying your relatives and friends 
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Patrick J. Swidbnidy, I*Roi»RiiffroR. 

stenoffraphers. ) M^^ v#\fi^ I Shofthand Instructioii, 

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Thi Stukmmmmiu 



, RZO C. GASTON, one of tbe moflt 
prominent court reporters in the 
Mississippi Valley, as well as 
one of the most intelligent and 
ablest promoters of the pbono- 
f;rapbic profession's best inter- 
ests, was born February lo, 1S63, at Tabor, 
Iowa, a village fatuous in ante-bellum days 
for its abolition sentimentsaud its consequent 
friendship for "Jobn Brown of Ossawat- 
taraie," who found a safe reiting-place 
among its citizens on frequent occasions. 
Tbe village was tbe outgrowth of the spirit 
of his grandfather, George B. Gaston, who 

came there in the so's to plant a Chriatiaa 
college, and the college is the centre abotit 
which all (be interests of the town and a 
wealthy community surrounding it now 

In this sort of an atmosphere the subject 
of our sketch grew to manhood, securing 
bis education at the public school and after- 
wards in the college, reaching tbe middle of 
the sophomore year. At this time financial 
reverses, coupled with failing health, com- 
pelled him to abandon further study, and in 
the fall and winter of 1883-4 he recuperated 
while teaching district school. 

At this time Mr. Gaston became interested 
in Graham's Hand-Book, and shortly after 
his school closed devoted more time to its 
study, there being no one at hand to assist 
him in digging out the " bidden mysteries " 
which were almost as puzzling as the Greek 
roots that bad given him a little experience 
in "grubbing." Mr. C. H. Sholes, now of 
Portland, Oregon, had procuredacopy of the 
Hand-Book for him , and when he had acquired 
s»me slight speed as the result of bis individ- 
ual application, heattendedasession of court 
held in a neighboring county and there, 
for about a week, received and profited by 
the suggestions of Mr. Sholes.. 

In tbe Spring of 1885 Mr. Gaston's first 
Work as an amanuensis was done at Council 
Bluffs, for an insurance company, where he 
was expected to do the work for (40.00 per 
month for wbicb a former but dissatisfied 
employee had been paid J90.00. This work 
proving too arduous he accepted a position 
with the western manager of a machine com- 



panj, at the aame aalary. !□ the fall of the 
same year be aecured a position with the 
wholesale grocery fina of MeConi, Brady & 
Co., in Omaha, at an advance in salary, where 
he remained until September, i8S6, when he 
was employed by Potter &. Megealh, of 
Omaha, in general and official ateno);rapfaic 

In April, 1887, Mr. Gaston was appointed 
official reporter for the tbirleentb judicial 
district of Nebraska, with headquarters at 
McCook. In the fall of this year (October 
nth) Mr. Gaston married Miss Mary A. 
Fetter, of Oakland, Iowa, a lady of ex- 
cellent education and talents. The situa- 
tion at McCook not proving exactly to his 
liking, and being ofFered a partnership with 
one of his old employers in Omaha in the 
general stenographic line, he resigned his 
position and became a member of the firm 
of Potter Sc Gaston, in December, 1888. He 
remained in Omaha at general and official 
work until September, 18S9, when be was 
appointed, by Hon. A. B. Thornell. as re- 
porter for the fifteenth judicial district of 
Iowa, which position he still holds and fills 
with eminent satisfaction to all concerned. 

Mr. Gaston has always been a strong 
advocate of organization. In 1887 be as- 
sisted in the formation of the Nebraska 
State Stenographer's Association, and was 
one of its officers. After coming to Iowa he 
agitated and accomplished the revivifying of 
the Iowa State Stenographers' Association, 
and was afterwards tor two years its president 
and a member of its executive committee. 
He was one of the vice-chairmen of the 
Committee on Organization of • national 
stenographer's association, in 1897-8-9. and 
as chairman of the committees in the Trans- 
Mississippi region did effective work. At 
the Cbicago convention, in August, 1899, 
the writer conferred upon him the honorable 
appointment ofchairman of its constitutional 
committee and he was subsequently elected 
the Jirsl ist Vice PrtsidenI of the National 
Shorthand Reporters' Association, then 
organized, in acknowledgment of his in- 
telligent effort and unflagging zeal in all the 
work of national organization. As a further 
evidence of his interest in the profession, he 
led in a strong fight with the last legislature 
of his own Stale for more adequate and 
certain compensation for its official reporters, 
and, although defeated by the delaying 

process, still, the effort made baa paved the 
way so that success it more promising than 
formerly. From what we know of Mr. 
Gaston, there will be no retreat sounded, and 
results for the betterment of the profession 
will certainly be accomplished. At present 
Mr. Gaston is chairman of the executive 
committee of the National Shorthand Re- 
porters' Associttion auxiliary in Iowa. Mr. 
Gaston was unable to attend the Put-in-Bay 
convention, which was a matter of much 
regret, for his absence is observed and felt 
in any representative body of National 
Shorthand Reporters. 

Kendrick C. Hill. 
» » * 

Irearn Stenography in 
a Business Office. 

By Patrick J. Sweeney, 



THE right way to learn how to do a 
thing is TO DO IT. 
And that is where we come in. 
Our pupils will benefit by my fif- 
teen years experience (employee and em- 
ployer) in general reporting, railroading, 
commercial credits, publishing and law. 
They will be learning something of actnal 



business ; not the make-believe ; but real 
business. Pupils who attend at our offices 
will get actual practice in writing letters to 
our mail pupils. " Experience is expensive '* 
— unless obtained in the way we give it. 

All instruction is individual. 

How many of those who graduate from 
shorthand schools and business colleges can 
intelligently take a telephone message? 
How many can quickly receipt a bill ; cor- 
rectly draw a check ; make a carbon copy of 
a letter ; use the Mimeograph or Neostyle ; 
or index a letter book ? How many know 
that office matters are strictly confidential — 
that is, how many know it without first hav- 
ing the employer suffer by the stenographer's 

The stenographer who depends solely upon 
his proficiency in shorthand or typewriting 
is not up-to-date. There must be Reliability 
as well as Ability. We aim to turn out ex- 
perts ; capable office assistants. Intelligent, 
quick-witted men and women, who will ^^/ 
big salaries because they will earn big salar- 
ies. We teach them to be honest, to mind 
their own business ; to make a confidant of 
no one regarding business affairs. 

Our students will not be * ' clock watchers,** 
the employer's interests will be their inter- 
ests, and while they will insist upon reason- 
able hours of employment, they will cheer- 
fully work early and late when necessity 
requires. Our pupils will have no need to 
dread : ** What experience have you had ? " 
— for before leaving us they will have had 
actual experience in our Instruction Depart- 
ment and Verbatim reporting offices. We 
will train them to work for something besides 
money, and to realize that a good reputation 
is a valuable asset. 

Our students will get a working knowledge 
of Commercial Law by listening to (and re- 
porting when competent) a series of lectures 
delivered at our offices by a graduate of 
Columbia Law School, who is now a practis- 
ing attorney and counselor at law, of New 
York City. For practice in verbatim report- 
ing our students will actually do court report- 
ing, and take speeches, sermons, etc., under 
the guidance of capable and professional ver- 
batim reporters. The latter will be paid 
regular rates for the work. Our students will 
do their best, transcribe their notes, and then 
compare their transcript with that of the paid 

In teaching shorthand by mail we are prac- 
tical, as we adopt suggestions from our large 
verbatim reporting business. In returning a 
corrected lesson or sending a new lesson we 
write a personal letter, and we desire that our 
pupils should freely ask for information up- 
on all points in connection with the lessons. 
This will enable us to give pupils at a dis- 
tance as nearly as possible that individual 
attention which we give to pupils who at- 
tend at our office in person— thus making 
our mail course an ideal one. 

We shall use the Graphophonein dictating 
to our pupils; train advanced students to 
dictate to and transcribe from the Grapho- 
phone and be right up to the minute by 
using the Graphophone in teaching short- 
hand by mail. This last mentioned feature 
is our latest departure. 

In short, we feel that we have the best 
facilities and up-to-date methods — ^and there- 
fore to the pupil and the business man we 
can give better value than any school or 
teacher anywhere. 

Remember ours is not a school. We are 
not fighting Shorthand Schools or Business 
Colleges ; not competing with them, because 
we have something entirely different. We 
have already had requests from a number of 
business men to furnish them with stenog- 

We select the right material — get pupils to 
do their part — we do ours. Result : Com- 
petent stenographers — a credit to us — a help 
to the business man, and an honor to the 
profession. We are building slowly and 
surely. Our prices may be too high for 
some. We may be too strict for others. 
Our motto is, " Honesty in Everything.'* 

^ 9 ^ 

The stenographer of the Warren (O. ) Hard- 
ware Co. is Miss Inez Huntley. 

The Stenographic Class of the Women's 
Union of Buffalo, N. Y., has opened auspic- 
iously with 1 6 members. Special attention 
is given to the preparation of stenographers 
for the United States Civil Service examina- 
tions to be held in the spring. 

Miss Marcia Spalding, of Norwich, N. Y., 
has accepted a position as stenographer with 
Leland & Tanner. 

Miss Effie Kerwin, of No. 6 Lark Street, 
Albany, N. Y., has been temporarily ap- 
pointed stenographer to Commissioner of 
Safety Ham. 


Lumbering the Record. 

YOUNG stenograpber was called 
into court, u a witness, lo read 
a certain part of hii Doles of a 
trial. He had intended to re- 
port everytbing said aud done. 
Airiviiigattliat part of his notes 
where a motion, was made by one of the 
attorneys, he beK^n to read as follows : 
" May it please your HoiTor ! I have, been 
quiet and good " — when the stenographer- 
witness was interrupted by the court and 
counsel thus; "Ob, skip that I comedown 
to the point ; to the part where the grounds 
of the motion are stated." The stenographer 
omitted a few pages of this preliminary 
speech, and then again read : " I will say to 
your Honor, that we have been al brief in 
this nintter " — when court and counsel again 
broke n with : " Ob, >kip that read the 
grounds of the motion." Thus it went on 
through a ma/e of "May it please your 
Honor," and other immaterial "lumber" 
until the stenographer finally found and 
read the grounds oF the motion — the needle 
of value in the bay-mow of rot. 

Prepnring CKse on Appeal 

from Stenographer's 


•^HE MolineuN murder trial occupied 
^ several monlbs last year at New York 
City. Recently public inleresttn it has been 
revived by an alteiiTpt to hasten the appeal 
which was taken by Molineux from the 
judgment of conviction. The (N. Y.) 
World says : 

"The stenographic record of the trial is 
of tremendous bulk. The case on appeal as 
prepared by counsel for the defenae is the 

longest case of the kind ever permitted in 
the United States. It ia much longer even 
than the appeal iu the celebrated Tichbome 

" It consists of 4,635 pages of typewritten 
matter, not including the opening address 
for the prosecution, the summing up of 
cou;isel and the charge of the Recorder, 
With these added, the proposed case on 
appeal makes 5.600 pages of matter, with 300 
words on each page, or 1,680,000 words in all. 

"Assistant District- Attorney Le Barbier 
bad to go over this proposed case on appeal 
and make amendments to it— that is, to 
suggest such modiHcBtions as would, in his 
judgment, make the record of the trial a 
fair and uubiesed narrative of the testimony 
of witnesses, the objections of counsel and 
the ruling! of the court thereon, 

" Mr. I.e Barbier found that in the pro- 
posed case on appeal counsel bad included 
the stenographic minutes of every squabble 
between Messrs. Weeks and Osborne and 
the rulings of Recorder GofT thereon— and 
there were thousands of these squabbles. 
Not live per cent, of them really deserved to 
be included in the case on appeal. 

" The rule of the Court of At>peals is that 
B case must be presented to it in narrative 
form and as briefly as ia consistent with 
stating the testimony, the objections, rulings 
and exceptions. 

" Mr. Le Barbier managed to prepare his 
amendments—two hundred and sixty-eight 
in all — by the end of July. 

" Ever since Oct. 1 Recorder Goff has been 
at work on the proposed case on appeal and 
the amendments, deciding what shall be 
allowed to go in. HI It is hisduty to eliminate 


<i) Since ItM ibove wat wrlntn RKordtr Goff bu 
" HUled " and ^lencd rtie caie on appul, hdv^n£ dlF«cl*d 
beiwHn 1. 100 and 1.900 minor Alierailons. principally 

cage will bi"iboui i»l» it» site ot W^bsttr't uniibrlilKl 
"— ami thai Ihe coil of prtnllne will Im nbwll 



** Connael for Molineux presented a 
memorandum to Recorder Goft, weeks ago, 
urging the retention of everything in the 
stenographer's minutes, saying they would 
ask for a reversal, not only upon errors of 
the Judge hut alto upon the ground that the 
defendant did not have a fair and impartial 
trial before an unbiased Judge, and that the 
conduct of the District- Attorney during the 
trial and in his opening and closing remarks 
to the jury was so improper as to b^ in viola- 
tion of his duty to properly represent the 
public interest." 

The foregoing gives a very good descrip- 
tion of the method of preparing a case from 
stenographer's notes for review by an ap- 
pellate court. 

THe Steno|{rapHer IVon. 

^REDBRICK A. BAKER, a stenographer 
%|y appointed by the Board of Coroners at 
New York City to take testimony in the 
Coroners* Court, with a salary of $2,500, was 
unsuccessful on the trial of his suit for 
transcripts of testimony for the use of the 
District Attorney, amounting to 6,568 folios, 
for which he charged I394.08, which he 
claimed to be entitled to in addition to his 
regular salary. Judgment rendered for the 
city, on the ground that the clause of the 
consolidation act relied upon had been re- 
pealed by the charter, has been reversed by 
the Appellate Division. Justice O'Brien, 

giving the opinion of the Court, said : " As 
the right of the District Attorney to such 
transcripts, and the compensation to be paid 
to the stenographer for furnishing them, is 
to be found alone in the consolidation act, it 
would be an anomaly to conclude, in the 
absence of express language which would 
justify such a construction, that the clause 
of the consolidation act requiring the furn- 
ishing of transcript should be saved, but 
the clause with reference to the compensa- 
tion repealed. We would gladly have 
reached another conclusion, because we 
think the policy of paying the stenographer 
to the Coroners a stated salary of $2,500 a 
year and permitting him, in addition, to 
receive compensatioil for work done in that 
position, is not a good one ; but the remedy 
is with the Legislature, and not with the 
courts, whose duty it is to ascertain and 
enforce the law, and not to determine 
questions of policy. " 

A prominent New York State court 
stenographer, commenting, on the above 
decision, writes me as follows : " How they 
[the courts] hate to allow that a stenogra- 
pher is right, even though he has the law 
with him." 

Mr. Charles W. Chestnutt, whose 
short story" The March of Progress'' ap- 
peared in the January Century, has been for 
years a leading court and law stenographer 
at Oeveland, O. For several years he has 
been doing literary work for magazines and 
periodicals. The most pretentious of his 
books are *' The Conjure Woman " and 
** The Wife of His Youth.*' His writings 
principally, are stories and sketches of 
southern negro life. He is now firmly 
established as an author, and the magazines 
are anxious to secure his work. 

Court Room £cKoes. 

Counsel: What did you do first about the 
ditch? Did you remove the fence first, or 
dig the ditch first ? 

Witness : How could I dig the ditch with- 
out taking the fence away? 

* * 

Counsel: How did you remove the stumps 
from the fence ? 

Witness : I removed them with my hands. 

» * 

Plaintiff sued defendant for tearing down 
a fence, digging a ditch and filling it with 
stones. On defendant's cross-examination 
he was asked by plaintiff's counsel regarding 
a man named Gohst as follows : 

Q. Did he know anything ? 

A. He was insane, I suppose. 

Q. And he is now in an asylum ? 

A. Yes, sir. 

Q. And he was living in a very bad state 
and condition, wasn't he? 

A. I think he was. But that has not got 
nothing to do with the fence, has it ? 

* « 

Counsel: What color clothes did you 


Witness : I had a pair of overalls on. 
Counsel : What kind of a coat ? 
Witness : And a black coat. 
Counsel : Rather scantily clad ! 


Counsel : Have you any prejudice against 
the sale of intoxicating liquors ? 

furor: I am strongly opposed to the 
liquor traffic : but if the Devil was on trial 
' before me I would give him just as fair a 
trial as any other person. 

(Continued on folio 36.) 


The Literal^ IVorKer's Stenographer. 

F it be important thnt the asaiEt- 
ant of the clergyman and the 
physician be well educated, it 
is especialty so in the case of the 
literary man or woman's " first 
aid ; " and her power to assist 
in the work is based upon what she knows 
and how she has been trained to use her 
knowledge. In fact, wben a 8teiioK''Bpl>er 
Buila a literary worker, it is a first-class cer- 
tificate of a liberal education '■ 

Prom one point of view, a stenographer can 
make herself more useful to one who 
supports himself upon the products of his 
brain than can such assistant of the other 
two classes already considered. Of all pro- 
fessional people, the literary "expert" is 
proverbially the least piaclical ; and very 
frequently his bright, alert, experienced 
helper stands between him and many 
happenings which without her aid would 
place him in anomalous positions. 

The stenographer, in other words, acts as 
a sort of balance wheel or sheet anchor, if 
she be in sympathy with her employer and 
have leanings towards the "mightiness of 
the pen;" and many a shorthand writer, 
after association with an author, has devel- 
oped into a literary worker, herself. The 
positions of this kind are rare as compara- 
tively few men living by Iheir pen have 
sufficient work for a stenographer ; but the 
openings are increasing and when a berth of 
this nature is secured, fortunate is the 
possessor of it. 

The stenographer's chief value in a 
position such as described is in being at 
hand and ready to chain the lightning 
thoughts which mark the man of talent and 
genius, and in her ability to take the dis- 

jointed sentences or expresnlons and weave 
them into something cohereiit for her em- 
ployer's criticism. Not the least important 
of her work ia the visiting of reference 
libraries, etc., in order to gather material 
upon certain subjects which her employer 
intends to take up; and quite frequently 
what she culls from these sources forms the 
basis of learned articles or stories teeming 
with interesting facts. 

It is hard to define the work of a literary 
stenographer, as employers of thisclass bring 
into their work more of theirpersonality or en- 
vironment than do the othersibnt, in the main, 
a stenogrvpher who has a good, sound ed- 
ucation, who has literary tendencies and who 
is content to act as a sort of factotum to a 


: to e 

disputed, has a niche waiting for her, and 
incidentally an opportunity to write her own 
name evEntually high upon the scroll of 
fame. The printer also blesses her advent 
in proportion to that of the little machine 
which preceded her in most literary 
sanctums ; and so aa the pathway for this 
endeavor widens snd lengthens it augurs 
welt for the stenographer of the present and 
future who is willing to make herself oapable 
of measuring up to the more or less exacting 
requirements of the same. 

One of the Developments of 
the Nineteenth Century. 


ALL CAINE, writing to the Sorosis Club 
of Ohio, says : " When one considers 
the position of a woman was, even in 
lost civilized countries, as recently as 

years sgo, and how high a place she has 



one cannot but feel that the change is even 
more remarkable than some of the |^reat 
material developments, which have distin- 
guished the century. Speaking as one who 
has seen life in many countries, I feel that 
it is within the truth to say that the position 
of woman is higher in America than in any 
other part of the world. For this result 
American women have, no doubt, to thank 
their own natural gifts and great independ- 
ence of mind ; but they also have, I tliink, to 
be grateful to the splendid chivalry of the 
other sex, which is nowhere more conspicu- 
ous than in the best type of American 

Coming from a conservative Englishman, 

this tribute is all the more valuable and 

complimentary to American women workers. 


The German Emperor, William, has given 
50,000 marks towards the new building 
which the Lette Society proposes to erect in 
a Berlin suburb, as a model house for 2,000 
young girls, who will be instructed there in 
book-keeping, stenography, housekeeping, 

Miss Reba Cronan has obtained the 
position of stenographer with the Foster 
Bros.' Manufacturing Co. of Utica, New 

Miss Augusta P. lyOTHROP of Barnstable, 
Mass., has accepted a position in Havana, 
Cuba, as stenographer in the office of Lieut. 
Brooks, Auditor of the Island. 

Miss Iva D. Chandler, of Portland, Me., 
has entered upon her duties as stenographer 
for the International Paper Co. of Rumford 

MissMattie S. Foote, of Woodbury, N. J., 
we learn, is conducting quite successfully an 
evening shorthand class in that town. 

At a dinner given some time ago by the 
New York Council of the National Business 
Woman's Association, Mr. Thomas G. 
Shearman gave his experience as the *' father 
of the young lady typewriter'* and the 
founder of the first typewriting school, in 
which he taught the daughter of a friend the 
art. He made the young woman an expert 
and gave her a position in his office, for not 
a firm in the city would take a woman in 
any capacity, he said. In the course of his 
remarks Mr. Shearman complimented 
women upon their ability and conscientious 

Miss Harriet L. Mason has gone to 
Bangor, Me., to enter the Shaw Business 
College, where she will take a course in 
book-keeping and stenography. 

Classes in stenography for girls have been 
opened in the Public Evening School No. 71 
of New York City. Any pupil who has been 
graduated from the public schools or who 
is sixteen years old, is eligible to member- 
ship in the classes. 

Miss Bessie Eaker has severed her con- 
nection, as stenographer, with the insurance 
office of Fitzgerald & Co. , of Herkimer, N. Y. 

Miss Beulah I. Russell recently accepted a 
position with Welch & I^andregan of Lynn, 

Miss Mary Ingold, having resigned her 
position with O. H. He wit, Esq., has accepted 
a similar one in the office of Mr. J. King 
McLanahan, Jr., of Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Miss Ellen G. Tobin, of 159 Elm St., 
Albany, N. V. , has been appointed from the 
civil service list as stenographer at the Man- 
hattan State Hospital. 

The stenographic services of Miss Laura 
Boyd have been secured by the Vacuum Oil 
Co. of Bangor, Me. 

Repose is one of the few things which it is 
claimed the American woman lacks, — a 
quality which she needs and which mankind 
needs in her. 

Miss May McGrath of the Binghamton 
(N. Y.) School of Business has been selected 
by G. S. Ackely & Co. as book-keeper and 

Miss Flora F. Oatman of Pittsfield, Mass., 
has taken the position of private secretary 
with Rev. James Grant. 

Miss Carlie Hamlin, of Bellows Falls, Vt., 
formerly stenographer for the Robertson 
Paper Co., is now employed by the Inter- 
national Paper Co. ; and her former position 
has been taken by Miss Annie Blanchard of 

Miss Annie Foley is now employed as 
typewriter and book-keeper for a Congress 
Street business house in Boston ; her native 
place is Woonsocket, R. I. 

Miss Bertha Williams, of Turin, N. Y., 
has gone to Rochester where she will occupy 
the position of stenographer with a business 


Ida E. Turner. 



Bepattment of ptactical (3rammar. 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 EttcUd Avc^ Phlla., Pa. 
Author of ** PuQCtuatioQ and Capital Letters,^ 


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, 
and other adverbs ; there are times 
when the adverb may be a modifier 
[i] of a preposition ; [2] of a phrase ; 
[3] of clauses and sentences ; [4] of 
nouns ; adverbs [5] may be independ- 
ent ; [6] may be used as nouns ; and 
[7] may connect clauses. The follow- 
ing sentences illustrate the uses 
enumerated — 

( i) Guards stood 7^5/ below the gates. 

Vines had climbed nearly over the wall. 

Soldiers were standing just within the 

(2) Pools judge only by events. 

The sun shines even on the wicked. 
Truth travels only in straight lines. 

(3) All things were made ready //«/ before 

the king came. 

We should lean on the hand of a guide 
only till we can go alone. 

Many remain beginners all their lives, 
simply because they have no confi- 

(4) My delay there could not be avoided. 
His hesitation M^/< was easily discernible. 
A trip thither was very beneficial to him. 

(5) There is a pleasure in admiration. 
NoWt 1 prefer the last fourteen lines. 
IVhy^ he doth bestride the narrow world ! 

(6) To when has the meeting been adjourned? 
Be/ore is here used as a noun. 

You may have the work by then, 

(7) Oats are ripe when the straws turn yellow. 

Smooth runs the water where the brook 
is deep. 

Kind words can make December blithe 
as May. 

Relative to adverbs, observe these 
cautions : 

I. In USING adverbs, [i] have 
them apt ; avoid any that [2] repeat 
or [3] exaggerate the idea. 

II. In PLACING adverbs, [4] 
leave no doubt about what they modi- 
fy ; [5] secure smoothness of sound ; 
[6] don't split an infinitive with an 

III. Don't use [7] NEGATIVE 
words so that they contradict each 

IV. Don't use [8] adjectives for 
adverbs, or [9] adverbs for adjectives. 

The following sentences illustrate 
the cautions enumerated above ; the 
italicized words are incorrectly used ; 
those in capitals are correctly used : 

( 1 ) The boy writes lovely. 

We were trusted explicitly. . 

The old master had listened beautifully, 

Washington splendidly performed his 

delicate task. 
I will be horribly in love with her. 

(2) He hastened quickly. 
Boys screamed loudly. 

They rushed in unceremoniously. 

We were treated niggardly and meanly. 

(3) He teases me everlastingly. 
That dog barks ceaselessly. 
You have aided me immensely. 
Fault is perpetually found. 

He called thunderously for help. 

(4) I expressly bought the fruit for you. 
Every tale told is not to be believed. 

I had particularly been led to read mili- 
tary history. 

General Grant never seemed to need 



Life's enchanted cup bul sparkles at the 

We only prize those that do not prize 

Pitt's motion was only lost by a minority 

of twenty. 
Statesmen only thought of the utility of 
" The difficulty of proper position is great 
— 0//L y is seldom in place, and phrases 
are proverbial stragglers." — REED and 

(5) We shall therefore occasionally hereof ter 


Early they quickly yesterday wholly did 
the work. 

They consequently possibly may Uh 
morrow together entirely finish well 
the work. 

I altogether can immediately send for- 
ward them. 

He instantly could A^r^have speedily but 
quietly attracted a vast concourse. 

(6) An author was forced to everyday assume 

new disguises. 
Earth opens her bosom to impartially 

receive beggars and princes. 
To openly act is honest. 
To well reprehend is the hardest path of 

To circumspectly vf9\)L in the right path 

should be the aim of all men. 

(7) Never ask him for no money. 

He is«7 good for none of our work. 

I do not speak neither French nor 

Neither John n^^r James could ȣ?/ study. 

They are not coming, I do«7 think. 
The following italicized negatives are 
correct ; why ? 

Did you not sslj he is not honest ? 

He did not agree not to fire upon us. 

I never said he was doing nothing. 

Can you not say that he is not deceptive ? 

I shall not have an excuse for not en- 

(8) (9) — Although an adjective is often im- 
properly used after a verb instead of an 
adverb, the misuse of an adverb for an ad- 
jective is much more common. There are 
(i) many adverbs that are the same as ad- 
jectives ; (2) many adjectives that end in ly, 
and thus resemble adverbs that end thus ; 
(3) many adverbs of manner that have two 
forms — one ending in />/, and one resembling 

adjectives (see below a few of each of these 
three kinds). Prom this confusion it is not 
surprising that one, in hurried speech, 
should frequently misuse adjectives and ad- 
verbs. Observation and practice is essential 
to acquire a pertinent use of these two parts 
of speech after verbs ; and THE LESSON 

To determine whether an adjective or an 
adverb is to be correctly used after a verb, 
observe whether the word expresses a 
THING : if the former, an adjective is re- 
quired ; if the latter, an adverb is required. 

The following are some words that may be 
both adjective and adverb: — all, back, bright, 
clean, close, clear, dear, deep, even, easy, 
fatr, fast, full, high, hard, ill, just, long, 
loud, low, little, light, mighty, most, more, 
near, over, out, off, only, plumb, quick, 
right, swift, slow, soft, sure, still, straight, 
short, sound, sweet, wide, wrong, very. 

The following words ending in ly are ad- 
jectives ; but many of them are also adverbs : 
— ^beastly, beggarly, bodily, cleanly, coward- 
ly, curly, daily, deathly, early, earthly, 
friendly, fatherly, heavenly, kingly, kind- 
ly, leisurely, likely, lonely, lowly, lovely, 
manly, masterly, matronly, monthly, 
motherly, niggardly, only, orderly, princely, 
saintly, sickly, stilly, timely, ungainly, 
weakly, weekly, womanly. 

The following are adverbs of manner, either 
form of which is correct, although a few 
are colloquial : — bright-brightly, clean-clean- 
ly, close- closely, clear-clearly, dear-dearly, 
deep-deeply, even-evenly, easy-easily, false- 
falsely, full-fully, high-highly, hard-hardly, 
ill-illy, loud-loudly, light-lightly, most-most- 
ly, neat-neatly, near-nearly, quiclc-quickly. 

Of the following 78 words in Italics, 34 are 
correct ; be very careful in discriminating 
adjectives from adverbs, and freely consult 
a dictionary. 

The moon grows sickly at the sight of day. 

Adversaries in law strive mighty y but eat 
and drink as friends. 

Slow rises worth by poverty depressed. 

He takes my service illy. 

His heart begins to beat high and irreg' 




Orchards looked lazily with neglected 

Most h&good kill a man as a good book. 

I will show myself high fed and low 

The flowers smell sweetly ^ all in bloom. 

Thou wouldst not play false^ and yet 
would st win wrong. 

Louisiana began to show signs of growth, 
though y^^^/y. 

Men who die on a scaffold for political 
offences most always die welL 

As nearly 9A I may, 1*11 play the penitent 
to you. 

The day thou eatest thereof thou shalt 
sure die. 

He served /ull good and mannerly. 

This island was now fairly in sight of us. 

They sailed for the Spanish settlement, 
where they arrived safely. 

Striving to better, oft we mar what's well. 

Gray night made the land seem overly 
wide and overly empty. 

Oft in the stilly night fond memory brings 
the light. 

One writes so easy and the lines sound so 
prettily to one's self. 

I now understand you clear. 

The prince hung helplessly by the hair. 

The moon looked down palely and calmly, 

I went forth humbly and came back great. 

Swift seize the joy that swiftily flies. 

Even as lowly down as Abraham's time 
they wandered with their flocks. 

He was known far and widely, 

I prized his friendship rarely. 

The edge should be scraped quite flatly 
and perfectly evenly. 

His arrows fell exceedingly wide of each 

Cooper's fiery, dogged, unbending nature 
made people think hardly of him. 

Who knocks so loud at door ? 

No man l^as learned anything rightly until 
he has learned that everyday is Doomsday. 

True are these circumstances which have 
been told short and methodical. 

Put flour and salt in a bowl, and work it 

So dear I loved my friend. 

The Canadian is usual a happy man ; life 
sits lightly upon him. 

I shall sKAVkdfrtnly under this empire. 

Courtiers and prelates were mostly his 

With slowly steps this couple walked. 

The farmer found him near dead from 
cold and grief. 

Till he tell the story /rwr, let the fairies 
pinch him sound. 

No legislation should be allowed to bolster 
up unnatural prices. 

Charlotte Bronte struck very deeply into 
the heart of her time. 

He was punished y«^^/. 

Quick as thought the change is wrought. 

He ran straightly on. 

The merry wind hXovrs fairly itotxi land. 

These newspaper discussions advertised 
the empire cheap. 

One may pass and repass securely all hours 
of the night. 

Thine enemies sh^U lay thee even with the 

The birds sang sweet. 

They were rewarded lightly for services. 

So lone 'twas that God himself seemed 
scarce there to be. 

The Hurons were not destined to remain 
permanently even here. 

Prince Louis captured Norwick easy. 

The stony storm of hail fell plumbly on 
their heads and cleft their skulls. 

He takes his own, and stilly goes his way. 

The head is held erectly and firmly when 
defiance is meant. 

As it was near noon, I took my leave. 

Of the following words in Italics, seven 
are correctly used. See what is in- 
correct in the remainder. I could scarce 
sustain these trials. I now am full resolved 
to take a wife. I said how that he had as- 
sisted me. Leigh Hunt's mother even owed 
her death to an act of impulsive charity. 
The estate was equably divided. The writer 
can only tell what happened under his eye. 
The boys dived down into the water. Altho' 
I am come safely ^ I am come sickly. Inform 
her full of my particular fear. That there re- 
mark is uncalled for. Tyranny is where the 
government is under a tyrant. All stories 
are not to be believed. They were aivfully 
jolly. We ascended up an exceeding steep 
hill. The top spun round. The golden 
moon shone brightly. This payment cancels 
out the debt. The lecturei has near finished. 
A long tunic anciently much was worn. 
Every word men speak is not true. He 
sailed a yacht magnificently. The sign was 
removed atvay. I am to slow and carefully 



work. They kept government safely under 
their control. Blood heat is when heat is of 
the same degree as that of the blood. He 
scarcely does any work. A sly-boots is when 
a person is sly. He met an awfully pretty 
girl. He lectures occasionally but not often, 
Bragg ordered Longstreet to then immedi- 
ately take up the attack. All stood solemnly 
about the bier. These good women lifted 
^7^ from Cowper many burdens. He became 
miserable poor. He looks like a soldier, but 
he walks like a dancing-master. I am 
horribly tired. The man cried terribly. I 
wish almost that he is not dead. Ill conduct 
often reacts back upon the doer. The night 
closed tnoonlessly. She has lain in the 
churchyard y«// many a year. Most all per- 
sons dislike the quarrelsome. Merchants can 
by and by come. The horse was fastened sure- 
ly. A tremendous frost fell during the night. 
I bought it for a m.ere nominal sum. 
It is heroic to valiantly fight for one's 
country. He traded his bicycle off for a 
ring. The girl sings continual. The earth 
is £^^Bys perpetually moving. By occasions 
are great men only made. He eats super- 
fluously. These things annoy me constantly 
and unceasingly. I want to very much see 
him.. The child felt cold in the bleak air. 
These houses have survived down to the 
present day. His voice is remarkably sweet. 
A stile is where steps go over a fence. A 
blizzard is when a snowstorm is accompanied 
by hurricane and extreme cold. Get into 
that there wagon. All that glitters is not 
^old. The ladies here are horribly ugly. 
Nobody reads a poor poem who is like to be 
seriously hurt by it. They sneered contemp- 
tuously. The grass grew thickly and 
f^reenly. He was tall, strong, and full 
urnished with flesh. The screen was part 
hand-painted. St. Augustine especially was 
a man of genius, sensibility, and eloquence. 
They worked affectively. The banner of 
the sovereigns floated triumphantly o^^r the 
fortress. The officers conferred together. 
His grace \oo\la cheerfully ^xm^ smooth to-day. 
Masons have resumed already their work 
4igain. A naval battle is where two war 
vessels fight. I could illy attend the party. 
All these men are not mechanics. Our boys 
played immensely. The pupils stood up. 
lo generously forgive becomes a man. The 
women feel sickly B^ndi unhappily. Audubon 
was advised to have his hair cut off. Near 
all the railroads are blocked. Suicide is 
where a man takes his own life. All the 
boys here are not students. You* 11 be 
awfully glad to get rid of me. It was an 
awful bad accident. The money will be re- 
funded back. The rain tasted well to the 
flax. He is most finished his dinner. A 
quandary is when a person is perplexed. If 
the queen stand aloof, there will be still 
suspicions. You have done the work 
credibly. His duty was admiringly done. 
They exalted highly their friends virtues. 
Shadows fell deeply and coldly. 

Laiv Department. 

(Continued from folio 30.) 

A PHYSICIAN testifying regarding the 
physical condition of a patient answered, in 
part, as follows-: '*He presented a strange 
condition : at one moment, strong ; the next, 
weak," etc., etc. A careful stenographer 
would not meet difficulty in correctly re- 
porting and transcribing this. A careless 
practitioner might, erroneously, render it 
thus : '* He presented a strange condition : 
at one moment strong. The next week,'* 
etc., etc. 

A TYPEWRITTEN letter recently received, 
which had evidently been dictated, con- 
tained a reference to the location of a build- 
ing. The stenographer had spelled the 
word ''site," "sight." 


fiVROCEEDINGS of the National Short- 
llT hand Reporters' Association at its 
annual meeting in August, 1900, at Put-in- 
Bay, O. This is the most voluminous associa- 
tion report yet issued. A full page cut of 
those who attended the meeting comprises 
the frontispiece, while the 217 pages are 
filled with valuable information to student 
and practitioner, and enlivened by the por- 
traits of many of the 500 members of the 
association. Verbatim reports of interesting 
papers read and responses to toasts at the 
banquet are included. A notable paper, 
from a historical point of view, is that by 
Mr. Rufus Leighton, of Boston, Mass., en- 
titled ,*• Half a Century Ago-Stenographic 
Beginnings in New England, ' * This gentle- 
man is said to be the oldest shorthand re- 
porter in New England, in years and ex- 
perience. Early in life he was associated 
with Mr. J. M. W. Yerrington, a distinguished 
Boston stenographer whose death but a short 
time ago was mourned by the entire pro- 
fession. Mr. Charles Currier Beale, official 
reporter of the Superior Court, Boston, 
contributes a valuable Report on Statutes 
and Statistics of Law Reporting in the 
United States. The next annual meeting of 
the association will be at Buffalo, N. Y., 
during the Pan-American Exposition. 

H. W. Thornk. 


jCROM the General Prescriptiona of the 
Jf ConraesofStudy, for the Public Schoola 
of Nova Scolia(Caii.) it will be seen 
that the Isaac Pitman system is one of the 
optioual subjects which can be introduced 
into any school (Coniniou and High Schools) 
with the consent of the trustees. In this 
connection it is interesting to note the 
tetnarka of the Superintendent of Education, 
Dr. A. H. MacKay who says; "The only 
system ^rmitted is the Isaac Pitman— the 
most scientific— the one with the most ex- 
tensive literature, end the most proniising of 
becoming the universal system for general 
correspondence as well as for reporting." 

Since last reported, the certi6cate of 
proficiency for teachers of the Isaac Pitman 
Phonography in the United States and 
Canada, has been awarded to the following 
auccessful candidates: Brollier Philip, 88 
Grant St., Fall River, Mass.; William D, 
Knight, Queen City Business College, Dallas, 
Texas. This will be found a very valuable 
diploma in the hands of teachers of the 
Isaac Pitman shorthand, and we advise all 
teachers of that system to write to Isaac 
Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, New York 
City, in regard to same. 

Speaking of fast shorthand writing TAt 
Pitman's Arl Journal (N. Y.) for Dec, 
1900, says ; "In view ofthe interest attach- 
ing to " High Speed in Shorthand Writing," 
the information contained in (he 1901 edition 
ofthe " Pitman's Shorthand and Typewrit- 
ing Year Book" deserves special mention. 
We note that Messrs. Isaac Pitman & Sons 
have issued up to the present time the 
following certificates of two hundred words 
per minute and upward, to writers of the 
Isaac Pitman system ; twenty certificates at 
200 words per minute ; two at 120 ; one at 
33a ; oneat 340 ; one at 350 words per minute. 
These certificates are granted only for ten 
minutes' continuous writing from new matter 
and are the highest authenticated speed 
records in any system. 

In reviewing the new dictation book re- 
cently issued bv Messrs. Pitman & Sons, 
Business (N. Y.) says ; 

" Pitman's Twentieth Centut7 Dictatioti 
Book " is indeed an up-to-date collection of 
genuine business letters which have been 
used in the transaction of actual business. 
While it is intended primarily as a dictation 
course for shorthand and typewriting 
students, it will be found e<jually valuable 
to any office worker who desires to improve 
hia business correspondence forms." 

Key to Graded Exercises. 

CHAPTBR17.— Double Consonants. 

I. — Enter, Easter, shatter, offended, 
smatter, slander, pamper. 

3. — Ponder, tender, chanter, gander, 

render, hinder, counter, grander. 

3. — Acceptor, captor, nectar, erector, 
elector, Jupiter. 

4. — Liberator, deprecalor, tormentor, liti- 
gator, lubricator, inspector. 

Hkctor Pindar. Anderson, Maine. 

Dear Sir ; — We have just received your 
letter enclosing another order for calendars 
which we have placed in the hands of our 
printer who will turn them out as rapidly as 
possible. We will have a few of them Tues- 
day and the remainder will he ready on 
Friday. Awaiting your further orders, we 

Yours truly. 

sue Pltmin's Complele Phonoenplirc Ins 
1 for *o.qQo wocili. J1.50: BujTnesjCom 
i. ti.7(. Pllmin'i lath Century Dlcuiion 
n Squ>n. New York. 

Winters, Centerville, Maine. 
Dear Sir : — I am the inventor and pro- 
prietor of a new lobricalor for cylinders and 
journal boxes and beg to call your attention 
to the enclosed circular which will satisfy a 
careful investigator of its superiority over 
similar preparations. I trust you will favor 
me with an order for a sample barrel. 
Yours truly. 

ictor. ISO Dp., Si.;o ;  Phonogrsphic DIciiaiury. wlih the shonhand 
30nd«DC«.Nos. i and s. each 10 cents. Spanish Phonojtntihy, loi 
nd Le[a] Forms, ijt pp . tjc. Published by Isuc Pliminli Sons, jj 




Graded Exercises and Correspondence on ** Isaac Pitman's Complete 

Phonographic Instructor." 

Chapter 17 — Double Consonants. 




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Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers* Bureau 
Oepartmeni. Isaac Pitman X- >ions, n Union Square, New 


^Hetch of MarK Twain. 

{From the San Francisco Bulletin. ) 

Sm^ARK twain sends this Christmas 
^11^ greeting to California: "Brown's 
Hotel, London, Sept. aSth, 1900. 
Dbar Sir :— I accept wilh thanks the privi- 
lege you offer me oF sending Christmas Greet- 
ings to San Francisco and the Coast. I am 

in the year 1861. Dennis McCarthy and 1 
were editors and proprietors of the publi- 
cation at that time. 

" Samuel tried his hand at mining shortly 
bfter his advent in the Territory. He 

it as well acquainted with San Francisco drifted about the diggings here and there, 

IS thirty-two years ago. when I s 
it last ; but my home-feeling tor it has suf- 
fered no decay, nevertheless. It is a striking 
fact that San Francisco has trebled its popu- 
lation and quintupled its other pTOsperities 
since I left. It is doubtful if any other man 
has done as much for the city as that. Vet I 
ask no monumeat. I only ask that in the 
Christmas festivities this service shall not be 
coldly brushed aside and tlie credit given to 
some loud, recent person who never did any- 
thing for the town. I could have gone earl- 
ier if I had thought. It was suggested. 

"With greetings and salutation from a 
neglected benefactor, I am, dear Sir, 
" Yours very truly, 

"Mark Twain." 

The man who knows most about Mark 
Twain's career in California is Joseph T. 
Goodman, the veteran scholar, editor, and 
man of letters. Twain is essentially of the 
West in his style and thought, and California 
has the best right to hold hlni first among 
the writers who have made her name glorious 
in literature. 

" The first literary work of Samuel Clem- 
ens," said Mr. Goodman. " appeared in The 
Virginia City (Nev.) Territorial Enterprise 

and attempted to wrest fortunb from the 
eerth'in Humboldt and Esmeralda Counties. 
He liad locations and great expectations. 
Although sure that his claims had niillions 
in them, yet he took nothing out. From 
Esmeralda he wrote a series of letters to The 
Enterprise over the pseudonym of 'Josh ! ' 

"That fellow would make a good news- 
paper man," said I, and we wrote to him to . 
come down and take a position as reporter. 
He came and dished up " local " for us, his 
co-worker being William Wright, long 
famous as Dan de Quille. A year went by 
when one day. in 1863, Clemens said to me, 
"Say, Joe, I'd like to try some signed 
articles. ' ' 

"lam willing," said I. "Do you want 
to sign your own name ? " 

"No," answered Clemens. "I'm going 
to sign them ' Mark Twain.' " 

" Why ' Twain ? '" I asked. 

" Because," he replied, " in my pilot days 
on the Mississippi, when we got into the 
shallows, and the lead was cast, I used lo 
to bend my head — 

(To be continued.) 





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Corresponding Stylo. 



" It becomes from this inomi 
and solemn duty to stand at t 
hefld of the grealeat State within our Union, 
a State which in point of size, population, 
wenlth, and wide variety of iiilerests and of 
iodustries, Hses aliove many a world-famous 
kingdom or commonwealth. Great powers 
are given you on the one hand, and, on the 
other hand, your task is neither light nor 
easy. But you coine to it with special ability 
and special training which peculiarly fit you 
to perform it ably and well. In a sense a 
Governor's term begins with his election, tor 
as soon as elected he must begin to tnake 
ready for his exacting and engrossing duties. 

"The earnest you have already given us 
of the way in which you regard these duties, 
and of the spirit in which you approach them, 
is tuch that we have the right to express, 
not merely the hope but the confident belief, 
thai at the end of y6ur term as Governor you 
will have won the right to stand with that 
list of public servants whose memory the 
great Empire State delights to hold in 
peculiar honor." 

Reporting Style. 


" With the assumption of responsibilities 
come doubt and uncertainty which even the 
applause and good wishes of our friends csn- 
not entirely dissipate. Especial ly is this 
true of him into whose keeping is placed the 
administration of the affairs of our Common- 
wealth. New York, an empire in itself, 
with its vast population, its many and 
diverse interests, demands from its Chief 
Executive the greatest conservatism, wisdom 
as to its needs, and that its business affairs 
shall be transacted with economy and good 

"I'nderonr form of government, when 
the will of the majority has l)een expressed. 
we should forget our par ti<taii ship in our 
desire to uphold and strengthen the hands 
of those whom for (he time being we have 
clothed with authority and upon whom (he 

responsibility for the proper enforcement of 
our lawq is placed. 

' ' The success of our State Administration 
depends as much upon its component parts 
as upon the aggregate, and it is a right which 
the Executive can demand and every loyal 
citizen should accord, that in every ntuuic- 
ipality, in every township and hamlet, the 
same economical conditions shall prevail as 
are expected in the administration of our 
State affairs. 

"The burdens of taxation should be so 
adjusted aa to fall lightly upon those who 
can ill afford to bear them, and be borne 
more generously by those who have received 
from the State protection and rights which 
have given to their vast business interesta 
the success they deserve. Combination in 
restraint of individualrishtsshould he curbed, 
and a welcome extended to all whose energy 
and genius will a'ld to the lustre and fame 
of the Empire Slate, and aid us in upholding 
our business and commercial supremacy. The 
care of our wards should be as generous as 

travagant and never niggardly, 

"To the Governor is iutnisted the exe- 
cution, and to the Legislature the lawmaking 
power of the Commonwealth, The duties 
are separate and distinct, and can never be 
combined without a serious impairment in 
the efficiency of both. It shall be my object, 
therefore, to keep strictly within the letter 
and spirit of the law, and to give effect to 
such acts of the Legislature as may seem to 
me to be in the direction of public good, 
withholding approval only when sucb meas- 
ures fall below this standsrd. 

"In thus aiding in the consummation of 
all worthy projects I shall be guided solely 
by the desire to give to the mandates of our 
Constitution their full effect and to the 
wishes of out people their full purport. 

"If in the performance of these duties I 
shall In a measure be as successful as have 
BO many of my predecessors; if, upon the 
threshold of a new century, with all of its 
possibilities, the positive and affirmative 

aid iu solving those great questions which so 
much interest us, I shall feel as much pride 
In the contemplation of such results as you 
do, Sir, as you look back upon the success 
which has attended your administration." 

Par Iba t. 

1-book (price Si. so) t 
jDu«ii*S<..N. V. 

erclse books (price i 

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Contractions and ^Vord-forms. 

(Coiiliiiiie<l from January number, ) 

— and every effotl was made to render our 
visil a pleasure to us, and it was certaiuly 
very pleasant. We could scarcely suppress a 
constant expressiou of surprise at the uuiForm 
elegance and tasle exhibited in the manner 
in wliich the liouses were arrunji-ed, and in 
tlie cliaraeter aiid beauty of their furniture. 

The buildings erected by llie various relig- 
ious denominations were especially worthy 
of attention. They showed at once a healthy 
financial condition, and the capability of 
tbeir architects and mechanics, and to our 
dcliglited view they appeared the height of 
perFeclion. There was nothing about them 
that we could not fully approve. 

As we reached the Catholic cathedral, we 
«aw a large crowd about the entrance. \Vc 
inquired the occasion, and were informed 
that the day was an anniversary observed by 
Roman Catholics throughout the world. As 
the services had commenced, we did not go 
in, but we shall try to visit it to-morrow. 
The building itself is magnificent, and in its 
interior it is said to surpass any similar ed- 
ifice in Europe. I shall giveyouadescription 
of it in my next. For to-day, this short letter, 
and the photographs accompanying it, must 

5. Dear Sir ;— We have just come from a 
meeting of the representatives of the oper- 
atives, and we now give you a brief statement 
of the result. Tlie conversation was some- 
what disconnected, at first, and for a good 
while few who spoke acknowledged in any 
way the natural siKiiification or the probable 
consequences of such a controversy, or the 
disadvantage and practical disorganization 
which we claimed nmst immediately result 
from this opposition. They were averse to 
any movement to establish the projected 
reform, declaring that unless it was mutual- 
ly agreed upon, and voluntary, it would 
excite a revolution. This assumption we 
denied. We had special salisfactioii in the 

speech of one of the men, who appeared to 
he perfectly familiar with the situation. A 
significant remark of his was, that the con- 
tinual trouble we have had was occasioned 
largely by passion, which affected their 
minds and prevented any other than a 
superficial view of the case. He acquiesced 
in the claim that they gained strength by 
combining, but be was apprehensive that 
instead of preserving tlieir rights by the 
formation of such a combination, they would 
soon become disorganized, or, at all eveuts,* 
would altogether Tail to avert the danger 
which would otherwise confront them. He 
said notMidy was more chargeable with 
originating the trouble than themselves, 
that tbey were capable of securing the pres- 
ervation of their rights if they would take a 
more comprehensive view of the facts, and 
that tbey might thus gain a profit greater 
than ever before, and more continuous. 

During this speech, be was frequently in- 
terrupted. Some of the time, he was con- 
tradicted : sometimes they tried to argue 
with him ; but for most of the time, his 
representations were listened to in silence. 
No other than en influential man belonging 
to themselves could have spoVen so well. 
Before be began, nearly everybody con- 
sidered it an extravagant measure, and it 
was difficult to satisfy anyone that the ex- 
penditure was indispensably necessary. It 
IS now understood that the combined efforts 
of those interested will perhaps result in a 
comparison of viewa and a consideration of 
the atgumciits advanced, and induce the 
greater number of tlieni to accept the augges- 

and a 
with so advantageoi 
several gentli 
ing to secure 
between the 

soon be satisfactorily re-organized. 

ofTer. Meantime, 
jaged in endeavor- 
formation of the contract 
ufacturers and individual 
hoped that the work may 
' ith 

tfS'Osgoodby s noiutic Shorlhaitd Manual, $1.15; [wHhoul key). Sioq; 
CompendiHm./or the vest-pocket. 50c ; Word-Book,$; The Great Moon Hoax {engraved 
shorthand) $1.2$. For sale by The Stenographer Printing and Publishing Co., 

410 Drexel Buitding, Philadelphia, Pa 






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Riparian Rif^hts. 


/^■^HE main facte of this case, 
^1 J seated in the bill in equity, 
^"^ controverted in the answi 
compleinants, Fine and Malter, are citizens 
and residents of the state of Connecticut, 
and each of them owna in fee a separate 
tract of land in that state, through which the 
Byratu river flows. This river, which is, at 
the lands of the complainants, a non-nav- 
igable stream, is made up of two branches. 
The east branch is wholly in the state of 
Connecticut. The west and by far the most 
important branch riaea in Westchester 
coutity, N. v., flows southeasterly for dbout 
five miles in that state into Connecticut, and 
thereafter unites with the east branch at the 
farm of Mnller, about four miles from the 
New York boundary line. * • * Shortly 
before the bill was brought, the defendant 
began to build a dam across the west branch 
of Byram river at a point in the state of New 
York about 700 feet from the Connecticut 
state line, in order to divert the water of 
that branch iuto the Kensico reservoir, which 
is a part of the defendant's extensive 
system of water supply for the residents of 
the city of New York ; and the dam has been 
completed at an expense, without any of its 
appurtenances, of about f4S,ooo. By private 
arrangements the defendant settled wilh the 
Connecticut mill proprietors on the stream 
for the injury caused by this dam to their 
flowage rights, but has never compensated 



r otber 

for the injury to their riparian rights. *. * * 
The conclusions which must result from 
the foregoing facts have been often clearly 
stated by various courts, and by none more 
clearly than by the courts of Connecticut and 
New York, The principles which underlie 
the case, or which are applicable, are as 
follows : 

I. The right of a riparian proprietor upon 
a non-navigable stream to the use of the 
ordinary flow of the water of the stream, as 
it has been accustomed to Bow, and not 
diminished by an unreasonable use by a 
proprietor above him " is not an easement 
or appurtenance, but is inseparably annexed 
to the soil, and is parcel of the land itself." 

7. Tbe unauthorized and nncompenaated 
permanent diversion by a municipal corpora- 
tion of the water of a non-navigable stream 
from a riparian owner is not excused by tbe 
fact that it was deemed to have been taken 
for a public beuelit. The seizure and per- 
mauent diversion is a continuing wrong, un- 
less compensation has been made, either by 
agreement, or under process of law, and by 
virtue of authority conferred by the constitu- 
tion and the statutes of the state. 

3. An injunction to prevent a permanent 
and unauthorized i^eizure and diversion of 
running water is a proper and is the effectual 
remedy, because the remedy by an action at 
law provides only for the damages which 
had accrued before suit, and compels a 
multiplicity of suits. It is the only efficient 
remedy for complete relief. 

4. The equitable remedy by injunction 
exists and is to be exercised in the absence 
of any legislative authority for tbe infliction 
of the permanent injury, although the 
pecuniary damage to the riparian proprietor 
13 not of large amount. The fact of no 
serious pecuniary damage is not a hindran'ce 
to the right of the riparian proprietor to the 
restoration of the water to its natural course. 

5. If a court of equity has power in any 
case by decree to ascertain and order the paj-- 
ment of damages by decree of injunction m 
the alternative, a court of equity will not 
exercise such power where the defendauthas 
committed a permauent injury without 
authority of law, and without pretense of 
right to take and retain the property.— ffj^- 
tracl/rom opinion o/JudgeShipman in Pine 
V. Mayor, etc., 0/ the City 0/ New York, 103 
Fed. 337- 





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faction in the way of deserved recognition of 
merit aa it does his many friends in America. 

The Stenographer Prladng; &: Publlihtne Co. 

410 Drexel BuUdtng, Phila., Pa. 

Francis H. Hemperiev, Pnildenl anil Edilor. 
John C. Dixon. Sccnury ind Ttennrar. 

Vol. XVI. FEBRUARY, 1901. No. 3. 

TBB STBHOOBlFItBB Is pufalUhed <n (h* iDlFTnt 

oftlic Shorthand and Typewriting proftssioB of the 
will receive equal recognition in its columnB. 


t la 

■od the publisl 

on: UuitedStatea, Canada and Mexieo, 
; other place* io Foaul Union, (1.13  

Adveitlilng Rates funillhed on appllcatloiL 


lifE desire to call attention to Mr. David 
^ Wolfe Brown's forthcoming l>ook, en- 
titled ■' The Science and Art of Phrase- 
Making, " and we earnestly urge each of our 
readers to forward one dollar to Mr. Brown's 
publishers at once in order to talce advantage 
of the very liberal offer which is fully ex- 
plained in the article found elsenbere in The 

THE Syraeitse Journal of January nine- 
teenth announces Ibe pleasant fact that 
Mr. Lyman C. Smith, President of the Smith 
Premier Typewriter Company, has been 
made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor of 
Prance, by the officials of the recent Paris 
Exposition. We know no one more thor- 
oughly entitled to this honor than Mr. Smith, 
and we trust it will give him as much aatis- 

OUR genial friend Mr, James D. Campbell, 
Secretary and Treasurer of the National 
Shorthand Reporters' Association says: 
"The Executive Council have taken 
forme] action on the matter of the time and 

Slace of the neit annual meeling and have 
ecided that the meeting shall be held in 
Buffalo, in August, the exact date to be 
decided after consultation with the New 
York and New England Associations." 

IiTe are under obligations to Mr. Charle* 
^ Kreis, for a copy of "Coiirs Complel 

de I^oiw slenographie Francaise," second 
edition, sitnplttied and enlarged. Printed at 
Zurich, 1900. 

OUR old friend Mr. James E. Munson, 
olEcial stenographer and author of the 
very elaborate text-book on " The Art 
0/ tonography," has just issued a "Shorter 
Course in Munson Phonography,'' which 
containa all of the author's latest improve- 
menta adapted for the use of schools, as well 
as for the instruction of those who have not 
the assistance of a teacher. 

Mr. Munson's system is now recogniied as 
one of the standard systems and is used by 
many of the leading stenographers and court 
reporters. The Department of Mnnson 
Phonography in The Stknographbk is 
abty conducted by Mr. Van Ssnt, of Omaha, 
Nebr.,and we feel sure that our Hnnsoa 
readers thoroughly appreciate what Mr. Van 
Sant is doing for them. 

HJI R. E. J. FORNEY, of the Commercial 
i I Department of the State Normal 
and Industrial College, baa issued a 
very interesting booklet etititled " The 
Style Book," advertisement of which will be 
found in this month's Stenographer. I 
feel sure thai this would be of much use to 
the members of the shorthand profession, es- 
pecially the younger members, and I would 
especially recommend it to their attention. . 


Is' i°i I- 

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The book is adapted to both 
Benn Pitman and Graham writers. 

The Science and Art of 

jj SERIES of Practical and Pro- 
gressive Lessons, designed 
to teach Phrasing by Principle, 
not by Rote; thus dispensing 
largely with phrase-memoriza- 
tion and enabling the Student 
to make good phrases for him- 

• •• O I •• • 

David Wolfe Brown, 

Official Reporter, 
U. S. House of Representatives. 

Author of ' ' The Mastery of Short- 
hand," ''The Factors of Short- 
hand Speed," etc. 

XHE manuscript is now in the hands 
of the printers ; and the book (a 
handsome cloth -bound volume of about 
300 pages) is expected to be ready for 
deliver}^ not later than March first. 

price, $2.00 

Summary of Contents 

PREFACE.— Phrasing to be learned by principle, 
not by rote. Study of phrasing by principle is far 
more interesting than the memorizing of alphabet- 
ically-arranged phrase-lists. Qualifies the learner 
to make phrases for himself in limitless number. 
When studied by principle, phrasing can be taken 
up much earlier than when studied from alphabeti- 
cally-arranged lists. Principles of word-formation 
are extensively used in phrase- formation; thus the 
framing of phrases may be learned simultaneously 
with the construction of word-outlines. The book 
is a practical book, based on the daily practice of 
practical reporters. 

AND DISTINGUISHED.— A convenient and familiar 
phraseogram is a reporter's godsend. Thomas Allen 
Reed's testimony. Phrasing especially needed in 
court reporting. American court reporting has de- 
veloped a peculiar and highly useful phrasing sys- 
tem. Phrases defined. Simple phrases. Word- 
blending phrases, broken phrases, elliptic phrases, 
composite phrases, special phrases. 

— Common speech comprises but a few thousand 
words, with capacity for innumerable combinations. 
What words may be phrased? What words may 
not be phrased? 

PHRASE.— Should follow natural speech. Sense 
relation. Easy and fiuent Junctions. When may 
bad Junctions be tolerated? Don't doubt the power 
of the hand. Bad Junctions classified and illus- 
trated. How may bad Junctions be obviated? 
Legibility of phrases. A good phrase is spon- 

ETC.— Phrasing principles must not be applied in- 
discriminately. A hurried, spasmodic style to be 
avoided. Adaptation of particular phrases to par- 
ticular writers. 

CHAPTER V. POSITION.— General rule of 
phrase-position. Exceptions. When may the first 
word of a phrase be displaced? Exercise on ''in- 
itial displacement." When may first two words be 
displaced? Should Initial "is," "his," "as." and 
"has" vary from regular position? Initial "I" and 
"he" distinguished. 

an important aid. The law of safe ambiguity. 
When may a single sign safely have several sig- 
nifications? Distinctions by position, by difference 
of outline, and by vocalization. How may posi- 
tional distinction be lost, and how supplied? Dis- 
tinction by "exclusion." Variation of outline as a 
substitute for position. Peculiar vocalization of 
phrases. Vocalization of badly-shaped outlines. 

Purposes of variation. Different classes of varia- 
tion Illustrated. "Reporting license." The re- 
porter occasionally prefers contra-normal conven- 
ience and speed to normal inconvenience and slow- 
ness. Contra-normal expedients classified and il- 


Thc Stenoorapher. 



Believing that this book will 
be its own best advertisement, 
the publishers desire that im- 
mediately on its appearance it 
shall be in the hands of a num- 
ber of wide-awake stenographers; 
and in order to insure a large 
advance subscription, they make 
the following liberal offer : 

Every one who during the 
present month (February) sends 
in his order, accompanied with 
One DollaiT in cash (one-half 
the regular price), will, imme- 
diately upon the issue of the 
book, receive post-paid, a sample 
copy. This extfaoirdinairy 
offeiT uiill not be t^epeated. 

MR. P. H. HBMPBRLBY, Editor of "The Stenog- 
rapher," after examining the book in manuscript, 
says: "Mr. Brown's world-wide reputation as a 
shorthand writer and his extensive experience in 
Congressional and other reporting, make every- 
thing that he says upon the subject of the highest 
value. The book will be of great service in all 
shorthand schools, as each principle is thoroughly 
Illustrated by examples for practice." 

MR. FRED. IRLAND, for many years eminent as 
a court reporter, and now one of the official re- 
porters of the U. S. House of Representatives, says, 
after reading the entire manuscript: "Mr. Brown's 
INO removes the greatest obstacle which has 
hitherto confronted the shorthand student. The 
work is indispensable to every one who wishes to 
make the greatest progress toward the reporting 
style in the shortest time. It is a complete il- 
lumination of that which before was darkest and 
most puzzling. THERE IS NO BOOK LIKE IT IN 

Remittances by Postal Order or Registered 
Letter (Stamps not received) should be ad- 
dressed to 

Publication Bureau, 

Bliss Building, Washington, 0. C. 


IMPLICATION.—When may words be omitted In 
writing, to be supplied in reading by the sense? 
The law of safe ellipsis. "Implication" and "in- 
dication" distinguished. List of allowable ellipses, 
with exercises thereon. 

most useful connective expressions of the language. 
Initial ticks "of," "to," "or." "but." "he." "I," 
etc., with exercises thereon. Displacement of init- 
ial ticks. Hooks on ticks. The "how" and "there" 
ticks. Ticks Joined to ticks. 

Exercises on initial "is," "his." "as," "has." 
Final circle for "us," with exercise. Circles Joined 
to ticks or w and y word-signs. Coalescing of 
circles. Exercise on double circles as phrase-fac- 
tors. Exercise on Circle following a loop. Ellipsis 
of circles. 

SIGNS.— Exercise on Initial "we," "with," "were." 
"what," "would," "you," etc. S circle on brief w 
and y word-signs. Initial w hook for "we" and 
"with," and exercises thereon. Exercise on special 
phrase "we may be." Inversion of "you," "were," 
etc. "You" used for "your." 

OF WORD-INDICATION.— Indication of "of the." 
When "of the" cannot be Indicated. Indication of 

'from — to. 

Indication of "con" or "com." 


"a-con," "and-con," etc. Prefixes in the midst of 
phrases. The terminations "ing-a," "ing-the," 
"ing-hls," "ing-thelr." etc. Exercises. 

AND "ALL."— Exercises on "will" and "all" ex- 
pressed by hook. "All" following "of" and "with." 
Limitations on the use of 1 hook as a phrasing 
factor. L hook on tick word-signs. 

PRESSED BY R-HOOK.— Principle explained, with 
exercises. The r hook on tick word-signs. "Were" 
expressed by the r hook. 

CIPLB.— Exercises on "there," "their," "they are" 
and "other" expressed by double-lengthing. Ex- 
ercises on peculiar method of writing "of their," 
"of all their," "is there," "as there," etc. Ex- 
ercises on "dear" and "whether" expressed by 
double-lengthing. Triple-length strokes. 

ING FACTOR.— The use of n hook for "one," 
"own," "than," "been," etc., with exercises 

PRINCIPLE.— The expression of "it," "to," 
"would" and "had" by half-lengthing, with ex- 
ercises thereon. The expression of "not" by halv- 
ing and the n hook, with exercises thereon. 

DISJOINED.— Method of phrasing "in reply," "in 
receipt," etc. Method of phrasing "in recogrnition," 
"in recommending," etc. Exercises. 

CHAPTER XIX. THE "V HOOK."— Expression 
of "have" and "to have" by the v hook: exercises 
thereon. Expression of "have had," with exercises. 
V hook for "of." with exercises. "Of" and "have" 
on tick word-signs. 

CHAPTER XX. "THE N CURL."— Peculiar rep- 
resentation of "in," "in his," etc., with exercises. 
Limitations on the use of this principle. 

CHAPTER XXI. THE LOOPS.— Use of loops to 
express "is it," "as it." "Is there." "as there," 
etr'., with exercises. 

—Expression of "may be," "may be there," "ing- 
their." etc.. 


PHRASES.— When are irregular phrases Justified? 
Characteristics of Irregular phrases. Sometimes 
pre-memorized, sometimes extemporized. How are 
irregular or special phrases constructed? Intersec- 
tion. Requisites of irregular phrases. Legibility of 
irregular phrases. 




The Stenographer. 


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George C. Palmerf 

Al<onie> SI U» and Oflicijtl Coun Reporlcr. Columbus. ( 

n AVING relieved myself of the 
accuiDUlaUon of dust and 
dirt eoneequent upon a long 
railroad Journey, and then 
pored and pondered over a 
masB of correspondence 
which hail prpccded my arrival at Put-in- 
Bay. while reRectlng upon the national 
shorthand situation and gradually yield- 
ing to the entrancing view as I gazed 
from the windows of my room in the 
Hotel Victory, there was a knock on the 
door, which, when opened, admitted the 
charming personality and hind, sun- 
shiny disposition of Mr. Palmer. We 

had a lengthy Interview, during the first 
ten minutes of which feelings of mutual 
regard and [riendehip were established 
that I presume time cannot sever. 

QeorKe C. Palmer was bom in Atlanta, 
Qa.. September 29th. 1870. which makes 
him the hearer of thirty years. He be- 
gan the study of the "winged art" In the 
fall of ISSe. and labored studiously until 
the tollowlnK July, when he accepted his 
first shorthand position with the Atlanta 
Lumber Company, at the early age of 
sixteen years. The following Jtarch he 
resigned to occupy a similar position 
with the General Freight and Passenger 
Agent of the Georgia Midland & Gulf R. 
n., with headquarters at Columbus. Af- 
ter two years of aervlce with this road he 
entered the office of the Superintendent 
of the Savannah A Western Division of 
the Central Railroad of Georgia, at Co- 
lumbus, where he received his first ex- 
perience in taking down testimony, be- 
ing detailed to report investigations of 
accidents before a regular organized 
board of inquiry, and from time to time 
did reporting for the Division Counsel ot 
the road. He was afterwards sent to 
Dirmingham to take charge ot the 
cashier's office teipporartly. which was 
the first break in his aborlband career. 
In a general railroad "mljt-up" which 
followed, he was offered the position of 
private secretary to Mr, S. H. Hardwick, 
G. P. A., at Savannah, but on aeconnt of 
climatic conditions in that part of the 
State was soon after lompeiled to re- 



Mr. Palmer's attention was then at- 
tracted to the Law, and with that end in 
view he entered the office of Hon. Wil- 
liam A. Little, Attorney General of the 
State of Georgia, as his personal sten- 
ographer, and at odd times assisted Mr. 
G. Y. Tigner, his predecessor. Upon the 
resignation of Mr. Tigner he was ap- 
pointed official court reporter of the Su- 
perior Courts of the Chattahoochee Cir- 
cuit, January 1, 1893, which position he 
now fills. 

Mr. Palmer was admitted to the prac- 
tice of law in the spring of 1894, but on 
account of his official duties he has had 
very little time to devote to outside work. 
He is also the official reporter of the city 
court of Columbus. 

Mr. Palmer is a Graham writer. 

His courtly manners, so indicative of 
the true-born and true-bred Southern 
gentleman, made him an interesting and 
attractive figure in the Putin-Bay con- 
vention, where his keen grasp of broad 
questions, good judgment, and able, terse 
addresses, contributed his full share to 
the success of the meeting, while his so- 
tiial gifts and proclivities helped to en- 
liven the occasion during the days the 
National Shorthand Reporters spent to- 
gether at that charmed spot. 

Kkndrick C. Hill. 
^ ¥ ¥ 

Rapid Transit. 

Uy Harriet C. Ciillatou. 

IF ever a disgusted person lived, 
Elizabeth Perkins was one, as she 
eat shivering in her little box of a 
room in one of New York's steam- 
heated ( ?) apartments, on a cold winter's 
night. Her's was the same old, every day 
siory — a petted girl reared in luxury, 
with every wish gratified, until death 
claimed her father; then it was found 
upon the settling up of his estate, that but 
a '"ew hundred dollars remained of his 
oiiCe large fortune. She was all alone 
now, her mother having died some years 
before her father, and was brought face 
to face with the fact that she must battle 
with the world for her living. It did not 
take her long to make a selection from 
the different vocations open to womeii, 
and she determined to make a first-class 

stenographer of herself, as she had so 
often read of the many fine openings for 
the bright, highly educated ones. 

With her college education it was not 
long before she mastered the mysteries 
of shorthand, and she felt sure that she 
would soon reach the top round of the 
ladder. In the little town where she for- 
merly lived, through the kindness of 
friends she procured a fine position, but 
it only lasted a year, as the firm failed 
in business, and she found herself with 
that appalling question staring her in the 
face — "where can I obtain employment?" 

Like many other foolish girls, she long- 
ed to go to New York where she knew there 
was work in abundance, and no persusr 
sion on the part of her friends could in- 
duce her to remain in her village home 
among old associates. She had been in 
New York just three weeks and her eyes 
had been opened wider in that short 
space of time than during the whole 
twenty years of her life. To-night as she 
sat leaning over the table, counting out 
her roll of bills, that was fast getting 
smaller, she certainly looked the picture 
of despair. She put the money back into 
her purse with a forlorn sigh, and said 
to herself: 

"Well, what is the use of being a highly 
educated stenographer, after all. I 
might just as well say 'I have saw, I 
knowed it, etc.,' and use small letters in 
place of capitals, for from my experience 
during the past few weeks that I've been 
looking for a position I don't think the 
average man cares a rap whether or not 
his letters are misspelled and full of 
grammatical errors, just so he can get 
the work ground out for three or four 
dollars a week." 

She was suddenly awakened from her 
reverie by a gentle rap on the door. 

"Come in," she said, almost harshly. 

A sweet looking girl stood at the door. 
"I trust I'm not intruding," she said, 
somewhat dubiously, as she saw Eliza- 
beth's disconsolate face. 

"No, Margaret, not at all. Come in and 
cheer me up." 

"Well, Elizabeth, I thought I'd run in 
and see what your success had been to- 
day. Mamma and I feel so interested in 
you. Did you have any good luck ? 



"None at all, and I don't know which 
way to turn. This morning I put on my 
best tailor-made gown, hat and gloves, 
and started out on the warpath again. I 
concluded to try another agency. 'Twas 
not a very prepossessing looking place, 
but the head office woman seemed very 
kind, so I made up my mind not to judge 
from appearances. Well, I took two or 
three addresses and after going the 
rounds, discovered that New York was 
not made up of the George Washington 
* I cannot tell a lie' style of man." 

"What was the trouble?" asked Mar- 
garet, as she looked at the poor little 
homesick village girl and tried to keep 
back the tears. 

"Everything seemed to be the trouble, 
and I've come to the conclusion that I 
must look like a freak. The first place I 
called the man squelched me almost be- 
fore I had a chance to tell my story, by 
glaring at me and saying, 'Who sent you 
here? We have more stenographers now 
than we need.' It didn't take me long 
to make my exit, and he didn't have to 
show me the door, either." 

"The next office was on one of the side 
streets, and that made me feel sort of 
creepy; but of course I knew I could not 
make my own selection as to location, 
etc., so I entered the passage-way and 
looked for the elevator. I must have 
waited fully fifteen minutes, and then I 
heard some squeaky kind of a machine in 
the distance, and when it reached the 
ground floor I found it was one of the 
old style freight elevators; but I didn't 
care, for I felt it was just the kind for a 
dead weight like myself. I stepped in, 
not without a feeling of fear, however, 
and I found myself slowly ascending to 
the top floor of the building. The only 
regret I had, was to think I hadn't taken 
my lunch along, for there would have 
been plenty of time in which to have 
eaten it before I heard, 'all out' I en- 
tered the office and handed the man my 
letters of reference. He looked them 
over and said, 'Be seated, please.' " 

"I took the proffered seat, and thought, 
'here's a man. at last.' " 

"He turned to me again and continued: 
'My dear young lady I did advertise for 
a stenographer, but — really— it is a book 

agent I want. You see, by advertising 
for a stenographer or typewriter, I am 
nearly always sure of striking a bright 
girl, and then after I explain the ad- 
vantages of canvassing for a good book 
and the salary attached thereto, I ^adu- 
ally open her eyes to the fact that she can 
make more money, have shorter hours 
and easier work than by thumping keys 
all day. Now, I think you would make a 
splendid book agent,' and he gave me a 
bewitching (as he thought) smile." 

"I was furious by that time, but 
thought it would be a waste of words to 
argue with him, so I just told him I'd con- 
tinue to 'thump keys,' and bade him good- 
by. Upon my return to the elevator, I 
found it was out of order, so I had to 
walk down a number of long flights of 

"Weren't you almost tired to death?" 
interrupted Margaret. 

"Yes; but I had to keep on going the 
rounds. When I'd show my letters of 
recommendation, some would say, 'You 
would be too high-priced; we want a be- 
ginner.' Then when I'd tell the next 
man I was a beginner, he'd say, 'we must 
have a high-priced stenographer.' One 
firm had a plan of hiring a new girl 
every day. They'd take the first one who 
called, have her stay for the day and get 
out a lot of work, then pay her a small 
sum and tell her she was not satisfactory. 
The next day 'twould be the same story. 
My head was in such a whirl after I'd 
gotten through my day's journey that I 
got lost on my way home, and I just 
wish I was back on my grandfather's v 
farm again," and she gave vent to a 
fresh outburst of tears. 

"Don't cry, dear," said Margaret, trying * 
to soothe her. "Let me tell you what to 
do. Put an advertisement in Sunday's 

"I have one all written out" sobbed 
Elizabeth. "It expresses my feelings 
exactly, and I'm going to put it in just 
as I've written it" 

"Let me see it; or better, still, you 
read it to me," said Margaret. 

Elizabeth wiped her eyes and unfolding 
a piece of paper, read: 

"I'm disgusted and want a position as 
stenographer and typewriter. Is there 



a reputable firm in New York City who 
can give dictation at the rate of 200 words 
per minute^ three hours at a stretch, 
either in shorthand or direct to the ma- 
chine. Address Rapid Transit." 

"Are you really going to have that put 
in the paper?" laughed Margaret. 

"Yes, I am. I'd Just like to make a man 
talk so fast that he'd lose his breath for 
a minute, and get all the speed he wanted. 
This ad. will be in Sunday's paper and 
I'll let you know the results," said Eliza- 
beth, wiping her eyes. 

"You certainly have my best wishes for 
success, and I want you to cheer up, Eliza- 
beth, for you will find plenty of good, hon- 
est men in the world, and I feel sure you 
will succeed in getting a good position. 
You will yet run across some one who 
will appreciate your worth." 

"Your words are comforting, anyhow, 
Margaret, and I am glad you called in to 
see me." 

"I am, too. It I9 quite late, now, and 
I'll have to say good-night. Keep up your 
courage and be sure and let me know 
about the ad." 

Elizabeth followed her to the door and 
felt that she had indeed been a minis- 
tering angel. 

The advertisement was inserted in the 
Sunday paper, and Elizabeth was delighted 
when she asked for her mail the next 
evening and found a number of answers. 
One particularly struck her fancy, and 
she laughed as she read : 

"Rapid Transit: Any girl having the 
nerve to write such an ad. as yours, that 
I read in Sunday's paper, certainly de- 
serves a position. Take the fastest L 

train to street upon receipt of this, 

and you will find employment. Broker." 

She took the Express the following 
morning, and upon reaching the office, 
found from the surroundings that she had 
struck an up-to-date firm. The office boy 
told her to oe seated, and in a few mo- 
.^3nts a fine looking young man put in 
an appearance, and from the amused look 
on his face, she knew he must be the one 
who had answered her ad. Her face grew 
scarlet as she handed him the letter and 
asked if he were the writer. He told her 
that he was, whereupon they both laughed. 

She then asked if he'd like to dictate 
a letter to her, ana he said: 

"I'll not bother you about that, as I 
really am not the head of the firm, but 
am his partner. He is away now, but I 
expect him home to-morrow or next day. 
However, that will make no difference 
about your position," he added, as he saw 
th^ look of disappointment that came over 
her face. "You can begin work this after- 
noon and become accustomed to the rou- 
tine of our office, and tAen upon my part- 
ner's return you will not feel nervous." 

Elizabeth thanked him as best she 
could, and her heart was so full of happi- 
ness that she didn't know whether to 
laugh or cry. Never had she sat down to 
a typewriter with such feelings of per- 
fect content. It didn't take her long to 
grasp Mr. Blake's way of doing business, 
and the only worry she had was the re- 
turn of the president of the company. 

She was taking a few moment's rest 
the next morning and was looking out of 
the window in a dreamy sort of way, 
when Sue was startled by hearing tne 
office door open. She turned, and before 
her stood a manly form. With a bound 
toward him she screamed "Fred!" while 
he, with outstretched arms, echoed "Eliza- 
beth!" and immediately imprinted rapid 
dictation upon her lips. 

"What in the world are you doing here 
in my office?" he said, as they walked 
over to her desk. 

"Your office? Why, i^red. I didn't even 
know you were in New York. Mr. Blake 
told me he had a partner, but didn't tell 
me your name, neither do I see it on the 
firm's letter-heads, books, etc. I'm your 
stenographer, dear," she said, as she sank 
into her chair, while Fred sat on the arm 
of it and put her head upon his shoulder. 
"I'm to have a salary of fifteen dollars a 
week," she continued, and Fred laughed 

"I'll make it twenty-five dollars," he 
said. "You know before you left your old 
home you refused to marry me because I 
was only making a salary of twenty-five 
dollars a week. I left you, vowing I'd 
never speak to you again; but when I 
heard you were in this big city all alone, 
I at once came on here, went into business 



with Mr. Blake, being a silent partner, 
for fear you might find out my where- 
abouts, and determined to keep near you, 
and when I made a lot of money I was 
going to persuade you to marry me. I 
am amply able to take care of you, and 
once more I ask you to be my wife. Don't 
you think you could be just as happy with 
me the rest of your life as you could 
arumming typewriter keys for a living?" 

"Yes, dear, lUl accept your offer, and if 
you were only making ten dollars a week 
I'd be willing to marry you and work as 
a stenographer and make up the other fif- 
teen." Just at that moment Blake entered 
the private office, fortunately in a quiet 
way, and, almost struck dumb, stood with 
his hands in his pockets, ejaculating to 

**Holy smoke! one of those scenes I've 
read about. Rapid transit! I should say 
so, with a capital R and T. What the 
dickens does Fred mean? He's about the 
freshest employer I've ever seen. Quess 
I'll get out" He was about to leave the 
room, when Elizabeth looked up, and see- 
ing him, gave Fred a push and said: 

"Oh, Mr. Blake. I " 


Never mind, dear, I'll explain what 
this means. You remember, Blake, my 
telling you of the little sweetheart I had 
who wouldn't marry me on account of my 
small salary? Well, this is she, and you 
may imagine my delight when I found 
her here. Why, I can't thank you enough 
for the good luck you have brought me 
by employing her, for she has promised 
to be my wife, and he grasped Blake's 
extended hand and gave it a hearty shake. 
"I'm afraid, old chap, you will have ^,0 

thank Miss Perkin's advertisement for 
your good fortune," he said as he offered 

"She always could do everything just 
right," Fred said, smiling down upon her. 
"My trip west meant a fortune of hai.. a 
million dollars to me, as some mines that 
my father left me have panned out way 
beyond my expectations, and I sold them 
outright No more thumping keys, little 
girl," he said, as he closed her desk with 
a bang. 

"Well, Fred, you can't say I married 
you for your money, because I accepted 
you before you mentioned your fortune," 
laughed Elizabeth. 

The TypeMrriter and the 

H CERTAIN stenographer met an 
equally certain dressmaker and 
it was a case of "love at first 
sight" on both sides. The course of true 
love ran smooth and one day the type- 
writer took — ^not his pen in hand, but an 
extra fine sheet of linen paper and wrote 
a letter to his sweetheart that wound up 
about this way: 

"You say you make twelve or fifteen 
dollars a week. I get about that much 
myself and it seems to me that we could 
live well on thirty dollars a week and 
save soinething for old age too. We love 
each other and I do not see why we 
should not get married." 

The answer was not exactly what he 
expected. The dressmaker seemed in- 
sulted and told him that she "would not 
think of such a thing" as doing millinery 
work after she was married. She said 
that she had "had nervous prostration 
once from sewing and she did not want to 
get it again. We girls are trying to get 
out of this business, and are^not looking 
for a man to support besides ourselves." 

The typewriter took a thick book out of 
a drawer and set it up on his copy-holder. 
Then he stuck a sheet of yaller railroad 
paper where it would do the most good 
and when he pulled it out of the machine 
it had something like this on it: 


From the Bible. Genesis second chap- 
ter and 18th verse: "And the Lord God 
said, It is not good that the man should 
be alone. I will make him a help meet 
for him. (The word 'meet* means fit, 
suitable; the kind of help the man 

Proverbs 31st chapter and 10th verse: 
Who can find a virtuous woman? for her 
price is far above rubies. 

11. The heart of her husband doth 
safely trust in her, &c. 

12. She will do him good and not evil 
all the days of her life. 

13. She seeketh wool and flax and 
worketh willingly with her hands. 

14. She is like the merchants' ships; 
she bringeth her food from afar. 

15. She riseth also while it is yet 
night and giveth meat to her household 
and a portion to her maidens. 

16. She considereth a field and buyeth 
it: with the fruit of her hands she plant- 
eth a vineyard. 



17. She girdeth her loins with strength, 
and strengtheneth her arms. 

18. She perceiveth that her merchan- 
dise is good; her candle goeth not out by 

19. She layeth her hands to the spin- 
dle, and her hands hold the distaff. 

20. She stretcheth out her hand to the 
poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands 
to the needy. 

22. She maketh herself coverings of 
tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple. 

24. She maketh fine linen, and selleth 
it; and delivereth girdles unto the mer- 

27. She looketh well to the ways of her 
household, and eateth not the bread of 

28. Her children arise up and call her 
blessed; her husband also, and he prals- 
eth her. 

Men ought to provide for their families 
but the wages of most men are so small 
that they cannot do this and save any- 
thing unless their wives earn some money 
too. There is not one man in twenty 
who can support a wife in Idleness, 
and very few of those who can do it 
ever marry poor women. And so I want 
you to support me, do I? That is false, 
but if it were true I would not be any 
worse than you : You are Just looking for 
a chance to sell yourself to some man 
who has money. And you say you have 
had "nervous prostration?" Well, that's 
nothing. Everybody that works has 
that, no matter whether he is a laborer or 
a millionaire. Eight years ago people 
said that I was going insane from that 
disease. It is something we all have to 
expect and we just have to guard against 
it and doctor for it the best way we can. 
Such a wife as the Bible recommends 
not only keeps house and cooks but 
takes in washing, sews, or tries in some 
other way to help her husband take care 
of his family. And that is the only kind 
of a woman that will ever share my name, 
I assure j'ou. This is terribly nasty doc- 
trine to preach to the kind of women 
they raise nowadays, but it is the teach- 
ing of Scripture, as well as of common- 
sense. Marry a rich man if you can, but 
remember that you will have your pov- 
erty thrown up to you by him and his re- 
lations to the last day of your life. His 
house will be a hell on earth for you, now 
mark what I tell you. 

W. W. Stickley. 

LaMT Department. 

(Continued from folio 58.) 

should be at least four stenographers for 
the District at yearly salaries of about 

A BILL has been introduced in the New 
York Senate establishing the compensa- 
tion for employees in the State service. 
Stenographers are to be arranged in four 
grades, and paid: First grade, $1500; 
second grade, $1200; thiisd grade, $900; 
and fourth grade, $606. This will not 
change existing rates applicable to court 

Bhode Island stenographers We to be 
benefited by the bill now before the legis- 
lature, which provides for a yearly salary 
of $2500 for each of four "stenographic 
clerks" (mark the language: "clerk;" 
heigh ho!) in the supreme court. These 
"clerks" will be assured of transcript 
fees, as, before a petition for a new trial 
will be considered, the moving party 
must deposit with the court clerk a sum 
estimated to be suflacient to cover cost of 
transcription. The "deposit" requirement 
is a step in the right direction. The pres- 
ent per diem Is $6. The new bill fixes 
six cents as the folio rate for transcript, 
the same as In the supreme court of the 
State of New York. 

Cou,rt R.ooin £cKoes. 

Counsel examining a prospective 
juror: Are you one of those fortunate 
kind that never consult a lawyer? 

Jubor: I let the other fellow do that. 

Suggestive names of a recent panel of 
jurors: White, Black, Brown, Pepper, 
Wood, Chase, Lair, Gross, Lasher. Wright 
and Sllvernail. 

Counsel: Is Mr. Jones your attorney? 
Jukor: No. Don't need any. 

Counsel: He has a nick-name also that 
he goes by? 

Witness: Yes, sir. They call him 
"Shovel-Tooth." I thin^ that is what they 
call him. 

Counsel: Was he pretty drunk? 

Witness: Well, about middling. 

H. W. Thorne. 


^Vhen Stenoffraphers* Fees Taxable. 

U HE Supreme Court, at a special 
term held at New York City. 
recently rendered a decision 
1 which should prove ol in- 
terest to law stenographers, 
especially such as ply their 
profession In the Empire State. While the 
decision only establishes the right, under 
special circumstances, of a successful 
party to a lltlgatlOD to recover, by includ- 
ing In his taxable disbursements, fees 
paid to B. stenographer, yet the careful 
reader will And a number of valuable 
suggestions in the opinion that may aid 
him In the collection of fees. For in- 
fitance, the shrewdness exhibited by this 
particular law stenographer In refusing 
"to try to obtain payment of one-halt of 
the bill from the defendant's attorney on 
the ground that the bill could not be 

I quote from the decision: ^ "'The lie- 
fendant's counsel declined tomake a stipu- 
lation under which the testimony should 
be taken by a stenographer, whereupon 
the referee himself employed a stenogra- 
pher who took 144S pages of typewritten 
minutes; during the trial from time to 
time the stenographer furnished copies of 
his minutes to the plalntift's attorney, and 
th; defendant's attorney borrowed and 
used the copy of the referee; In making 
up the briefs, defendant's attorney bor- 
rowed from the referee and used the 
original minutes, and the plalntilT's at- 

r ihiH 

c are 33 MiBcelUn- 
f followioK dauBeh. 

torney used the copy which had been fur- 
nished to him; judgment was ordered by 
the referee in plaintiff's favor, and both 
copies of the minutes were returned to 
him; after the findings were settled he 
sent all the papers, including the two 
copies of the stenographer's minutes, to 
plaintiff's attorney; the stenographer, 
having made out a bill for 11,099. then 
saw the plaintiff's attorney and insisted 
that he i^hould pay the whole bill, and. 
being asked to try to obtain payment of 
one-half of it from defendant's attorney, 
declined to do so on the ground that the 
bill could not be divided; plaintiff's at- 
torney then obliged himself or the plain- 
till to pay the whole bill, and presented 
a bill of costs to the clerk 3 with the 
whole bill included In It, defendant's at- 
torney objected to the taxation of the 
whole hill, but contiented to the taxation 
of one-half of it, and It was thereupon 
so taxed; defendant's attorney then ap- 
plied to plaintiff's attorney tor a loan of 
one copy of the minutes for the purpose 
of preparing a case, and plaintiff's at- 
torney declined to comply with the re- 
nuest: thereupon, by agreement between 
the two attorneys, the plaintiff's attorney 
delivered to the defendant's attorney one 
i-opy of the minutes, being paid by the 
latter one-half the stenographer's bill; 
the letter from the plaintltl's a'.torney to 
defendant's attorney sending such copy 
of the minutes, contained the state- 
ment that the copy- was sent without 
prejudice to any right the plaintiff might 
have to tax the other half of the cost ot 
the minutes In ease he should succeed 
upon the appeal. Defendant's attorney 
now moves for a relaxation of the costs. 
and asks that one-half the stenographer's 
bill, which wag allowed, be stricken out. 
Upon this state of tacts. T think the case 
of Rldabock vn. Metropolitan Elevated R. 
Co., 8 App. DIv., 309, Is controlling. Plain- 
tiff's counsel. In order to get either the 



original or a copy of the stenographer's 
minutes for use on the appeal, was obliged 
to promise and did promise to pay to the 
stenographer the whole amount of his 
bill, $1,099, upon the claim made by the 
stenographer that the bill could not be 
divided. It thus appears that neither the 
original nor the copy could be retained 
by the plaintiff's attorney without promis- 
ing to pay the whole bill, and, as the 
original minutes were necessary for the 
preparation of amendments and were 
actually used in such preparation, plain- 
tiff under the Ridabock decision, was en- 
titled to tax the other half of the stenogra- 
pher's bill. I see no reason why he should 
not be allowed to tax the other half of 
the stenographer's bill, which he was 
bound to pay." 

This question was passed upon by the 
Supreme Court, at a Special Term held in 
Onondaga County, New York, last Decem- 
ber, 1 when the Court held that a dis- 
bursement for stenographer's minutes 
necessary to enable the respondent to pre- 
pare amendments to a case and excep- 
tions, and made where he could not ob- 
tain the use of the appellant's copy, is 
taxable by the respondent. There the 
question arose upon a motion to review 
a taxation of costs, the court clerk hav- 
ing struck out of the respondent's bill of 
costs an item of |110 paid by him for a 
copy of the stenographer's minutes. The 
respondent urged upon the court Rule 32 
of the general rules of practice of the 
(N. Y.) Supreme Court, which provides, 
"If the party proposing the amendments 
claims that the case should be made to 
conform to the minutes of the stenogra- 
pher, he must refer, at the end of each 
amendment, to the proper page of such 
minutes." The Court said: "It is quite 
evident, in view of this rule, that the dis- 
bursement in question was a necessary 
and proper one; but whether it is such a 
disbursement as is taxable according to 
the course and practice of the Court is 
by no means clear." The Court then pro- 
ceeds to discuss and analyze the various 
decisions on the question finally reaching 
the conclusion that the Ridabock case 
(referred to and cited in the preceding 
case) and other cases decided in New 
York City, should be followed, and the 
disbursement allowed to be taxed. 

ReportiA^ Objectionable Re* 
snarRs of Cotinsel. 

^^THE N. Y. Appellate Division of the 
^ Supreme Court in two decisions has 
emphasized the necessity for watch- 
fulness by court reporters of, and. when 
necessary, recording, improper remarks of 
district attorneys in opening and closing: 
arguments to the jury. In both cases, in 
which these decisions were rendered, the 
defendant was convicted, but the judg- 
ments of conviction were reversed by the 
Appellate Court because of the intemper- 
ate language indulged in by the prosecut- 
ing ofllcer while addressing the jury. 

In the first case i the district attor- 
ney stated to the jury: "If in your judg- 
ment you believe this man guilty, then I 
want you to have the nerve to vote him 
guilty, and if you do, then I will put him 
upon the stand as a witness, and if he 
will tell the truth about it, and use him 
as a witness against the true criminal in 
the case, and I will ask the court to sus- 
pend sentence upon him." 

The Court held that this language was 
so prejudicial to the defendant as to re- 
quire the reversal of the judgment of con- 
viction, and such judgment was^ accord- 
ingly, rendered. 

In the second case, i beside remarks 
derogatory of the defendant 2 (proof 
of which the Court held would not be 
competent even if the district attorney 
had offered evidence thereon), the district 
attorney, in summing up, criticized the 
defendant's counsel in this very pungent 
language: "I said that the evidence, as 
developed in this case, shows and will 
justify the reputation which he 3 has 
got of fixing witnesses, and that I had 
heard that within the last two or three 
years he had tried to shake off the repu- 
tation which he had of fixing witnesses 
and sometimes jurors." The district at- 
torney then, as stated by him, by way of 
illustrating the importance of jurors be- 

(1) Park vs. N. Y. C. & H. R. R. R. Co., 33 
Miscellaneous Reports (X. V.), page 320. 

(1) People vs. Smith, 55 Appellate Division, 
page 368. 

(1) People vs. Milks, 55 Appellate Division, 
page 372. (2) This is the correct term. "Pris- 
oner" is obsolete in New York State. (3) The 
defendant's counsel. (4) At page 386. (5) 

"Quasi"— "A Latin word signifying 'almost' It 
marks the resemblance, and supposes a little 
difference between two objects." Bouvler's Law 
Diet. (6) See note 2 above, and section 7, N. Y. 
Criminal Code. 



ing above suspicion, asked the jury to 
suppose that, after a panel had been 
drawn, the defendant's counsel had taken 
his family to the home of a hotelkeeper 
drawn on the jury; had spent the day 
there and had hobnobbed with the hotel- 
keeper and spent his money there, and the 
next day got him on the jury. The dis- 
trict attorney also stated that the defend- 
ant's counsel had defended o^e Smith, and 
the alleged perjured witness, and insinu- 
ated that the expense of their defense 
was defrayed by the defendant, and called 
attention to the fact that the defendant 
was not sworn in his own behalf. The 
Court held that these statements were 
calculated to prejudice the jury against 
the defendant and required the reversal 
of the judgment of conviction, and that 
the withdrawal of some of these state- 
ments by the district attorney, when they 
were objected to by defendant's counsel, 
did not cure the error. 

The Court in this opinion 4 quotes, 
with approval, these remarks of another 
court: "Language which might be per- 
mitted to counsel, in summing up a civil 
action cannot, with propriety, be used by 
a public prosecutor, who is a 5 guasi- 
judicial officer, representing the people 
of the state, and presumed to act impar- 
tially in the interest of justice. If he 
lays aside the impartiality that should 
characterize his official action to become 
a heated partisan, and, by vituperation of 
the prisoner 6 and appeals to prejudice, 
seeks to procure a conviction at all haz- 
ards, he ceases to properly represent the 
public interest, which demands no victim 
and asks no conviction through the aid of 
passion, sympathy or resentment." 

The appellate courts of New York 
State In the review of records of judg- 
ments of conviction, exhibit a growing 
tendency to require prosecuting attor- 
neys to conduct criminal trials in accord- 
ance with the tenor of the preceding para- 
graph. Hence, court reporters should be 
alert, in reporting such trials, to record 
language which violates the principle 
there enunciated by the Court If pos- 
sible, this should be caught when the 
words are uttered. It is awkward to ob- 
tain a repetition by the speaker, and to 

attempt it. often precipitates another 
wrangle between counsel, i 

I iXOTE that my friend Patrick J. Swee- 
ney, Esq., lawyer, stenographer and edu- 
cator of New York City has assumed 
charge of the Amanuensis Department of 
The American Phonographic rf Literary 
Journal. If the young people will listen 
to the sage advice and valuable sugges- 
tions that my friend will lay before them, 
I am sure they will profit thereby. If 
Friend Sweeney can infuse a wee bit 
of the optimism with which Dame Nature 
has so generously endowed him, into his 
readers, he will accomplish a good deal. 
But then, I know that he has a whole lot 
of other good things "up his sleeve," 
which will make their appearance in due 

What is the matter at Butte. Mont? It 
seems that the position of stenographer 
in Judge Clancy's District Court is worth 
from $4000 to $5000 a year. Judge 
Clancy has the power of appointment. Ac- 
cording to the newspapers, His Honor re- 
fuses to appoint a resident of Montana. 
Attorneys claim that^ inasmuch as the 
appointee under the Montana Code be- 
comes an^ "officer," the appointment of a 
non-resident would be in violation of the 
State constitution which provides that 
such an officer must have resided in the 
State for at least one year before appoint- 
ment. What are the objections to Mon- 
tana stenographers, and particularly to 
those at Butte? 

The Bar Association of the District of 
Columbia has adopted a resolution author- 
izing the appointment of a committee to 
prepare a bill to present to Congress pro- 
viding for two stenographers In the Cir- 
cuit and two in the Criminal Court of the 
District. The Bar is of opinion that there 

(1) These cases were tried In 1899 at Little 
Valley, N. Y., In the County Court of CatU- 
rausus County, which Is embraced in the Eighth 
Judicial District of New York. The supreme 
court ofbcial stenographers in that district are 
Mark P. Bensley, George H. Thornton, Irving F. 
Cragln, Richard W. Walsh, Charles H. Bailey, 
Robert C. Chapin, residing respectively at Buf- 
falo, N. Y., and H. P. Olisan, residing at Pre- 
donla, N. Y. Probably neither of these gentle* 
men reported the cases, as their duties lie in the 
supreme court. The trials were undoubtedly re- 
ported by Miss Hattle Horton, of Olean. N. Y., 
who appears to be the County Court stenographer. 

(Continued on folio 55.) 


Is it not about Time to Stop? 

p E refer to the frequency wltn 
which paragraphs like the 
following appear in dailr, 
weekly and monthlj' publican 
tiona throughout the coun- 
'Nowhere does Incompetency show 
more than In many of the Btenographers 
who have been turned out by the colleges 
within the last two or three years. The 
6tudy of stenography originally presup- 
posed a knowledge of spelling, ordinary 
punctuation and grammar: but it Is hard 
to Qnd these quaimcations In many of 
those now posing as stenograph era. Of 
course, there are eiceptlons, but we allude 
to the mass." 

The natural inference is that the rank 
and nie of stenographera are strangers to 
the rules of grammar, punctuation and 
spelling alike; and It Is no wonder that 
most of the reading public regards the 
stenographer as the greatest living ex- 
ample of poor orthography and punctua- 
tion and indlBerent expression. 

Why our profession should be singled 
out for so much attack we fail to see, and 
we contend that. In proportion, there are 
no more incompetents in it than In any 
other profession: the field Is wide and the 
competents tar out-number the other class. 
Granted, the errors of a stenographer are 
more on the surface than are those of 
any other worker, such as the book-keep- 
er, telegrapher, etc., and that this fact may 
form the basis of the favorite and fre- 
quent diatribe and ready anecdote. — how- 
ever, when we think of the multitude of 
sins of spelling and composition on the 
part of many business men which the 
stenographer covers up. we raise our 
voice in her defence, and repeat the ques- 

tion which forms the title of this paper, — 
"Is it not about time to stop?" If some 
profession must be criticised, then give 
another than stenography a chance: it 
has enjoyed a monopoly too long and de- 
desires a change! 


Wh&t Sh&ll we >Vear in the 



le Nev Crnu 

"/■\R. H. has a new stenographer — 
she dresses like a banker's 
daughter." This remark natur- 
ally provoked the smile and jest it was in- 
tended to call forth, and while I could 
not but feel that we stenographers have a 
perfect right to spend our earnings on fine 
clothes If we choose. I regretted that my 
unknown sister worker has arrayed her- 
self in such a manner as to attract the 
attention of a passing acquaintance of her 

Few. if any, of us enter upon the career 
of stenographer and typewriter for the 
mere love of work or money. We do so 
because It is necessary, and is it not 
therefore, ridiculous for a young woman 
to go to her daily work In the disguise of 
a fashionable lady of leisure? 

On the other hand. It is not essential 
that the wage-earning woman should be 
conspicuous by shabby, unfashionable, 
slovenly or unbecoming attire. It is the 
duty of every woman, whatever her sta- 
tion In life, to clothe herself as becom- 
ingly as poss;ible. endeavoring, though, to 
dress not only according to her means, 
but in keeping with the place she occupies 
in the community. Neither is It essen- 



tial that the stenographer or office clerk 
should be uniformed like a housemaid or 
mill-hand. The unsightly, long, black mus- 
lin apron, with oversleeves to match, is 
as much out of place in the modern busi- 
ness office or the study of the llterator 
as a gown of delicate hue and texture 
would be in factory or mill. 

The most becoming dress for a young 
woman who spends the best part of her 
life in a business office would be that 
which attracts the least attention — black, 
for instance, or dark blue; but as our 
means will not always permit of our buy- 
ing a special gown for business purposes, 
and we are usually compelled to appro- 
priate last year's best dress to everyday 
use, would it not be well to select our ma- 
terials, especially winter fabrics, with a 
view to next year's needs, leaving the 
lighter woolen or silk garment to be pur- 
chased in the spring, with a view to 
adapting it for evening or home purposes 
the following autumn and winter? 

Notes from tHe Field. 

•fl^ELEx Keller, the deaf and blind, but 
lU no longer dumb, student, who is 
now in her freshman year at Rad- 
clifFe College, has been promoted in 
the English class on recommendation 
of the professor of English on ac- 
count of her extraordinary progress 
in studies. Her examination papers 
are written out on a typewriter 
that produces raised letters, and she 
reads the questions by touch. The 
answers she writes with her own type- 
writer, operating it at great speed. 

Miss Alice Rank, Canton, O.. who has 
heretofore acted as clerk for Mayor Rob- 
ertson, recently accepted a position as 
stenographer with the Canton Bindery 

MisR Belle Norbiry is a successful 
teacher of shorthand and typewriting in 
Warwick, N. Y. 

The Northfleld. Conn., Knife Co. has 
secured the stenographic services of Miss 
Florence Baisden. 

Says the Countess of Aberdeeen: "Wo- 
men have invaded the trades to such an 
extent as to lead to the enactment of 
legislation for their special protection. In 
education and literature, in the finer 
crafts and in the arts, they are an in- 
creasingly important factor. In scientific 
research they have won renown. They 
are in all the professions save the mili- 
tary, and they influence even that by 
their usefulness as nurses in repairing 
the great ravages of war. Woman has 
certainly moved fast and far during the 
Nineteenth Century." 

The office of the Diana Knitting Co.'s 
new mill in Johnstown. Pa., is now in 
charge of Miss Hazel De Golia. 

MrssEs Mae Reardon and Rachel 
Greene, of Glen Fall, N. Y., recently took 
a post-graduate stenographic course at 
the Saratoga Business Institute. 

Miss Ada Cbossett, of Janesvllle, Wis., 
has accepted a position as stenographer 
in the Iowa State Agricultural College. 

The Herald Dispatch of Utica, N. Y., 
recently stated: "Miss M. Agnes Ryan, 
who has been employed as stenographer 
In the office of T. B. Basselln for the past 
eight months, has resigned her position 
and accepted one at Plattsburg. She has 
made many friends here who wish her 
success in her new field of labor." 

The study of law is urged upon women 
by Miss Helen Gould, herself a graduate 
of the law department of the New York 
University. In a recent address she said 
that such a study would enable women 
to meet their needs In business and In the 
administration of trust estates, as well 
as for its value in general culture and as 
a higher study for women's mental de- 

The stenographer of the Sioux Milling 
Co., Sioux City. la., is Miss Mabel E. 

Miss Mary L. Kingsbury, of Bangor. 
Me., who some months ago graduated 
from the Bangor Business College, has 
taken a position as stenographer In the 
office of Judge Louis C. Steams. Miss 
I^isa T. Arey. of the same city, is serving 
as stenographer for Mrs. Harriet Wirt, 
Manager of the Bangor Viavi Co. 

Miss Nina Elms of St. Johnsbury, Vt.. 
has secured a stenographic position at 
Barton Landing. 

Until recently Miss Bertha L. Gles 
was the stenographer of the Republican 
Iron & Steel Co.. Youngstown, O., but Is 
now acting in a similar capacity with the 
Youngstown Iron, Sheet and Tube Co. 
She is regarded as a painstaking and 
capable stenographer, and has entered 
her new field with the best wishes of her 
many office associates and friends. . 

The Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion of Columbus, O., is doing good work 
in training young stenographers in spell- 
ing, punctuation, capitalization and speed. 

Miss Kate J. Kiernan recently entered 
upon her duties as stenographer to Mr. 
Kurt Rudolph Sternbergh, President of 
the Deer Park Brewing Co., Port Jervis, 
N. Y. This is In the nature of a promo- 
tion for Miss Kiernan and congratula- 
tions are therefore tendered her. 

Ida E. Turner. 



Department of practical (Brammar. 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Eadid Ave., Phila., Pa. 
Author of ** Punctuation and Capital Letters.^' 


Adverbs expressing manner are 
usually formed from adjectives by 
suffixing LY; there are also many 
adjectives having this LY suffix, a 
few of which follow: Curly, early, 
manly, daily, lowly, unruly, kingly, 
likely, lovely, stilly, weakly, bodily, 
lonely, weakly, sickly, deathly, 
monthly, saintly, beastly, cleanly, 
earthly, orderly, womanly, beggarly, 
cowardly, friendly, matronly, princely, 
fatherly, heavenly, masterly, motherly, 
ungainly, mannerly, unsightly, nig- 
gardly, leisurely, neighborly, sprightly, 

There are many adjectives and ad- 
verbs similar in form, a few of which 
are the following: All, ill, low, out, 
off, dear, easy, full, loud, over, slow, 
wide, back, deep, fair, high, just, 
most, soft, even, fast, hard, long, 
more, sure, very, near, only, clean, 
plumb, close, quick, short, wrong, 
clear, right, sound, light, swift, still, 
sweet, mighty, bright, little, smooth, 

There are some adverbs that have 
both a form ending in LY, and a form 
similar to adjectives; the following 
are a few of these : Dear, dearly ; 
deep, deeply ; even, evenly ; easy, eas- 
ily : full, fully; high, highly; hard, 
hardly; ill, illy; loud, loudly; most. 

mostly; neat, neatly; near, nearly; 
clean, cleanly; close, closely; clear, 
clearly; false, falsely; light, lightly; 
quick, quickly : bright, brightly. 

Direction. — In the following sen- 
tences ending in LY, point out those 
that are adjectives and those that are 
adverbs; of the former, there arc 

His account sounded likely. Even as a 
child she looked sickly They treat him 
beastly. He always kept mannerly. I 
live free and manly. Still the sun looks 
kindly on the year. Keep the understand- 
ing orderly. They maintained the contest 
iveakly. The path I walked felt kindly 
to my feet. I cannot lift the child up 
fatherly. Think virtue kingly. They en- 
tertained him friendly. She grew gentle, 
fcweet, vyomanly. Show not yourself 
ungainly. Timely he flies and gains the 
friendly shelter of the wood. She went 
toward them full matronly. We stigma- 
tize the conduct as cowardly. They 
cowardly turned their backs upon the 
ejiemy. She nursed the child motherly. 
The night passed bright and stilly. These 

♦Here subjoined are a few rules and relative re- 
marks upon the use of adjectives and adverbs: 
"The question whether to use an adjective or 
an adverb is determined by the rules of thought 
rather than by those of grammar. As a rule. 
It is proper to use an adjective whenever some 
form of 'to be' or 'to seem' may be substi- 
tuted for the verb, an adverb when no sucn 
substitution can be made. 
From Reed and Kellogg's HIGH SCHOOL GRAM- 

"Whether adjective or adverb— The only guide 
seems to be this: If the word is to modify the 
subject, use an adjective ; if to ..lodlfy tlje vtrb, use an 
From Goold Brown's THE INSTITUTES OP 

"In order to determine in difBcult cases wheth- 
er an adjective or an adverb is required, the 
learner should carefully consider whether 
QUALITY or MANNER is to be expressed: If 
the former, an adjective is proper; if the latter, 
an adverb.'" 



women will stay lonely. A flock of sheep 
leisurely pass by. He lived princely in 
valor and kindness. I never saw a face 
more lonely. We'll ask thee mannerly 
for the money. Judge if this be neigh- 
borly dealing. Wilson was born lowly. 
His heart beats high and irregularly. 
Thou dost chide me friendly. They went 
home very orderly. We do such worii 
poorly. This fellow lived idle and beg- 
garly. Leave nothing unsightly. They 
wounded him mortally. The women held 
tlieir womanly ways sweet and fresh. 
This business nearly concerns you. How 
masterly are Virgil's strokes! He could 
not readily tread the way out. They 
thought our conduct unruly. Feel your- 
self lowly. This time was spent manly. 
Conduct yourself gentlemanly. I can 
sjng a lullaby as womanly as the rest. 
They speak readily smd distinctly. This 
shade has made me kindly with my kind. 
The struggle grew deadly.. She arranged 
he I hair orderly. A farmer found him 
nearly dead from cold. Cincinnatus wore 
his hair curly. Such sentiments are not 
thought motherly. Many a lovely look on 
him was cast. Heavy demands are made 
yearly. Gross intemperance kept him 
beastly. He took her kindly in his arms, 
and kissed her tenderly. They kept their 
reputation cleanly. They showed them- 
selves niggardly. After the dark woods, 
the bright flowers and the sun seemed 
friendly. The sickness seemed deathly. 
He delights to dwell beggarly. DifFuse thy 
lights to dwell beggarly. Diffuse thy 
beneficence freely. I had a very early 
ambition to commend him. They in- 
clined him to be neighborly. We did not 
give presents niggardly. Others promise 
more speed, but to it leisurely. We all 
considered such sentiments gentlemanly. 
The love of heaven makes one heavenly. 
The army became unruly. O Weed, thou 
art so lovely fair! During all these dire 
times, he acted manly. He lived and 
died miserly. The steward of a boun- 
teous lord should not look niggardly. He 
confirmed his testimony graciously. My 
Age stays as a lusty winter, frosty but 
kindly. They died saintly. Many bards 
tuned their voices timely. I'm glad you 
/eel so sprightly. I did not get my appe- 
tite princely. He sent him timely. 

Direction. — Of the following words 
in italics the greater number are ad- 
jectives and adverbs. Before doing 
this, read carefully the rules given in 

the preceding foot-note. 

Swift's deafness made conversation 
difficult. He can't long be called wrong 
whose life stays right. They held little 
that was taxable. Hold friends faithful. 
Regard tale-bearers as dangerous. The 
very life seems warm upon her lips. The 
actions only of the just smell sweet. His 
great deeds shall become monumental. 
Light boats sail swift, but greater hulks 
draw deep. Let him be Judge how deep 
I grow in love. Silas subsisted aloof 
from his former life. This is a salt unto 
humanity that keeps it sweet. Till he 
toll the story true, let the fairies pinch 
him sound. Your anger flies so wide. 
Paint the house white. The world misses 
us so very little. Set the clock just 
right. He had left his house defenceless. 
They found the child ill. He considers 
learning strong among them. The clus- 
tering nuts fall free. Work the flour 
smooth. The maidens stand tall and 
erect. Sit the pupils close. Pictures 
hung crooked. The altar fires blazed 
high. So dear I loved my friend. The 
Baltic fleet came home safe. He dwelt 
deaf to the voice of melody and power. 
The night closed dark. He guesses right 
of futurity. If the cakes ate short and 
crisp, they were made by Olivia. He 
takes my service ill. My mother played 
him fair. God sent winds fair from land. 
These summer airs blow cold. Roll paper 
straight. The head is held erect and firm 
when defiance is meant. Toss balls high. 
She saw her grandmother stand clear and 
lovely. One's own lines sound so pretty 
to one's own ears. Our men sang low 
but long. Slow rises worth by poverty 
kept doton. The soldiers had worn their 
garments threadbare. The straws turn 
yellow. This time suits writers ill. Light 
lay years upon the untroubled head. He 
delivered Wildfire safe and sound. You 
washed your hands white. David kept 
himself close because of Saul. Smooth 
runs the water where the brook flows 
deep. They were early blighted in an 
early stage of growth. 

(To be continued. ) 


tmmf HE Isaac Pitman system has been 
/I introduced Into the Commercial 

\^ Course of tbe Eastern District 
High School of Brooklyn, N. Y. The 
shorthand department la under the able 
direction of Mr. W. E. Plnnegan, who has 
a class of over one hundred students. Tbe 
"Complete Phonographic Instructor" Is 
the text book In use, and It Is Bsnerally 
conceded that no other work has been 
produced which will take as much labor 
off the teacher, and at the same time do 
as much for tbe student as this work. 
Among the numerous high schools now 
using the "Isaac Pitman Complete In- 
structor" In Greater New York, may be 
mentioned the following: 

Dewltt Clinton High School, New York 

Wadlelgh Hlgb School, New York City. 

Peter Cooper HlRh School, New York 

Evening High School for Women, 20th 
St., New York City. 

Evening High School for Women, 93d 
St, New York City. 

Evening High School for Women, 119th 
SL. New York City. 

Public Evening Schools, New York 

Erasmus Hall Hlgb School, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Eastern District High School, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y, 

Manual Training Hlgb School, Brook- 
lyn. N. Y. 

Evening High School. No. 1, (WesUrn 
District), Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mas. A. LiNKEMAN' and Mr. Frank 
Krabacher, students In St. Joseph's Col- 
lege, Cincinnati, Ohio, have been success- 
ful In winning the Pitman Theory Cer- 
tlflcate granted by Isaac Pitman ft Sons. 
Brother Severln. C. S. C, an expert writer 
and teacher of phonography In the above 
college, la to be congratulated on the 
excellent work turned out In this institu- 
tion, as well as the deep Interest be is 
awakening In the useful study of phon- 

The "El EconomUta Internacional" for 
January says: "Tbe treatise of Spanish 
Phonography, by Guillermo Parody, pub- 

lished by Isaac Pitman ft Sons, Is the most 
complete work of Its kind published. It 
makes It easier for the student to acquire 
the necessary knowledge of phonographic 
writing, and Is far superior. . . . doing 
away with many difficulties and saving 
time. This work recommends Itself and 
the proof of Its merit lies In the fact that 
six editions have been published already." 


1. — Condole, convene, concede, condense, 
condemn, convey, comply, compass, 
compare, compromise, competent, com- 

2. — Inconstant, inconceivable, Inconclu- 
sive, Inconsideratlon. Incomparable, 
Incompetent, incommodious, uncon- 
fined, decompose. 
3. — Discontent, mlBconceive, noncontent, 
reconcile, recompense, Interfere, In- 
terpose, Interdict, Interval, Interview. 
4.-~Magnlfy, magnanimous, magnitude, 
self-rlghteoua, self-conceit, self-same, 
self-control. Inspiration, Instruct, In- 

Mbssbs. CrTM MINOS ft Company, Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. 
Dear Sirs: In compliance with your re- 
quest contained In your recent favor we 
have Instructed our salesman to Interview 
you and trust he will convince you that It 
will pay you to engage to Introduce our 
goods into your locality. We will not ask 
you to sign a contract, but you will recog- 
nize the fact that it will be advisable for 
you to do so. 

Yours truly, 
David Mpbrat, Wooster, Ohio. 

Dear Sir: Your favor received and con- 
tents noted. We have just completed the 
shipment of your Instruments and we feel 
certain that when you compare them with 
those purchased of other makers you will 
consider that we are competent to take In 
hand such contracts. We regret that the 
delay caused you Inconvenience and trust 
that in future you will have no cause to 

Very truly yours. 

• Phonoenphlc Diction 


llnlom Squai 

uch v> c«nu. Spinlth PhonoEnphy. loi 
,»jc. Publlihed by Isaac PllmiiiTk Sonj. )( 




Graded Exercises and Correspondence on '' Isaac Pitman's Complete 

Phonographic Instructor." 

Chapter 18. — Prefixes. 

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Schools and others, dosiring the services of experitnced 
shorthand teachers, will please tipply to TeacheiV Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman ft Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


SKetch of MarK Twain. 

[/■'lom San Fraticisco Bvllctiit ) 
(Coiithiued from Kebniarj' number.) 

- to listen as the cry came up: "Mark 
one," and finally, ■Mark Twain." 
"That name bad struck his fancy— It 
bad a good twang, and that was the be- 
ginning of the pseudonym by which 
Clemens Is known to fame tbe world 

Mark Twain's first signed articles 
h, although they were char- 
.::terlzed by a vein of humor that gave 


iBionally his 
e the cele- 

1 local reputaftio 
work waa quoted. He mac 
In 1863, however, when he ' 
brated 'Hopkins Murder/ 

" 'Mark' prepared 
ribie murder supposed to have been per- 
petrated in a big pine forest between 
Dutch Nick's and Empire City. Now, 
there isn't a tree nor a sign of a tree 
within fifty miles of there, and those two 
names refer to the same Identical pla::e. 
By way of explanation, let me tell you 
that the BulleUn at that time was warn- 
ing people against speculation In such 
properties as the Dana Mine. In Nevada, 
and advising them to invest their money 
in concerns of known solidity in San 

"As CI emeus told the story. Peter 
Hopkins, a saloon keeper, who lived with 
his family at Dutch Nick's read those 
Bulletin articles Intently. He owned a 
block of Dana stock, and the next thing 
he did wan to sell it and Invest his 
money in a San Francisco 

stock ot which slumped Immediately. 
Hopkins lost his fortune, went crazy. 
murdered tale family in the big pine for- 
est that didn't exint, and came riding 
into Empire City brandishing the bloody 
scalps of his wife and children. It was at 
this eneiting point that the paper went 

"When I went to ureakfast the next 
morning, t found Jack Perry, the Marshal 
of Virginia City, with the paper In bis 

" 'That's terrible,' he exclaimed. 

" -What's terrible?' quoth I. 

" 'Why, that horrible murder at Dutch 

" 'Don't you see the absurdity ot the 
thing?' I aalted. "There isn't any pine 
forest, and Dutch Nick's and Empire City 
are one and the same place.' 

' 'I'he Marshal refused to see the joke, 
although he admitted that the whole 
thing looked strange. 

"All the San Francisco papers jumped 
at the story. No telegraphic reports 
flashed over the country in those days. 
The pony express was the generally 
patronized news conveyance. When the 
other Virginia City papers were received 
on the coast, and when the Enterprise 
came out on the following day and ex- 
plained that tbe Hopkins tale was merely 
a satire, the office was deluged with 
condemnatory letters. From one journal 
after another came 






(5abel8betoer-«1Rtcbter Department* 

Conducted by DR. RUDOLF TOMBO, 
No. 587 Walton Ave., New York. President Gabelsberger Shorthand Society. 


Gentlemen: I have been very busy 
since coming into the office weeding out 
what I considered undesirable business, 
and we have at this time about the same 
assets as shown on the 1st of January. 
I am advised, although I have not 
figured It myself that fully 40 per cent, of 
our business is sprinkled and if this 
is the case it seems to me that 
we should be able to make you a 
better return during the coming year; 
at least my efforts shall be guided in the 
direction that will be most satisfactory 
to all members of the company. If con- 
sideration and close attention to busi- 
ness will do it I mean it shall be done. 

Yours truly. 

Gentlemen: We are in receipt of yours 
of the 6th inst and are very much aston- 
ished at its contents. The goods you 
mentioned were selected by Mr. Lewis 
and his brother-in-law here in the house, 
and we had nothing to do except to ship 
them. They mentioned at the time that 
some of the lots being rather large they 
would divide them up between the dif- 
ferent stores. The two coats on en- 
closed bill have since been delivered to 
Mr. Lewis* and shipped with some other 
goods to the city. Under these circum- 
stances we do not propose to take any 
of the goods back, as we are not doing 
business that way. 

Yours truly, 


Extract of speech made by Ex-Judge 
John F, Dillon at the Celebration of the 
Centennial Anniversary of the Elevation 
of John Marsall to the Chief Justiceship 
of the United States, Albany, Feb. 4, 

"A figure heroic majestical, super- 
eminent, venerable, and venerated, 
standing in unchallenged primacy in our 
legal, judicial and constitutional history, is 
that of John Marshall. When we refer to 
him in the Supreme Court, or when else- 
where we refer to that court, it is not 
necessary to name Marshall — we dis- 
tinguish him by the title of 'the Great 
Chief Justice.' Pickney's saying is well 
known — that Marshall was bom to be 
the Chief Justice of any country in which 
Providence should cast his lot, and he 
came to his own 100 years ago this 
day, when, at the first term of the Su- 
preme Court ever held in the new Fed- 
eral City of Washington, he put on his 
robes of office, took the oath to support 
the Constitution, (and well he kept it,) 
and assumed his place at the head of a 
tribunal which, in its short existence of 
eleven years, had already had three Chief 
Justices. He found the place one that 
no great lawyer coveted; he left it, after 
a continuous service of thirty-four years, 

the most commanding, the most exalted, 
the most illustrious. Judicial office the 
world has ever seen. 

"Marsh&il was a self-made man. He 
never had the advantages of a regular 
and systematic education. He was 
graduated from no institution of learn- 
ing. His professional training , was so 
desultory and irregular that it is a mar- 
vel to this day how, under such circum- 
stances, he acquired such a thorough 
knowledge of the principles of his profes- 

"The Constitution, as it exists to-day, 
with the exception of the late amend- 
ments, is in form and principle the 
Constitution as it was fashioned by Mar- 
shall and existed at his death. He is. 
therefore, entitled to be regarded as 
something more than its mere ex- 
pounder. He is, more than any other 
man, entitled to be called the creator of 
our Federal Constitutional law and juris- 

"Each one of the cases he decided so 
vitally affecting the Constitution and the 
Union could have been decided the other 
way. Many lawyers and statesmen firmly 
believed, and earnestly maintained at 
the time, that they ought to have been 
decided the other way. On all these sub- 
jects Marshall's views have been finally 
accepted by the country, as necessary to 
the integrity and welfare of the Union, 
and are no longer disputed or challenged. 
"Marshall drew upon his own intel- 
lectual resources, and his drafts were al- 
ways honored. In the light of his own 
intelligence, like another Columbus, he 
sailed, with dauntless courage, into new 
and unknown regions, guided only by the 
great principles of right, reason, and 
Justice, which he applied with equal 
caution and courage in the practical 
work of construing the Constitution. 
His opinions are wonderful examples of 
pure reasoning and logic and legal in- 

"While the Constitution remains Mar- 
shall's fame is secure. It will grow with 
the growth and strengthen with the 
strength of the Union. We hope and be- 
lieve that the Union of these States, 
bounded by two inviolable seas, will con- 
tinue through uncounted years to diffuse 
its blessings upon us and our posterity. 
We cannot forecast the future. (Jod's 
Providence determines the destiny of 
nations, and its workings are often as in- 
scrutable as they are irresistible. It may 
be that the principles of American con- 
stitutional liberty shall become the right 
and birthright of distant peoples whose 
lands are washed by other seas and 
whose eyes look up to other stars. Cer- 
tain it is that wherever our Constitution 
is or shall go, or wherever constitutional 
liberty shall exist on earth there will at- 
tend it and abide with it the spotless 
and honored name of John Marshall." 




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Contrikctioiis and 'Word-forms. 

(Coiitimied from Februar.T number.) 

6. Tne learned Judge charged the 
Jury that the plaintiff was required to 
tumlsh a preponderance of proof In or- 
der to maintain his contention — that be 
must prove, by testimony applicable to 
the case and satisfactory to themHelvee. 
every allegation constituting the cause 
of action set forth In hia complaint. He 
remarked that they .ihould not be in- 
fluenced by sympathy, but should ex- 
amine clrcutnatantlally each item testi- 
fied to, the appearanre and manner of 
each witness, and all the probabilities of 
the case, for the purpose of reaching a 
correct decision In accordance with the 
facts; and that, on the other hand, they 
must arrive at a determination without 
regard to any other influenre, or any 
prejudice, remembering that all men are 
equal before the law. He referred es- 
pecially to the handwriting of the signa- 
tures to a number of the memoranda 
and other instruments In writing, and 
gave them careful instruction with re- 
spect to the situation of the parties. He 
explained at length the question at issue. 
and described what would ronstitute an 
actionable offense against the plaintiff's 
rights. He Instructed them that a mis 
take of Judgment or a failure to compre- 
hend his obligations, would disqualify a 
Juror for discharging his whole duty, 
which was to deliver a verdict in accord- 
ance with the truth. 

7. The President of the Commercial 
Bank is a very influential gentleman. 
He Is univeroally respected. By the last 
will and testament of his deceased 
brother he was nominated as executor. 
The vvidow had expected to be designated 
as ex.i'>itriic, and she was indignant that 
her claims had not been recognized. Her 
brother-in-law disclaimed any desire for 
the position, and after the preliminary 
proofs had been taken he proposed to 
resign, and suggested that she be made 
administratrix. She was unable to fur- 
nish the necessary security, however, 
and by common consent of those inter- 
ested he continued to act. It had been 
commonly believed that the deceased was 
very wealthy, but upon a particular ex- 
amination of his accounts and the com- 

pletion of the Inventory, it was discov- 
ered that for a year or two before bis 
death he waa on the verge of bankruptcy, 
his business affairs being so involved 
that he was really of no pecuniary re- 
sponsibility whatever. The family being 
thus reduced to poverty, the brother un- 
dertook to supply means sufficient to 
make them comfortable, and they will, 
during the next montb, remove to a 
pretty cottage which he has built for 

S. A peculiar subject of public inter- 
est Is furnished In the published accounts 
with regard to the new rules Issued by 
the general government In respect to 
transactions between citizens of different 
States, and particularly to financial ar- 
rangements between domestic corpora- 
tions and mercantile houses which have 
heretofore been able to obtain a discrim- 
ination In prices for the transmission of 
freight over our great railways. Whether 
an exception will be made In respect of 
express companies Is a question upon 
which no certain Information has as yet 
been given. Within a day or two nomi- 
nations of members of the commission 
will be sent to the Senate. 

9. It Is impossible to declare any 
reasonable suggestion why these com- 
panies should be excepted from a regula- 
tion of such import. Anything so ex- 
traordinary and questionable nas hereto- 
fore been unknown as this supposed Im- 
provement in the administration of this 
part of the service. It is suggestive of 
direct and improper influence upon the 
person commissioned to take charge of 
postal affairs, entirely different and dis- 
similar to tbo.'^e which common people 
possess or are able to exercise to com- 
pel administrative officers to discrimin- 
ate between them and others in the prac- 
tical operation of a law, when we con- 
sider that It will confer upon these com- 
binations a privilege so dangerous to the 
revenue. Why should anybody, engaged 
in any occupation, be thua punished, in 
the performance of his usual avocations, 
and the disposition of his manufactures 






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Sleeplng-oar Owners' Liability. 

^m^RE questEon presented 1b the liabil- 
^^ ity of a sleeping-car company for 
the loss o( necessary wearing ap- 
parel of one who had paid the necessary 
slseping-car charges, and was lawfully 
riding In one of Its cars, which apparel 
had been placed in the care of the em- 
ployes of the company. We find no case 
exactly In point, and as the question Is 
a new one, not only in this State, but, 
to a great extent, in the other States of 
the natloD, we are practically without 
precedents to aid us, and must adopt 
such rule as may seem Just and equitable. 
It may be well to consider what the 
company undertakes to perform, and 
also what It does not undertake. The 
latter proposition will be considered first. 
It does not undertake to furnish the 
railway for its tars to run upon, nor the 
motive power to propel them, and hence 
la not entitled to compensation for the 
ordinary carriage of passengers. It 
does Invite for hire all passengers hold- 
ing flrst-class tickets to occupy its cars. 
In effect. It says to all su:h passengers: 
"We will furnish you safe, pleasant, 
commodious cars, with all possible 
facilities to prevent weariness and 
fatigue, with comfortable sleeping ac- 
commodations, and the necessary toilet 
facilities, if you pay the pri;e demanded 
In addition to the ordinary fare." • • • 
It will be seen that the engagement of 
the sleeping-car company, so far as It 
goes, Is exactly the same as the duties 
assumed by an innkeeper. A passenger, 
on entering a sleeping-car as a guest— 
because that is what he Is in fact— 
Lecessariiy must take his ordinary wear- 
ing apparel with him, and some articles 
for convenience, comfort, or necessity. 
• • Except In the matter of furnishing 
meals, there seems to be no essential 

difference between the accommodations 
at an inn and those on a sleeping-car, 
except that the tatter are necessarily on 
A smaller scale than at an inn. In both 
cases the porter meets the traveler at 
the door, and takes whatever portable 
articles he may have with him. He 
waits upon him and the other passengers 
in the car so long as they remain therein. 
The traveler Is not required to sit in his 
seat during the day, hut may. If he so 
desires, go forward into the other cars 
of the train, and st stations may go out 
on the platform. A passenger In a 
sleeping-car need not avail himself of 
these privileges, but the fact that he may 
do so, and that many persons actually 
do avail themselves of the same. Is well 
known to every traveler and to the com- 
pany, and is a circumstance in the case, 
li It Is said that It would be unjust to 
hold the company to the same liability 
as an innkeeper, because thieves might 
take one or more bertha In a car, and 
at the first opportunity leave the car. 
carrying what articles they could steal 
before leaving, the same is true of an 
Innkeeper. Thieves, In the garb of re- 
spectable people, may take rooms at an 
inn, and afterwards steal what they can. 
and escape, yet no one would contend 
that the mnkeeper would not be respon- 
sible for the property so stolen, and tills. 
whether it Is stolen at night or In the 
daytime; yet In many of the large Inns 
of this country at least, there are numer- 
ous doors for ingress and egress, while 
In a sleeping-car there are but two. • 
•  So far OB sued services are ren- 
dered, they are the same In kind as 
those furnished by an innkeeper: and the 
security of travelers, and as a means of 
protecting them, not only against the 
negligenre, but also against the dishon- 
eat practices, of the agents or employes 
of the sleeping-car company, requires 
that the company, so far as It renders 
servire as an Innkeeper, shall be subject 
to like liabilities and obligations.— Ex- 
tract from opinion of Justice Maxwell In 
Pullman Palace Car Co. vs. Lowe, 44 N. 
W. Rep. 328. 




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Tbe Sttaognfbet Priatiaz &, PubOtUag Co. 
4>0 Drcwl ButUlne, PhUa., Pa. 

Francis H. Hehperlev. Pteildent and Editor. 
John C, Dixon. Sccnury ind Trcuum. 

this bitlierlo abstruse auhject to clear, prtc- 
tical principles, and invites the student la 
familiarize taiintelf with these principles bjr 
tneaiii of carefully prepared, progressive 
exercises. The young steuograpber vbo 
accepts this invitation will not only make 
rapid improvement, bat will Gnd the study 
singularly interesting and attractive. That 
scco ui pi ialied reporter, Mr. Fred Irland,saj» 
'•There is no book like it in shorthaud 

Vol,. XVI. MARCH, 1901. 

No. 3. 


of tbe ShotthHtid and TypewritiBi prafcssion of the 
Countij: undHllnieD. BllsyBtemn hikI all niHChlnes 
wUl rtMlTc equal reeogmition in iti columnt 

open to cottespondeiitB. WeBhallheKladlopubliBli 
nutCera of lntcnst to the profFuron in all lU 
branchn. Communications should be nddnmed to 
Uk Kdltor, who Is not responsible for the oploiona 
of correspondents. 


and the publishers will sppnclafe suggeMions ol 
ImprOTcmCDt In any of Its departments. 

Sutwcrlption : Uulted Slates, Canada and Mexico, 
tl.<» a yesri other plsees la Posut Union,  

AdvertlsInK Bates fUmished on spplicBtlOD. 


nISS IDA E. TURNER, editor of the 
Women's Department of Thr 
STENOGRAPHHit, baa been elected 
Treasurer of the Pennsylvania Women's 
Press Association. Miss Turner is a personal 
exponent of tbe possibility of making a 
success in busineis work, by a woman in a 
womanly way. 

THNLTIIOUGH good phrasing is indispensi- 
I I ble lo high stenographic speed' 
comparatively few students have 
the nerve to master the subject by tbe 
unattractive inelbod heretofore offered lo 
them— the tedious memorixingof alphabetic- 
ally-arranged phrase-lists. With hia rare 
faculty for research and analj'sis, Mr. David 
Wolfe Brown, in his new book (advertised in 
this issue of our magaKiue) bas reduced 

30ME of Mr. U. Grant Case's many 
friends gave him • complimentary 
farewell dinner, at the Continental 
Hotel, on the evening of Friday, February 
15tb. in view of his early departure to take 
charge of a new establishment in London, in 
the tine which be has made ao successful 
during bis stay in Philadelphia. 

Among those who sat down to tbe table 
and took an active part in the proceedings, 
were : John F. Soby, Toastmaster ; T. A. 
Berry ; W. W. Waltera ; John Cockert : H. 
W. Buse ; Robert M. Johnston ; Dr. J. P. 
Frey ; George W. Dunn ; Thomas C. Know- 
les ; Stanley Grover ; Hugo Guiler ; James P. 
Lennon ; F. C. Shoemaker; James Sproule ; 
H. D. Jacohs ; R. Setdelinger ; Richard Men- 
gert; Charles H. Beatty : H. P. Cassidy ; 
Eli H. Eldredge; J. W. Geiger; H. S. Mc- 
Cormack ; George R. Heisey. 

THE Gabelsberger Shorthand Society of 
New York held lis annual meeting at its 
rooms, 149Wesl 12^ St,, on January 30th, 
It is gratifying to see from Ihc report of the 

cellent adaptation to English by H. Ricbter, 
is making greater progress lU this country 
every year. The Society expects to publish 
a paper of its own, written in the English 
Gabelsberger system by the middle of this 
year. The Gabelsberger Department which 
has been published in Thb Sthnographer 
for the last seven years will, however, not 
be discontinued, as it has proven itself to be 
a good means of hringiug the merit* of the 
Gabelsberger system before the eyesof the 
shorthand profession of this country. The 
following officers were elected for tbe new 
year : Dr, R, Tonibo, President ; F. Grund, 
Secretary; E. Stein Schneider, Treasurer, 
and F. J, Seiterling, Librarian. The Secre- 
tary will be pleased at any time to give in- 
formation in regard to tbe work of the 
Societv. His address is 445 Broome Street, 
New York. 

Ii^ Press— to appear dtirinc^ tHe present moiitH. 

The Science and Art of 

JL SBRIES of Practical and Projjressive Les- 
sons, designed to teach Phrasing by Prin- 
ciple, not by Rote ; thns dispensing largely with 
phrase-memorization and enabling the young 
stenographer to make good phrases for himself. 



Official Reporter, 
U. S. House of Representatives. 

Author of •• The Mastery of Shorthand. " " The Factors of 

Shorthand Speed," etc. 


St&mmarx of Contents. 

The twenty-Bix chapters embrace, among other 
practical topics, the following, fully illustrated, and 
with elaborate exercises: 

Phrasing should be learned by principle, not by 
rote— by the original construction of pn rases, not 
through alphabetically-arranged lists. The book ex- 
empliiJes the daily practice of practical reporters. 
A convenient phraseogram is often a stenographic 
godsend. Good phrasing a special requisite in 
court reporting. Phrases defined. Simple phrases. 
Word-blending phrases. Broken phrases. Elliptic 
phrases. Composite phrases. Special phrases. The 
phrasing vocabulary. What words may be phrased, 
and what may not. Requisites of a good phrase. 
Sense relation. Fluent Junctions. When may bad 
junctions be tolerated; how obviated. A good phrase 
is spontaneous. A hurried, spasmodic style to be 
avoided. Adaptation of phrases to particular writers. 
General rule of phrase position. When may the first 
word of a phrase be displaced? Should Initial IS, 
HIS, AS» and HAS vary from regular position? Con- 
text an aid to word distinction. The law of safe 
ambiguity. Distinctions by position, by difference of 
outline, by vocalisation. How positional distinctions 
may be lost and how supplied. Variation of outline. 
"Reporting license." Contra-normal convenience and 
■peed sometimes preferred to normal convenience 
and slowness. The law of ellipsis. When may words 
be omitted in writing to be supplied by the sense 
in reading? Allowable ellipses classified and illus- 
trated. Tick word-signs. The most useful con- 
nective expressions of the language. Hooks on ticks. 
The circle-word signs. Circles Joined to ticks and 
brief W and Y word-signs. Coalescing of circles. 
Ellipsis of circles. Brief W and Y word signs, in- 
itial, medial and final. Initial W hook for WE and 

WITH. Proximity as a means of word indication. 

When may "of the" be thus indicated, and when not. 

"From time to time" and similar phrases. Indication 

ot CON and COM. The terminations ING-A, INO- 

THE.etc. The L hook for WILL and ALL. L hook on 

tick word-signs. ARE. OUR and OR, expressed by R 
hook. R hook on tick word-sigha. WERE expressed by 
DEAR, expressed by double- lengthlng. Triple-length 
strokes. The use of N hook for ONE. OWN, THAN, 
BEEN, etc. The expression ' of TO, IT, WOULD 
and HAD by half-lengthing. NOT expressed by 
halving and the N hook. Initial NR as used in the 
phrases IN REPLY, IN RECOGNITION, etc. Ex- 
pression of HAVE and TO HAVE by V hook. V 
hook for OF. The "N curl' to express IN, IN HIS. 
etc. Use of the loops to express IS IT, AS IT, IS 
THERE, AS THERE, etc. THE MB and INQ strokes 
to express MAY BE. MAY BE THERE, INO- 
THBRB, etc. Special methods of writing particular 
words and expressions. Irregular phases, their uses 
and characteristics; when Justified; how constructed. 
List of irregular phrases of general utility. List of 
general phrases. 


MR. F. H. HBMPERLEY, Editor of "The Stenog- 
rapher," after examining the book in manuscript, 
says: "Mr. Brown's world-wide reputation as a 
shorthand writer and his extensive experience in 
Congressional and other reporting, make everything 
that he says upon the subject of the highest value. 
The book will be 

as each principle is thoroughly illustrated by ex- 
amples for practice." 

MR. FRED IRLAND. for many years eminent as 
a court reporter, and now one of the official re- 
porters of the U. S. House of Representatives, says, 
after reading the entire manuscript: "Mr. Brown's 
ING removes the greatest obstacle which has 
hitherto confronted the shorthand student. The work 
is indispensable to every one who wishes to make 
the greatest progress toward the reporting style In 
the shortest time. It is a complete illumination of 
that which was before darkest and most puzsUng. 
There is 


'pHE printers are well advanced in their work ; 
and the book (a handsome cloth-bound 
volume of about three hundred paji^es) is con- 
fidently expected to be ready for delivery some 
time during the present month. 

PRICE, $2.00. 

Orders will be promptly filled immediately 
upon the issue of the book from the press. Re- 
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ShortKand Publication Bureati, Bliss Building, Washington, 0. C. 


The Stenoqraphis. 


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aMV kind of paper caa be nsed in the maaufacture of 
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peculiarities or" stock " and " finish " are absolutely 
essential, and the paper in this book i* the result of a care- 
ful study of over fifteen year*. In regard to binding this is 
the only notebook that, after a page is turned will tie per' 
fectly flat and stay there — a fact appreciated in rapid work. 

I stronely rwomraemitd their use In The StenoQrapheh, «nd h»ve nevtr 


1 Officii! Coun Rcpornr. 

"All shorthand writers in the 
world concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
ay»t»m of ahortband, and the one 
which forms the basis far a 
hu ndrea or more modifications. ' ' 
Dr. Wm. T. Harris. U. S. Com- 
missioner of Education. 

J Nott-Book. thil I < 

tritnc*,"— Prrefi P. McLaughlin, 

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Twin Ar[l--Iypewrlllriif and printing. Typ*- 
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^HAT does it contain? Everything,— 
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— Journal of Education . 





A wonderful success for ihe easy and accurate 
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"Xauflb an& (grow jfat." 
**The Oddities of Shorthand"; 

"The Coroner and His Friend.' 


Depicts possibilities of Shorthand in 

Affairs of Dally Life— Its Business, Love 

Making, Crime. 

Everyone should read this interesting baoi 


aBSORBING in churacter the stories 
abound in humorous, natural nitua- 
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plots of rogues defeated by a Icnowleiljfe of 
Shortliaiid by the right person, under vary- 
ing circumstances. Will instruct and in- 
terest general reader and student or expert. 

To close out the balance of second and third editions 
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xnA a copy to any address 


«l COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
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many useful hints, phrases, abbre' 
lists of grammalogues, contractions, e 
which have never before been published 

using English, supplemented by 
nffording the drill necessary to ac- 
quire facility and skill in applying these 



Anf of the Above Books Sent Postage Paid Upon Receipt of Price. 

Stenographer Printing & Publistijng Co., 410 orexei Bidg.. phiiada. 


Editor, "The Stenograpber." 40S Drexel Building. 
Pmldeot. Tbe Stenograpber Ptg. & Pub. Co.. 4W) D»i«l Butldlns. 
Actuary. Unlled Security Lire Inaurance and Truat Co. or PeansylTanla, SOS-t 

Rpsldenie. H13 Spruce Street, Phlladetpbla, Pa. 


Mr. Hemperley wa» raised Id "'St. John's 
Rhode taland PlanU< 
Worshipful Maater ot Phoenli Lodge. Ni 
Halt Eicellent High Prleat Temple Chap 
Eminent Commander St. AlbBD Commai 
President or the Line Offlrera' and Pat 
No. I. K. T. o( Pa.. 

Hemher of Philadelphia Council. No. 11, R. aod S. U. 
Member ot Pblladelpbia Consistory, 3. P. R. S.. 32°. 
IlluatrlouB Potenute Lu Lu Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.. lS9g-lM0. 
RepreaentatlTe of Temple Chapter, No. 2<8, R. A. M., to. and 
Grand Royal Arcb Captain of, tbe Grand Chapter of Pa.. 18M-1900. 
Member of Committee on Corraapondence of Grand Chapter. 

Lodge, 1 


1, Town 

ot ProvIdenM and 

d A. M. 

Phlla. Pb.. 1896 

ter. No. 2« 

H. A. M 

, Fblla.. Pa.. 18SS 

ndery, N 

47, K. T 

of Pa.. 18»7-»g 


and at preaent Treasurer ot 


IW^Ulis N. Tiffanr. 

f ILLIS N. TIFFANY, official court 
and con vent ion reporter, of 
PlioeiiJx, Arizona, is one of tlie 
ablest and most wideawake ad- 
vocates of the shortiiand pro- 
Tession in Amer- 
ica. On liis way 
to the Put-in- 
Bay convention 
□f the National 
Shortiiand Re- 
porters' Associa- 
tion, of the ex- 

mittee of which 
he has been a 
member since 
its organization, 
he was taken 
sick in Chicago, 
being confined 
to his bed with 
tonsiliiis. h i s 
absence from 
the convention 
being greatly 

Mr- Tiffany 
was bom <vt La- 
Crosse, Wiscon- 

1869. His par- 
ents removed to 
Minneapolis in 
1871, which was 

bis home until 1895. He was educated in the 
common schools, but at an early age found 
employmeat in different mercantile houses. 
In 1887 he worked his way through a com- 
mercial course and lateron took an aCHdeinic 

I Hamlin University i 

In 1891 bis attention wasdirected toahort- 
hand, which be learned entirely by bimself 
at a time when he was carrying five heavy 
studies atschool 
most of his 
hhorlband being 
acquiredafter 1 1 
o'clock at night. 
In tbe fall of 
1S9] lie secured 
a position in St. 
Paul as stenog- 
rspher in the 
office of James J. 
Hill, president 
of the Great 
Northern Rail- 
way. Here he 
was proniotetl 
H n d occupied 

intil 189s, when 



al Railway, but 
not finding the 
customs of tbe 
people of Mexi- 


is liking 

Phoenix, Arizona, 
resided, and where 
secretary to the 

> accept tbe appointment of of- 

reporter of the third judicial district 



court of Arizona, at the hands of Hon. 
Welister Street, Chief Justice, which position 
he now occupies. 

Mr. Tiffany is a Graham writer. He has 
had much experience as a convention re- 
porter. His journey from a five-year-old 
motherless child to his present enviable 
position has been fraught with that very 
hard work and eartiest effort which are the 
secrets of success in life, no matter how 
small the beginning. 

Kendrick C. Hii^l. 

^ ^ ^ 



Now that all prejudice against typewritten 
business letters has disappeared, and little 
of it is left even against personal communi- 
cations put on paper in the same eye and 
labor saving way, it behooves every cor- 
respondent to perform the one task for 
which the antique pen is still always util- 
ized — the signing of his name — with 
es])ecial care. In the old days the reading of 
written proper names was always harder 
than that of the rest of a letter> where the 
context gaveassistance.but onecould usually 
puzzle them out, after a greater or less ex- 
penditure of time and temper, by comparing 
their hints at letters with similar signs in 
the known words that appeared above. In 
the case of the typewritten and hand-signed 
epistle resort to this expedient cannot be 
had, and the result is that oftener than now 
and then the recipient of a delightfully 
legible communication cannot even guess 
from whom it comes. This makes patience- 
wrecking trouble, w^eknow from experience, 
in newspaper offices, and doubtless it does 
the same thing in otherplaces. Thedifficulty 
could be very easily remedied, even by those 
who are unable or unwilling to write their 
names plainly. All they need to do is to 
typewrite, or have typewritten, the signa- 
ture in the proper place, and then to make 
under it for purposes of authentication the 
blind maze of lawless lines which suggests 
a name — if the reader knows what the name 
is. This is a little matter, but an important 
one, sometimes, and the considerate, that is 
the courteous, correspondent will bear it in 
mind, particularly as it imposes no extra 
labor on himself and takes a lot of it away 
from those to whom he writes. — N, } '. Times. 

One by-product of the Hell of War in the 
Tropics is a demand for stenographers in 
the Government service in the Philippines. 
At the request of the War Department some 
time ago, the Civil Service Commission 
"certified" thirty young men who had 
passed the examinations for stenographers 
and typewriters. Twenty- four of the thirty 
kicked implacably when told that they were 
expected to go to the Philippines. We 
should have thought that the offer of a long 
voyage to a strange country and of (1,200 a 
year would have been more attractive. But 
homekeeping youth have ever homely wits. 
A special examination is to be held on a day 
yet to be designated and it is safe to say that 
there will be plenty of candidates. Men who 
speak Spanish as well as English will, of 
course, have the preference, and returned 
volunteers who have tamed the climate and 
laugh at the hot and the wet. To unmarried 
young men of the proper qualifications and 
having some smack of adventure, the chance 
seems tempting.— A^. Y. Sun. 

^  * 


Frank Rutherford, of New York city, 
an expert stenographer and typewriting 
exponent recently gave an enjoyable lecture 
to the students of thp Rochester Business 
Institute this morning. He represents 
Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict. After dem- 
onstrating how great speed may be obtained 
by operating typewriter keys with all the 
fingers of both hands and without watching, 
the keyboard, he called his assistant, Master 
Middendorf, a IS-year old boy, into the 

The lad took dictation and transcribed the 
notes at sight, and without so much as glanc- 
ing at his machine. To show that he was 
not writing something which had been 
practice for the occasion, others in the room 
were given the opportunity of dictating 
letters, which were rapidly transcribed.— /b5/ 
Express, Rochester, N. Y., March 20, 1901. 

* ^ * 

Rila Kittredge, of Belfast, Me., chajnpiou 
small writer of the world, has retired Xtom 
the field, leaving a record of 46,000 words 
written with a common steel pen on an or- 
dinary postal card. In 1889, he wrote the 
entire New Testament, about 181,000 words, 
upon four postal cards. Mr. Kittredge never 
used any magnifying glasses or other aids. 
Some specimens of his work was shown at 
the Paris Exposition. 


Vagaries o^ "Witnesses. 

drums," said a proDimeiit at- 
torney this morning. "No 
two are just alike. You might 
roughly divide them into three 
clas.«ei>, the timid, the would- 
be humorousand the bold. Women are found 
in the first class, rarely in tlie third, aud 
never in the second. It is peculiar that a 
timid woman witness should difFer so greatly 
from the male witness under this head. To 
explain : A timid man becomes confused. 
speaks in an undertone, forgets his name 
and can be made to answer any question 
contrary to his belief. He is afraid of the 
judge, overwlielnhngly polite to the court 
attendant, and tries to conciliate the attorney 
on cross-examination. If he is called by the 
plaintiff he is a thing of joy to the defense. 
He has one redeeming feature; he is 
generally believed by the jury. Despite his 
contradictions and vague memory, some in- 
born instinct tells the jury that he is honest. 
You never find a perjurer in this class. Now 
the timid womail is actuated by the same 
fears, but shows it in a different manner. 
She is strictly on the defensive, has grave 
suspicions as to the designs of the court, is 
bellicose toward the attendant and eyes the 
jury defiantly. She cannot conceive that 
she is merely a factor in the case. She be- 
lieves she ie the case. All pivots npon her 
testimony, and all are in league against her. 
She forgets the identity of the attorney 
calling her into (he case, and can never be 
taughtthat a simple 'yes,' or 'no'is better 
than a garrulous statemeut. The opposition 
sometimes enjoys a woman witness, but old 
attorneys approach gingerly. For despite her 
fear of the court, it is purely personal, and is 

in no way incited by respect of custom. SOi 
she is inimical to the judge, snaps him up, 
replies sarcastically to all interrogations in 
some such form as this : 

"Was I on South avenue on the 13th? 
Well, I wasn't pn Jefferson avenue, or Mon- 

She detests a direct answer. But when a 
calm, cool, fearless woman is on the stand 
she makes an ideal witness. She never in- 
dulges in repartee, never rambles, but is 
merely an accurate machine. 

"The joking witness is to be dreaded. He 
never aids his own side, and he never con- 
tributes to the welfare of the opposition. He 
is merely tiresome. It is surprising how 
many men try to pose as Sam Wellers on the 
stand. When the court can stand his broad 
humor no longer and squelches him, he 
becomes a meek witness. He is promptly 
relegated to the first class. In fact, you 
might say he was an abnormal growth of the 
first class. 

"The third class is a paradox. It contains 
the perjurers, and the truthful witnesses. 
Here are found the hard-headed businessmen, 
professional men and experts. Here are also 
found the criminals, the degenerates and 
falsifiers. The latter are usually driven into 
sullen reticence and are discredited by the 
jury. The others are recognized as men 
knowing what they have to tell, and will tell 
it truthfully. 

" Attorneys take all these classes into con- 
sideration, and if they be not Hedglings, con- 
duct their examination accordingly. 

"Yes. witnesses are queer things, and to 
the student in psychology present an inter- 
esting mental nut to crack." — Rochester 



•IfN the opinion in the case of Neukirch vs, 
" Keppler (reported 56 N. Y. App. Div., 
225) it is stated that ** the stenographer's 
minutes of the proceedings before the gov- 
erning committee were lost with the excep- 
tion of a small fragment thereof. That may 
be an unfortunate circumstance, but the loss 
of those minutes is sufficiently accounted 
for.** The minutes referred to were taken 
before the governing committee of the New 
York Stock Exchange. Neither the name of 
the stenographer who took the minutes nor 
the circumstances attending their loss appears 
in the reported case» which has just been 

Court Stenographer James Requa, Brook- 
lyn, was recently called upon in his court 
(Part III Supreme Court) to take the testi- 
mony of a witness who lay prone upon her 
back. The stenographer sat beside the wit- 
ness the better to hear and catch her gestures, 
while the respective lawyers in the case 
gather about the stretcher upon which the 
witness reclined. The action was brought 
to recover $75,000 for injuries to the plain- 
tiff *s spine, technically known as traumatic 
disease of the spine. Beside much medical 
expert testimony stenographer Requa en- 
countered another interesting feature in a 
deaf and dumb witness, whose testimony was 
obtained through two interpreters, one repre- 
senting plaintiff and the other defendant. 
The plaintiff's interpreter acted as the 
medium of communication, while the other 
closely watched the interpretation. There 
were occasional clashes between these func- 
tionaries. Instead of complicating and 
making harder the stenographer's work, inter- 
pretation affords a breathing spell. 

Mr. John M. Thomas, of Savannah, Ga., an 
able writer of the Isaac Pitman system, was 
recently appointed official reporter of the 
Eastern Judicial circuit of his State, succeed- 
ing Col. Geo T. Cann, who for many years 
had filled the office with ability and fidelity. 
Mr. Thomas is popular and capable. The 
office pays between $1200 and |15CX) yearly. 

Thb Stenographers and Typewriters Union 
of the Greater New York was recently organ- 
ized at a secret meeting in 27 Avenue B., 
N. Y. City. The following were elected as 
temporary officers : Jacob Klein, President ; 
J. Patykosky, Vice President, and Henry P. 
Nelson, Secretary. 

The new organization decided that none 
would be eligible for membership who had 
not good references as to ability and had not 
held op^ere holding positions. Women will 
be eligible as members on equal terms with 
men, the motto of the imion to be " Equal 
pay for equal work.** 

A mass meeting of stenographers and 
typewriters was called to elect permanent 
officers, adopt a constitution and by-laws, 
and enroll members. All applicants for 
membership must communicate with Secre- 
tary Nelson at Room 525 Tract Building, 
1 50 Nassau Street. 

Thb Supreme Court of Pennsylvania heard 
argument on the appeal of Benjamin S. Banks 
from the decision of Conmion Pleas Court, 
No. 4, restraining him from using the name 
** University of Philadelphia *' for his school 
of book-keeping, etc. The Commonwealth 
contended that by the use of the name he 
was holding himself out as a corporation 
without warrant of law. The Court held the 
matter under advisement. Most all States 
have enacted similar laws. The New York 
statute provides that ** No person shall * « * 
carry on or conduct or transact business * * 
under any assumed name or under any desig- 
nation, name or style, corporate or other- 
wise, other than the real name or names of 
the individual or individuals conducting or 
transacting such business, unless such person 
or persons shall file in the office of the clerk 
of the county or counties in which such 
person or persons conduct, or transact, or 
intend to conduct or transact such business, 
a certificate setting forth the name under 
which such business is, or is to be conducted 
or transacted, and the true or real full name 
or names of the person or persons conducting 
or transacting the same, with the post office 
address or addresses of said person or 
persons.** (0 This statute applies to schools 
and colleges of shorthand and typewriting. 

Thb law stenographer, during epidemics of 
contagious diseases, is peculiarly exposed to 
the same, inasmuch as he comes in very 
close contact with witnesses and other 
persons, residing at different parts of the 
territory within which he plies his vocation. 

H. W. Thornb. 

(x) Punctuation the same as in tlie statute. Violation of 
this statute is made a crime. 


The Legal Stenographer and Her Chances. 

QUE claim that a young man can 
be much more useful to the 
lawyer as a secretary may be 
true where there is coDsiderable 
ouUide work, or much "cir- 
cnlating around in courts," etc. ; 
but for general inside work, the "odds are 
•bout even," or, if anything, in the young 
woman's favor. Just as in the case of the 
physician's secretary, the lawyer's stenog- 
rapher can assist him in finding and marking 
book references to certain cases ; and (hat 
•be shall have mastered all legal forms, etc., 
is a " foregone conclusion ; " the same may 
be said of legal terms, Latin and otherwise. 
It is a fairly easy step from the secretary- 
ship to the reading or study of law ; and we 
are glad to see a growing disposition among 
young women employed in lawyers' offices 
to adopt the " Blackstonian art." As to the 
field for women in law circles, a portion of 

* magazine article by Miss Ella Hubbard 
Young, a young lawyer, will be apropos : 

" 1 differ decidedly with the statement 
that women are needed in law as in medicine 
forthe services they can render professionally 
to women ; I am convinced that such state- 
ment cannot be defended. Possibly, in 
divorce cases, for certain limited causes, and 
on a petition for separate maintenance for 
cruelly in certain forms, a woman might 
prefer to disclose her unhappiness in a 
woman's office ; but at the trial or hearing 
that follows, the facts come up again before 

• court full of men, with the only woman 
present, in all probability, the court stenog- 
rapher ; there is this final and inevitable 
publicity. * • • Given the same amount 
of experience, I know of nothing at the 
court or at the office that a woman can do 

for her client that a man could not also do, 
and equally well. » • » if any college 
girl thinks that in the legal profession she 
will find the best expression of her cap- 
abilities, let her study law ; but if it does 
not mean just that to her, then let her 
never undertake it. • • • The emphasis 
is laid on the wrong point at issue when 
women are urged to enter any profession 
because few women are earning their liveli- 
hood therein. The emphasis, rather, should 
be that a college girl should find what she can 
do with the nearest approach to satisfaction 
in the result, and should be urged to do that. 
Given a certain amount of talent in certain 
environment, and from that your maximum 
capability, and the value of it all depends 
upon putting it to use, no matter in what 
direction the talent lies, whether in the 
more or the less unoccupied professions. 

" The problems of women as a factor in 
the business world are never to be solved 
unless their energy is rightfully employed 
and without waste. The entering of the sex 
question in occupations and professions is to 
be deprecated. The fundamental point at 
issue is not, shall women do thisoi that, but 
shall any profeaaion be arbitrarily dosed to 
anyone. So, if I were writing an article on 
the choice of a profession, I would say, do 
anything you are sure you have a liking for 
and a talent to make the doing a success. 
You will need no justification if you succeed, 
and if you see the probability of succeeding, 
yon can well afford toawaitthejustiRcation." 

There is a true ring aboot all of the fore- 
going quotations, but especially so respecting 
the entrance of the sex question into 
occupations and professions. 'We hope the 
time will soon come when the quality of the 



work done will be the chief consideration, 
rather than the sex of the worker ; we are 
journeying towards this much to be desired 
end, and each can do her part in hastening 
the day. 

A Successful I^aiv^^er. 

TIjrtTjE had hoped to present the photo- 
^*'^*^ graph of Mrs. Margaret R. Knipe* 
attorney-at-law^ Norristown, Pa., in connec- 
tion with the foregoing sketch of ** Women 
before the law** ; but that not being possible, 
we shall have to be content in offering a 
sketch of her life, with the" belief that her 
career will prove an incentive to other 
women whose *' inclination and environ- 
ment," as Miss Young says, make the 
profession of law possible. 

Mrs. Knipe, who before her marriage to 
Mr. Irvin P. Knipe, a lawyer, was Miss 
Margaret Richardson, graduated from the 
High School of the Borough of Norristown, 
and two years later entered the shorthand 
department of the Pierce School in Philadel- 
phia. After a few years' work as an 
amanuensis and general shorthand reporter, 
she became one of the Court reporters of 
Montgomery County. Upon applying for 
registration as a law student, opposition 
developed to the idea of allowing a woman 
to study law in that County, and the Board 
of Examiners refused to allow her to take the 
preliminary examination ; later, however, in 
an opinion handed down by Judge Weand, 
the Court made an order to the desired 
effect. She was finally admitted to practice 
at the Norristown Bar in 1898, and to that of 
the Superior Court in December, 1900, and 
to that of the Supreme Court in February, 

We congratulate Mrs. Knipe upon her 
progress and in predicting for her a brilliant 
future, feel assured that her determination 
and effort will make the pathway easier for 
all other women whose inclinations lead 
them into the domain of law. 

Association Corner. 

(y^AYS ''Printers' Ink:'' *• Awakened to 

^^ the fact that they have been laboring 
in a field where greater profits are possible, 
the women of Chicago who act as purchasing 
agents for out-of-town customers have 
completed an organization to be known as 
the Association of Purchasing Agents. The 

new Association proposes that its women 
members go on the road as agents and take 
orders from regular customers, as does the 
ordinary traveling man. In this way they 
exTpect to create a new line of business, 
which they hope in time will rival the mail- 
order system.*' 

Personal Notes from tHe 


Miss Roselia Sweet is now shorthand and 
typewriter in the Brooklyn (N. Y. ) Depart- 
ment of Education ; she was formerly em- 
ployed by the Bureau of Municipal Statistics. 

Miss Mertie Veazie, of Brewer, Me., is 
acting stenographer at the Augusta House, 
Bangor, Me., during the sessions of the 
legislature ; while Miss Ethel Hodgkins is at 
the State- House, serving as stenographer of 
President Hamlin and Secretary Dunbar of 
the Senate. 

Miss Nellie Calderwood has added ste- 
nography to her book-keeping knowledge : 
she formerly served as book-keeper for her 
father at Thompsonville, Conn. 

The stenographer in the office of Mr. 
Willard Young, of Hazelton, Pa., is Miss 
Bessie Knickerbocker. 

Some weeks ago Miss Emma Vanderoeif 
obtained a stenographic position with the 
well known New York publishing house. 
Punk & Wagnalls, and has already done so 
well that she was recently promoted. 

Miss Jessie Hess has been appointed 
stenographer and typewriter in the passenger 
and freight office of the A. & H. Railway, 
at Rensselaer, N. Y. 

Miss G. L. Hugentobler of Hartford, 
Conn., has been engaged as stenographer 
and typewriter for the executive department 
during the legislative session. She occupied 
the same position under Governor Louns- 
bury, and her re- appointment is, hence, 
quite a compliment to her. 

The Ohio Brass Co., of Mansfield. Ohio, 
has secured the stenographic services of 
Miss Ella Bissel. 

A new student of stenography is Miss 
Lora Brad en, of Montezuma, la., and we 
learn that she is making gratifying progress 
in the art. 

The new stenographer of George W. 
Gower, Esq., County Attorney for Somerset 
County, Me., is Miss Mary L. Wrenn of 

Miss Minnie L. Jones, of New Haven, 
Conn. , has taken a position as stenographer 
in the Courier office. Great Barrington. 

Miss Lulu Eggleston of Utica, N. Y., is 
now doing stenographic work for the 
Sherrill Silk Factory. 

Ida E. Turner. 



department ot ptacttcal (Btammar. 

By PROF. JAMES. F. WILLIS, 1427 Euclid Ave., PUU., Pa, 
Instructor in Grammar, Rhetoric and Etymologfy. 

(Continued from March number.) 

Kind hearts are motx than coronets. Td have 
you sober and complaisant. Let fame from 
brazen lips blow wide her cho.sen names. T 
saw the snow fall fast. Shadows fall deep 
and cold. Scrub floors clean. Draw the 
curtains close. Scrape the edge even and 
smooth. This silken thread drew him 
safe to the bank. Charlotte Bronte 
struck deep into the heart of her time. 
The whole country lay open to inroads. 
It was easy to stand fLrm. I would have 
young things merry. The wretches shot 
La Salle dead. Stand clear of party poli- 
tics. They hired themselves out for bread. 
Keep your mind close to your vocation 
and your avocation. The colors hold 
fast. I shall search my sheep out. 
They found the water too deep. I 
would have made my letter shorter 
if I could have kept it longer. 
Drink deep or taste not the Pierian 
spring. I prized his friendship rare. He 
died for heaviness that his cart went 
light. The count has made himself cheap. 
Thy lord went forth sickly. True nobility 
lives free from fear. The brook 
flows still and clear. The hail fell 
phiml) on their heads. Major found 
the party very slow. He' steered him- 
self free from abuse. Speak short 
and have as short despatch. Death for 
noble deeds makes dying sweet. He must 
have the boy out. Fix penalties heavy. 
Thy enemies shall lay thee even with the 
ground. Friends grow nearer as age 
grows long. Cruisers lay eager for the 
attack. They did not send the men heavy 
with booty. When he speaks fair, believe 
him not. Those eyes see clear by night. 
I created him right and just, though free 
to fall. Neither count I my life dear. 
Draw the lines perpendicular. The rebels 
deserted their trenches fa^t. Truth looks 

freshest in the fashion of the day. The 
wanderer grows fierce and restless. The 
flowers in the pictures look real. He was 
hopeful of becoming busy.. He believed 
abuse essential to triumph. I have known 
men happy enough at ridicule who ap- 
peared stupid at graver subjects. Fix thy 
sword sure within thy hand. The roses 
hung fresh and fair over the fence. Or- 
chards looked lazy with neglected plenty. 
Build the temple high but solid. Good 

mental powers render their possessor 
guide. I promise to set all this matter 

even. I then had six hundred pounds a 
year clear. He can't play his cards fair. 
Mow the grass close. Call her face fair, 
not pale. Buy houses cheap. Every 
sprite hops as light as bird from tree. 
He regarded freedom too high a condi- 
tion for them. How slow the old moon 
wanes. It may cost thee dear. They tend 
to keep men single. Cook eggs soft. 
Walk through the room soft. Serve the 
dinner hot. Love works no ill to one's 
neighbor. Render study agreeable. It 
seems long since we first lay down. So 
sound he slept that nought could wake 
him. My companion left the way clear 
to him. The golden moon shone bright. 
Deem such actions heroic. This fire 
burns steady. They have us fast; we 
can't escape. Sciences flourished early In 
Thebes. Five dollars shall see thee clear, 
I feel sure of my audience. He showed 
himself strong. One end was made fast 
to a pole. Wipe dishes dry. Dye the 
cloth blue. He made the change quick as 
thought. I will lay thee flat. We term as 
right the things done well. Whatever 

makes us better or happier, God places 
either open before us or close to us. They 
furnished milk pure. All the houses 
were furnished neatly. Dress maidens 
not gaudy. 




The following is based upon Reed and 
Kellogg's " Higher Iressons in English,*' 
and '* High School Grammar.'* 

Prepositions introduce phrases, and show 
what relation in sense the chief word in the 
phrase has to the term modified. 

The following »re the phrases in common 
use ; it may be profitable to make short 
sentences in which each preposition is aptly 
used : 

Aboard, above, across, after, against, 
along ^ afnid, amidst, atnong, amongst, 
around, at, athwart, be/ore, behind, below, 
beneath, beside, besides, between, betwixt, 
beyond, but, by, down, ere, for, from, in, 
into, of, on, over, past, round, since, through, 
throughout, till, to, toward, totvards, under, 
underneath^ until, unto, up, upon, with, 
within, without. 

Many of these prepositions become adverbs 
by omitting the nouns which follow them ; 
see how many in the above list can be thus 

Several prepositions have participial forms 
— concerning, durinsr, excepting, notwith- 
standing, regarding, etc. ; construct sen- 
tences in which these participial forms are 
used as prepositions. 

There are a few of what are called com- 
pound prepositions — according to, as to, 
because q, \ instead of, out of 

But, except, and save are sometimes 
prepositions ; it may be profitable to consult 
a dictionary to see when these three words 
are used as prepositions. 

Almost all prepositions express very many 
relations; therefore, ** he should be a man 
of wide and careful reading who assumes to 
teach that only such prepositions, and such 
only, should be used with certain words." 

We are forbidden by some persons to end 
a sentence with a preposition ; to use between 
with more than two nouns ; to use around 
with verbs of motion ; to use of after the 
adjectives all, both, and ivhole : yet, by 
consulting a dictionary and carefully observ- 
ing the writings of the best authors, one will 
properly conclude that these persons are not 
supported by usage in thus proscribing these 
uses. " That grammarian exceeds his com- 
mission who marks out a path narrower than 
the highway which good-usage has cast up.*' 
When the relative pronoun that is the chief 
word in a pre|X)sitional phrase, the preposi- 

tion introducing that can be placed only at 
the end of the sentence. Here are subjoined 
a few sentences to illustrate this use. 

Time is the stuff that life is made of. 

He dances well that fortune pipes to. 

Take them in the order that they stand in. 

Comfort is the soil that human beings 
thrive on. 

In life, contentment is the utmost that we 
can hope for. 

Consult the dictionary to see how these 
prepositions in pairs differ in use ; — between 
— among, beside — besides, in — into, in— at, 
on — upon. 

Consult the dictionary to see how the 
following italicized words are used with the 
words after which they are placed : — abide 
at, by, with ; accommodate to, with , advant- 
age of over; agree to, with; angry ai, 
with; anxious about, for; argue against, 
with ; arrive at, in ; attend on or upon, to ; 
careless about, in, of ; communicate to, 
with ; compare to, with ; consists in, of; 
defend against, from ; die by, for, of; 
different from ; disappointed in, of; dis- 
tinguish by, from ; familiar to, with; im- 
patieutybr, of ; indulge in, with ; influence 
on, over, with ; insensible of, to ; sat besides ; 
many besides ; inquire alter, for, into, of; 
intrude into, upon ; joined to, with ; liberal 
of, to ; live at, in, on ; look after, for, on ; 
need of; obliged for, to ; part from, with ; 
placed in, on ; reconcile to, Ttnth ; regard 
for, to; remonstrate against, with; sank 
beneath, in, into; share in, of, with,- sit 
in, son, or upon ; smile at, on ; solicitous 
about, for ; strive for, with, against ; taste 
for, of; touch at, on or upon ; uaefvdfor, in, 
to ; weary of, in, with ; ytsinfor, towards. 

In the May edition of The StbnoGRA- 
PHER, the cautions relative to prepositions 
shall be treated. 

» 9 » 

Capital Practice for 
Toticli Ty'pe^writers. 

By W. W. Sticklby. 


Ivowercase : Mennion, brevity, should, 
quotation, Norman. 



iiiagaziii«, upon receipt of a self* ad dressed 
prepared envelope. lu Ihe couise of a few 
months you can become a fair writer or 
shorthand in this wiiy and then, by a 
reasonable amount of practice, you may be- 

Tbe Slniofrrapher Prlnttng & PubUiUns Co. 
403 Dieul Bidliiog. PUIa., Pa. 

Francis H. He<np«tey. President and Editor 
John C. DImr. Secretary and Treasurer. 

Vol.. XVI. 

APRIL. 1901. 

No." 4. 

of tbe Shoithand and Typewriting pmreHiou of (he 
coantrr; and all men, all a^Mema aud all macliliKi 

latere "PTn^t^^M tlTe* *prof™(Sn''i'n 'Ull'' )'« 
'■nehea. Communications atiould be addimaed 10 
e Kdltor, who ia not Raponalble for the opiniona 

._ -VL !■ a profrrewiive jotiTiial, 

imfnwcment In any of Ita departmcDta. 

Inned on the Eiat of ench moath. 

BabH^riptlon: UultedStaiea, Canada end MnlCO. 
fijn a year; otlier places in Pastnl Union, fi.ij a 

AdTcttlsliig Rate* Aimlshed on appllcatiotL 

Learn Shorthand at Home. 

ilJE are receiving very uiany applications 
^ from young people tor instruction in 
Shorthand at Home. 

To all inquirers we reply that it can be 
done. SomeoC the leading shorthand writers 
in the profession have mastered the art from 
the teit'book without the aid of a teacher. 
Of course, it is a slower plan. A good teacher 
or a good shorthand school helps one along 
more rapidly. But anyone who is thoroughly 
in earnest, and possesses the requisite qualifi- 
cations, can become a good shorthand writer 
without the aid of the living teacher's 
immediate presence. 
Thb Stenographer will recommend a text- 
book, and the editor of Thb Stbnocraphrr 
will give assistance and advice without 
charge to all who are subscribers to the 

I HE JVetv Ceiilmy Journal quotes our 
^ Miss Turner's article from Tbk Stk- 
NOGRAPHBR 03 " Is it not time to stop?" — 
referring to the habit of assuming that 
graduates of shorthand schools are expected 
to be incompetent. We are pleased to know 
that our contemporaries appreciate the good 
work which Miss Turner is doing. The 
Women's Department of The Stenogka- 
PHHR should find its way into the home of 
every woman in the country. It ia full of 
helpful advice and suggestion. 

THE following note from Mr. Osgoodby, 
will explain the absence of his depart- 
ment in The Stenographer for April. 
" Dear Mr. Hempbrlby : 

I have been so busy iu court during the 
past month, that it has been impossible for 
me to prepare copy for theAprilSTSNOGRA- 
PHBR. My court is in Rochester, and every 
spare moment outside of the sessions has 
been required in reading copy to fill urgent 

lapse— the first 01 

: you will kindly 1 

i this 

THE new Smith Premier Catalogue is the 
very handsomest thiug of the kind 
which has recently come to our notice. 
Printed upon the finest paper, in colors, with 
artistic designs combined with mechanical 
illustrations and clear textual explanations, 
it reaches very far into the field of absolute 
success. Such treatment of such a subject 
thoroughly satisfies the innate desire for har- 
monious combination of intrinsic merit and 
worthy external presentation. 



lyiR. HORACE G. HEALEY, formerly 
I I connected with the Illustrated 
Phonographic World, has become 
associated with the editorial department of 
The StudenVs Journal. We had the pleasure 
of meeting Mr. Healey recently, and was 
favorably impressed with him. We congrat- 
ulate Mr. Sexton upon having secured his 


Rev. is about to resign the pas- 
toral charge of the people to whom he has so 
long ministered to their great regret.'^ — Cor- 
red English, Chicago, 111. 

WE note that the general office of the 
Smith Premier Typewriter Company, 
in Philadelphia, has been changed from 723 
Chestnut street, to 23 S. Eighth street (just 
above Chestnut), and is in charge of Mr. 
Earl L. Virden, Manager. 

OUR old friend, W. K. Tewksbury. of 
Washington, D. C, has an interesting 
article on •'Orthoepy," in the February 
number of Correct English. Mr. Tewks- 
bury will be remembered by many of the 
readers of The Stenographer as a former 
valued contributor to its pages. 

WE are in receipt of a copy of the Univer- 
sal Dictation Course, prepared by W. 
L. Musick, Springfield, Mo., made up of 
letters relating to twenty-six different busi 
nesses, together with legal papers, depo- 
sitions and testimony from civil and 
criminal cases, arranged with complete 
vocabulary of words and phrases (with 
proper shorthand outlines) preceding each 
collection or business, to be practised before 
taking dictation in that business, and 
adapted to all of the Pitmanic systems, with 
a book for each system. 

After a careful examination of this book 
it seems to us that it is eminently adapted 

to promote mastery of the ability to do 
amanuensis work in a comparatively brief 
time. We understand the price of the book 
is ji.50, postage paid. 

j HE Phonetic Jourtial of February 16, 
^ graces its Portrait Gallery with a half- 
tone cut of Mr. W. H. Jones, F, Inc. S. T., 
general secretary and treasurer of the In- 
corporated Association of Shorthand Teach- 
ers of England. Mr. Jones is well-known 
as a successful teacher in Manchester. He 
has made a valuable record as a writer and is 
appreciated as a worker. He is the British 
representative for The Stenographer. 

Illf R. GEORGE C. PALMER, Attorney-at- 
I I Law and Official Court Reporter 

Chattahoochee district, Columbus, 
Ga., in writing to the editor of The Stenog- 
rapher acknowledges his thanks for the cut 
and sketch of himself, prepared by Mr. 
Kendrick C. Hill, and presented in our March 

issue. Mr. Palmer says : " I wish to thank 
you very much for this flattering notice and 
to assure you of my hi^h appreciation of the 
prominence given me m your magazine. I 
nave been a reader of your magazine for 
several years, having first subscribed to it 
through a local newsdealer, and for the last 
three or four years have received it direct 
from you. It always contains items of great 
interest to me and, in my opinion, no stenog- 
rapher can afford to miss it." 

TlfH^ are under obligations to Mr. Charles 
^*^*^ M. Miller for a copy of the '* Miller 
Reading and Dictation Book," written in 
Oregg Shorthand. This book was prepared 
expressly for use in the Miller School, 1133- 
1 135 Broadway, New York City. The plan of 
the book is what one would expect from such 
a thoroughly practical man as Mr. Miller. 
The important word and phrase outline is 
given in the vocabulary preceding each letter 
and legal document. By faithful practice in 
reading and writing, as directed, the per- 
severing, conscientious shorthand student is 
bound to succeed. 


Chapter V. 

We will now try to explain why the Re- 
sources and Liabilities account balances. 
Let ua look for a moment at our Trial 
Balance, The figures In It are all footings 
of account columns. Instead of using 
tbeee foottngB we could have obtained a 

trial balance by taking only the difference 
between the (ootlnga. We have arranged 
such a trial balance of differences In 
parallel columns with another of the usual 


Of Difprrencbs. 

Henry Brown 

Real Estate 2000. 

Merchandise, 2836. 

Bills Parable, 100, 

H. Anderson & Co., ; 500- 

F. Horner. . 36.03 

Bills Receivable 32. 

First National Bank i8ia. 

Jas. Snell &Co., 115. 

Touls, I 7431-03 














Instead of taking a trial balance of dif- 
ferences in one operation, we could have 
taken it in sections: balancing eacb sec- 
tion by taking the differences of its foot- 
ings, and carrying these diflerencea down 
from one section to the other. Let us di- 
vide the Trial Balance of Differences we 
have taken into sections as shown by the 
dotted lines and go through the operation 

The difference between the In and out 
columns of the first section is t3T3.03, 
the out column being the greater. Bring- 
ing this down to the out column of the 
second section, we get a difference in this 
section of 1747, the out column again 
being the greater. Bringing this (747 
down to the out column of the third sec- 
tion we find that Its columns balance as 
they should. 




Henry Brown, 





Real Estate, 





Balance brought down 

Bills Payable, 

H. Anderson & Co 




F. Horner 




Balance brought down, 

Bills Receivable, 

First Nat»l Bank, 



Jas. Snell & Co., 




This kind of trial balance may be di- 
vided into any convenient number of sec- 
tions, it matters not how many; and the 
last section will always balance. Now, 
this is Just the method used in making up 
the Loss and Gain and the Resources and 
Liabilities accounts; they both together 
being a sort of trial l3alance of differences, 

Triai, Bai^ancb of 


Real Estate 



H. A & Co. 

F. Homer 


First Nat. 

J. S. & Co. 

Trial Balance of 

H. Brown . 




H. A. & Co. 


First Nat. 

J. S. & Co. 

Real Estate 


F. Horner 


First Nat. 

H. Brown 


H. A. & Co. 

J. S. & Co. 

in two sections. It only differs from this, 
in that the difference of the columns in 
the first section instead of being carried 
directly to the second section, is carried 
to it through the proprietor's account by 
adding it to its proper column in that ac- 
count, and so making the difference be- 
tween the columns of that account dif- 
ferent from what they previously were. 

We will now try to explain by the aid 
of diagrams why a trial balance of differ- 
ences balances. Let the sections of col- 
umns represent the different amounts in 
the columns of ilie Trinl Bjlflnce of Totals 
and the Trial Balance of Differences and 
all the sections together, in each column 
represent their totals. We may imagine 
these columns te represent rolls of silver 
dollars, each roll containing as many dol- 
lars as the trial balance indicates^ and 
all these rolls labeled and placed one upon 
the other as in the diagram. Both col- 
umns will then evidently be of the same 
height, since they contain the same num- 
ber of dollars. We will now take out of 
both columns in Fig. 1, the packages 
marked Merchandise, set the packages 
both on end, cut off the longest even with 
the shortest and place back into the col- 
umn it came from the piece cut off from 
the longest which will contain $2626.97. 
Since we have now kept pieces of equal 
length out of both columns, and since 
both columns were the same lengtn be- 
fore, it follows that while they are both 

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X)naid pnB nara qi[a jo nnj 8| Xj)nnoo aq) 
)Bq) !no aapoBJd o) iB)ja)Bra jo X)na|d 
SI ajaq) )Bq) 3ni)BaS9ns 'ja))aq Sniq)arao8 
o) ano)8-Sn)dda)s b sb iCqdBjSona)8 jo 
a3pa{Mon3f b ajfnbaB o) snosjad dnnoiC 
sasiApB 'aiqBinaiBani pnB aiqBjarannni 
BB jaq)a3o) an|))9S jo 8)ganaq aq) o) sjaj 
-aj ja)ijM aq) '8jaqdBjSona)s jo snoinnaj 
IBnnnB aq) jx\ ajn)Baj iBpoB aq) Bapisag 


')nnoa3B sapniq 
-Bn piTB saojnosaH aq) jo 'njBO puB ssoq 
aq) a i 'saonajajjia Jo aonBiBQ ibjjx aq) 
o) aanBiBq aq) jo dni)sod aq) B)nasdJdaj 
raojj araBO )| nraniod aq) o)nf q))^nai snid 
-jns aq) jo iiDBq Snn)nd aq) pnB )nnoaaB 
nB JO SnpnBiBq aq) s)nasajdaj q)Snai snid 
-jns B JO jjo Sni))no aqx 'saonajajjia JO 
aouBiBS IBIJX aq) s)nasajdaj iCuBajqdBJJS 
qaiqAL 'g '9\^ u\ n^oqs sj )inBaj [Bng aqx 
•qoBa JO ano Xino s| ajaq) asnBoaq paqano) 
-nn )jai ajB snoj janjoH 'A aq) PTB a)B) 
-sa iBan aq) 'nMoja iCjnaH aqx •q)3nai 
TBnba jo aq SiCBMiB ni^ Bnranioa q)oq 'ajoj 
-aq SB SnfnosBaj araBS aq) Xq pm sq)dnai 
asaq) aoBidaj naq) a^i 'snoj 'oo 9 nang 
BaraBf aq) pnB snoj ^inBg iBnopBM "XBix^ 
aq) 'siioj aiqBAiaoan sma aq) 'snoj 'oq 9 
noBjapny 'h aq) jo q)^na[ snfdjns aq) jyo 
)no )xan aAV •q)Snai [Bnba jo aq nps )snra 
Xaq) iBnba ajdM snranioa q)oq aan|B pnB 
'q)anai iBnba jo saaajd )no )da^ aABq npsJSB 
aAL aanis 'uoj jadnoi aq) jjo )na aoa|d 
aq) a^Bidaj pnB 'snoj asipnBqajai^ aq) 
JO asBo aq) n; sb XfnaAa jjo raaq) )n3 'aiqB 
-iCBj sing paiiJBra pBq aM qafqM. snoj aq) 
aiiB) Mon in^ aA\ ■q)Snai iBnba jo nP^ 
ajB Xaq) ')8J{) )b ajaM Xaq) nBq) ja)Joqs 


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"Uauflb an& (Brow fat." 
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Depicts possibilities of Shorthand In i 
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The National Shorthand Reporters* 

IATTERS in Uie National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association — 
and I think along other short- 
hand linea as well — have not 
— progressed as rapidly and as 
satisfactorily the past jear as 
they should, or as we anticipated. Great 
promises were outlined by our ComniiUef on 
Legislation, e, g., and great things were ex- 
pected, but very small results have been 
realized. Many expressions of disappoint- 
ment on account of this have come to nie. 
and are beginning to make their way into 
the pages o£ the phonographic magazines. 
Reporters in the different parts of the land 
are already murmuring, inulteriiig regrets, 
and deploring the "fact" (as they call it 
and see it) that the National Shorthand 
Reporters' Association is not a prodncer of 
practical results — that it entertains well at 
and is successful as a 

"nintnal admiration" society, but is a 
failure in the accomplishment of much- 
needed good work. 

Thus ever have forward movements been 
untimely and unkindly criticised and even 
condemned. Many high and holy minded 
men, with intelligent efTort, have struggled 
faithfully and persistently aloug special 
linea of human progress, but to be laughed 
to scorn while engaged in their well-doing, 
and the fniits of their labors perhaps were 
not realized until long after they sought 
repose beneath the dandelions and the daisies. 

To look ou and laugh — to sit listlessly by 
and lament-'to doubt and not /o 1/0— to stand 
face to face with failure at the start and not 
shouldertoshoulder with success — to "throw 
cold water" rather than to give to drink of 
the eanie^these are some of the regretable 
characteristics of that great mass of anti 
press- forward ites, who look not up, neither 
lift up. 

Thus ever has the shirker from duty 
scoffed at the soldier— thus ever has the 
sluggard in' his tent derided the standard- 
bgnrer in the field. The one is a passive 
non-doer, the other an active doer ; the one, 
when he awakens from his long-drawn-out 
sleep, fusses and fumes, fidgets and frets, 
while the other falters not, faints not, though 
hot aud prolonged the fight, and sleep is 
unknown to liim save when nature enforces 
its presence and power. The one never 
enlists, the other never surrenders. The one 
evades duty, the other does duty. 

To mend matters it will be necessary to 
liestir ourselves, to get our forces in line for 



the Buffalo Convention, August 19th- 24th, 
1901, bring it off successfully, and then and 
there, among other things, put in action 
legislative machinery such as will not become 
passive and listless when we return to our 
homes, but which shall have an impetus 
back of it that will not falter nor fail. 

In writing as I do many may think I am 
condemning, but I am defending the 
officers and committees engaged in the work 
of building the second story of our national 
shorthand structure. That we have not 
wrought in keeping with our intentions goes 
without saying, but who ever does ? What 
hidden hindrances lie in life's peculiar path, 
obstructing the way, which to the eye looked 
clear in the distance. How easy and uni- 
versal the wish for gain and profit, but 
how slow, how hard, the process and re- 
alization. If but little has been done, the 
more the reason to fall in line. If there is 
work to do, 'tis no time to talk of the poor 
and futile efforts of the Past. The Present 
is greater than the Past — the Future will be 
infinitely greater than the Present. 

The trouble with the National Shorthand 
Reporters' Association is that it is not yet 
sufficiently well organized, neither has it 
acquired the necessary experience to enable 
it to cope successfully with the problems it 
is seeking to solve. As in an army the 
general and his staff cannot win battles with- 
out soldiers — and good ones, too — neither 
may we expect to produce sought-for results 
in the National Shorthand Reporters' As- 
sociation until we are well equipped for the 
struggle. The president of this organization 
needs not only a staff of officers and 
committees, at headquarters, but a branch 
in every State, comprising a zealous company 
of co-workers, and not a beggar's dozen of 
"doubting Thomases." We are becoming 
more thoroughly organized and equipped, 
and in quite a number of States loyal as- 
surances are given which are eminently 
satisfactory. These reporters who are asking 
what the National Shorthand Reporters' 
Association is doing to justify itself are 
respectfully and most cordially invited to 
attend the Buffalo Convention, where their 
presence and co-operation will be most 
emphatically acceptable. 

The attitude of the rank and file of re- 
porters has changed somewhat the past few 
years. Then they said there was nothing 

that could be done by national organization ; 
now the hue and cry is that there is mtuh 
to be done, but the association is not doing 
it. They now recognize the needy but dis- 
pute the remedy, with characteristic Ameri- 
can impatience. They are like some people 
who expect to be cured of a disease by the 
first dose of medicine, or else chanjje 

What we need is co-operation, not common 
scolding — supporters, not scoffers. 

I ask the ardent aid in these matters of all 
reporters, for they are of vital concern to 
the shorthand profession in this country, and 
as the things we are after are worth having, 
so, according to the old saying, they are 
worth fighting for. 

Preparations ior the Buffalo Convention— 
which will be a grand joint meeting of the 
National, New England and New York 
associations — have already begun in earnest, 
at our headquarters for conducting the 
campaign. It is desired that the members 
of the Executive Committee shall proceed 
without delay to the work of organizing their 
respective State forces, engaging the earnest 
support of all reporters, and creating and 
building up that keen interest in the work 
of the convention which is needed to make 
it satisfactorily successful. 

Though the campaigns conducted thus 
far, since the proposed organization of this 
association at Nashville in 1897, on down to 
Chicago- 1899, when permanent organiza- 
tion was effected, and from then to now, 
may not have been fraught with measures of 
success such as would please those who love 
the ideal so nmch, but love to do nothing 
still more, yet we will not be disheartened 
or dismayed (for our nature knows it is folly 
to give up, it is right to '* press forward,") 
but we will meet and greet you there, gray 
in the service, it is true, after many years of 
hard fighting, but without a faltering step, 
with a trustful heart, looking ahead; and 
when the Buffalo Convention has finished 
its work, if we have all done our part {you 
as well as myself), we shall achieve another 
victory such as will atone for all pa*^ 

'• Press forward ! " 

Kbndrick C. Hili*, President, 
National Shorthand Reporters' Association. 

Trenton, New Jersey, 
.\pril9, 1901. 


£astem Commercial TeacHers' Association. 

^m^H'B annual nieetiug of the Kasteru 
€1. Commercial Teachers' Association 
^^ was held April 5 and 6 at Providence, 
R. I. The opening session was held in the 
aaditorium of the Mathewson St. Church— 
a room splendidly adapted for convention 
purposes. Here the association listened to 
a warm address of welcome by Mr. J. E. 
Kendris, member of the Common Council 
and Board of Education ; an address by 
President R. J. Shoemaker ; and a talk on 
*• The Evolution of the Business Man " by 
Dr. W. H. P. Faunce, President of Brown 
University. It was but a couple years ago 
that a prominent college president slight- 
ingly referred to commercial schools as 
•* clerk factories," inferentially instituting 
unfavorable comparison with the endowed 
institutions of learning. In this connection 
it is interesting to quote the remark of Dr. 
Faunce, that *' all schools are parts of a 
single school, having a common aim — the 
education of the masses. They must work 
together ; isolation is death — division is 
defeat.** Here is evidence awakening re- 
cognition of the important work being done 
by the commercial schools — a recognition 
largely due to the intelligent and persistent 
efforts of the teachers' associations. The 
day is not far distant when commercial 
education will occupy the high place in 
public estimation to which it is justly en- 
titled. But the associations must not abate 
in the least — rather increase — their efforts to 
develop every educational possibility, and 
the schools must be ever on the alert to re- 
spond to these quickening impulses, by 
broadening and strengthening their courses. 
Another thought emphasized in these open- 
ing addresses, and echoed in nearly every 
paper of the two-days meeting, was the im- 
portance of cultivating the reasoning and 
thinking faculties of pupils. The mere pre- 
sentation of facts does not educate ; mind- 
training demands first and unremitting at- 
tention in all branches of learning. 

After E. N. Huntsinger, of Hartford, had 
successfully demonstrated that he did not 
love vertical penmanship '' even a tiny little 
bit," the meeting adjourned to the rooms of 
the Bryant & Stratton Business College, 
where .the remainder of the session was 

The space to which I am restricted renders 
a detailed report of the proceedings im- 
possible. The program was carried out as 
previously published, with the exception of 
the papers of Messrs. Billings and Dexter, 
who were unable to attend. I am, of course^ 
speaking mainly of the Shorthand section, 
whose session was separate from the Business. 
The discussions, as usual, proved not the 
least interesting feature of the meeting, and 
were participated in by Messrs. Fulton 
Torrey, Smith of Port Deposit, Miller, Ferris 
of Big Rapids, Glick, Moore, Kels, Scully, 
Kinsley, Piatt, Morse, Hope, Beale, HeflBey, 
Rowe, Trainor, Griffin, Horton, Heaney, 
Healey, and Misses Smith and Wolfenstein. 

Mr. Strickland thought that grammar, 
spelling, rhetoric, English, history, and 
geography should be included in the short- 
hand course, but preferred that a pupil possess 
this knowledge before entering, others 
thought that a rigid preparatory examination 
would render the introduction of these 
studies unnecessary*. 

The interesting paper of Mr. B. J. Griffin 
on " The Phonograph for Dictation Work '* 
developed the fact that the phonograph is 
chiefly useful in dictating to advanced classes 
where considerable repetition is desirable. 
It is satisfactorily used in this limited way 
by Griffin (Springfield), Glick (Concord), 
Moore (Trenton), and others. Mr. Griffin 
eulogized Jas. N. Kimball, of New York, as 
the promoter of the use of the phouograph 
in commercial schools. He had no fear that 
the phonograph would ever supersede the 
pencil and brains in practical work. 

Mr. C. M. Miller's subject, "Should 
Book-keeping be an Elective Study in the 
Shorthand Course," caused considerable 
animated discussion. The general opinion 
was that shorthand and book-keeping should 
not be taught concurrently in an ordinary 
shorthand course ; though a combined 
knowledge was desirable if acquired separ- 
ately. Mr. Heffley said he gave a combined 
course covering ten months, with satisfactory 

Miss Stella Smith's paper developed ilie 
opinion that dictation direct to the type- 
writer was principally valuable in the school 
room in conferring facility of manipulntion. 
The positions in which dictation is taken 



directly upon the typewriter are compara- 
tivelv rire. 

Mr. Kinsley, in his inimitable way, por- 
trayed the orthographical and mental de- 
ficiencies af the average amanuensis. Said 
that accuracy was preferable to speed. 
Thought the average beginner was worth no 
more than six dollars a week. Preferred an 
amanuensis without office experience, rather 
than one who knew too much. • 

A motion to make the Phonographic 
World the official organ of the Shorthand 
section was voted down, it being preferred 
to give a free field to all the magazines with- 
out show of partiality. 

In the main session, Messrs. H. G. Healey 
and \V. N. Ferris gave instructive and en- 
tertaining talks on the moral side of business 

Friday evening a delightful gastronomic 
and intellectual feast was enjoyed by the 
meml>ers at the Eloise Banquet Hall. Mr. 
L. L. Williams, of Rochester, shone as toast- 
master ; and responses were made by 
Messrs. C. C. Beale, Boston : Geo. S. Murray, 
N. V. : J. \V. Warr, 111. ; \V. N. Ferris, 
Mich. ; G. Aymar, Boston ; and Hon. T. B. 
Stock well, Providence. 

The officers for the ensuing year are as 

follows : President — E. E. Gaylord, Beverly, 

Mass. Vice Presidents — \V. B. Sherman, 

Providence, R. 1. ; Miss Cora Burbank, 

Boston, Mass. ; T. B. Moore, Trenton, N. J. 

Treasurer — M. D. Fulton, Auburn, R. I. 

Secretary —A. S. Heaney, Providence, R. I. 

Assistant Secretary — Miss Stella Smith, 

Hoboken, X. J. 

Ex- President R. J. Shoemaker, of Fall 
River, Mass.. was elected delegate to the 
National Federation, the next meeting of 
which is to be held at St. Louis during 
Christmas holidays. 

Thanks were formally tendered to Mr. T. 
B. Stowell, the veteran educator, and pro- 
j)rietor of the Bryant and Stratton Bus. Col., 
for his many courtesies in behalf of the 

About sixty new members were adnnitted 
at the Providence meeting, and there are 
now over 2(X) teachers on the roll. And 
still thev come. 

The next meeting of the E. C. T. A. will 
be held the Thursday, Friday and Saturday 
immediately preceding Easter, 1902. in the 
Rooms of Temple College, Philadelphia. 
The co-operaliun of Hon. John Wanamaker, 
Mayor Ashbridge, and other prominent men 
is assured. 

CH.A.S. T. Pr.ATT. 

3he Slational Shorthand Steporten* 


^mm^HE National Shorthand Reporters' 
^1 Association through its Executive 
\i^ Council, has decided that its annual 
convention at Buffalo shall be held on Tues- 
day and Wednesday, August 20 and 21. The 
New York State Stenographers* Association 
according to its constitution has fixed 
Thursday and Friday, August 22 and 23, as 
the time for the holding of its annual session. 
Time will also be allotted during this week 
for the meeting of the New England Short- 
hand Reporters* Association which will hold 
its annual convention in conjunction with 
those of the National and New York As- 

The National Association through a 
committee at an early date will make 
arrangements for suitable hotel accom- 
modations in Buffalo for all persons who 
may attend this meeting, notice of which 
arrangements will be given as sopn as per- 

James D. Campbell, 

Secretary- Treasurer. 

Spartanburg, S. C. 

 * ^ 

Siational Shorthand Ueaehers' 


202 Broadway, New York. 
April 12, 1901. 

Mr. Francis H. Hkmpkrley, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Mr. Hemperley : 

" I wish that you would call the attention 
of your readers to the fact that the writer, 
as Chairman of the executive committee of 
the National Shorthand Teachers* Associa- 
tion, is very desirous of hearing from all 
who are interested in that organization, and 
especially in the programme that will be 
given at St. Louis next December. The 
committee has taken some plans under 
advisement but we feel that we should like 
to hear from the profession at large regarding 
their views as to the topics to be discussed. 
Will each teacher send to the writer at least 
two topics he would like to have discussed 
at the December meeting? It is necessary 
that this information be received at as early 
a date as possible. In order that the next 
programme may be the very best ever given 
by the association, the plans must be care- 
fully laid and the work taken up with en- 
thusiasm at once. 

Address all communications to the writer 
at 202 Broadway, New^ York." 

Very sincerely yours, 

Horace G. Healev. 



Hovr to Secure Lavr Report- 
er's Position. 

HHE following coTrespondence be- 
tween 3 Southern stenographer 
and the editor, is self-eiplan- 

' ' I am desirous of securing a 
situation in Philadelphia as ste- 
nographer and typewriter, and I write to you 
to Unci out whether you will be able lo help 
me out in chat direction. 

" I am a young man twenty-three years 
old, learned shorthand during my leisure 
momenta when I was sixteen years old, but 
never used it for practical purposes as a 
stenographer uiTtil nearly two years after 
that time, my first position being iu the law 

offices of Messrs.— — - — . After being 

with that firm for several years, I then went 

with Mr, of the and Circuit Courts 

of , and. in addition, did work for the 

Judge as a side issue. While connected 
with the Clerk's OfBce here, I accepted a 
position in January, 1899, as stenographer 

and private secretary to Hon. , one of 

(he L'nited States Senators from , and 

had to be in Washington during the session 
of Congress which was held in thai year. In 
the Spring of 1900, I resigned my position 

with Mr, and resumed my former 

position with the Clerk of the Courts here. 
I was with the Clerk here until the Summer 
of 190a. when I accepted my present position 

, with whom I have been connected 

since that time. 

"My past experience of five years has 
been continuous, and I have been fortunate 
enough in doing work, outside of those by 
whom I was regularly employed, tor a great 

many people of various ways of dictating 
and at different rales of speed, and to every 
one I have given perfect satisfaction. 
' "I have a bona fide shorthand speed of one 
hundred and twenty-five words per minute, 
and can transcribe my notes from fifty.five 
to sixty words per minute by the hour. On 
the 2oth of this nionth I stood the United 
States civil service examination in- — —and 
had no trouble in passing the one hundred 
and forty words per minute test, and wrote 
from dictation on the typewriter sixty words 
per minute with ease. 

" The firm with whom I am now engaged 
does about the largest law business here ; 
but I am desirous of getting into a court 
reporter's office, if possible, so I can 
thoroughl3- prepare myself for thai line of 
work. If you do not know of au opening 
in a court reporter's office. 1 will be glad to 
get a position with a big law firm in Phila- 
delphia, and while there I may be able to 
work myself into the court reporter's chair. 
If you do not know of a place with a law 
firm in Philadelphia. I will he glad to get 
one with some big commercial bouse (hat 
will pay a reasonable salary, 

" I have done a great deal of outside work 
in other lines of business for the business 
men here in addition to my work in the law 
offices, and am continuing to do (hat now, 
and, for that purpose, prepared some time 
ago the enclosed card which was mailed to 
every business house here."— Inquirer. 

letter convinces me that you would be 
valuable as stenographic amsnueusis in a 
law or court reporter's office, or a very de- 
sirable stenographer for a lar^e law firm. 
The composition of ' ' ' " 

letter, and the 



finished appearance of the typewriting, in- 
dicate thoroughness and competency. These 
qualities, coupled with your apparent en- 
thusiasm in ^our business, your age, the 
practical business experience which you 
have had and your proficiency in shorthand 
(not sufficient, however, for the court re- 
porter's chair) should enable you to com- 
mand a responsible and lucrative position. 

I note that you limit your desire for em- 
ployment to Philadelphia. I snggest that 
you write to every law and court reporter in 
that city, communicating the facts contained 
in your letter now l>efore me, enclose one of 
your cards and tender your services. On a 
separate sheet herewith enclosed, I submit 
names of some of Philadelphia's law and 
court reporters. I would also suggest that 
you put yourself in communication with the 
employment bureaus of the different type- 
writing machine companies. They may be 
able to assist you. — H. W. T.] 

Windsor, Ontario. 

I am very desirous of securing* a copy 
of the report, described in this clipping 
(relating to National Shorthand Reporters* 
Association) from February Stbnographbr. 
** If you will advise me where I may get a 
copy I shall be obliged. 

F. Messmorb." 


Answbr :— [The Secretary-Treasurer of 
the association is Mr. James D. Campbell, 
Spartanburg, S. C, from whom I believe a 
copy may be obtained. I am unable to give 
price of same. — H. W. T.] 

The April issue of Chat^ published month- 
ly by Manhattan Reporting Co., American 
Tract Society Bldg., N. Y. City, was prompt- 
ly received. Brother Sweeney is putting 
forth a sparkling, helpful publication, which 
reflects his unbounded enthusiasm and 
optimism. May success attend him. 

Cot&rt Room CcKoes. 

f I 

TThOSE who waited for the Rauber- 
^ Bloom case to go on trial were am- 
ply repaid by the juicy dialogue between 
Attorney Ward and a witness, Louisa Brown. 
Mrs. Brown is a sister of Rauber and does 
not feel over friendly to the Bloom family, 
as the latter were complainants in a Police 
Court case against her. Attorney Ward in 
bringing these facts before the jury sought 
to show why she gave testimony that was 
inimical to the cause of defendants. She 
testified that the two men brought their 
booty consisting of coffee pots to her house 
and hid them under the porch. 

•' How do you know it was on November 



'* Because I know." 

** How do yon know? " 

*' Because I ought to know." 

*' But how do you know ? " 

** Because I am no fool." 

Mr. Ward left this point and asked, or 
rather started to ask, if she wrote a letter 
to Peter Rauber stating that she would " fix 
him *' if he dared to take the stand snd tell 
what he knew about the coffee pots. 


" He borrowed — " 

"you write — " 

" forty ccnts- 

"to Peter—" 

" on my name — " 

" and say — " 

" from the grocer—" 

"thatif he— " 

"and I—" 

"dared to take— " 

"want it—" 

"the stand you—" 

"back. I—" 

" would fix him? " 


She then told about buying a coffee pot 
from Bloom for 20 cents which turned out to 
be stolen property. But all the testimony 
was delivered with such machine-eun like 
rapidity that by only using both ends of the 
pencil could the stenographer take it down. 

The entire morning was taken up with 
denials, fierce and strongly put. punctuated 
by occasional questions by the counsel. As 
for waiting for a question to be completed 
before replying, no such trivial formalities 
were considered by the witness." — Rochester 

" Mr. EvARTshad some striking peculiar- 
ities. His intricacy of speech was mar- 
vellous, and the best shorthand writer in 
the world grew dazed when he spun out one 
of his long sentences." — Exchange. 

Peculiar names of a panel of jurors; 
Betts, Riddle, Barber, Close, Handy, Berry, 
Marsh, Miller. 

Eloquent counsel pleading for a M^i 
sentence upon his client who had pleaded 
guilty : He is the orphaned son of a 
widowed mother.** Again: " His parents 
are both dead : his father at the age of 
eleven and his mother twelve." 

JUDGB Simpson has decided adversclv 
the case where T. D. Hillman, of St. Paul, 
Minn., one of the district court stenogra- 
phers, brought action to recover $$2$ for 
services as stenographer in connection with 
the investigation ordered by Gov. Lind into 
the oflScial affairs of Register of Deeds 
Frank Metcalf. 

The Utah Senate has passed a bill creat- 
ing the ofiice of supreme court stenographer 
at an annual salary of |i200. 

H. W. ThornK. 



iVre IVoinen Stenographers Lems in Demand? 

L. E. H. writes us: "1 have been a ste- 
nographer for a short time only, and am 
holding mj first position. Recently, I have 
heard so many comments upon the waning 
influence of women on the stenographic 
market that I am commencing to think of 
the future with foreboding, and wonder if I 
• really did a wise thing in taking up the pro> 
fesaion of shorthand. What is your opinion?" 

We are very glad to hear from this young 
friend,'and hke the tone of her communica- 
tion very much. We conjecture that she is an 
earnest, painstaking worker, and that she 
bos gone into the stenographic field to win 
her way. We take this opportunity to 
repeat the request that inquires of this or a 
similar nature be sent to us without reserve, 
as it is always a pleasure to g^ive or get the 
desired information. 

Unless all signs fail, there need be no ap- 
prehension on the part of women stenogra- 
phers concerning the future of their work ; 
just at the present time the woods appear to 
be full of— well, what shall we call them? 
Croakers will fit best, we think, if not pes- 
simists ; and we look upon all this adverse 
criticistn, comment and dismal prediction as 
unconscious compliments to the sex ; for if 
each statement be shifted, it will undoubtedly 
be found that it has its foundation in the 
mind of some disappointed or embittered 
individnal, who takes an isolated case as 
indicative of the whole sitnation. There was 
never a time when the outlook was brighter 
or the opportunities for women so promising ; 
true, there are fewer "raw recruits" from 
the shorthand colleges being employed, but 
this, in a way, is an unmixed blessing, as it 
is quietly but surely leading to a raising of 
the standard at these " temples of learning'* 
and giving more openings for the experienced 

There is a clacs which, thinking that such 
and such a movement should be a failure, 
straightway sees everything moving in that 
direction ; there is another class that wishes 
to see a venture go a certain way and im- 
mediately it takes that trend ! From both of 
these classes are the ranks of those who look 
for eventual vanquishment of the women 
stenographers partially filled : and our 
friends in reading these doleful prognoatica- 
tiona about their future, must bear this in 
mind, discount the prophecies and take 
comfort from the healthy indications of 
progress around them. No doubt, the letters 
from women, in defense of their position in 
the stenographic world, have been ex- 
aggerated in the newspaper controversies, 
alluded to ; but none the less have the state- 
ments of the men been highly colored and 
scarcely drawn from the " well of truth." 

So let us take heart and go forward, de- 
termining to do our best and leave the 
verdict to our employers. The individual 
cases, when massed, form the basis upon 
which we women shall be judged ; and it 
behooves each one of us to set a high 
standard and press on towards the goal. 

SoutKern Business Women. 

SAYS that friend of women, the ■•New 
Orleans Picayune:" — "The business 
woman has come to stay ; the professional 
woman has arrived, as the French say, in 
law, medicine and journalism, and is even 
filling a few pulpits. There is hardly en 
occupation or a career that is not as open to 
one sex as to the other ; and nowadays every 
woman's talents alone set the lirait to her 




Everywhere in America men have been 
generous competitors to women, and this is 
particularly so in the South. Here the 
working woman occupies a place that is 
absolutely unique, and enjoys a considera- 
tion and respect that is shown her nowhere 
else on earth. This is due to many causes 
— the chivalry of our men, for one thing, 
and for another to the fact that behind the 
counters, before the typewriter, even tread- 
ing the weary measure that is set to the song 
of the shirt, are hundreds and hundreds of 
women who represent the very best blood of 
the old Southern aristocracy. The civil war 
brought ruin and desolation to many 
families, and from these ruined homes were 
recruited the ranks of the women who are 
the breadwinners of to-day.** 

Association Corner. 

^|jrf|OMEN lawyers to the number of 
^»^*^ fifteen in New York City have a 
club of their own. The club room is light 
and commodious, and plainly, but beauti- 
fully furnished. There are several members 
who at one time were stenographers and who 
used that art as a " stepping stone to higher 

Notes from tKe Field— Per- 
sonal and OtKenvise. 

A Shrevkport woman who refutes the 
old theory that a woman cannot be a good 
business man is Miss Delia H. Jacobs, who is 
the assistant secretary of the Shreveport 
Mutual Building Association, and who per- 
sonally manages nearly all of the clerical 
and business affairs of a company that has 
over a million dollar stock subscription 

Miss Abbib Land, who has been em- 
ployed as stenographer with the Metro- 
politan lyife Insurance Co., at Norristown, 
Pa., has been appointed cashier of the 
Western district in Philadelphia. Miss 
Margaret Kuder will succeed Miss Land as 

Wah-TA-waso, the Indian maid, whose 
intention to enter Radcliffe College has been 
noted in the Boston papers, is at present a 
capable stenographer in that city. 

Adjutant-General Baker has ap- 
pointed Miss Roberta Coleman, of Charles- 
ton, W. Va., to be his stenographer, succeed- 
ing Miss Fannie Long. Miss Coleman will 
assume her duties at once ; she is one of the 
best stenographers in the State, and until 
the expiration of Governor Atkinson's term 
was in his office, where she gave eminent 
satisfaction. Her host of friends will be 
pleased to hear of her success. 

From Mail and Express : '* An employer 
of several stenographers says there is the 
greatest possible difference in what he calls 
' office manners' among his employees. The 
perfect office manners in his estimation are 
those that are absolutely impersonal, where 
the rapidity and finish of her work are the 
first things in the mind of the girl of the 
pencil and machine.'* 

Police Commissioner Murphy, of Kew 
York City, has appointed Miss Eleanor 
Griffin a stenographer in the Police Depart- 
ment, at a salary of $i,ooo a year. She was 
assigned to the office of Second Deputy 
Commissioner York in Brooklyn. Tins is 
is the second woman, besides matrons, 
appointed on the force. 

For the first time in the history of the 
medical profession of South Carolina, two 
young women have been graduated as 
practising physicians from the Medical Col- 
lege of that State. Diplomas were awarded 
to Miss Eniilie M. Velett and Miss Rosa 
Hirscham of Charleston. They are the first 
women graduates of the institution, and it is 
believed now that other young women will 
seek an education for similar work. 

County Judge Washburn, of Rochester, 
N. Y., has appointed Miss Sarah M. Bloimt 
grand jury stenographer for Genesee County, 
to succeed Mrs. Arthur H. Marshall. 

Autograph letters of famous men will be 
far rarer in the future than now. Great 
men of to-day content themselves with 
sigiiiug their names, often with rubber 
stamps, to typewritten documents, and it will 
be hard to get much sentiment from type- 
written manuscripts. 

Here is a '' want notice *' which appeared 
the other day in a morning paper : " Wanted 
— a stenographer who can cook." Evident- 
ly, the tea movement in the office is leading 
to greater things ; a typewriting machine 
with an oil stove annex is a glittering possi- 
bility in the business career of the new 
woman of the future ! 

By request, we will next month consider 
beauty as a factor in obtaining and holding 

Ida E. Turner. 



department ot (practical (Brammar- ^ 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Euclid Ave*, Phila., Pa. 
Instructor in Grammar, Rhetoric and EtymolosT^. 

lu using prepositions, (i) have them APT ; 
(2) avoid those that are needless ; (3) insert 
those that are needed. In the sentences 
following, see in what ways they violate the 
three cautions relative to prepositions. 

Mr. Buchanan never agreed to be put in 
such a ridiculous position. The ladder is 
the length of the house. Please speak with 
the prisoner. The boys hung onto the 
branch. Harshness forced him in bad 
company and wrong living. Kindness has 
scarcely ever known of a defeat. The value 
of Florence looks pale and dull in comparison 
of our rich valleys. Sea air seems not to 
agree to his health. Where has he gone to ? 
For what crime was he punished for ? He is 
the size of his older brother. From thence 
it was that traders and soldiers set out. 
Stand a man between every tree. He be- 
came involved into trouble. All the troops 
from hence are sent you. In which class 
are you in ? Where are you living at ? 
Thomas is different to William. Sincerity 
is the value of knowledge. La Salle affirms 
that he discovered The Ohio as far as to the 
fall which obstructed it. I placed the basket 
inside the door. He is a man of about forty 
years of age. He will loom about my busi- 
ness while I am gone. The type, press-work, 
and paper are each worthy the publishers. 
Jefferson studied during his college course 
for sixteen hours on each day. They tread 
on my heels. The train stops in Lancaster. 
Choose between one of the six applicants. 
He was long in attendance to the king. This 
reminding me your kindness is reproving of 
me. We own other horses besides these. 

Notice was brought me of the attempt. The 
bird sits outside the window. Divide the 
fodder among the horses. This knowledge 
is indispensable for every American citizen. 
They seemed angry with my course. Put a 
partition between each horse. I differ with 
you in many ways, but do not differ with 
you about many things. They carried 
tidings of what had befallen to their country- 
men upon the mainland. Jackson showed 
a willingness to profit by every opportunity 
for a quarrel. The choice lies between the 
three candidates. They have more houses 
to rent besides these. The too spun round. 
The rat sprang from out a hole in the floor. 
We thought the house would be clean, but 
were disappointed of it. Stay off of the wagon. 
.Work shall be done from your suggestions. 
Compare my writing to his. Are you re- 
lated with this man? The fight went on 
until the whole Turkish squadron, save for 
the steamer, was destroyed. They are in 
need for funds. The boys jumped on the 
wagon. Catch onto the back of the wagon. 
Without genius, no book is destined a long 
life. I am pledged for his support. Don't 
come near me. He can count up to sixty. 
Ascham taught to Queen Elizabeth Latin 
and Greek. I call by the name of wisdom 
knowledge pervaded through and through 
with the light . of the spirit of God. Look 
for it inside the closet. He has gone out- 
side his jurisdiction. The tree is the height 
of the steeple. They stood near to the fire. 
John is liberal of his money with me. I put 
a coat around about his shoulders. This is 
a path onto pleasure. He was dismissed 
the office. Where are you working at ? We 
all object the proposition. They listened out 
of respect of his age. They have spoken 
him in regard of your case. Communicate 
daily to him while he is absent. 


k||k R. CHARLES F. LARKIN, Official 
^11^ Stenographer, Superior Court of 
Montreal, Canada, writes as fol- 
lows: "I have used the leaac Pitman 
ejrstom of shorthand (or a conaldarable 
number of years, as an Official Court Re- 
porter, and In fact. In almost all kinds of 
tecbnical reporting. I And it equal tA 
every emergency, boUi as to speed and 
legibility. It is a noUble fact that the 
entire Bngllsh staff of the Canadian House 
ot Commons, numbering six, are all writ- 
ers of the Isaac Pitman system, and that 
eight out of the eleven English OlSclal 
Stenographers In Montreal (including the 
Superior and Police Courts) are writers 
of this system. I believe the "Complete 
Phonographic Instructor' the most satis- 
factory text-book on the subject ot pho- 
nography yet published." 

Since last reported, the certlflcate of 
proficiency for teachers of the Isaac Pit- 
man Phonography In the United States 
and Canada has been awarded to the fol- 
lowing successful candidates: Mies Flor- 
ence B. Whipple, Alton, 111., and Charles 
A. Lyche, Hatton, No. Dak. This diploma, 
the examination for which Is based on 
a knowledge of the system as presented 
In the Isaac Pitman "Complete Phono- 
graphic Instructor," will be found very 
valuable in the hands of teachers of this 
system. It Is issued only by Messrs. 
Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square. 
New York, and from whom further par. 
tlculars can be obtained." 

Mr. Qeo. W. Burgoyne. an expert re- 
porter In the Isaac Pitman system, has 
recently opened a school at S5 Dearborn 
street. Chicago, III. Mr. Burgoyne ts 
spoken of as a teacher of much ability 
and will no doubt achieve deserved buc- 

Key to Isftftc Pitman SKort- 

Rep(1nl»d from Pllmin's nxh CEnturj Dictation Book 

Messrs. Pbabson & Co., 
N. Y. City. 
Gentlemen: Like most advertisers, we 
presume you are willing to consider a 
new avenue to publicity — provided the 
way Is made plain and results are at th« 
other end. "Dunn's Magazine" is a new 
channel between you and purchasing peo- 
ple, upon which you may safely venture. 
You win only repeat the economical re- 
sults achieved by all of the advertisers 
In our English edition — now almost 300.- 
000 monthly circulation. The first num- 
ber of the American edition appears July 
1, Vol VI., No. 1. It Is in no sense ex- 
perimental, as the contents In "Dunn's" 
has long been the backbone of one of 
our biggest ten-cent magazines. ''Dunn's" 
will have the grown-up. finished appear- 
ance of a magazine made by. men wbo 
know their business. It is only made a 
ten-center because we mean to have a 
half-million circulation. We begin with 

If you are looking for new buyers, the 
introductory proposition (enclosed) 
should interest you. 

Yours truly. '(169) 

fientlemen: We are mailing you under 
separate cover a sample copy of "Learn- 
ing by Doing." an educational Journal 
which occupies an entirely new place In 
the educational field. 

Having by our publications practically 
revolutionized the method of teaching 
Book-keeping and Business Practice In 
commercial colleges throughout this coun- 
try, the requests have been numerous 
that the same or similar methods be 

naniComplewPh'-noeMjihlclnilniclor, J50pp..$T.5O: >PWr.>j:raphlcDkllonary. Willi fht ihnrlhiind 
Pllman'sjn'th tefiluryDlei-iHon.ind Ue-il Fomis. ajfi pp . vjc. tubllsh^ by Is-iac Pi ima n & Sons' n 




Graded Exercises and Correspondence on ** Isaac Pitman's Complete 

Phonographic Instructor." 




Advertising: Correspondence. 

^^ Peaeson & Co., N. Y. ..(?.x 

^^-y^ y^\J^ 1, .^. CX_0 , %.Vx L ""vOi-P 

^d Flinn Bros., n_<«^, N. Y. 

Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman ft Sons, 33 Union Square. New 


Branching Out. 

( F,-om San Frauchco llulhlin ) 
I from April number.) 


—a blamed thing that occurred— that the 
Holy Land story was all i)ure Imagina- 

"One preacher from Boston told Mark 
that he was going to have that book in- 
troduced into every Sunday-school in New 
England, and he was satisfied It gave a 
better description o( the Holy Land than 
any other book ever written. 

•■The luck— it you may call It luck — 
that followed Mark's Holy Land trip con- 
tinued. One young fellow named Lang- 
don, of Eltnlra. N. Y.. had accompanied 
Sam on his trip to Palestine. Mark went 
to visit him, fell In love with Langdon's 
sister, married her. and found himself 
the aon-ln-law of a millionaire. Mr. and 
Mrs. Clemens were set up in an elegant 
residence in Buffalo. His books boomed. 
He lectured to packed houses. In the 
early seventies be had already become 
what Kipling was in the literary world 
a couple of }'earE ago. The world knows 
the rest of his atory pretty well, for to-day 
there is not a humorist who compares 
with Mark Twain, and there are no rivals 
for the throne he occupies. 

"Mark Twain is a humorist, but he is 
something more. He has common sense 
and breadth of tMought, and these have 
made him great. Bill Nye was one ot 
these humorists who. like Mark, made 
good sense an element In his writings. 
Too many men write only to l>e funny. 

"Mark Twain writes pure English, sim- 
ple, forceful, beautiful. His early life in 

the West gave him breadth of feeling, dis- 
regard of conventionalities." 


Miss Helen Keller has Just succeeded 
In passing her mid-year examinations at 
Radclifte College. She has passed most 
creditably, competing with scores of 
young women, among the most intelligent 
In the country. Miss Keller has been' 
from her birth deaf, dumb and blind. 

In her case, absolute mental concen- 
tration has replaced all of the three fac- 
ulties which all of ua would consider es- 
sential to the acquisition of knowledge. 

Helen Keller cannot hear a word that la 
spoken, but she places the tips of her fin- 
gers on the throat of her teacher, knows 
everything that the teacher says, and as- 
similates the knowledge. 

When you talk about the difficulties In 
your life, does It not make you ashamed 
to think of a young girl who studies 
higher mathematics with the sole aid of 
the sense of touch? 

Helen Keller has never heard the sound 
of a human voice, yet she has thorougbly 
mastered the English language, and has 
passed examinations in French and Ger- 
man, in Latin and Greek. 

Miss Keller Is sightless, yet she writea 
on the typewriter as rapidly as any expert. 

It is not alleged that Miss Keller is a 
young woman of vastly Euperior natural 

Conceiilrete your mind. Don't be beaten 
in life's striiRgle by a young: girl who 
cnnnnt see. cnnnot hear, cannot speak, — 
-V. y. Joumai. 





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furnUh''tlii» pSblic«1ioiirir4 Si 
idea of the ■ystnti.— /?^. K. Tpmbo. 

Corresponding Style. 

Dear Sib: In reply to your (avor ot tne 
SOth inst., will say that there Is no move- 
ment in summer made goods In our mar- 
ket. We could not encourage you to ship 
to any extent. We have a little print 
stock that we will be glad to dispose of 
when It comee In, but we have found' It 
an Impossibility to Snd buyere for old 
goods. We have rather thought that there 
was a chance of doing a little better for 
the new year, and have concluded (or the 
present to slack up. Again thanking you 
for your kind thought In this matter, 1 

Very truly yours. 

Dear Sin: Your favor of the 30th came 
to hand. 1 note what you say In refer- 
ence to the order from the Revere Rubber 
Company for shut-off nozzles. Send the 
sample thread here. I have before In- 
structed you to do that, but you no doubt 
have forgotten. Do not wait a moment. 
When you get sample threads for anything 
send it right here to our factory at once. 
We either cut the thread here our- 
selves, as we do that kind of work, or will 
s.nd It from here to the Callahan factory, 
as circumstances may require. Now you 
see by your writing and asking what to 
do with sample thread we are losing two 
or three days of time. Remember from 
this out that anything that comes In the 
way of sample threads to the odlce send 
here at once by boat; make all shipments 
by the boat, as It is much cheaper and 
handier for us. 

Yours truly. 

w Era of PhonographT," aawell as tbecirculai 
le general principlM of C«beleber(ter syalem. 

Reportinz Style. 

In the closing days of April 
of visitors from the North win go to 

Hampton for the annual spring exercises, 
to Winston. N. C for the annual confer- 
ence, and afterward to Tuskegee. Ala. 
These vlBlts are of the greatest interest 
to those taking part In them, and ought 
to be of essential service In spreading a 

A Practical LCMOi 
•ball be pleaaed li 
} wiaheato fom ai 

Vivid and accurate Impression of what is 
doing in the way of education at the 

Probably there never has l>een a time 
when more was being done In any land 
for such a work than in our country at 
the present time, and yet what Is actually 
doing is far behind that which ought to 
be done, and ultimately must be. Edu- 
cation In the South, both for the blacks 
and for the whites. Is as much a problem 
and a duty for the North as for the peo- 
ple of that Immediate section. For the 
institution of slavery, which was the 
cause of the utter want of negro educa- 
tion, the North was as distinctly if not 
as heavily responsible as the South. For 
the war that destroyed slavery and with 
It destroyed much of the resources on 
which education for whites and blacks 
depended the responsibility of the North 
is direct, and It Is Increased by the fact 
that victory was with tte North in the 
struggle. It is, then, the plain duty of 
the North to aid in every feasible and 
effective way to promote the schools 
which the South Is crippled in supplying. 

It is not a question of voting money 
from the National Treasury. That, in our 
Judgment, Is not a sound principle, and 
If It were it cannot secure the approval of 
the country. It has been debated and 
failed. Nor Is it a question of what Is 
usually called charity. It is rather one 
of enlightened self- protect ion on the one 
hand and of manly and sympathetic 
brotherly feeling on the other hand. The 
most precious and lasting Interests o( the 
Nation depend directly on the provision 
made for education In the South, Inevi- 
tably and rightly the greater part of that 
provision must come from the South it- 
self. But very valuable help can be given. 
It Is being given at Hampton and at Tus- 
kegee, and at many less prominent points, 
given In the right spirit and under Intel- 
ligent direction. These are the exam- 
ples of what should be done on a tar larger 
scale, and the better they are known the 
more sure It is that the larger work will 
be undertaken. — New York Times, April 
14, 1901. 

• b«oka [prie» ISe. aaeh) apply to t 

I IntwnaHoMl 




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Injuries from Displaced Wires. 

«gr T would seem too plain to require 
II argument that the allegstioas of 
II the petition show negligence on 
the part ot the telephone company. Un- 
der the facta ajid circuaiBtancea stated 
the wire was an obstruction upon the 
public highway. Travelers were liable to 
collide with It, and injurious conse- 
quences to them would follow as the na- 
tural and probable result of such contact. 
Article 622 of the Revised Civil Statutes 
ot Texas provides: "Corporations created 
for the Qurpose of constructing and 
maintaining magnetic telegraph lines are 
authorized to Bet their polee, piers, abut- 
ments, wires, and other Bxtures along. 
upon, and across any of the public roads, 
streets, and waters of the State. In such 
manner as not to incommode the public 
in the use of such roads, streets, or 

The duty on the part of the telephone 
company was clear to prevent Its wire 
from becoming an obstruction on the 
highway. Under the circumstances shown 
the defendant in error might have been 
hurt by coming In contact with the wire 
of the telephone company, and Injuries to 
the defendant In error might have re- 
sulted. Independent of the fact that the 
wire at the time was loaded with a 
charge of electric fluid from the clouds 
and storm then prevailing. So that it le 
diHcult to see how this verdict could be 
disturbed even If the contention of the 
plaintlfl in error Is correct, that the elec- 
tricity with which the wire was charged 
at the time was the proximate and Im- 
mediate cause ot Injury to the defendant 
in error, for which the telephone company 
cannot be held responsible. Negligence la 
a mixed question of law and fact, and Is 
a question for the Jury, under proper in^ 
structlons from the court. It is not 
claimed here that the court misdirected 
the Jury in its charge on the law of the 
case, and the verdict Is: "We, the jury. 
And for the plaintiff In the sum ot twenty- 
five hundred dollars." The jury found 
negligence on the part of the telephone 
company, resulting In injuries to the de- 
fendant in error, and for which they as- 
sess bis damages at )2,500. It le not 
shown that the Jury found that the wire 
ot the telephone company was charged 

with electricity at the time the defendant 
in error came In contact with it, and that 
the electric fluid was the cause of the In- 
Jury to the defendant In error, and so It 
is not clear that there was any error In 
the ruling of the court, even upon the 
theory of the case insisted upon by the 
plaintiff in error. No point Is made on 
the question of contributory negligeace, 
and the contention of the plaintiff In 
error seems to l>e that the petition 
states the cause of action to have been the 
Injuries which resulted from the fact that 
the wire at the time of contact with It by 
the defendant wae charged with electric 
fluid, for the creation and existence ot 
which the telephone company was In no 
sense responsible. Persons, however, 
must be held to know the ordinary opera- 
tions of the forces ot nature, and to use 
proper means to avert danger. If the elec- 
tric fluid with which the wire o( the tele- 
phone company was charged at the tine 
was an element or the main element In the 
production of the Injuries to thedefendant 
in error, still It is clear that the displaced 
wire furnished the means of the com-, 
munlcatlon of the dangerous force which 
resulted In the injury to the defendant Id 
error. Science and common experience 
show that wires suspended in the atmos- 
phere attract electricity in the time of 
storms, and when so suspended and in- 
sulate'! are dangerous to persons who may 
at such tlmea be brought in contact wltb 
tbem. and the petition charges that, dur 
Ing electric or thunder storms, such wires 
ordinarily become heavily charged with 
electricity, of power suSclent to cause 
death or great injury to those coming in 
contact with them: and whether this 1« 
so or rot is a question oi fact To say 
that the agency of the telephone wire In 
the production of the Injury was Inferior 
to that of the electric current. whicK 
was the main cause, la not satisfactory' 
it Is. In fact, to admit that the company's 
displaced wire furnished the means W 
which the dangerous force was communi- 
cated to and injured the defendant In 
error. Elxtract from opinion of Judge 
Bruce In Southwestern Telegraph and 
Telephone Company vs. Robinson, i" 
Fed. Rep.. 810. 



Injuries Irora Disp\ace'i Wires 

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Contractions and Word-forms. 

(Continued from Marcb number.) 

be questioned or challenged, or his com- 
pliance wiiu blB regular agreementa 
be preyented. and additional disguai- 
IflCBLionB be determined upon by In- 
conelderate officials, to disorganize trade 
and to put difficulties In the way of com- 
mercial transactions? If It Is decreed that 
manufacturers and banks and buBlnesB 
establlshmentB are to be subsitantlally 
forced to assignments by the application 
of this rule, we apprehend that loss of 
personal security may follow the loss of 

10. What Is tbe slKolflcance of tbis un- 
considered resolution? What 1b to be 
Its longer continuation, or tbe possibility 
of the frequency and duration of Its dis- 
tinct and unconditional enforcement? 
What doctrine determines its Indispen- 
sable neceeslty, or requires this commis- 
sion of injustice? How Inconsistent are 
the extravagant technical arguments in 
explanation of the determination to com- 
pel acquiescence In tbIs transition toward 
flnanda] destruction! The circumstances 
connected with this destructive demon- 
stration by tbe dlgnllled and consequen- 
tial gentleman who assumed to be tbe cor- 
rector and governor of the postal affairs 
of the republic, and who Is really respon- 
sible for the bewildering sense of inse- 
curity and apprehension so generally felt, 
are arousing sucli Indignation and anger 
as should at least lead bim to heed the 
expression of the diesatlafactlon so univer- 
sally entertained. The complication la 
exceedingly serious, a^nd we trust tbat 
it will at once attract the attention of the 
authorities, and that they will teach a les- 
son to this tranalent pronclent in legis- 
lation that will be Instructive to such as 
he for all time to come. — The Modern 

11. It is not strange that mistakes 
should occasionally be made by stenog- 
rapbers — indeed. It would be strange If 

there were not. They generally occur 
from mlBunderBtandlng the words of a 

speaiter, or from misreading the notes la 
the hurry of transcription. Tbe latter iB 
most likely to cause such mistakes, espe- 
cially where It Is necessary to dictate tlie 
notes to another stenographer. Probably 
tbe most dangerous mistakes are occa- 
sioned from writing the same outline tor 
two or more words which the context will 
not aid in distinguishing. Some systeroB 
of aborthand fumlsn many opportunities 
for such mistakes, as, where the words 
at all and until are written alike. If a 
witness should testify, for instance. "I was 
not In Brooklyn until the flrst of March," 
the most expert reporter or copyist from 
such a system might readily fall Into the 
error of writing. "I was not In Brooklyn 
at all. tbe first of March;" and the result 
to the witness might be by no means 
pleasant If be should be indicted for per- 
jury on account of tbe statement thus at- 
tributed to him. 

12. Closely associated with the atenog- 
raphers in this great city, is a vast army 
of typewriters, most of them ladles of 
education and culture. They have their 
ofllces, make very good Incomee and live 
well. They have a uniform scale of pricea, 
charging Ave cents a folio for a single 
copy, eight cents for two copies, and ten 
cents for three. Some of them become 
very enpert In the use of the typewriter, 
and often write at the rate of seventy-flve 
words a minute, but of course such a speed 
cannot be kept up for any great length 
of time. Many of these ladles are ex- 
perts In shorthand, and are able to take 
dictation from the official stenographers, 
and even to occupy reaponaible positionB 
as reporters. Their work, like that of 
official stenographers. Is often tedious, bul 
It is generally very pleasant and satisfac- 
tory. They are able to earn good Incomes, 
frenuently as high as from (1,500 to 
J2,500 a year. 

W^'Of^oodby's noneiic Shortho'id l^anual. tr.!s: Stredhook (ivilhoiit key). S'-OO; 
Compendiiitn. for the vest-pocket, soc : Word- Book. Sr. so : The Great Moon Hoax {engraved 
shorthand's $r.2S. For sale by The Stenographer Pri'niinf and Publishing Co.. 

40S Drexel Biiildine, Philadelphia. Pa. 






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♦jTiN OBTAINING high speed In Bhort- 
■I hand, it is well for the student to 
 remember that rest has Ita fruits 
as well as continued effort. The athlete 
m strengthening his muscles, does not 
exercise with the dumbbells from early 
morning until late at night, but IneistB 
upon frequent intervals of rest, that there 
may be a period of growth. So It is In 
attaining high speed In shorthand writing 
Over-eiertion dullg one's perception and 
renders all the faculties employed some- 
what Incapacitated. The ambitious young 
writer la very likely to overdo in his 
anxiety to succeed. 

Some eleven years ago, when the writer 
was a resident of the State of Idaho a 
Constitutional Convention was held In the 
eapltal city of that State. Mr. Sholes, 
the veteran shorthand writer of PorOand 
Oregon, was the offlelai reporter of the 
proceedings. Each day. Immediately upon 
adjournment. Mr. Sholes retlrod to his 
room at the hotel, there to rest his body 
and refresh hU mind by scanning the 
pages of the current magazines or read- 
ing light literature and news of the day 
At that time the writer was struggling for 
hlgb speed in his reporting work and 
was In the habit of taking his notes home 
with him at night to read them over and 
correct faulty outlines. Mr. Sholes taught 
him that, after a hard day's work In re- 
porting, the mind needed rest In order 
that It might be fresh and vigorous for 
the next day. 

It Is difllcult to read notes when one 
knows that he la going to fall, whereas 
if one goes about the task confidently, he 
■wll! be surprised at the ease with which 
the seemingly impossible outlines are dis- 
cerned. Therefore. In this lesson I would 
suggest that a period of rest follow that 
of long-continued application In prac- 
ticing for speed. This period of rest 
does not mean Idleness, but change of 

Great Modern Presses. 

(Continued from the April Number.) 
in their ordinary issues ten or twelve 
pages. Of these the press will turn out 
72,000 In an hour, 1,200 to the minute 
or twenty every second. 

The machine weighs over sixty tons 
and Is massive In its proportions. Yet Its 
touch la as deft as that of human fingers. 
It handles the papers accurately, cuts 
them precisely and folds them up evenly, 
all with a speed that Is weli-nigh Incred- 

lU operation Is easy and reaistless. A 
man throws back a lever; the many ahatta 
and cylinders begin to revolve, going 
faster and faster until the etreama of 
white paper are pouring Into the machine 
too rapidly for the eye to measure. On 
the other side the printed sheets rain out 
so fast that one sees only the continual 
flash o( the steel fingers that aetze and 
forward every sheet. The operation of the 
press at its highest rate of speed means 
that each paper receives Its Impression In 
less than one-flfth of a secona. How a per- 
manent Imprint can be made In that space 
of time is a marvel difficult to compre- 
hend. Yet It Is done. The Ink does not 
amut or rub off, and even the most del- 
icate lines of an llluatration are accu- 
rately reproduced. 

It Is easy to understand that auch a 
machine as thia, performing many differ- 
ent operations, represents a aeries of 
achievements rather than a single one. It 
is a gradual and natural development 
from the wooden screw press used by 
Gutenberg back in the middle of the fif- 
teenth century. But while there is no 
hard and fast line separating the new 
from the old or the perfect from the prim- 
Itlve In the history of printing, there are 
certain dates that are marked by notable 
advancea and improvements In the art 
One important change took place In 
1S06, when a Saxon named Frederick 
Koenlg devised a form of press In which 
the paper was carried on a cylinder and 
received Its impression from a form ot 
type carried backward and forward on a 
flat bed. The first of these cylinder 
presses was little more rapid than the 
earlier hand and lever forms, because the 
cylinder had to stop three times— that is, 
had three separate motions — to each Im- 
pression. But In 1814 Koenlg Improved 
on this by a continuously revolving cylin- 
der press, which attained a rate 
of 800 sheets an hour. The advance 
(To be continued.) 





- ^z ^ 





7%i? (7///y ^^o^j Ma^ present the Graham system in its purity are pub- 
lished by Andrew J. Graham df Co.^ i/jj Broadway, New York. Catalog and 
circulars free. 



Sboctbanb at Ibome. 



1. Curved stems are made double their 
normal length to add certain final sylla- 
bles, viz.: 

2. Ing is double-lengthed to add "kr" 
or "gr" syllables, as in "anger" (ang-gr), 
"anchor" (ang-kr), etc. 

3. Emp-b is double-lengthed to add "r," 
as in "ember" (emb-r), "temper" 
(temp-r), etc. Thus, the thickening and 
lengthening combined adds "pr" or "br" 
syllables to Em. 

4. Making double-length any other 
curved stem adds the syllables "tr." "dr," 
or "thr," as in "winter" (win-tr), "slaugh- 
ter" (slaw-tr), "murder" (mr-dr), 
"smother" (smuthr), etc. 

5. The syllable added by lengthening 
reads after any vowel sign placed after the 
lengthened stem. Thefrefore, if such syl- 
lable immediately precedes a final-vowel 
sound, the double-consonant sign, or some 
other sign which will permit expression 
of the final-vowel, must be used. See line 
1 of plate, and contrast: Anger, angry, 
hunger hungry, ember imbrue, winter 
wintry, weather Withrow, psalter sultry. 

6. Vowel signs are placed at the begin- 
ning, middle* and end of stems, the same 
as in the case of single and half-lengths. 

7. The first half of a lengthened non- 
horizontal stem is placed in a desired po- 
sition, viz. : The first half is placed above 
the line for the first position; on the line 
for the second position, and through the 
line for the third position. Horizontals 
are positioned the same as for single and 
half lengths. See line 2 of plate, and 
contrast: Flitter litter, flutter ' letter, 
fatter latter; neither smother matter fin- 
ger lumber elevator. 

8. The circles and loops are attached 
to lengthened stems in the same manner 

as to other lengths. See line 3: Walters 
Astors lingers cylinders. 

9. If a lengthened sign represents a 
primitive word, the signs of the addi- 
tional sounds of a derivative are joined 
to such primitive stem to form the out- 
line of the derivative. See line 3: matter 
material materially materialize immate- 
rial materializes; (line 4) alter unaltered 
unalterable, center central centrifugal 
concentric, further furthered, furtlier- 
most furthermore. 

10. In rapid utterance the words 
"their," "there," and "other" are often 
heard as "thr" slurred with preceding 
words, viz.: "When their-there" (heard 
as "whenthr"), "some other" (heard as 
"sumuthr"), etc. The lengtnening prin- 
ciple may be appropriately used in repre- 
senting such phrases. See line 5: When 
there is. if there is. in their, in all their, 
some other, receive their, through their- 
there, reclaim their, so there is, resign 
their, over their-there. 

11. Straight strokes are occasionally 
lengthened to add "tr" or "thr" where ex- 
perience has demonstrated that such 
lengthening cannot be construed as re- 
peating the straight-stem consonant. The 
following are some safe instances (see 
line 6) : Instructor prosecutor persecu- 
tor protector respecter instigator exhib- 
itor contractor refrigerator. 

12. Word Signs: (see line 7). Entire, 
another, writer, rather, longer, letter, em- 
barrass, further, murder. 

13. Test Words. — Shatter desolater 
smatter psalter frittered fiattered somber 
water watery sentry thither lighter swel- 
ter oyster smother damper father laugh- 
ter (Uiftr) alter ultra exhibitor, tender 
Janitor legislator swifter refrigerator di- 
rector wilderness literally literal. 


The Stbnographbr way live long, be very 
useful ill their day and geueratioD, and grow 
old as gracefully and aa patiently as tUose 
wbo know that, in the great hereafter, tbey 
shall all assume the golden maturity of the 
celestial life, and continue unceasingly 
happy in the endless activities of a life in 
which the element of time haa no con- 

VOL. XVI. MAY, 1901 

No. 5. 

"Tbe BtenoKrapher" Ib publlibei 

I Id tbe Interest 

ol the Sliortliana and Typewrltln 

K profession ol 

ystemB BDd all 

ognltlon la lU 

™T™'ilumnB ol "The Slenogr 

■pber" are al- 

wajB open to correBpondenu. W 

e Bball be glad 

la publlih maCterB of Interest to 

tbe proleialon 

Id all lU braDOhes, Cgmmunicai 

lions sbauld b« 

BddrcBsed to the Editor, who Lb 

lor tbe DpiDloDB of corresponden 

and the publlsherB will appreclBle 

ImproTement In any of Kb depart! 

Issued OS the Brst ot eacb mon 

BubiCTlpilon; United States, Ca 

nada and Mei- 

Ico, tl.OO a Tear; otber places Lc 

1 Postal UaloD. 


A Surprise to the 


lilHEN the editor of Thb Stenocrapbrr 
^ received bis desk copy, last month, he 
was very much surprised to liud that his 
associates had taken advantage of him by 
the use of an inaert page containing a half- 
tone cut which had recently appeared in a 
Masonic publication. Of course, it is a 
pleasant surprise, and if the subscribers of 
Tas Stenographbr will recognize that tbe 
editor was absolutely unaware of the fact 
that this photograph was to appear, he will 
forgive his associates for making him thus 
seem to " blow bis own horn." 

As he looks at this cut, he realizes that it 
is a long time since be was a boy, but as he 
looks into his own beart it seems as though 
his boyhood days had never left him. He 
can only wish that all of tbe subscribers to 

Tbe Steoographec Prtatiag & Publishing Co. 

408 Diexel BuiUlag, PhtU., Pa. 

Francis H. Hcaiptrley. President and Editor. 

John C. Dixon . Secretary and Treasurer. 


lyi R. WILLARD B. BOTTOMS, of aao 
i I Broadway, New York City, is wel' 
and favorably known in the pro- 
fession as an expert reporter, but while many 
can write shorthand, not every one baa the 
faculty of teaching it. Mr. Bottom e is also 
an expert as a teacher, and his book with 
above title will lead the thoroughly com- 
petent amanuensis over the road toward 
the goal of rapid and accurate court work 
in tbe easiest and quickest manner. 

Tbe price of tbe book is only $1.00, and 
Mr. Bottome guarantees satisfaction or 
money refunded. Undoubtedly, there are 
thousands of shorthand writers in the 
country to-day who would be much benefited 
by a careful study and faithful observance of 
the principles and lessons set forth in this 
interesting and valuable manual. 

THE South Bend (Indiana) Commercial 
College seems to be very popular. Its 
management evidently understand bow to 
deserve success, as was indicated by a re- 
ception and eutertaiiiment recently given 
by the faculty and students. The progratnnie 
was an address of welcome by Prof. W. T, 
Boone, orchestral selections, solos by Fnif B. 
R. Thomas, readings by Miss Orlelia Bell, 
followed by a formal reunion and refresh- 



*• Mr. F. H. Hbmperley, 
Dear Sir : , 

I take the liberty of writing to you, as the 
highest authority I know of on stenography. 
I do not wish to take more than a minute of 
your time, but I would be exceedingly 
gratified if you would drop me a line telling 
me what you think of the system of short- 
hand as regards speed, especially as com- 
pared With the system. 

I had always supposed the latter to be the 
most rapid system when once thoroughly 

acquired, but one of students gives a 

testimonial in which be claims to write 252 
words per minute after less than 4 months 
study— he having no knowledge of short- 
hand previously. Either this man must be a 

terrible liar, or I should suppose the must 

be //j^ system to write. With its non-position, 
non-shading and connective vowels, it is 
doubtless, an easy system to learn, much 

easier both to write and to read than the , 

and one can probably become proficient 
therein in a fraction of the time required by 
J^^^-T-- B«t, notwithstanding all the 
testimonials' presented, I can scarcely 
bring myself to believe that it can be written 
as swiftly as the old system. 

I should like to have an expert opinion 
about this, and I hope you will not consider 
It too much trouble to tell me just what the 
facts are. I enclose stamp for answer, for 
which I beg to thank you in advance.'* 

Dear Friend : 

You are entirely correct in your supposition 
in the matter referred to by you. It is a good 
deal easier to build a one-story shanty than 
a four-story modern dwelling, and the differ- 
ence between the shanty and the dwelling 
fairly represents the difference in value be- 
tween the two systems. 

For a summer vacation in the woods, the 
shanty is the thing, but for the varied require- 
ments of civilized life, a man who has the 
leisure and the money will select the house 
every time. 

lyi R. J. A. HARARDER, principal of the 

' ^ Shorthand Department of the New 

Era Business College and Institute 

of Shorthand, West Superior, Wis., writes as 

follows : 

•'I find The Stenographer to be very 
helpful to me in my work, being quite * up- 
to-date,' and containing points of informa- 
tion that I cannot get elsewhere. I am 
pleased to say that we have a flourishing 
Shorthand Department, and are turning out 

some well equipped stenographers. We 
be4ieve in the long term, and a thorough pre- 
paration in English and office work. We 
teach the Touch method of typewriting ex- 
clusively, and are meeting with good results 
with it." 

We are pleased to know that this school 
believes in the long term and thorough 
preparation. Short terms and insufficient 
preparation have been the bane of the 
business long enough. The Stenographer 
will support such schools. 

lAf E have recently come into possession of 
^ a copy of Volume i of The Stenog- 
rapher, bound in half morocco, and a com- 
plete set of the same unbound, either of 
which copies which we can sell at for |10.00 
for the bound and |9.00 for the unbound 

I HE stenographic skill and legal \oTt of 
^ Henry W. Thome, the editor of the 
Law Reporting Department of The Ste- 
nographer, well-known as a Couusellor-at- 
Law and Official Court Stenographer, at 
Johnstown, N. Y., has been happily utilized 
by Messrs. Isaac Pitman and Sons, in the 
presentation of ** Instruction in Legal Work 
for Court Stenographers and Law Students." 
This appears in Pitman's Twentieth Century 
Dictation Book and Legal Forms, pages 171 
to 210 inclusive, and is also published 
separately in pamphlet form, with cover, at 
25 cents per copy. 

QECEIVED from Messrs. Isaac Pitman & 
1 ^^ Sons, 33 Union Square, New York, 
" High Speed in Shorthand; How to 
Attain It,*' by Bernard De Bear, principal 
of Pitman's Metropolitan School, London. 
Lithographed in easy reporting style by Al. 
Monroe Peebles, with key in letter press 
(counted for dictation purposes). This is a 
second edition, revised and enlarged. Retail 
price 25 cents. 


(WtRooBSMurtiMJidcaOktMtan wditalstd tlit Sapnauj of U« Dnltad SUtM 1> Sumu 

K WELL-KNOWN ofBcial stenographer seii'l* us the above with the folIowtDg comment : 

■^^ " The Coon stenographer's attitude reminds one of the ease of our office female 

amanueuses when Ihcy are in court, except the girl generally rests her chin on her hand to 

show her riags and ennui." 

JHARVeV RUSSELL hns been appointed 
• chief stenographer of the new Court of 
Common Pleas No. 5, of Philadelphia. 
Pa., by Judges Martin, Ralston and Steven- 
ion. Mr. Riis£ell has had large experience, 
and is ondoubtedly appointed upon his 

A SUBSCRIBER is desirous of securing a 
-^ copy of The Stenographbr for Jan- 
uary, 1899, Volume 14, No. 1. to complete 
bis file. If any of our readers can supply 
this number plea<>e rnniniunicale with ui. 

Jamee F. Willie, 1427 BucHd Ave., 
Philadelphia, author of ■'2000 Drill Sen- 
tencea for Grammatical Analysis," "Gram- 
matical Cautions," "Short Process Series 
In Arithmetic," etc. 

Professor Willis la a. genius in the art 
ot booh making. He succeeds !n putting 
into these monographs all that Is neces- 
sary tor a comprehensive treatment in a 
surprisingly small space. In this book 
he shows clearly that the chlel offlce of 
punctuation ia to unfold the meaning of 
sentences with the least trouble to the 
reader, and to bring out the sense ot the 
writer to beat advantage. The keynote 
to his good sense Is In this sentence, 
"Judgment often dictates the omission of 
marks sanctioned by good usage, and Quite 
as often dictates the Insertion of marks 
not accounted tor by good usage." There 
are 840 illustrative sentences In the book, 
all carefully selected and arranged. — Jour- 
nal of Education. 

NotKing For a IVoman 
To Say. 

tT is hard tor a man to write a love-letter, 
■^ but I do not see how a woman can do it 
at all. A man can use pet names freely and 
say all sorts of sweet things to a woman. A 
woman, though, is even afraid to tell a man 
that she loves him, and yet she knows that 
her lover is almost dying to hear her say 
that. You could not tell me that I am 
pretty and sweet, could you ? You could not 
praise my cherry lips, my peachy cheeks. 
my lustrous eyes and my snowy brow ? Not 
if you told the truth, you couldn't. You 
cannot tell me what a nice little sweetheart 
I am and say that you would give your life 
and the world and several other trifles for 
just oue kiss ? You cannot tell me that you 
love me because I am so good, and that I 
would lake first prize at an international 
Ijeauty show. You cannot tell nie how many 
men you have given up for me, that my love 
i* the one great hope of your life and if you 
do not get me the sun and stars will be 
blotted out, the earth be rolled up like a 
patent window curtain and alt creation be- 
come one horrible hiatus. Such talk as 
this is allowed to men, but it seems to me 
that there is hardly anything at all that the 
women can say. I sympathize with you, 
darting, and I will try to be satisfied if you 
will only call me— &c., &c., &c. 

W. W. Sticklby. 


Injuries from Displaced Wires. 

wr T would seem too plain to require 
II argument that tbe aUegatlonB ol 
II the petition show negligence on 
the part of the telephone company. Un- 
der the facts and circumstances stated 
the wire was an obstruction upon the 
public highway. Travelers were liable to 
collide witb it. and Injurious conse- 
quences to them would follow as the na- 
tural and probable result of such contact. 
Article 622 of the Revised Civil Statutes 
of Texas provides: "Corporations created 
for the Qurpose of constructing and 
maintaining magnetic telegraph lines are 
authorized to set their poles, piers, abut- 
ments, wires, and other fixtures along, 
upon, and across any of the public roads, 
streets, and waters of the State, In such 
manner as not to incommode the public 
in the use ot such roads, streets, or 

The duty on the part of the telephone 
company was clear to prevent Its wire 
from becoming an obstruction on the 
highway. Under the circumstances shown 
the defendant In error might have been 
hurt by coming in contact with the wire 
ot the telephone company, and Injuries to 
the defendant In error might have re- 
sulted. Independent of the fact that the 
wire at the time was loaded with a 
charge of electric fluid from the clouds 
and storm then prevailing. So that it Is 
difficult to see how this verdict could be 
disturbed even If the contention ot the 
plaintiff In error Is correct, that the elec- 
tricity with which the wire was charged 
at the time was the proximate and Im- 
mediate cause of Injury to the defendant 
in error, for which the telephone company 
cannot be held responsible. Negligence Is 
a mixed question of law and fact, and Is 
a question for the Jury, under proper In- 
structions from the court. It is not 
claimed here that the court misdirected 
the jury in its charge on the law of the 
case, and the verdict Is: "We, the jury. 
And for the plaintiff In the sum of twenty- 
flve hundred dollars." The Jury found 
negligence on the part of the telephone 
company, resulting In Injuries to the de- 
fendant In error, and for which they as- 
sess his damages at (2,500. It Is not 
shown that the Jury found that the wire 
of the telephone company was charged 

with electricity at the time the defendant 
in error came in contact with it, and that 
the electric fluid was the cause of the In- 
Jury to the defendant In error, and so It 
Is not clear that there was any error In 
the ruling of the court, even upon the 
theory of the case Insisted upon by the 
plaintiff In error. No point is made on 
the question of contributory negligence. 
and the contention of the plalntlO In 
error seems to be that the petition 
states the cause of action to have been the 
Injuries which resulted from the fact that 
the wire at the time of contact with it by 
the defendant was charged with electric 
fluid, tor the creation and existance of 
which the telephone company waa In no 
sense responsible. Persons, however, 
must be held to know the ordinary opera- 
tions of the forces of nature, and to use 
proper means to avert danger. If the elec- 
tric fluid with which the wire of the tele- 
phone company was charged at the time 
was an element or the main element In the 
production of the injuries to the defendant 
in error, still It is clear that the displaced 
wire furnished the means of the com-, 
munlcatlon of the dangerous force which 
resulted in the injury to the defendant in 
error. Science and common experience 
show that wires suspended In the atmos- 
phere attract electricity in the time of 
storms, and when so suspended and In- 
sulatei are dangerous to persons who may 
at such times be brought in contact with 
them, and the petition charges that, dur- 
ing electric or thunder storms, such wires 
ordinarily become heavily charged with 
electricity, of power sufficient to cause 
death or great Injury to those coming In 
contact with them; and whether this Is 
so or not is a question or fact. To say 
that the agency of the telephone wire In 
the production of the Injury was Inferior 
to that of the electric current, which 
was the main cause, is not satisfactory. 
It is, in fact, to admit that the company's 
displaced wire furnished the means by 
which the dangerous force was communi- 
cated to and injured the defendant In 
error. Extract from opinion of Judge 
Bruce In Southwestern Telegraph and 
Telephone Company vs. Robinson, 50 
Fed. Rep.. 810. 





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Court Reporter, Equluble Bldg. 





punctuation anb Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS, U27 Euclid Avc.,Phila. 

Author of "aooo Drill Sentences for Oram matlcal 
Analysis," *'arainmstlcsl Csutions," ** Short Pro- 
cess Series in Arithmetic,'* etc. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a genius in the 
art of book making. He succeeds in 
putting into these monographs all that is 
necessary for a comprehensive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Journal of Education, 


Stenographers for 
large salaries. Address, 

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9 COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
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XVI, PHILADELPHIA. JUNE, 1901. Number 6. 

L. £. BONTZ. 

First I'ice President of Ike National Shorthand Reporters' Assoeiation. President of 
the California Slate Stenographers' Association, and Official Reporter of the Supreme Court 
of Sanla Clara County. 

O. C. Gaston, James D, Campbell, Charles 
H. McGurrin, Louis E. Schrader, W. H. 
Macfeat, Dr. Radolf Tombo. F. O. HofTmaii. 
Charles Currier Beale, Peler P. McLoughlin, 
J. D. Strachan, Biiford Duke. Miss Frances 
A. Hoover. Frauk H. Burt, George C- 
Palmer, Charles L. Morrison. Miss Jessie 
Besack. Robert H. Atkinson, Col. Henry C. 
Demming, Miu M. Jeanelte Ballanlyne, and 
numerous oiliers—who for some years liave 
been attempting the uiohilizalion of its 
natural forces and earnestly endeavoring, 
with constancy and zeal, to permanently es- 
tablisli a national organization of shorthand 
reporters, such as shall prove a boon and a 
blessing to themselves and llieir posterity — 
among all these none is more invariably 
calm, courteous, careful, and none more 
successful, thpn L. H. Bontz. 

As chairman of the California organization 
committee of the National Shorthand Re- 
porters' Association, and practically as [he 
conductorof its campaign in the Pacilic Coast 
region; asanactiveparlicipHntinihe Chicago 
organization convention of 1899, and as a 
member of its coustitulional conimiltee : as 
second and first vice president. lespectively, 
during the two years of the Association's ex- 
istence : as twice president of the California 
State Stenographers' Association, where the 
land teems with shle and brilliant reporters 
as it does with flowers— Mr. Bontz has ful- 
filled the duties of these positions, along 

IT i* the happy combination of talents 
. and good qualities, of harmonious 
union of intelligent, sagacious and 
upright po\ 
dazzling brilliancy 

pleteness and 

Of all those field marshals in the short- 
hand profession — such as Jerome B. Howard, 

rather than tht 
any special trait, 



with his arduous labors at the official re- 
porter's desk, honorably and well, while he 
has been always the same cool, sagaciousand 
single-minded fnan. As an evidence of how 
much the forcefulncss of his personality is 
felt in national shorthand circles, and as a 
fitting recognition of his capabilities, though 
necessarily absent from the Put-in-Bay con- 
vention of ii900, Mr. Bontz was elected First 
Vice President, though there was an abund- 
ance of good timber there, which he may 
well esteem as a mark of honor, such as can- 
not be struck from a medal or embodied in 

Mr. Bontz is a native of Illinois — born at 
Peoria, May i, 1864. He was raised on a 
farm, attending the country schools ; then 
taught school for four years, earning enough 
to carry him through college. Like many 
of us country boys, he had his eyes on the 
big cities, whose possibilities beckoned him 
to *' the Street," and he took up the study 
of law in Chicago, but finding expenses too 
heavy, returned to the role of the pedagogue 
once more and took up the study of short- 

On returninjj to Chicago, Mr. Bontz 
followed law and general reporting, became 
private secretary' to an official of one of the 
large railways centering there, then accepted 
a position with a large mining company in 
northern Michigan, with which he remained 
seven years, being soon transferred to San 
Jose, California, where the company had 
large interests. 

In 1S97, Mr. Bontz secured his present 
official position through a competitive ex- 
amination. He had experience in Chicago 
in a newspaper field and for years has been 
special correspondent at San Jose for San 
Francisco and other papers. 

And at San Jose he continues to happily 
dwell with his wife and three children. 

Kendrick C. Hili.. 

^ * * 

Major Edgar S. Dudly, Judge -Advocate 
of the Department of Cuba, in his latest re- 
port of Civil affairs of that island says : 
*' At present the investigation (in criminal 
cases) is made by a Judge of Instruction, 
who examines witnesses day by day, their 
evidence being taken down in longhand by 
an Escribano, with consequent delay, and 
frequently hardship and annovance to 
witnesses ; so much so that people fear the 
ordeal, and will use any available method to 
avoid being called upon to testify." 

Passing of the Male 

More Than a Third of the 7637 Clerks in 
the Government Offices in Washington Are 

Old-time theory exploded. 

Female Workers Established a New 
Standard of Efficiency, Woman Made 
Chief Clerk of the Bureau of Rural Free 

From a Regular Washing:ton, D. C. Correspondent of 
" The Press. ''^ 

ON July 1 A. W. Machen, superinten- 
dent of free delivery in the Post 
Office Department, will become 
general superintendent of the free 
delivery system, which will be reorganized 
and include the rural branch of the service 
as well as city delivery. The last act of 
Postmaster General Charles Emory Smith 
before leaving on the trip with the President 
was to sign the order giving Mr. Machen 
this promotion. The reorganization of the 
free delivery system is in accordance with 
an act of Congress and marks a significant 
and important step in the postal service. 

The advancement of superintendent 
Machen is in itself a significant step. To a 
large extent it carries with it the recognition 
of women as efficient Government officers, 
for Mr. Machen has selected as chief clerk of 
the new bureau Miss Ina S. Liebhardt. This 
will be the highest position in the Post 
Office Department ever filled by a woman 
and her appointment emphasizes the great 
advance women have made since their first 
admission into the Government service and 
proves the theory held by observant men in 
executive positions that women are just as 
capable as men in the performance of duties 
where brains and general intelligence are 
requisite. Not long ago a woman was ad- 
vanced to the position of law clerk in the 
office of the Comptroller of the Currency. 
Now a woman is appointed to fill an ex- 
ecutive position, second only in importance 
to the head of a bureau. These advances 
call attention to the successful invasion of 
Government fields by women. 


An expert accountant, figuring on the 
percentages of increase in the number of 
female employees, demonstrates that if the 



ratio continues for two more generations the 
male employee will have disappeared from 
the department and all positions will be 
filled by women. He bases his calculation 
on the increase of women employees since 
the first were appointed in 1862. At the 
breaking out of the war there was not a 
a single woman in the employ of the 
Government The departments in Wash- 
ington were filled exclusively by men. The 
army made great drafts upon the male em- 
ployees and in 1862, partly as an experiment, 
partly from necessity because men were 
growing scarce and partly in a spirit of 
justice to care for the widows, mothers and 
daughters of soldiers killed in battle, Sec- 
retary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase 
appointed six women clerks. The appoint- 
ment was made upon the recommendation 
of United States Treasurer Spinner, whose 
intricate signature upon Government cur- 
rency has made him familiar to all. 

This modest list of six women has grown 
in thirty-nine years to a total of 7637, which 
is more than one-third of the whole number 
of Government employees, exclusive of 
those in the Census Bureau. During the 
last eight years of 30Q0 appointees 2000 of 
them have been women. If this ratio is 
kept up it will not be long until all the 
clerical work of the Government is performed 
by women. 

In no department of the Government have 
women received readier recognition than in 
the Post Office Department. The motto 
there has been that a woman performing the 
same work as a man is entitled to the same 
compensation. This is an advance from the 
original conception of woman's capabilities, 
for when she first entered the Government 
service she was paid the lowest salaries in 
the list. The first woman introduced in the 
postal service was appointed by Third 
Assistant Postmaster General Zeverly, early 
in the sixties, and he appears to have had 
the idea that one man was equal to two 
women. If a $1200 position was vacated by 
a man he usually appointed two women to 
do the same work at a salary of $600 each. 
These women were at first invariably 
assigned to duty in the dead letter office. 
Prior to their introduction into the service 
the returning of 125 letters per day was con- 
sidered a good day's work for a man. Those 
officials who doubted the capacity of women 

were somewhat chagrined to find that the 
female employees had no trouble in opening 
and returning 250 letters per day. They 
established a new standard of work, which 
the Post Office officials declared must be met. 


In the early days there was unjust dis- 
crimination by act of Congress against 
women. Those desirous of keeping them 
out of the service constructed the law to 
mean that the legal definition of the word 
** clerk" was **male" clerk. At various 
times bills demanding fair play for women 
in the Government service were introduced, 
but they received little attention. Congress 
did. however, pass a bill discriminating 
against women by fixing the maximum sal- 
ary for the so-called *' female clerks" at 
$900 per annum. This unjust law remained 
in force for several years, but finally in 1870 
an amendment was passed which removed 
the discrimination and to-day none exists. It 
is a rule in all the departments since the 
civil service law has been operating to disre- 
gard the question of sex in the selection of 
clerks. Women now in Washington fill 
acceptably 40 per cent, or more of the clerk- 
ships and are found in positions where skill, 
diligence and tact are prerequisites. 

Superintendent Machen is one of the 
strongest advocates of fair treatment to 
women and he justifies his strong convictions 
on the subject by experiences in his own 
division. When he first took charge of the 
free delivery division some eight years ago 
the women clerks were assigned to purely 
clerical duties, the highest of which was 
stenographic work. In speaking to-day of 
the changed conditions Mr. Machen said : — 

"To-day it is quite different. The work 
of my division has been distributed among 
the clerks regardless of their sex and the 
greater portion of it, requiring judgment, 
executive ability, tact and diplomacy, is in 
the hands of these very same women who 
formerly were mere automatons. One woman 
handles all matters pertaining to the appoint- 
ment, promotion and removal of letter 
carriers, dictates all of the correspondence 
relating thereto, makes rulings and passes 
upon important questions that continually 
arise. Another has direct charge of the 
distribution of the letter carrier force, pre- 
pares and considers all data relating thereto, 



passes upon applications for additional 
service, scrutinizes the schedules under 
which carriers are employed and conducts 
the correspondence bearing upon these 


'*The books and accounts of this division, 
covering an annual expenditure of about 
$17,000,000, are kept by a young woman 
whose fine executive ability and special 
qualifications have more than once placed 
her in full charge of the division as super- 
intendent, acting in the absence of the sup- 
erintendent and his assistants. Ten years ago 
some people would have been shocked at 
the idea of a woman superintending, even 
temporarily, one of the important branches 
of the postal service. The women of both 
free delivery services were g^ven responsi- 
bility and they accepted it. They have 
proved by their efficient work, their faithr 
fulness and their loyalty that no mistake was 
made when they were assigned to duties 
which in the old day were considered beyond 
their capacity. They enter into the spirit 
of the work making the interests of the 
service and of this division in particular their 
interests. The force of clerks in this division 
are now turning out three times as much 
work as was formerely gotten from the same 

** Women are prominent in every bureau 
and division of the Post Office Department 
and are using their talents in a manner 
creditable to their sex and satisfactory to 
their superior officers. Their record shows 
them capable of performing the highest class 
of clerical work in the public service or for 
that matter in any other service, and is an 
evidence that women's sphere is being ex- 
tended to include every walk of life, every 
occupation in which they may earn an hon- 
orable livelihood in a womanly way." 

^ ^ ^ 

MARION HARIrAND in the Depart- 
ment of the North American^ 
"For and about Women," of 
May iith, presents the following : 

*' Do you think a younii^ lady who does not 
absolutely have to do so should take a 
position in a downtown office, especially 
after she has acquired a first-class education 
and dislikes teaching very much ? What do 
you think of the average stenographer ? E. 
A. R." 

The vexed question, *' How far is a woman 
who can live comfortably without working 
justifiable in taking a position which another 
woman, who must work for a living, needs?" 
has been discussed somewhat fully in this 
department. I have no hesitation in saying 
that no woman who is not obliged to support 
herself wholly or partially has a moral right 
to keep out those who need the place she is 

At the same time, really skilled stenog- 
raphers are few, even in this day. An ed- 
ucated woman, who can write her mother 
tongue grammatically, to whom he who 
dictates is not obliged to explain classical 
allusions, and other matters unknown to the 
illiterate ; one who catches at and gracefully 
interprets his meaning ; who spells and 
punctuates and paragraphs properly — is so 
rare a treasure that she can hardly be said 
to be the rival of the average shorthand 
writer and copyist. "There is always room 
at the top." Such a one makes a profession 
for herself. It ceases to be a trade in which 
there are many competitors. 

I once dictated a letter to a "traineb 
stenographer and typewriter," in which the 
word '* home-maker *' occurred. "A com- 
pound word," I said, seeing her pause. 
** Separate * home * and * maker * by a hy- 
phen." When I read the copy I found, 
" homehifen maker." 

^ ^ ^ 

I^a\^ Department. 

(Continued from folio 129.) 

The story conies from the wild and woolly 
West that a shorthander, ** Willie " Jackson, 
a former pampered social pet, has become 
a "Weary Willie." Incredible! Yet in 
proof of the charge, it is asserted, that 
"Willie" bore "a mass of notes" upon 
his person — not in his pockets, because it 
is not even conceded that he was the for- 
tunate possessor of a pocket. A San Fran- 
cisco police court stenographer traDslated 
these hieroglypics, scattered among which 
appeared the names of " prominent " people 
underlined with notations such as (accord- 
ing to the translator) " call after lunch, '1 
"call at 3 p. m.." etc., indicating, it is 
charged, that "Willie" intended "milk- 
ing" these "high-mucky-mucks" for 
donations for pretended charitable purposes. 

Persons desiring personal replies from the 
editor of this department, should enclose 
sufficient postage to cover same. 

H. W. Thorns. 


LriabilitT' for Stenographer's Services. 

York City stenographer, was 
employed to report the testi- 
mony upon the accountiDg pro- 
ceedings of an eiecutrix before 
a referee. At the first session 
the respective attorneys for the executrix and 
for the parties who were Contesting the ac- 
count entered into the following stipulationd) 
which was entered in the stenographer's min- 
utes : " It is stipulated by and between the 
parties hereto that Miss Christine Heber 
■hall be employed as stenographer in these 
proceedings at the customary fee which 
shall be hereafter agreed upon between the 
parties hereto." After some testimony had 
been taken a subsequent stipulation was 
made and entered in the minutes as follows : 
" It is stipulated by and between the parties 
that the stenographer shall furnish three 
copies of the fninutes of these proceedings at 
the rate of 35 cents per folio for three 
copies, to be paid out of the funds of the 

Miss Heber's bill for testimony furnished 
the contestants, amounting to f 389. 60, 
was not disputed ; but it was claimed 
by the contestants that the estate alone 
was liable, basing the claim principally 
upon the ground that the conteslauts' attor- 
ney was without authority to bind them by 
the stipulation. Misa Heber sued the con- 
testants, aecuringa judgment for f a8i.84from 
which judgment the contestants appealed. 
The Supreme Court lof N. V.) Appellate 
Division recently decided ('1 the appeal in 

(i) " 5U|<ulaIlon." Thai which Isillpulswd or lined 
upon, ihai whith It definiiety ttnngei or coniratt- 

' (1) SftHtbervt. Coonaytt, al., jiMlsc, Rep,. i6t. 

favor of Miss Heber, and held that there can 
be no question as to the right of an attorney 
to bind his clients for stenographer's services 
performed in legal proceedings (citing Tyrrell 
vs. Hammerstein 33 Misc. Rep., 503; Coale 
vs. Suckert, iS id,, (■) 76); and that the 
secoud itipulalion could not be considered as 
a binding contract upon Misa Heber to re- 
linquish her right to compensation from the 

Cars should be eKercised by stenographers 
reporting before referees, to so frame stipula- 
tions, affecting the terms , of their employ- 
ment, ss to fully cover and safe-guard their 


Gems from Argument of 

do<tuent (7) Couna«l. 

" It is a well known tact, by the members 
of this bar, that when Judge A's memory is 
at fault, he is terribly oily and smooth." 

" Neither one of them lived in that dees- 

" He will aland up here with the greatest 
smiHilA face and smiling countenance." 

"These men who were goitig so terrible' 

"When the Judge is telling a thing he 
knows nothing about, I think he is the 
smoothest man in this country. But, when 
he tells a thing he knows about, he tells it 
just the same as anybody else would." 

" W had a little old bay in the bottom 

of the bay." 




In examining the last issue of National 
Bankruptcy News I notice that Lewis N. 
Dembitz, Esq., of Louisville, Ky., the author 
of *' Law Language," published about 1892, 
and which had a deservedly wide sale among 
stenograph eri, was the attorney for the ap- 
pellee in an important bankruptcy case in the 
U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals. 

Mr. Kenneth C. Vipond, of 321 Forty- 
fifth St., Newport News, Va., asks for a 
description and price of "Practical Court 
Reporting,** adding that he is advised by Mr > 
J. F. Davenport head teacher of stenography 
at Packard's Commercial School, N. Y. City, 
to study the book. 

The book is devoted to the instruction of 
the shorthand writer in the art of reporting 
all sorts of judicial proceedings, in court 
and before referees. It contains directions 
in detail fordoing the work of law reporting, 
but without attempting to teach the art of 
shorthand writing. Forms for captions, 
question and answer, narrative, objections, 
rulings, exceptions, and other parts of 
transcripts are also described and shown. 
The book may be obtained of The Stenog- 
rapher for one dollar. 

» ^ 9 


♦M ATHAN A. WHITAKER, of India- 
" * napolis, Ind., stenographer Morgan 
Circuit Court, has been appointed to defend 
impecunious persons charged with crime, at 
an annual stipend of 1 100.00. Unless the 
criminal output be small, or indicted persons 
have plenty of *'swag'* to employ counsel, 
Brother Whitaker should advise a plea of 
** guilty '• to be made by his clients. 

Fred. W. Kriedler, Miles City, Mont., court 
stenographer Seventh Judicial District (com- 
prising three counties), has rendered the fol- 
lowing report of work of his court : 

Number of cases in which steno- 
graphic record was made from Nov. 
25i 1899, to Jan. I, 1901— 

Criminal 276 

Civil 276 552 

Average number of cases per year 50 2-11 

I should think Brother K. would have 

time to defend the indicted persons of at 

least one of his counties. Let him hold oat 
for more than an annual salary of $100— 
say fifteen times as much ! 

Now that was a good appointment, salary 
included, of Richard W. Ryan, N. Y. City, 
stenographer Special Term, Part I, First 
Dept. N. Y. Supreme Court, $3000 per 
annum. Mr. R. had passed the civil service 

Frank A. Small, the well known court ste- 
nographer, recently died at his home in 
Augusta, Me.; after an illness of severri 
weeks, in his fifty-sixth year. He succeeded 
Mr. Puisifer of Auburn as stenographer to 
the Main house, serving till 1887. He was 
stenographer to the supreme court from 1871 
to 1878, when he was made official stenogp- 
pher of the Kennebec superior court, which 
position he held to his death. 

In the Robert Hutchinson murder case at 
Detroit, Mich., a conflict occurred between 
stenographers. John E. Linton and Charles 
Hammond, relative to notes taken by them 
at a coroner's inquest. Linton was placed on 
the stand by the defense and the people 
called Hammond. Then followed an exam- 
ination of the witnesses in order to determine 
which was the more accurate. In a number 
of places the notes were different. For in- 
stance, in one case Linton's stenographic re- 
port made a witness say that he was employ- 
ed *' on Woodward avenue," while Hammond 
insisted the same witness stated that he was 
employed "in the Cuban Shining parlors," 
and did not mention "on Woodward avenue." 

•* Did you say that your notes are correct, 
from your notes or from your conscience } " 
Attorney Dohany asked Hammond. 

** My conscience has nothing to do with 
it,'* the witness replied, "I depend on my 
notes entirely." 

He would not swear that his transcript was 
perfect, but declared that he believed it was. 
No conclusions were drawn by the witnesses, 
but the question of accuracy was left to the 

Was'nt this stenographer correct in his 
testimony ? Isn't his " belief " in the accur- 
acy of notes about all one can swear to? 
This "belief" submitted to a jury, with 
testimony of length of service, experience 
and appearance and deportment on the wit- 
ness stand are about the only legitimate facts 
upon which a jury could hope to decide a 
dispute between honest stenographers. To 
swear that a long stenographic report of 
testimony is absolutely verbatim et literatum 
is to affirm that one is more than human. 

May number of Chat^ published by 
Manhattan Reporting Co., N. Y. Cit^, was 
received promptly. It is as helpud and 
** chattty " as ever. 

(Continued on folio 1 27. ) 


Beautx as a Factor in Obtainin{£ and Holding 

QHIS is one ot the mo! 
aubjecla we have 
sidered in this Department ; 
and while, at first sight, it may 
seem a trifle flippant, from 
what we have learned it has bad 
consideration et manj hands from time to 
titne. One of the t>est opinions ne ever 
saw in print, — and we confess we have seen 
few !— we picked op a tew days ago from a 
Southern paper ; here are some extracts from 
it : 

" Vou ask whether good looks are an 
advantage to a girl in business? 1 would 
answer 'no,' decidedly! A few years ago, 
however, when women began to entei busi- 
ness life in considerable numbers, the exact 
reverse was the case. I am still under thirty, 
but I remember distinctly wlien it was next 
to impossible for a homely girl to get a 
situation. Good looks were insisted upon in 
typewriters and stenographers, and mer- 
chants were then under the impression that 
pretty clerks brought trade. It took some 
time to explode that idea. No dependeuce 
was to be placed in the girls themselves ; the 
handsomest were pretty sure to be vain aud 
touchy, and when one proved really valuable, 
she was morally certain to get married at 
the very time her services were most needed. 
So practical men began to see that pretty 
girts did not pay as a cold busineas proposi- 
tion ; typewriting belles made more trouble 
than they were worth; they demoralized 
their fellow employees and created no end 
of jealousy and bitterness and friction. In 
most cases the poor girl was not in the least 
to blame. Results are the only things that 
count in business nowadays, and a few years 
ago a big reaction against beauty set in. I 
am referring altogether to the girl who 
'travels on her prettiness; ' a pretty ^irl 
who does not make her good looks obtrusive 
and who shows by her bearing that she ex' 
pects to hold her position by simple hard 

work has just as good a chance as anybody ; 
but, unfortunately, such girls are rare. 

"If a girl is thoroughly capable and has 

plenty of tact and discretion, her good looks 
will be no especial handicap in earning a 
living. Otherwise, she is nowadays at a 
decided disadvantage, compared to the girl 
who is homely and industrious," 

At this juncture we heat some man ex- 
claim, "Sour grapes ! that was written by 
an ugly girl ! "' Along this same line, we 
recall an actual case in which the principal 
of a shorthand college stated to a pupil who, 
though not gifted with a pretty face, was 
yet thoroughly capable of filling a steno- 
graphic position, that her looks fully ex- 
plained the delay in his securing an open- 
ing for her! We can, we think, class that 
among the subterfuges of the profession, — 
especially as the young woman in question 
is DOW holding a good position. 

Given good looks and ability, we candidly 
believe that such a girl will have a better 
chance than the unattractive, — the Southern 
writer quoted to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing ; it may be that this constitutes another 
difference between the North and the South! 
However, if a stenographic applicant possess 
good looks and indifferent shorthand ability, 
while she may triumph over a less attractive 
young woman, the prize secured will not be 
long in her grasp, once her incapacity is 

We have heard ot stenograpliers being 
employed chiefly on account of their good 
looks, and we have also heard of their being 
discharged for the same "cause;" yet 
again, we have had brought to our notice 
the employment of so-called Aome/y girls by 
reason of the faithfulness of the description. 



— but never have we heard of their being 
dispensed with on that account ! As the 
Southern giil said, we do not wish anyone 
to infer that a girl cannot be pretty and 
capable, too ; what we mean to say is that 
the combination of beauty and ability is 
rarer than that of unattractiveness and 

After all is said and done, a good business 
man is on the alert for a faithful, able 
assistant in his stenographer, and as the rank 
and file of womankind in our and every 
other profession can at least boast of the 
** happy mean " in nature's gifts, this factor 
in obtaining and holding positions may not 
be given a very important place in our 

Association Corner. 

''•ttJESOLVED, that women make better 
■■^ stenographers than men '* was the 
subject of a debate at the New Orleans 
Stenographers' Association early in April, 
and it was decided in the negative. We are 
glad to see *' progress ** written on every 
department of this society's work. 

Notes from tHe Field. 

A bill has passed both Houses of the 
Vermont Legislature empowering women 
to be town treasurers, town librarians and 
notaries public. 

Miss Josephine Mirfield of Moliue, 111., 
has resigned her position as stenographer in 
the office of State Attorney Weld, to accept 
a like position in the Rock Island and Peoria 
general office. Miss Bessie Mirfield takes 
her place in the State Attorney's office. 

Recent students of the School of Com- 
merce, Utica, N. Y., who have ac- 
cepted positions are : Wheeler Manning, 
stenographer and book-keeper for F. G. 
Clark, Blue Stone Co., Oxford, N. Y. ; Miss 
Elizabeth Roberts, stenographer for Chad- 
wick Mills Cotton Co., Chad wicks, N. Y. ; 
D. B. Oliver, timekeeper for Walter Bradley 
Contraction Co., Oswego and Auburn, N. 
Y. ; and W. B. Wickham, Office Assistant, 
Oneita Knitting Mills, Utica, N. Y. 

Miss Carrie Buch is occupying the posi- 
tion as stenographer with S. A. Conrad & 
Co., of Massillon, O., recently vacated by 
Mrs. Ida Bretz. 

Miss Katherine A. Hickey, formerly at 
the Hotel Worthy, has just been appointed 
official stenographer to Police Commissioner 
Murphy of New York City. 

Miss Fanny Brown of Elmira, N. Y.,^^ 
cently secured the position of stenographer 
with the Glen Salt Co. 

Miss Lena Depree, a young lady of high 
social standing in Kalamazoo, Mich, has, 
received a letter informing her that she has 
been appointed stenographer at a salary of 
|i,2oo per year for the Spanish claims 
commission at Washington. Miss Depree 
does not leave for Washington until this 
fall, although her appointment takes effect 

Miss May Rapp, of West Chester, Pa., 
who has been holding the position of book- 
keeper and stenographer in the State Asylum 
for the Insane, at Harrisburg, has relin- 
quished her duties there to accept a similar 
position with one of the large business 
houses of Philadelphia. 

Only fifty years ago, but one woman 
worked to every ten men. At present the 
ratio is one to four. Thirty years ago two- 
thirds of all the self-supporting women were 
domestic servants. To-day only one- third 
is so employed. 

Miss Isabelle Wilson fills acceptably the 
position of stenographer with Govenor Shaw, 
Des Moines, la. 

Miss Margaret Marks of Great Falls, 
Mont., has resigned her position as stenog- 
rapher at the Boston & Montana offices, and 
will go to Butte, to take a position in a bank 

The justices of the Minneapolis supreme 
court were authorized by the recent legis- 
lature to appoint a stenographer each at a 
salary of $800.00. Each judge has made 
his selection as follows : Justice Lewis, Miss 
Josephine Lewis ; Chief Justice Start, 
William Bratgen ; Justice Lovely, Miss Alice 

Corcoran ; Justice Collins, Miss Carrie 
Hotchkiss ; Justice Brown, Miss Frances 
Webb ; all of Minneapolis, Minn. 

The stenographer of the Clark Drug Co., 
of Warren, Ohio, is Miss Myra Burrows. 

Mrs. Ruth V. Lowry has accepted the 
position of stenographer in the store-house 
of the C. B. & Q. in the office of W. L. 
Cooper, of Galesburg, Ills. 

Ida E. Turner. 




Department ot practical Grammar. 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Eudld Ave., Phila., Pa. 
Instructof in Grammar, Rhetoric and Etymologfy. 


Conjunctions connect words, phrases, and 
clauses. There are two subdivisions— co- 
ordinate and subordinate : coordinate ( i ) 
join independent parts ; subordinate (2) join 
dependent parts. 

(i) Copy from life as well as from the 

JEither sense is wanting or sincerity has 
left the man who is affected. 

A golden crown cannot cure the headachei 
neither can a velvet slipper give ease to the 

In lifers lottery, no man draws all blanks, 
nor does he draw all prizes. 

Use riches temperately ; otherwise^ you 
cannot be happy. 

The engine was disabled : consequefUly^ 
the train was delayed. 

(2) Will you learn what age doth crave? 

Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. 

Whoever would search for pearls must 
dive deep. 

Nothing is so important a^ to close life 

Before men ^ade us citizens, great nature 
made us men. 

The man who has lost all will go whenever 
you wish. 

Young men may be learners while men in 
age are actors. 

If you wish another to keep your secret, 
first keep it yourself. 

In the sentences above, the Italicized 
words are connectives: those following (i) 
are coordinates ; those following (2) are 
subordinates. Three parts of speeeh are 
used as connectives— conjunctions, pro- 
nouns, and adverbs ; conjunctions merely 
connect ; pronouns and adverbs do also other 
work in the sentence. 

The following are cautions to be observed 
in using connectives. 

I. Choose apt (i) connectives, and avoid 
needless (2) connectives. The connectives 
following, violate this caution. 

(i) He hesitated as thoi^gh he did not 

They would not buy the house nor the 

No person can walk or run without he has 

He had barely left the room but you 

There is none so learned who cannot learn 

Buy such goods only that you can sell. 

I was not so young when my father died 
but what I perfectly remember him. 

There is no gratitude so cutting which is 
received from friends. 

He looks like he is angry. 

(2) The pen has shaken nations, and 
which has established the world in peace. 

Will you try and correct your mistakes ? 

Like as charity covers a multitude of sins 
before God, so does politeness before men. 

II. Some connectives stand in correlation 
with other words; (i) let the right words 
stand in correlation, and (2) let them stand 
just where they belong. 

Note — The following connectives stand 
in correlation with the words following 
them ; it is in using these that mistakes are 
oftener made : — 


Nor — neither. 

Or — either. 

But— not only. 

But also — not only. 

But likewise — not only. 

Subjoined are a few sentences in which 
these correlatives are correctly used ; note 
that, if the former precedes a noun, a verb, 



a preposition, — the latter also precedes a 
noun, a verb, a preposition. 

The martyrs to vice exceed the martyrs to 
virtue. Both in endurance and in number. 

Give the book to either the boy <7r the girl. 

Not only the roses are in bloom, but also 
the honeysuckles. 

The army neither captured the city, nor 
held the fort. 

I visited not only France but likewise 

We saw not only the battle, but also the 
death of many a brave soldier. 

The following sentences are incorrectly 
used : 

Not only the men were captured, but im- 
prisoned likewise. 

You must not neither walk nor study. 

They must ^xM^r send Thomas ^r William. 

I have not arranged the time either for 
grammar or arithmetic. 

The gown looked neither new nor felt 

Soldiers were not only enlisted from the 
city but from the country. 

I have not only written poems but prose. 

Neither Charles or Peter deserve the re- 

He has not either bought houses nor lands. 

The vessels have not left the port either 
for Peru nor Brazil. 

They plucked flowers both in the woods 
and\X\t. fields. 

Not only did they speak ill of him but of 
her also. 

Orders were stnt neither to the general 
ff^'the admiral. 

The men were not only punished severely 
but cruelly. 

He has both studied French and German. 

The farmer not only sold his horses but 
his cattle. 

ni. Connected words or phrases that 
refer to other words or phrases should each 
make good sense with what is referred to. 

The following sentences are incorrect : — 

They always have and always did protect 
his rights. 

This street is not so broad but longer than 

Our work is so tedious but more laborious 
than that. 

IV. Ti^a// generally follows comparatives 
(i): it also often follows else^ other ^ other- 
wise^ emd rather (2): if else ^ other and the 

comparative more denote something ad- 
ditional but of the same kind — but or be- 
sides ^ as well as than^ may follow tbein. 

(i) Mankind act more from habit than 
from reflection. 

Bad examples are followed more than 
good ones. 

Some remedies are worse than the disease. 

Better a dumb mouth than a brainleis 

Kind thoughts are rarer than kind words 
or kind acts. 

His sermons are something else than mere 

I have naught else than praise for his 

The author chose anything else than 

He has no other books than histories. 

Other tribunals than that of criticism are 
to decide on the actions of men. 

There are other evils than dishonesty. 

They would not live otherwise than as 

He walked otherwise than on crutches. 

We cannot do otherwise than admire virtue. 

I had rather be a dog and bay the moon 
than such a Roman. 

Religion directs us rather to secure in- 
ward peace than outward ease. 

I had rather speak five words with my 
understanding than ten thousand in an un- 
known tongue. 

(2) We could see nothing else (than or 
but) water. 

In colors, I like something else (than or 
besides) green. 

When they built houses, they built some- 
thing else (than or besides) mere shelters. 

We have seen no other lake (than or but) 

They own other houses (than ox besides) 

He bought other clothing (than or besides) 

The king had more enemies (i/ian or be- 
sides) those in London. 

They must make more sacrifices {Ihan or 
besides these. 

He could see nothing more (than or but 
his ingratitude. 

Criticize the connectives below : nine are 

O fairest Flower, no sooner blown but 
blasted ! Who knows but we may make an 
agreeable and permanent acquaintance 
with this family ? I shall take nothing but 



that is bis. The abbot cannot be humbled 
but what the community must be humbled 
in his person. She has no other endow- 
ments to speak of but nobleness and learn- 
ing. She was always talking as though she 
was a disciple of Rousseau's. Instead of 
singing like the birds, I silently ( !) smiled 
at my incessant good fortune. The wild 
Indian is unstable as water. Twice put 
on his trial after the failure of the insurrec- 
tion, but whom the jury would on either 
occasion convict. He says nothing but that 
becomes a gentleman. God*s ways are not 
man's ; neither is He bound to means or to 
number. They challenged comparison as 
antagonists rather than disciples. Neither 
Caulfield or his successor could carry his 
point. He had no other evidence of his 
honesty but his hard hand. They had not 
journeyed far but the river and the way 
parted. Nature never expends effort without 
■he has some clear end in view. There are 
few madmen but what are observed to be 
afraid of the straitwaistcoat. The reason 
why we do not believe at once in admirable 
souls is because they are not in our ex- 
perience. I doubt not but there are many 
wise men in all places and degrees. They 
would say nothing else but good of him. 
Hardly a cavalier in the land but would have 
thought it a reproach to remain behind. 
That parents have the fate of their son 
largely in their keeping should not only 
enlist their patental pride and love but should 
stimulate their parental judgment. I doubt 
not but I shall, find him tractable enough. 
Not a writer that mentions his name but 
what tells the story of him. This wine is 
the same that Demosthenes drunk (!) in the 
composure of all his mellifluous orations. 
What will but has felt the fleshly screen. We 
come into the world to get not only a living 
but to live. The company had not long left 
but the trumpets and drums sounded. They 
have more ornaments besides brightness of 
understanding. Let him say nothing more 
but what he is told to say. He works like 
as if he did not love it. He has pictured 
Ariel delicate as an abstraction of the dawn 
and vesper sunlight. I no sooner saw my 
face in it but I was startled by my shortness. 
I cannot doubt but what praiseworthy 
motives made her capable of beholding death. 
There shall be nothing in my power you may 
deserve but you may get. He has been 

accorded no praise but that is his due. It 
can be no otherwise but so. The Turk did 
not care whether or no his subject people 
learned anything from him. The name of 
(!) Byron reaped honors both of rank and 
fame. It is wonderful but that the govern- 
ors do not redress such shameful abuses. 
It cannot be doubted but what there is a 
great desire of glory in a ring of wrestlers. I 
neithePi can nor will deny but that I know 
him. He walks like he was lame. Not a 
thing was stolen but what the sea gave it up. 
Congress could neither raise taxes through 
an excise, nor through custom-house duties. 
I do not doubt but what trouble shall ensue. 
There was a time when Millet drew little 
else but Cossacks and Orientals. The point 
was no sooner gained but new discussions 
arose. He looks like he is sick. Their 
places were taken by men who had never 
smelt powder nor seen the face of an enemy. 
Beauty is nothing else but a natural harmony 
of the members, animated by a healthful ( !) 
constitution. To be negligent of what any- 
one thinks of yon does not only show you 
arrogant but abandoned. They not only 
imposed taxes, but they laid duties on exports 
ana imports. Either you are ignorant or seem 
so. Alike in its earlier passages and its later. 
Queen Victoria's reign is rich in historical 
labors. He wishes to claim a certain lati- 
tude both as to its fashion and material. Pate 
shall not alter it but that this hour to Pompey 
is his last. There is none so bad but shall 
find some to favor his doing. 

^ ^ 9 

** It is reported that a fond husband on one 
occasion, when looking over his wife's 
accounts, found frequently she had been 
giving money to G. K. W. Perhaps a little 
jealousy was mixed with his curiosity, when 
he asked who the man was, and the innocent 
wife replied that G. K. W. was short for 
*' Goodness Knows What." This is a good 
story if true ; for we presume that many a 
woman has a habit of writing down in her 
account book *' to sundries" more often than 
she ought to do. Ellen H. Richards, of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, con- 
tributes an article to the June Delineator in 
relation to household accounts. It contains 
a great deal of useful information for those 
women who watch the expenditure of their 
husband's money in domestic directions." 

Clarencb W. French, 69 E. loist Street, 
New York City, writes that New York Chap- 
ter No. I, of The United Stenographers of 
America, will hold regular meetings on the 
second and fourth Tuesday of every month 
at Colonial Hall, loist St. and Columbus 
Ave., New York City. 


The Stcnoffrapbec Prfatlns & PubUifaliig: Co. 
408 Dtcxel BuUitoK, Phil*., Fa. 

n C. Diion. SEcretotyand Trej 

the e 

f "Tbe SteDOgrapber" ara al- 

-> of iDtereat to the proCeBBloD 

in all Iti Drancne*. Communleatlons ihouia be 

addrfised to tbe Edttor. who !■ not rcBpoDilbls 

(or Che oplntoni ot correspondent*. 

"The Stenographer" U a progreislve Journal, 

Improvement In an 7 ot Its departments. 

UBued on tbe Aral of each month. 

Subscription: United SUtea, Canada and Uei- 
Ico, ll.OO a year; other places In Poital Union, 

Advertising Rates turnlsheil od application. 

/9/fA T. pablifthed monthly bj Tbe Man- 
hattan Reporting CompHOf (Patrick J. 
Sweeney, Proprietor), American Tract 
Society Building, New Yorlc, a$ cents a year, 
5 cents a copy. 

The May issue of tbe above, No. 3. Volume 
I, is before ui. Mr. Sweeney has the happy 
faculty of saying tbe right thing in a few 
words. He has made a success in bis own 
experience of mastering shorthand, and be is 
making a success of teaching it to others. 

It gives the editor of The Stenographhr 
much pleasure to know that so many young 
men are coming to the front with modern 
ideas and doing good work for theproFcMioa. 
Mr. Sweeney is making a specially of teach- 
ing learners how to write shorthand from the 
beginning, and then he carries them forward 
through all tbe various stages until he lauds 
them upon the bigb level of verbalini report- 
ing ability. 

f\Jt R. WILLARD B. BOTTOME, of »» 
i i Broadway, New York, the author ol 
the new book, "From Amanuensis 
to Court Reporter," is another illustration oF 
deserved success resulting from ability and 
application. His experience and advice con. 
tained in this work cover broad and general 
principles, which are applicable to writers of 
all systems. Many a young stenogrspbtr 
bas attained success by hearkening to a good 
word, wisely spoken, end faithfully following 
it. For the small sum of f 1,00, all ambitious 
amanuenses may be put in possession of sucb 
words, not spoken but written and printed, 
end ready to be read and thought abont and 
acted upon, day in and day out, as they ap- 
preciate and put in practice tbe lessons coa- 

IiTb are pleased to see that the yonng 
^ women of the country are coming so 
strongly to the front. In a recent article 
giving an account of the employment ot 
ladies in the Departments of the Govem- 
meat at Washington, it appears that tbe 
percentage of lady employees is steadily in- 
creasing, and that the grades to which tbey 
are admitted are constantly being raised, so 
that it is now no uncommon thing to End a 
woman at the head of some tesponMble 
bureau, standing close to a man and acting 
for him in his absence. 

We welcome this condition of things 
because we feel that our sisters are deserving 
of all tbe recognition they have acquired- 
working as they have under heavy handicap), 
and overcoming — we had almost said man- 
fully, but we think better of it and' we say— 

large encouragement in alldireclioni; 
the amanuenses appreciate it for its helpful- 
ness and for its stimulus, and the professional 
reporters recognize it as containing tbe coii< 
tributions of tbe leaders in the profession. 



We have taken great pride in our magazine, 
and for many years have held it up with a 
kind of reverence, not mixing it with any- 
thing calculated to degrade its character or 
its influence, and, by the co-operation of our 
many patrons, subscribers, advertisers and 
correspondents, we trust that it may long 
continue to be the means of helping all in 
all the old ways as well as in many new ones. 


are under obligations to Messrs. Isaac 
Pitman & Sons, 33 Union Square, New 
York, for the information that "Owing to 
the enormous growth of the Isaac Pitman 
system, and consequent increased sales of 
publications, Messrs. Isaac Pitman & Sons, 
have just completed plans for the enlarge- 
ment of the Phonetic Institute at Bath, 
Hngland, which extension, when completed, 
will more than double the size of their pres- 
ent works.'* 


My Dear Hempbrlky, 

I have the May number of The Stenog- 
rapher before me, which I have perused 
with much pleasure. 

That scene of the Coon stenographer report- 
iug the proceedings with such careless "aban- 
don** is quite refreshing to a fellow who has 
been so long at it, and not yet discovered the 
secret. Still, I have seen others who claim 
to belong to the craft, in similar postures, 
one quite recently at Lancaster, in this 
State, though he was a white man. Of 
course, as I was not there to take ** check " 
notes, I cannot vouch for his report. But 
the most graceful performance I have beheld 
was that of a court reporter who, during a 
witness examination, laid his pen on the 
table, and removing his handkerchief from 
his pocket, took his own time to blow his 
nose, and then resumed the report. I am 
sorry that a photograph is not in existence 
of this incident. 

Wishing you continued success, 
Very respectfully, 

Wm. a. Shaw. 

( Mr. Shaw was the editor in charge of the 
Law Reporting Department of The Ste- 
nographer before our present Mr. Thorne. 
He is now the Official Reporter of Common 
Pleas Court, No. i, Philadelphia.— Editor). 

THE editor of the Law Reporting Depart- 
ment of The Stenographer, Mr. H. 
W. Thorne, has contributed an article en- 
titled "Law Papers" to the new edition of 
Mr. Bates Torrey*sTouCHart, the Twentieth 
Century Practical Typewriting. 

Mr. Thome's contributions to the pages of 
The Stenographer, running back for 
many years, are considered of the greatest 
value to shorthand writers of to-day, and we 
are receiving many inquiries for back num- 
bers, very few of which we still have on 

OUR thanks are hereby extended to the 
Smith Premier Typewriter Company 
for a copy of a Souvenir of the Siege of Mafe- 
king, being fac-simile reproductions of the 
most interesting General Orders issued to the 
garrison of Mafeking by Gen. Baden-Powell 
during the siege, with introduction by Mr. C. 
E. Hands, War-correspondent for the Daily 
Mail^ published by the Smith Premier Type- 
writer Company, 14 Gracechurch Street, 
London, E. C, England, and intended espec- 
ially for circulation in the territory under 
control of their London office. Like all of 
the literature issued by this Company, its 
prominent characteristics are first class qual- 
ity of material, artistic execution and novel 
and interesting ideas. 

In this connection we would say that we 
note that the ruler of Turkey has just issued 
an order prohibiting the introduction of type- 
writing machines into his kingdom on the 
ground that seditious matter might be written 
thereon which could not be traced to the 
authors. We feel quite sure that the ad- 
vanced ideas of civilization will succeed in 
finding their way even into the realms of the 
Sultan, and that our leading typewriter 
manufacturers will not be halted by such 
barriers as those referred to. 


Mb. W. T, Sntdeb, Prin. Southern Bus. 
Coll., Charlotteavllle, Va., writee; "Arter 
carefully comparing all the Bystems I 
conaidered having merit. I have Anally 
decided upon the laaac Pitman, which I 
coDBider bj' far the beet and certainly 
the most logically presented. I am sure 
that studeuta will make better progress 
when tbey use your 'Complete InBtri'ctor,' 
for It baa not been my privilege ever to 
Bee a book on ehorthand In which tho mat- 
ter la so logically and Interestingly pre- 
aented. I may say t^at I have had under 
careful consideratloa for some time six 
different ay sterna." 

Since last reported, the certificate of 
proficiency for teachers of the Isaat Pit- 
man Phonography In the United States 
and Canada baa been awarded to the fol- 
lowing eucceasful candidates: Mlsa Kath- 
erlne L. Hall, Berwlcli, Me., and Mr. Al- 
fred J. Myatt, Denver, Colo. This diploma 
tbe examination for which 1b based on a 
knowledge of the system as presented In 
the Isaac Pitman "Complete PbonogrRphIc 
Instructor." will be found very valuable 
In the bands of teachers of tliis system. 
It Is Issued only by Messrs. Isaac Pitman 
& Sons, 33 Union Square, New York, and 
from whom further particulars can be 

Is view of the numerous adaptations of 
tbe Isaac Pitman system of phonography 
now offered to the public. It la well to state 
that the only authorized text-book which 
presents the system In Its purity is. the 
"Isaac Pitman Complete Phonographic In- 

Key to Isaac Pitman Short- 

Reprinled rrom Plmnn's lolh Csnlury Diclalion Book 


applied to our common schools. In an- 
swer to some of these requests and tbe 
urgent needs of such a Journal, we have 
established this paper. The shams and 

false methods so prevalent will be pointed 
out and the remedy set forth. 

We are starting out with a circulation 
of &0,000 copies; our subflcrlbers being 
teacberB. superintendents, members of 
boards of education, school trustees, and 
school offlcers of every description. 

We are soliciting a limited amount of 
advertising sucb as Is suitable for the 
field this paper occupies, and would be 
pleased to contract with you for Rpace. 
We enclose rate card and con tracts, and 
know that we can make this of value to 
you, the high value of the paper insuring 
Its preservation through the year by Itfl 

We earnestly request you to give this 
matter your Immediate attention In order 
that we may have your copy fn time for 
our October Issue. 

Yours very sincerely. 

(225 words.) 
Messrs. Pullman ft Co.. 
New York, N. Y. 

Oentlemen: The next two months- 
May and June — are Important ones with 
UB. Beside going to our regular subscrib- 
ers, extras will be printed to be used at the 
various teachers' Institutes and conven- 
tions throughout the country the coming 
spring and summer months There are 
about 3.000 such assemblies, and it Is our 
purpose to reach as many of theae as pos- 
sible through agents who will hand'.'' our 

We solicit your advert! -^mpi^t at this 
time feeling sure you will rean good re- 
Biilts If you will Place one with uk for 
the two months. We offer you spa^e at 
our regular rate, chareine you nothlne 
for the extra copies. I think you will 
agree with us that they are modemtely 
low in view of our large and ranldly in- 
creaalng circulation — nearly 8,000. 

We need not repeat to vou that two- 
thirds of our circulation Is oerhafs m this 
State and Ohio, and the balance acattered 
throughout the West. Sample copy of our 
paner mailed you to-day. 

Hoping to have your esteemed order. I 
am. Yours very trulv. 

(1R5 words.) 


a Phonoeriphic DIcHoiury. with th 

I ench ID c*n1i. Spanish Phone 

 "S6 PP . UC- PuNlshed by Isaac PHmi 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Century Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 


4/ • •^ ^ .-,o( Z^?.; ^. V-O^-i.Vb- 

"^ '^ <l_j>Y , (225) 

'^*~i Pullman & Co., x_/', N. Y. 

^/— V-v ~\ A V-v > i ^..1.. ^ Vs ■)•■ 

^^ ^..v^"^/ '/O^ </^-^Y 8(x c^^. 


Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman 8r Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


Toast—*' V^hy Does A Hen Lay An Bgg?" 

Responded to by J. W. Warr, ot the 
Practical Age. at the banquet at tbe Eaat- 
ern Commercial Teacbera' ABeocliLtion, 
Providence. R. I., April 5, 1901  

Mr queetlOD constitutes iny subject, and 
each word a aub-divlslon or headlnif of my 
sermonette. I come as a representative 
of the wild and woolly west. I come at tbe 
glad Easter time when "the young niaa's 
fancy lightly turns to thoughts of love." 
and the older man's fancy, not quite so 
lightly to, the hill tor the Easier hornets 
for bis wife and daughters. For some 
reason eggs are associated with Easter. 
and an Englishman, a little careless nlK>ut 
his aspirates, might say that Easter he- 
comes Eastern when you add a hen 

And BO the various associations of this 
occasion have led me to select as my 
theme the "Egg Problem," and I have 
constructed the text of my sermonette In 
tbe form of a question: "Why does a ben 
lay an egg?" which question I shall try 
In my feeble way to answer and evplain. 

And firstly, why? my friends, why? 
Why does a hen lay an egg? The Inter- 
rogation point is the trademark of human 
progress. Tbe social, scientific and educa- 
tional supremacy we enjoy to-day may be 
largely attributed to the fact that people 
have existed who dared to ask questions. 
The word "why" has been the lever that 
has moved the mountains of obstrictions 
that has blocked the roadway of human 
development. Newton noticed an apple 
falling from a tree. He asked the ques- 
tion "why?" and the law of grav'iatlon 
was discovered. Watt noticed thai the 
Bteam in escaping from the kfttle moved 
the lid. He asked, "why?" and to-day 
we have the mighty steam engine turn- 
ing the millions of wheels that relieve 
human muscles and produce the neces- 

sities and luxuries of the human race, 
Edison was tbe human Interrogation point 
in electricity, and the answers to his 
questions may be read In the electric light 
and the many marvelous appllcatloDS of 
tbe subtle fluid. Humanity will reach stilt 
higlier planes of development the world 
will move onward to happier conditions 
BO long as there are heroes of progress 
who dare to ask the question, "why*" 

Secondly — Does — Why does a hen lay an 
egg? And here we have another word of 
potent force. The question Is not one re- 
lating to past achievements, why did a hen 
lay an egg? Nor of future posslbilltlee, 
why will a hen lay an egg? Nor Is It a 
question of duty — why shouJd a hen lay 
an egg, nor a question of ability, why can 
a hen lay an egg? No, my friends, the 
word does slgnlfles that something Is ac- 
tually done and done now. It teaches us 
that the present is the time of actlor. The 
hen doe» lay an egg now, no matter what 
she did in the past, or is llke'y to do in 
the future. The hen la thus neither a has- 
been nor a will be. but a present, living, 
acting, moving force. 

Thirdly, A, my friends. A. Why does a 
hen lay an egg? Why does th« question 
single out one particular hen? Why does 
it not say a flock of hens? And why does 
It not specify the particular kind o' hen 
by asking why does a Buff Cochin or a 
Shanghai, or a Leghorn, or a Plymouth 
Rock lay an egg? Because, my friends, 
the question Is intended to teach us that 
duty 1b universal In ita obligations' that 
all — every one of high or low degree, all 
caatea, all conditions, are jubject to the 
Inflexible law that he who would live 
must act, and must act now. 
(.To be continued.) 

Mr. James B. Bonnrr. who has been associated with Trb Stbnographbr from iU 
bejiinnitiS a*"! ^'^° has tor some years been actively connected with the Carnegie Steel 
Company, has recently been promoted to Assistant Manager of Sales, of this Companjr, 
with headquarters in the Harrison Building, in this city. 

We congralulale our fellow worker upon his deserved advancement in hia busiaea* 




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p pamphlet, "The New Era of Phonqgrtaphy." 
; publicBlioDs tree of charge lo any reader of T 



5<ima at Hl» ObHrvi 
live V 

Ptilladelphla. May 9d, 1901. 

IN no otber calllog are men bo llkelj' 
to err. becauee of the neceaelty for 
prompt criticism of public men and 
measures, and it has always been a cauee 
of sincere regret to me tbat tte Ddelity 
of journaliBm to public interests Is so im- 
perfectly appreciated. In all tie otber 
great professlong tbere Is ample time for 
tbe fullest consideration of every subject; 
but the editor Is called upon to give ex- 
presslon on tbe moment of Information, 
with his sources ot news emnraclng the 
circle ot the world itself. Journalism is 
often criticised for recklessness in pub- 
Itshlag news wblch tbe trained lightning 
and Its host ot contributors pour Into the 
sanctum in the midnight hour, but tbere 
are few Indeed outside ot the profession 
who understand the care that Is exercised 
to aaeure fidelity to the public, and the 
generous charity with which news is 
halted at tlmee In every well-regulated 
newspaper office, hy which the guilty 
often escape just punishment to shield 
the Innocent from needless sorrow. 

We have outgrown tbe age of great 
editors in the seaae In which tney were 
accepted half a century ago, not because 
there are no longer great editors among 
us, but because they have so largely mul- 
tiplied as to efface Individuality. The 
towering lords of tbe journalistic forest 
pre as great and grand to-day as ever In 
the past, but a host of their fellows haa 
grown up with them, tine tUe reslstlesB 
logic ot their advent has made the jour- 
nalism ot to-day absolutely impersonal. 
This change has come because the rapidly 
widening field of journalism bas sum- 
moned a large proportion of the beet In- 
tellects of the country Into Its service. 
and the editorial writer has censed to be 
the newspaper. 


The newspapers which fitty years ago 
had attained national tame hardly ex- 

ceeded a score in number, ana the rela- 
tive importance of each was measured 
solely by the individual Importance of its 
editor. The editor was the newspaper, 
the distinction in tbe journalism of tbat 
day depended wholly upon the distinction 
ol the editor. 

There was then only one Horace Oree- 
ley, and the Tribune was widely read and 
greatly respected because ot the Incisive 
paragraphs and Impressive leaders which 
came from bis pen, but to-day there Is 
hardly a leading newspaper offlce In the 
country tbat bas not some one on its 
staff who la as pungent In paragrapb and 
as forceful In leaders as was Greeley In 
the zenith of his power. 

Halt a century ago the newspaper waa 
a luxury; to-day It is a universal neces- 
sity. Our wonderful progress In rail- 
ways, In the telegraph, and In the jour- 
nalistic mechanism tbat leads the me- 
chanism of tbe world in progress, with 
the tree school at every cross roads, have 
made the newspaper multiply into annual 
countless millions, and it is to-day the 
greatest of tbe great public educators. 

We hear tbat American journalism has 
become sensational. Like every otber 
great calling. It haa those within Its fel- 
lowship who will bring dishonor upon li 
by prostituting It to unworthy ends. 
Tbere Is unpardonable sensationalism In 
tbe newspaper calling, but I doubt wheth- 
er It is so to a greater extent than any ot 
the otber great agenrles of education anl 
advancement, but even this evil that al- 
ways has been, and always will be. haa 
not tteen without Its compensations. 

Discounted by all Its defects, the Amer- 
ican newspaper of to-day tbat fairly rep- 
resents American journalism Is the great- 
est and best newspaper the world has 
ever produced. Partisan and general dis- 
putation In our newspapers Is ten-fold 
more dignified, courteous, and tolerant 
to^iay than it waa in the days of Wash- 
ington. Jefferson, or Jackson, and thi 
most grateful reflection I have in ^eti^ 
tng from responsible editorial direction 
in journalism Is tbat I leave it greater, 
grander, and nobler than It has ever been 
in the past. 




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for Me text-book (price $f .00) and exercise books (price 15c. each) apply to the International 
Mews Company, 83 Duane Street M. Y. 


Insulation of E-Iectric Light ^ires. 

Joseph Clements was a tinsmith by oc- 
cupation. He had been employed by a 
contractor to go on the rool of the gal- 
lery to repair the same. He was accom- 
panied by another young man, Allred 
Anderson. In halt an hour after they 
went on the roof Clements was killed by 
coming In contact with defendant's wires. 
 • • The fatal Injury to young Clem- 
ents was rapid in its reaulte; ao quick In 
execution that no witness, not even tha 
witness who was on the roof with him, 
was able to etate with preclelon his posi- 
tion when be received the shock from the 
wire. But we think, from all the atten- 
dant circumstances, that he was either 
stepping over the wire or going under it. 
It Is probable that he came m contact 
with both wires, making a short circuit, 
Increasing the energy of the electric 
force. The unprotected or uninsulated 
places which were not vteible on the splice 
In the wire came in contact with his body 
under the right shoulder blade.  • • 

We are aware of the difficulty which 
confronta the defendant company In keep- 
ing its many wires, passing over a large 
territory, to great dlstanccB, in a condi- 
tion of perfect Insulation. Parte of the 
line will necessarily become uncovered, 
and all that can be expected Is that the 
company will inspect Its lines, and re- 
pair defects as early as practicable. The 
particular defect in Insulation In this 
case which is complained of was one of 
long standing, and, by a careful inspec- 
tion of Its lines. It would nave been 
brought to Its notice. • • • The city 
ordinance does not specify at what par- 
ticular localities splices shall be perfectly 
Insulated. On all parts of the line of 
defendant company where they occur the 
duty Is specified. The wire of defendant 
was spliced, and was not insulated, as re- 
quired by the ordinance. It passed over 
a roof, to which people In adjoining 
rooms had access, and where. In the 
course of time, mechanics must go to 
make repairs, or laborers to sweep olf or 
clean the roof. It was the duty of the 
company, Independent of any statutory 
regulation, to see that Its lines were sate 

tor those who by their occupations were 
brought In close proximity to them. In 
this respect, and in this parUcular caee, 
we are of the opinion that the defendant's 
negligence caused the death of Clem- 

The deceased, Clements, was lawfully 
on the gallery roof. He was engaged in 
a service that necessarily required him 
to run the risk of coming In contact with 
defendant's wires, either by stepping 
over them or going under them. It is 
probable that the latter mode was the 
most convenient, and there Is no evidence 
that In so doing he incurred any greater 
risk. The wires were visible, and to all 
appearances were safe. The great force 
that was being carried over the wire gave 
no evidence of its existence. There was 
no means for a man of ordinary educa^ 
tlon to distinguish whether the wire was 
dead or alive. It had all the appearance 
of having been properly insulated. From 
this fact there was an invitation or in- 
ducement held out to Clements tn risk tho 
consequence of contact. He had a right 
to believe they wer^ safe, and that 
the company had complied with its duties 
specified by law. He was required to look 
tor patent and not latent detects. Had 
he known of the defective insulation, and 
put himself in contact with the wire, ha 
would have assumed the risk. • • • 

The electric wires gave no signal of 
danger. Listening would not have re- 
vealed any danger. It Is hidden and 
silent. But they are disarmed of danger 
if properly insulated. By looking, one 
con see If there are evidences of Insula- 
tion. It there are evidences of it, and 
no detects are Tisible after careful in- 
spection, one whose employment brings 
him in close proximity to the wire, and 
which he has to paes, either over or 
under it, is not guilty of contributory 
negligence by coming In contact with It, 
unless be does it unnecessarily, and with- 
out proper precautions for his safety.— 
Extract from opinion of Justice McEnery 
In Clements v. Lovtstana Electric LiffM 
Company, 11 Bo. Rep. 51. 





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Is locked by nature In a granite hand 
Sheer labor must unclench." 

'LaboreinuB" (we must work) waa the 
laat word of Emperor Severus ae ho lay 
dying surrounded by hie Boldlera. We 
mutt work every day. every hour and 
every minute If we are to aehleye buccmb 
(W amanuensea and reportera. Trained 
mlnda and skilled hands never were In 
such demand nor at such wajrea as they 
are to^Jay We hear altogether too much 
or the sli-dollar-a-week stenographer- but 
thoae who are receiving twenty-flv? and 

or be talked about. It all depends t>n the 
kind of a stenographer one Intends lo he- 
come ir be has his thought constantly 
on the mediocre class, as soon as he 
reaches that degree of attainment ho will 
consider himself proficient tc meet the 
most exacting demands of buslnes-! and 
will go forth to seek employment, accept- 
ing the mere pittance of salary, and levlle 
his calling. But the WorJcer! Why hie 
expert hand and facile pen form only one 
of his accomplishments. He can do anv- 
thing to be done In the office. When the 
llrra needs a htutler to expand the busi- 
ness, they promote him and double his 
salary. He Is then a dictator, but he still 
has a tender affection for the beautiful 
art which proved a stepping-stone to him 
and without which he might have been 
compelled to occupy a very limited field 
of usefulness. Let every student be con- 
sumed with a desire to excel, and not to 
sacrifice preparation In order to enter 
upon early employment. Every day there 
are students leaving our shorthand schools 
who cannot make a grade of 7fi per rent, 
on the principles of their system. They 
secure positions only to lose them and 
this continues until they must surely he- 
come extremely discouraged. Let all 
think less of the goal and more of the 
means of reaching ft 

"A constant struggle, a ceaseless battle 
to bring success from Inhospitable sur- 
roundings, la the price of all great 

Great Modern Presses. 

elded step. Moreover, It Introduced a new 
principle which has been of the first Im- 
portance In developing the high-speed 

Many Improvements In the method of 
handling the papers were devised after 
Koenlg's press came Into use. and .thou- 
sands of presses constructed upon this 
plan are in use to-day. An American Im- 
provement on this style of press, known 
as the double cylinder, attained a Epeed 
of 1,000 an hour. These presses answered 
the requirements of the newspapers when 
they were small in size and circulation. 
But with the advent of the daily, with Its 
circulation running up to many thou- 
sands, they proved inadequate. There was 
a demand for something better, for greater 

In 1S46 the firm of R. Hoe A Co., which 
had already been for many years engaged 
In the manufacture of printing prt-sses, 
attacked this problem. A number of ex- 
perimental machines were erected, and 
finally ft occurred to the experimenters 
that by placing the type Instead of ths 
paper on the cylinder, greater speed 
could be obtained. The result was the 
construction of a press known as the Hoe 
Type Revolving Machine, embodying 
patents taken out by Richard V.. Hoe. The 
f rst one of tbeae machines was placed in 
the Ledger office in Philadelphia, in 1848. 
The basis of these Inventions consisted In 
an apparatus for securely fa°tenln;y the 
forms of type on a central cylinder placed 
in a horizontal position. This was ac- 
complished by the construction of cast 
Iron beds, one for each page of the news- 
paper. The column rules were madi- "T" 
shaped, i, e., tapering toward the feet of 
the type. It was found that, with proper 
arrangement for locking up or securing 
the type upon these beds. It could be held 
firmly In position, the surface forming a 
true circle, and the cylinder revolvfcd at 
any sneed required without danger of the 
type falling out. 

The first of these presses hsd only four 
Impression cylinders, necessitating four 
boys to feed in the sheets. The running 
speed obtained was about 2,0l}>) she<4s to 
each feeder an honr, thus giving, with 
what was. called a four feeder, or (onr- 
cylinder machine. 




^ .^ ^<.- .ti -n^- .<K^— . ^ .^..^Y-\■- 
......i^.i LNo>^^..<<:.k ^:.o ci-.v^. i.,.>...: 

T'The only books that present the Graham system in its purity are pub- 
lished by Andrew J, Graham & Co,^ i/ss Broadway ^ New York. Catalog and 


circulars free. 


EjKtract from a Jud|fe*s Chare£e. 

The conteotloD of the plaintlffE is not 
that Mr. Lane made any affirmative state- 
mentB reepectlng bis Bnanclal condition at 
the time this sale was made, which were 
false, or wblcb were made with a fraud- 
ulent Intent, deeigned to Induce credit 
to be given to him, and which were relied 
upon by the plalntlffB in making the sale; 
the case Is utterly barren of any such 
featuree. The plaintiffs do contend, how- 
ever, that at the time the ^ale was ihade 
Mr. Lane was in a condition of hooeless 
Insolvency, that his liabilitleH large'y ex- 
ceeded hia assets, exceeded them to such 
an amount that he must have known that 
he was uttterly and hopelessly Insolvent 
and that It was only a question of a short 
time when he would be compelled to yield 
to the Inevitable. 

Now, before the plaintiffs can be en- 
tiUed to a verdict in this actlin. It Is in- 
cumbent upon them to satisfy you by a 
fair preponderance of the evidence that 
the contract of sale was attended by such 
fraud as to render It nugatorv and void 
by what is called fraudulent concealment. 
A debtor in failing circumstances i' not 
neceeaarlly obliged to disclose bis condi- 
tion to a vender of whom he |i making a 
purchase, and Mr. Lane as not necessarily 
required to intimate to the plaintiffs that 
he waa In embarrassed circumstances. If 
he had reasonable cause to believe at that 
time that It was merely temporary and 
that he could ultimately succeed In tstab- 
llshing his credit and in going on with 
his business. His condition may have 
been one of insolvency, and yet he may 
have been juatlSed In believiuK that be 
was not hopelessly Insolvent. This belief, 
however, must have been one which had 
some reasonable foundation. A person In 
business who Is absolutely insolvent and 
hopelessly so, cannot shut his eye to the 
fact and say he believes he is not Insol- 
vent that he believes that In a short time 
he will be able to recover the RTOUnd he 
has lost and pay his debts in full, and pay 
the vender for the goods he Is about to 
purchase. A debtor in this condition is 
not permitted by the law to shut hli eyes 
to the inevitable, and to refuse or omit to 
disclose his condition to the person from 
whom he Is attempting to get credit. His 

belief must be Justified by the circum- 
stances of the case. 

A man who Is hopelessly 'nsolvent is 
bound to know the fact, and If he does 
know it he is bound to make it known; 
and If he fails to make It known, o Jury 
would be Justified In finding that h- was 
guilty of fraudulent concealmtnt respect- 
ing hia (inanclai condition. If you reach 
the conclusion, upon the evidence, that 
Mr. Lane kaevf or ought to have known 
his actual condition, and that he was not 
Justified in his failure to make that con- 
dition known to the plaintiffs before ob- 
taining additional credit, then you will 
be Justified In reaching a conclusion that 
there was a fraudulent concealment ac- 
companying this contract of ?ale, which 
vitiated the sale; and It they had the 
right to act under his silence and maka 
the sale, they had the right to rescind the 
contract and take the property as they 
have done. 

Under these instructions. It will be your 
duty to determine whether any real title 
to this property passed from the plalntitts 
to the defendant by this sale. Did he. by 
any fraudulent concealment, induce the 
plaintiffs to give him credit? You wtU 
remember the circumstances attending the 
sale. It was the first time these plalntllfB 
sold goods to him. They seemed anxious 
to sell to him. They were diligent not 
only to make a sale, hut they endeavored 
to make a laree sale. Confessedly, nothing 
was said by Mr. Lane to induce this sale. 
but, on the contrary. It la evident that tha 
plaintiffs were urgent to Induce him to 
buy goods which be told them he did not 
want: and the evidence discloses the fact 
that some of the goods sent to him were 
returned with the statement that h? had 
not ordered them. All these matters are 
to be carefully considered by you. In detei^ 
mining this Important question. Are yon 
prenared to say that within the mles 
of law which I have laid down, the de- 
fendant was gulltv of a fraudulent con- 
cealment which vitiated this eale? If so, 
the plaintiffs are entitled to your verdict 
If you are not thus satlsfled, if there was 
no fraudulent concealment, your verdict 
will be for the defendant 




• i \ 




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*Osgoodbys Phonetic Shorthand Manual, $i.2s; Speed-book {without key), $i,oo; 
Compendium, for the vest-pocket, soc ; Word-Book, $i .$0 ; The Great Moon Hoax (engraved 
shorthand) $1.25, For sale by The Stenographer Printing and Publishing Co., 

408 Drexel Building, Philadelphia, Pa, 



If you wish to iDcrease your speed, use 


fjo. 5 Elastie-Baek Hotg"Boot*- 

a NY kind of paper can be used in the manufacture of 
note-books, but to produce the best result!, certain 
peculiarities of" stock " and " finish " are absolutely 
esseutial, and the paper in this book is the result of a care- 
ful study of over fifteen yeara. In regard to binding this it 
the only notebook that, after a page is turned will lie per- 
fectly flat and slay there—a fact appreciated iu rapid work. 


legielieJ drtnj so. The paper 

ii-Liw and OfficUI Court Reporier. 

"All shorthand writers in the 
world concede the debt of grati-  
tude due lo Isaac Pitman as the J 
original im-enlor of the BEST 
gyitam of thorthanJ, and Ike one * 
which foriHS the basis /or a I 
hundred or more modijicaltons." 
Dr. Wm. T. Harris, U. S. Com- 
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lave pievloutly uitd."— Thomas Burrill, Dtpanini 

ISAHC PITUAM & SOUS, Publishtrt. 33 t/nion Squart. #a*r Tori. 

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lesson will show the superiority of the system. 

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Shorthand Instrgetor 

A new text-book of the Benn Pitman 
System, by CHAS. T. PLATT. 

Rapidly Becoming 

Mr. J. J. Eagan Proprietor of the Eagan School 
of Business, Hoboken. N. J.), an expert reporter 
and teacher, whose shorthand department com- 
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says : "After an exhaustive test in the school room, 
extending over a period of one year, I unhesitat- 
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It teaches you how to speak and write cor- 
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valuable to the teacher, the professor, the 
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the lawyer, the business or professional man 
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English language. 





84 La Sai,i,« Strkkt, Chicago, Ii,i,. 

IDlntversal 2)lctatton 



TF you have no Dictation Course for 
your shorthand practice, or Short- 
hand Department, that is, plan to 
lead your students in a systematic 
manner from the time they learn the 
principles to graduation, so that the 
Dictation Practice part of the course 
is as well defined as a course of in- 
struction in any other subject, you 
should examine the Universal Dicta- 
tion Course. The Vocabularies make 
it a great incentive to systematic 
practice, and a time-saver for the in- 
structor. It is of great value to the 
student after he is out of school. 
Every stenographer should have a 
copy. Single copy for examination 
$1.50 with privilege of returning and 
getting money back. Special prices 
to schools. 

Vir. L., MUSICK, Publisher, 
307-9-J U\Z St. Lotds St. SPRINGFIELD. 

'^^^M^^^^^^ /fll^VCRTISCMEHT/ ^^^^^^ 


following my simple common-sense instmctiona 

contained in 

s "From Amanuensis 
to Court Reporter ; or, How to Train 

for Reporting Work" 

can acquire the speed in reporting and the ac- 
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reporter and command like pay when proficient. 
This system of training is not theoretical, but is 
the result of years of experience in expert report- 
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In addition to my system of training for report- 
ing work, my book contains testimony taken by 
myself on the Booz hazing case at West Point: 
medical and other kinds of testimony; summing 
up in Investigation of District Attorney Gardiner; 
how argument should be reported, with illustra- 
tions of argument as delivered by counsel and as 
afterwards edited by stenographer. 

It teaches you how to become an expert stenog- 
rapher and court reporter. Court reporters earn 
from $2,000 to $6,000 a year. 

Besides, there Is a future to the work that is 
very alluring to the energetic stenographer who 
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or to the student who Is finishing up at a short- 
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on a career that will soon put him among the 
experts. My system can be used In connection 
with any system of shorthand which you have 
learned or may be learning. 

It is a common-sense system, taking the sten- 
ographer step by step from the ground work to 
the scientific point, and. if it is followed strictly 
and conscientiously, will enable him in a reason- 
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Send for It to-day and take your place, as yon 
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Postage Prepaid. Pl*ice $1*00* Satisfaction guaranteed or Money Refunded. 


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"Undoubtedly there are thousands of short- 
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observance of the principles and lessons set 
forth in this interesting and valuable manual." 


"The most common-sense system for the aspir- 
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reporting work, that we have ever seen."— 

is practical, instructive and valuable to any 
stenographer. I cheerfully recommend it"~ 
Clarence Bonynge, Law Reporter, St. Paul Build- 
ing, New York. 

•'Worth many times the price you ask."— S. A. 
Coombs, 26 Park Place, New York. 




punctuation an^ Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS* 1427 Euclid Ave*, Phila. 

Author of **aooo Drill Sentences for Oramnstical 
Analysis," ''Qrammatlcsl Cautions." "Short Pro- 
cess 5erles In Arithmetic," etc. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a genius in the 
art of book making. He succeeds in 
putting into these monographs all that is 
necessary for a comprehensive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Jourfial of Education. 

iStenof^ra-pKy successfully 

^ taught by cor- 

^■*^ respondence. 

T^^pewritinif. ^'^Jrweek"** 

Books free. Anyone can become a proficient 
stenographer by taking my mail course. Ten 
years experience as teacher. Address. 

Prof. C. L. KELLY, Klagston, N. Y. 

Have Yoa 

read •< Practical Points 
and Progressive Prin- 
ciples?" If not send 5 
cents and obtain a copy at once. Twenty 
pages of facts. Every young man should 
read it. It is brief, interesting and up-to- 
date. Address, 

J. L. PEER, Norwood, N. J. 


paper, colored, any state, 

territory, United States, 

Canada, Cuba, large cities, 19 z 15, valuable 
statistics, also an unique and indispensable 
desk device — send 35 cents for the two, 
no stamps. 



«« oomiuroMMiM wim our aovirtuir* M.tA«ft MtMTioa 



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should thoroughly 
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Uhree months tria/ sudseHption, ISe, 
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A trial subscription will confirm 
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55 Campau BIdg., Detroit, filch. 

n9 LEAD PENCIL for Shorthand Writers is^ 


"SM" or«*M»» Grade. Ifyour stationer S 
does not keep them, mention The Stenographer 4 
- and send 10 cents in stamps to Joseph Dixon Cm- m 
*> dble Co., Jersey City, N. J., for samples of each, i 

Pitman Phonography. 

For Schools and CoUegtB 

Bx parks: schoch, a. m. 

Director. Department of Commerce and Finance, 
Drexel Institute. Philadelphia. 

^HE book presents the Benn Pitman System In the 
Vi< •• Repwrting^ Style" and is the fruit of twelve years 
of teaching. Althouj^h published as recently as June 
of X900, It is already in its second edition and has been 
adopted by many, schools and colleges throughout the 
country, in all of which it is giving eminent satisfaction. 
The book, consisting of 138 pages, is the finest product of 
the engraver, printer, and binder. 

P|*|r«A 4|| /w\ Liberal discounts to schools 
* * '^"^y tPM«W » and teachers. Sample pages 
'^■^^^ free ; also pamphlet containing 

reviews of the book by teachers and shorthand critics. 

Address, PARKE SCHOCH, Publisher, 
Drexel Institute, - - Philadelphia, 







The 20th Century 

practical tTi^pevpritittd 


= ► 

^HERE is but one TOUCH method ; [ 

namely, by tenure of hand position, J 

maintained by frequent finger contact I 

with established guides. t 


332 Congress St., BOSTON. » 

This has ALWAYS been our way 

Price $1.00, Postpaid. 
Chart, 26 Cents. 

Liberal Discount to Teachers and Schools. 



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THQIHAT does it contain? Everything, — 
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any rate of speed from 40 to 160 words per 
minute ! 




H COMPLETE Manual of Instructions in 
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Depicts possibilities of Shorthand In 
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aBSORBING in character the stories 
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H CONCISE and comprehensive arrange- 
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«1 COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 

dictation exercises, containing aisc 
many useful bints, phrases, abbreviations, 
lists of grauimalogues. contractions, etc., 
which have never before been published. 


I A. Hoover, 

qHIS tribute to woman is due, tiiBI, 
during tbe years of hard labor, 
discouragements and doubts in- 
volved is the organization of the 
National Shokthand Re- 
porters' Association, of thit 
ire or so who faltered not while on 
I bent Miea Jessie Beaack and 
Miss Frances A. Hoover performed their part 
in a manner equal to the best. No one dis- 
played more constsnt and resolute determin- 
ation. They possess commendable manager- 
ial and organizing capabilities. Tbe dull 
delays, tbe laborious and probleoiatical out- 
look, the scorn of the scoSer, the doubts of 

the faithless, seemingly never cost these 
bright and brave women a smile, as 
they labored in the national shorthand 
organization field, while the good cheer 
and magnetic force which they unconsciously 
wielded in our national conventions con- 
tributed largely to the success of the meet- 
ings. Although Iheir States were strongly 
represented at the Chicago organization con- 
vention, in 1899, so nobly and well had they 
shown their faith by their works that the re- 
cognition which was their due demanded for 
them a place on the national executive com- 
mittee, which it was my pleasure to bestow, 
and lastyear at Put-in-Bay, where their labors 



and influence waned not, I had the satisfac- 
tion of reappointing them to the charge and 
control of the interests of the National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association in their respec- 
tive States. 

Miss Jessie Besack is official reporter of the 
Sixth Judicial District of Iowa. She went 
into the law office of Judge Winslow im- 
mediately on leaving college. Her services 
as official clerk for two years of the Code 
Commission, and in similar capacities requir- 
ing evidences of both natural and acquired 
talents, doubtless paved the way to the official 
desk in the court-room. As to the natural 
and acquired talents. I may say that Miss 
Besack possesses an abundance of both, and 
she is in her proper place when in the front 
rank of shorthand reporters. The reporters 
of Iowa are aware of her worth and at their 
last annual convention elected her president 
of the Iowa Stale Stenographers' Association. 

Miss Frances A. Hoover is the youngest of 
four sisters who are all expert stenographers. 
Her native city is Elizabeth, N. J. While 
completing her education she took up the 
study of shorthand. Her parents removed to 
Kansas City, where she acceptably held sev- 
eral commercial positions. In 1892 she was 
appointed head stenographer in the Smith- 
Premier office at Chicago, which led to an 
opportunity for thoroughly learning general 
business at the Palmer House and Auditorium 
Hotel, whete she did a full share of the short- 
hand and typewriting incident to the political 
conventions of that year and the Great Fair 
of 1893. Miss Hoover has resided in St. 
Louis the past eight years, where she con- 
ducts a general business as public stenogra- 
pher, in one of the most modern buildings, 
employing several assistants, having become 
well known in her line of work. 

Miss Hoover is secretary- treasurer of the 
Missouri Shorthand Reporters* Association. 
She is successful in her business, a marked 
example of contentment, and possessed of a 
charming personality and rare womanly 

Miss Besack and Miss Hoover have proven 
themselves worthy of the title of " princess " 
in the shorthand realm. 

Kendrick C. Hii,!,. 

I^aMT Department. 

(Continued from folio 153 ) 


other day, just as a recess was taken, At- 
torney Fish picked up the printed minutes of 
the previous trial, declared it was the best 
report of a trial and argument he had ever 
seen.'* (Albany) Argus. 

Mr. Ruso is a member of the firm of 
Rodgers, Ruso and Kelly, the well known 
court reporters of Albany, N. Y. 

In the Kennedy murder case recently on 
trial at New York City the following incident 
is reported by The Times to have occured : 

*' Mr. Moore then made a strenuous effort 
to have excluded from the record the testi- 
mony of Robert Clark, the Broadway hat 
salesman, who swore on the first trial that 
he sold Kennedy a straw hat and bicycle cap 
on the day of the murder. Mr. Clark is now 
dead. William C. Huson, the official ste- 
nographer who took his testimony, is also 

Mr. Moore contended that the law per- 
mitting one stenographer, in the event of 
death, to read another's notes, as would 
have to be done in this instance, was passed 
after Clark testified, and, so far as the Ken- 
nedy case was concerned, was an ex post 
facto statute. He was overruled, and the 
transcript of Clark's testimony was read 
by Messrs. Osborne, Moore, and O'Connor 
alternately. Mr. Moore wished the evi- 
dence excluded on account of his inability 
to cross-examine." 

George W. Black, of Camden County, Pa., 
who has been appointed court stenographer 
of that county, is to receive an annual salary 
of $3,000. Judge Garrison of the second 
Judicial District has lixed that amount in 
lieu of the per diem allowance provided by 
an act of the Pennsylvania. Legislature 
passed on March 20th last. 

H. W. Thorne. 

* * » 

Attention ! Steno^rapHers. 

'^ynVR. JAMES R.VVHITE, stenographer 

1 H J to the Mayor of Buffalo will keep 
open house during the Pan Ameri- 
can season and have accommodations for 
about 25 persons, at his residence No. 430 
Swan Street. Any one intending to visit 
Buffalo would do well to write him and have 
him reserve accommodations." 


Libel Dictated to Amanuenses. 

HE Maryland Court of 
appeals has recentlf 
decided (>) that the 
mere dictation o( 
libelous matter, in the 
forni of a letter, by an 
emploj'er to his em- 
ploye, a stenographer, 
who transcribes the dictated matter, is suf- 
ficient to constitute publication of the 
alleged libel. To fullr appreciate the force 
of this decision, it should be understood 
that one of the essential elements of libel is 
that the statements claimed to be libelous, 
shall be published to at least one person 
other than hitn against whom it is directed. 
The communication of a written statement, 
no matter how libelous perse, ('* without 
disclosure except to him to whom it refers is 
not a pubiicatron of a hbel. Such statements 
are even permitted to be made to third 
persons when certain relations exist : as, 
for instance, confidential communications 
by and between attorney and client, physi- 
cian and patient and by and between persons 
closely related by the ties of blood or 
affinity, when made for worthy purposes, 
such as warning against danger or evil. 

In the Maryland case Jt was urged in de- 
fense, that the dictation to the stenographer 
was privileged, principally because of exist- 
ing business conditions and relations 
necessitating the rapid dispatch of business 
etc. The court, however, disposes of that 
argument in thislangusge : 

" Neither the prevalence of any business 
customs or methods, nor the pressure of 

3f Clmbilll v«' 

li School«y. 

business which compels resort lo steno- 
graphic assistance, can make that legal 
which is illegal, nor make that innocent 
which would otherwise be actionable. Nor 
can the fact that the stenographer is under 
Gontractnal or moral obligation to regaid all 
his employer's communications as con- 
fidentisl slter the reason of the matter." 

The Public Ledg-er {Phiia..) is particularly 
pleased with this decision and says, editor- 
ially r 

" The ruling is sound in principle. No 
case presenting the same facts appears to 
have been before the courts of any other 
State for adjudication. In view of the un- 
iversal use of atenc^raphers as confidential 
secretaries, it is important that the decision 
should be widely published. It should have 
aprohibitive influence upon persons tempted 
to write scurrilous, blackmailing and li- 
belous communications through an amanu- 
ensis. Such communications, though made 
only to the stenograpber, subject the person 
inspiring and diclstingthem to the penalties 
of the libel laws. The confidential relation 
between the employer and his clerk does 
not reverse the law of the case. The con- 
stitutional definition of libel may vary sdme- 
what throughout the country, but it is 
probable that no essential differences would 
be found in the rulings of the State Courts 
as to what constitutes the technical pub- 
licstion of libelous matter. The Maryland 
decision seems to ba a necessary safeguard 
for the protection of reputations from libel- 
ous or blackmailing assaults, though not 
published according to the popular con- 
ception of the meaning of the term." 

While the Public Ledger may be correct 
that " no case presenting the satne facts 
appears to have been before the courts of 



any other State for adjudication," yet the 
question of whether the dictation of libelous 
matter, iu a letter, by the manager, and an 
employe, of a corporation, to a stenographer, 
also an employe of the same corporation, was 
decided by the Appellate Division of the 
New York Supreme Court in July, 1898, in 
the negative, in the case of Owen versus 
Ogilvie Pub. Co.,(0 and a full discussion of 
the latter case appeared in this department 
on pages 295 and 296 of The Stsnographer 
for December, 1898. (2) 

The Owen case is different to be sure from 
the Maryland case. In the former it was 
held that ** the manager could not write and 
publish a libel alone, and * * * not charge 
the corporation with the consequences of 
this act, where the corporation, in the or- 
dinary conduct of its business, required the 
action of the manager and the stenographer 
in the usual course of conducting its cor- 
respondence. The act of both ^192^ joint, for 
the corporation cannot be said to have com- 
pleted the act which it required by the 
single act of the manager, as the act of 
both servants was necessary to make the 
thing complete * * * as the two servants 
were required to participate in it, there was 
no publication of the letter * * * by deliver- 
ing to and reading by a third person." 

That is the distinction between the two 
cases. In the Maryland action the employer 
delivered his letter to a third party (his ste- 
nographer) who copied, (transcribed) r«ad 
and mailed it. In the New York case, the 
two servants acted for the corporation^ or, 
to be more exact, the corporation acted 
through its two servants by writing and 
sending a libelous statement, the contents of 
which were not disclosed to any one except 
the person claiming to be libeled, and hence 
there was no publication to a third person. 

The New York Court in its opinion says : 
•* We do not deny but that can be pub- 
lication of a libel by a corporation by read- 
ing the libelous matter to a servant of such 
corporation, or delivering it to be read.** 

Iowa stenographers should examine the 
case of Kiene versus Ruff, reported in i 
Iowa, page 482. 

In his opinion in Roberts versus Roberts 
(reported in 55 N. Y. Court of Appeals, pagt 
275, etc.) Chief Justice Church makes the 
following salutary remarks : ** If the parties 
had expended, in the repairs of the ditch in 
controversy, one-half of the amount in- 
curred in the prosecution and defence of 
this action, their respective farms would 
have been protected from injury by the 
overflow of water, and those fraternal re- 
lations which ought to exist between broth- 
ers, might have remained unimpaired. The 
slightest attention to the spirit of the golden 
rule, would have induced an adjustment of 
the points in dispute to the mutual satisfac- 
tion and advantage of both. But we can 
only deal with their legal rights and ob- 

A New York Supreme Court Justice has 
refused to confirm the report of a referee, 
because it appeared, upon the admission of 
the referee, that besides his own fees for 
services upon a reference, he had shared the 
fees of the stenographer who did the re- 
porting, by accepting I500 of the latter*s 
bill of |2,4oo. The (N. Y.) Times remarks : 
** Justice Freedman the referee shows an 
utter unconsciousness of the ethics of his 
profession and of his improper conduct in 
entering into a deal with the stenographer 
and refuses to confirm his report." The 
Stenographer has long been aware of 
similar reprehensible practices in other 
cases, and welcomes this opportunity to 
condemn the same, and to publish the rebuke 
which the court has uttered in reference 

(x) See Owen vs. Ogflvie Pub. Co.. reported in No. 
3a App. Div. (N. Y.) p. 465 et seq. 

(9) For explanation of various technical terras used 
In the law of libel, see the article referred to In the text 
pp. 295 and 296 of December, 1898, STENOGRAPHER. 

^HE following inquiry has been received 
^•^ from a western stenographer : — 

** I should be very much pleased to learn 
from you if you have knowledge of an open- 
ing for a thoroughly reliable and competent 
young man stenographer. 

For your information I would say that, I 
am a married man, 30 years old, am now, 
and have been for the last five years* director 
of the Shorthand Department in this high 
school. I have had quite an extended ex- 
perience as a stenographer and general re- 
porter, and during the last five years, have 
made it my special business to become 
thoroughly competent to do court reporting, 
to understand the vernacular of the law, and 
to depend entirely upon my skill in this 



line of work, in seeking an appointment. 
With this end in view, I have practiced in 
court a great deal, which has been made 
possible by eadi day's session of school be- 
ing short, as well as Saturday and during 
other vacation periods. I like the work 
ver^ much, and my experience in taking 
testimony in court and the reading of my 
notes which has received particular attention, 
justifies me in saying that I know how it 
should be done, and can do it to the entire 
satisfaction of anyone requiring such ser- 

Answer : It is possible that Patrick J. 
Sweeney, Esq., Lawyer, Stenographer and 
Proprietor of Manhattan Reporting Co., 150 
Nassau St., N. Y. City, would be glad to 
secure your services. Mr. Sweeney is a first- 
class man, embarked upon a successful 
career in the above fields ; and if you could 
make a satisfactory arrangement with him, 
and transfer your attainments to the me- 
tropolis, you would, doubtless, find greater 
demand and better compensation for them. 

Inasmuch as the ** official " stenographer, 
whether in the judicial, legislative, executive 
or other department of government service, 
was unknown to the common law, he may 
truthfully be said to be '* a creature of the 
statute,*' (x) in more services than one. Had 
the art of shorthand writing been co-existent 
vfith the common chirography, there is 
little doubt that it would have been utilized 
to record judicial legislative and other pro- 
ceedings from their inception. In that case 
the court stenographer would have at once 
become equally with the court clerk a part 
of the basic structure of our courts, and 
certain principles of law would have been 
evolved from these circumstances, and have 
become as much a part and parcel of the 
common law as those relating to any other 
topics which is now embraced within its 


5 NEWTON RHOADS, court stenogra- 
 pher, at Reading, Pa., reported the 
testimony in the Seitzinger will contest. 
The transcript is said to consist of 240 type- 
written pages, containing 150,000 words. It 
is said that over a week was spent in tak- 
ing the testimony. That number of pages, if 
of the same size and containing the same 

(x) "A creature of the statute.*'— A common legal 


number of folios per page (averaging 
two to two and a half), as found gen- 
erally among New York State transcripts, 
would be a very poor showing for a weeks 
work. But, on the figures given, each page 
must have borne 625 words, or six and one 
quarter folios which, to put the matter 
mildly is '* a darn queer sort of page." 

The Michigan Senate has refused to smile 
on the court stenographers of that state by 
declining to raise the annual salary of six 
Wayne County court stenographers from 
I2000 to I2500. The Wayne County farmers 
(who are supposed to understand all about 
buckwheat and court reporting) say that the 
present salary is comfortable enough. 
Court Stenog^pher George Donaldson, of 
Wayne County, Mich., represented the ste- 
nographers. The county auditors of that 
county (within which the city of Detroit 
lies) have also decided against the claim of 
circuit court stenographers for compensa- 
tion for overtime. George H. Carlisle, offi- 
cial stenographer of court room No. 4 
Detroit, employed Louis J. Siemon to do 
the overtime toil consequent upon the long 
sessions of his court. Simon's claim was 
disollowed, the auditors determining that 
Carlisle should pay his assistant of his $2000 

The official stenog^phers of the Phila- 
delphia courts were alarmed by the intro- 
duction in their State Legislature of a bill 
which, if enacted, will cut down their in- 
come one-half. The Philadelphia press 
favored the bill, the Dispatch characterised it 
as ** just " and charged that '* the stenogra- 
pher of a court has formerly been a gold 
mine ; " while the Item threw mud, and said 
the reporters enjoyed '* fat takes" and that 
they *' make more money than three-fourths 
of the members of the bar." 

A statement made by Attorney L. P. Pish, 
of Boston, complimenting Court Stenogra- 
pher James M. Ruso, of Albany, N. Y., is a 
deserved tribute to the ability of a well- 
known and popular Albanian. Attorney 
Fish is the recently-elected president of the 
Bell Telephone company, at a salary of 
$100,000 a year, and is better known as one 
of the best patent lawyers in the country. 
Mr. Ruso has been reporting the proceed- 
ings in the celebrated case of Burden against 
Burden, now on before Justice Betts. Mr. 
Ruso reported the previous trial, and the 

on folio 1 50. ) 


As to Our Health. 

AYS a prominent writer for 
women's magazines, " la evtry 
department of life efficient 
n be rendered only by 
the young woman who is 
physically well and equal to the 
recniring demends of consecutive days and 
week*. Some of ue overlook this fact, and 
we impair our usefulness and detract from 
our capacity by attempting too much, and 
forgetting to lake needed rest. A long and 
unbroken night of sleep, to which a good 
conscience and good digestion almost equally 
contribute, is a fine preparation for a good 
day's work. But if a girl come home from 
behind the counter, the office, the typewriter, 
or whatever else enlists her energies, hurry 
through her evening meal, make her toilette 
for a social gathering, and remain among 
her friends until midnight, she will not feel 
refreshed and rested in the morning." 

It may be said without fear of contrmdic- 
tion that the profession of stenography is 
one of the moat taxing and wearing which 
can be found ; but we have known of few 
physical wrecks among stenographers which 
could be traced to the work itself. We 
women are learning moderation slowly but 
surely, and can safely lake men as examples 
in this regard at least ; they can, as a rule, 
throw off business cares when they shut their 
office door, and turning away from their 
desk is the signal for real recreation until 
their return. We are not now referring to 
the man of affairs but to the rank and file of 
employees. They are not so intense as 
earnest women in the same work, and the 
sooner we all learn the lesson that there is a 
time to work and a time to play, the better 
it will be for our health. 
This season of the year is a good time to 

make resolutions having for their object the 
conserving of our strength and more even 
living. We owe it to our employers to 
spend our "after hours" in such s restful 
way as will enable us to return to our desks 
mentally and physically strong for the ex- 
actions of the day and the hour. As we 
have remarked many time* before, health is 
our chief capital, and when that is once gone 
or even impaired, we realize what dependent 
creatures we are and how foolish we were to 
tax our strength beyond its capacity. It is 
B. very difficult problem to strike the happy 
mean, but a little re-adjustment of our life 
during the long summer days before us msy 
have the effect of rounding us out and in- 
creasing our usefulness in our dsy and 
generation. As some one has well said, 
" The whole secret lies in knowing what to 
do, but in not overdoing it ; and in develop- 
ing and keeping in prime condition the 
mental and physical qualities." 


A pprfecT woman. nobl> 

A Woman's CKKncv* in the 
Struggle for Existence. 

^HE increase in the number of self 
w supporting women, especially notice- 
able in our large middle class, is creating a 
new problem, the economic as well as moral 
significance of which is interesting. If 
women becoifie men's intellectual equals, 
while retaining their moral superiority, a 
serious competition must be established, in 
which the non-smoking, non-drinking and 
generally more orderly employees most 
survive as the fittest in the struggle for ex- 
istence. On the whole, however, the close 
contact in which men and women are 



brought through education and co-exertion 
is beneficial to both. It adds to woman's 
strength, clearness of judgment and business 
capacity, while by increasing his respect for 
woman's understanding it tends to raise 
man's moral standards to a level nearer to 
her own. Pessimists have claimed that the 
** new woman " in exchange for her recently 
acquired fields must lose the chivalrous 
attentions granted to her grandmothers. 
But so long as men and women depend upon 
«ach other for love and happiness, there need 
be no fear of that. Indeed, such a fear 
would imply that modern man has stood 
still while women has progressed. Such a 
thought cannot be entertained. Man is not 
likely to refuse the dignified, well informed 
woman who sympathizes with his highest 
aims and who strives with him to attain 
them, the physical protection and the 
•courtesy which he has so lavishly bestowed 
upon the women described by Mr. Kipling 
as the women who '* never could know and 
did not understand." — LippincotVs, 

Notes frotn tKe Field. 

"The office worker these warm days is 
disposed to complain of the uneven distri- 
bution of life's gifts ; but many of these 
indolently busy ones covet your indepen- 
dence and your ability to stand squarely on 
your own feet. Too much pleasure is a bore, 
and too much work is only a weariness ; you 
recover sooner from the latter than the 
former ! And you may walk to and from 
your work, if you will, and breathe deeply, 
and take rhythmic exercises before you 
dress and before you retire ; and when your 
week's work is done, you can handle your 
own honest wages, and rejoice that you be- 
long to the noblest army in creation — the 
army of those who toil." 

No less than eight women have seats on 
the London Board of Education. 

Mrs. Ruth V. Lowry has accepted the 
position of stenographer in the office of Mr. 
W. L. Cooper of the C. B. & Q. R. R. at 
Galesburg, Ills. 

Miss Pearl Bowker has secured a position 
as stenographer in the office of the Conger 
Manufacturing Co. of Syracuse, N. Y. 

In the largest library in Oxford, England, 
has hung from time immemorial this notice : 

"Women and dogs not admitted here." It 
is allowed to hang still, to show the changes 
in the status of women ! 

The stenographer employed by the F. H. 
& A. H. Chappcll Co. of Westerly, R. I., is 
Miss Jennie A. Fisher. 

We are pleased to learn that Mrs. Minnie 
C. Morgan, stenographer in the office of the 
Attorney General, at the State House, 
Indianapolis, Ind., has fully recovered from 
her recent serious illness. 

Miss Winnie Russell fills the position of 
stenographer in a law office in Indianapolis, 
and recently paid a visit to her native town, 
Clinton, Ind. 

Milton thought it improper for women to 
learn Greek and Latin ; and two hundred 
years ago no one thought of a girl playing 
the piano ; only men played ! 

Miss Thurston, has succeeded Mrs. Mary 
C. Baker, as stenographer in the office of 
United States Marshall Pettit, at Indianapolis, 
Ind. Mrs. Baker resigned her place in the 
Marshall's office and has taken a position in 
the law office of Representative Overstreet. 

Miss Coroline Gill, of Fon Du Lac, Wis., 
has accepted a position as stenographer with 
the American Chemical Co. She recently 
finished her shorthand course at the Fountain 
City Business College, and is fortunate in 
obtaining a situation so promptly. 

The Police Department of New York City 
recently appointed Miss Eleanor M. Griffin 
to the position of stenographer and type- 
writer, at ti,ooo per annum. 

There was a time in the history of Boston 
libraries when women were not cdlowed to 
take books from the library. Now more 
books are taken out by women than men ! 

The Supreme Court Justices of St. Paul, 
Minn., have appointed their official stenogra- 
phers, each of whom receives {800.00. 
Justice Lewis has appointed Miss Josephine 
Norval ; Justice Collins, Miss Carrie E. 
Hotchkiss ; Justice Lovely, Miss Alice C. 
Corcoran, and Justice Brown, Miss Frances 
Webb, all of St. Paul. 

Miss Edna Ott retired recently from the 
position of stenographer in Governor's office, 
at Kansas City, Mo., to take a similar posi- 
tion at the Topeka Insane Asylum. 

Ida E. Turner. 


Chapter VI. 

Before we attempt to make any entries 
for April, we must carry forward in each 
account the resource or the liability for the 
previouB month. The inventories are re- 
sources Bad must also be carried forward. 
These atuouata are transferred to the op- 
posite side wUb the word "Forward" and 
the date written opposite in explanation. 

We now wiah to introduce the Day Book. 
It is merely a written record of the tcBUsac- 
tions as they are made. We will in this exer- 
cise enter all the transactions as they are 
made, although in actual buainess cash en- 
tries are usually entered into a cash book. 
We give here  few specimen entries, show- 
ing bow they are made. 

April i, 1895.' 

Sold to Eugene Bronson for cash. 
30 yards Prints (n) 4c. (1.30 

50 '• Sheetings (&:&;. 4.00 fo.20 

Sold to F. Homer on his note at 30 days. 
30 lbs, sugar {Si sc. $1.50 

100 " prunes ("», 7c. 7.00 

42V*' denims (<^ 8c. 3-38 J" -88 


Bought of H. Anderson & Co. for cash. 
44 yds. ginghams © 6c. (a.64 
167 ■' prints (n) 3c. 5.01 J7.65 


Bought of H. Anderson & Co. 
3 pieces ginghams, 

143 yds. ® 6c. f 8.58 

zo pieces prints, 
876 yds. ®3C. a6,j8 *34-86 

Gave in payment 
Cash 10.00 

Our note r 30 days 24.86 34.86 

It will be seen that there are no in or out 
columns in this book. They are not needed 
for a simple record. The figures breaking 
the red lines are dates. The transactions 
are transferred from the Day-book to the 
Journal, as shown below. 

April 1, 1S95- 


{Oui.) In. (Out.) 


Merchandise. 34-86 

Cash. 10.00 

Bills Payable. 24-86 

The student will undoubtedly have dis- 
covered before this time, that it is very easy 
to make a mistake wliea entering directly to 
the ledger. The object of the Journal is to 
avoid this. This end is attained by analyz- 
ing each transaction, and writing all the ins 
and onts in a group instead of separating 
them. When this is done, it is easy to see 
at a glance whether the ins and the outs for 
each transaction balance. For instance, the 
first transaction is Cash in, and Merchandise 
out. We write the word Cash in the first 
in column, and on the same line in the 
second in column, we write the value of the 
cash coming in. On the next line in the oat 
column we write the word Merchandise, sad 



on this same line in the second out column 
we write the value of the merchandise going 
out. And thus we proceed, always entering 
in items into in column, and out items into 
out columns. Bach item is next transferred 
from the Journal to the Ledger, in items to 
in columns, and vice versa. 

It is desirable to be able to see' from the 
Ledger what was exchanged for each item. 
For instance, it is desirable to have the cash 
account show what went out for each item of 
cash received, and what came in for each 
item of cash disbursed, and the same in all 
other accounts. It is \^ry easy to enter this 
information from the Journal, for this shows 
the ins and the outs together. Thus, on 
April I8t we enter I5.20 into the in column 
of the Cash account and write before it on 
the same line the word Merchandise to 
show that it was exchanged for merchandise. 
We also enter into the out column of the 
Merchandise account the value I5.20, 
writing before it the word Cash to show that 
it was exchanged for cash, and so on all 
through the Ledger. When one item is 
exchanged for two or more, we write the 
word Sundries instead of the names of the 
items, because it is not convenient to write 
two or more words in so limited a space. 
For instance, on April 4th., we write in the 
in column of the Merchandise account; 
34.86, and the word Sundries instead of the 
words Cash and Bills Payable before it. 

The student will enter all of the remain- 
ing transactions for April : — first into the 
Day-book, then from that into the Journal, 
and from this into the Ledger, always 
writing in the check column of each book 
the number of the page of the other book 
from which the item has been transferred 
and the number of the page to which it has 
been transferred in the next book. The 
Day-book must show to what page of the 
Journal each item is transferred ; the Journal 
must s^^oyt/rotn what page of the Day-book 
each item in it has been taken and to what 
page of the Ledger it has been transferred 
from the Journal; the Ledger must show from 
which page of the Journal each item has 
been taken. This ** checking '* must be done 
at the time the items are transferred, for a 
check number also serves to show that the 
item has been transferred, and by running 
up the column we are able to tell whether or 
not we have omitted to transfer anything. 

We will now go on with the exercise. 

April 5. Received a check of $20 from 
Field & Co. in payment of the 
draft we received from John Burton 
last month, and we deposit the 
check in the bank. 

** 6. Paid our note of I300 dated March 
3rd by giving a check. 

** 7. Paid |io in cash for wages. 

*' 8. Sold to H. Codd for cash ; 26 yards 

Prints at 4c., |[.04, 20 lbs. sugar at 

6c., $1.20 ; 32 yds. sheeting at 8c. 

jr2.56, I lb. cloves at 20c., $0.20, 

total I5.42. 

*' 9. Sold to Jno. H. Brewster on ac- 
count, 6 lbs. coffee at 14c. $.84, 
10 lbs. C sugar at 4c., $.40, total 

** 10. Insured our building and stock 
paying a premium of I3.42 in cash. 

" II. Discounted F. Horner's note of 
I11.88. Discount, 25 cents. Cash 
received $11.63. 

** 13. Have accepted a draft for $185 
Drawn by Jas. Snell & Co. in favor 
of the First National. 

•* 14. We have a number of small sales 
of merchandise for cash to-day 
amounting to I63.47. 

" 16. Paid the draft of Jas. Snell & Co. 
to-day by a check. Amount $185. 
** i7. Petty cash sales to-day, I25.10. 

** 18. Deposited |ioo in cash at the bank 

*' 20. Sold to Jno. H. Brewster on 

account, 30 yds. of prints at 4c., 


*' 22. Bought of Donnelly and Sons a new 
^t of account books for I5 in cash 

** 23. Bought of Jenson and Co. on ac- 
count a load of coal for $7.20. 

" 25. Received of F. Horner |jo in cash 
to apply on his account. 

*' 27. Petty cash sales $49.72. 

** 28. The proprietor drew out $20 in 
cash for his personal use. 

•* 29. Paid f2 in cash for repairs to the 

*• 30. Petty cash sales $21.43. 

Inventory of stock on hand : — 

Merchandise $2700.00 

Real Estate 2250.00 

Insurance 3.12 




March 31. Res. and Liabilities 

April 28. Cash 

'* 30. Res. and Liabilities . 


I537303 March i. . . . 

31. Gain, 






May I. Forward 5420.45 

5373.03 ., « ^ 

20.CX) Apnl I. Forward 

5420.43 " 30. Gain . . . 


March i . 



April I. Merchandise $ 5* 20 

it Q tc P ^o 


II. Bills Rec 

17. Merchandise 

25. •• 

25. F. Homer & Co 

27. Merchandise 49* 7 2 

30. *' 21.45 



May 1st. Forward 



March 2. 





April 3. 





7. Exp 

10. Ins 

18. Bank . . . . 

22. Exp 

28. H. Brown . . 

29. Exp 

30. Res. a c d Lia. 









March 2 2000.00 March 31. Inventory 

*' 31. Loss and Gahi 200.00 



April I. Forward 2200.00 April 30. Inventory 

" 30. Loss and Gain 50.00 





May I. Forward 2250.00 














I c 





















April 1. Forward 

April 3, Cash 

April 4, Sundries 

April 30, Loss and gain 

12800 00 

7 65 

34 S6 

42 15 


April 1, Cash % 

April 2. Bills received 

April 8, Cash 

April 9, John H. Brewster 

April 14. Cash 

April 17, Cash 

April 20. Jno. H. Brewster 

April 27, Cash 

April 30. Cash 

April 30. Inv. 

5 20 



















2884 66 

2884 66 

May 1, Forward 2700 00 


Mar. 19 $ 100 00 

Mar. 31. Res. and Lia 300 00 

Mar. 3 | 300 00 

Mar. 16 ' 100 00 

Apr. 16, Bank 

Apr. 30. Res. and Lia. 

400 00 
185 00 
324 86 
509 86 

400 00 

Apr. 1. Forward 300 00 

Apr. 4, Mer 24 86 

Apr. 13, Jas. Snell & Co 185 00 

509 86 

May 1, Forward 324 86 


Mar. 8 1 500 00 

Mar. 31, Res. and Lia 100 00 

Mar. 4 $ 600 00 

600 00 

600 00 

Apr. 30, Res. and Lia 

100 00 Apr. 1, Forward 100 00 


Mar. 5 1 

Mar. 21 

26 03 

Apr. 1. Forward 

26 03 

May 1. Forward 

16 03 

3 03 Mar. 31. Res. and Lia. 
23 00 

26 03 Apr. 25, Cash 

Apr. 30. Res. and Lia. 

26 03 

26 03 

10 00 
16 03 

26 03 


Mar. 6 $ 12 00 

Mar. 17 20 00 

32 00 

Apr. 1. Forward . . . 
Apr. 2. Merchandise 

20 00 
11 88 

31 88 

Mar. 29 | 

Mar. 31. Res. and Lia 

Apr. 11. Sundries 

Apr. 30. Res. and Lia. 

12 00 
20 00 

32 00 

11 88 
20 00 

31 S8 

May 1. Forward 

20 00 



1895. 1895. 

Mar 7 .| 1500 00 Mar. 8 1 500 00 

Mar 25 300 00 Mar. 19 100 00 

Mar' 29 12 00 Mar. 24 286 00 

Mar. 30 14 00 

Mar. 31, Res. and Lia 912 00 

1812 00 1812 00 

Apr 1. Forward 912 00 Apr. 16, Bills pay 185 00 

Apr". 18, Cash 100 00 Apr. 30. Res. and Lla 827 00 

1012 00 1012 00 

May 1, -Forward 827 00 


Mar 9 1 50 00 Mar. 15 % 25 0# 

Mar! 20::::: 65 OO Mar. 18 25 00 

Mar. 28 65 00 

115 00 115 00 


Mar. 10 1 20 00 Mar. 17 % 20 00 


Mar 15 * 25 00 Mar. 11 1 300 00 

Mar: 18 '.', 26 00 

Mar. 28 J5 00 

Mar. 31. Res. and Lla 185 00 

300 00 300 00 

Apr. 13. Bills Pay 185 00 Apr. 1, Forward 

185 00 


j^a.r. 16 1 100 00 Mar. 12 1 150 00 

Mar! 23 ! ! ! ! 1 36 00 

Mar. 30 1^_00 

150 00 150 00 


Mar. 13 ^ 36 00 Mar. 23 1 36 00 


Mar. 24 

$ 286 00 Mar. 14 1 286 00 




Apr. 7. Cash % 

Apr. 15, Cash 

Apr. 23, Cash 

Apr. 29, Cash 



10 00 

Apr. 30, 




5 00 

7 20 

2 00 

24 20 

$ 24 20 

24 20 


Apr. 9, Mer $ 

Apr. 20, Mer 

May 1, Forward 

Apr. 10, Cash $ 

May 1, Forward 

1 24 Apr. 30, Res. and Lia $ 2 44 

1 20 

2 44 

2 44 

3 42 

3 42 

3 12 

2 44 

Apr. 30, Inv | 3.12 

Apr. 30, L. and G 30 

8 42 

Apr. 11. B. Rec $ 


25 Apr. 30, Loss and G. $ 



Apr. 30. Res. and Lla $ 7 20 Apr. 23 $ 

May 1, Forward 

7 20 

7 20 


Apr. 30, Expense $ 

Apr. 30, Insurance 

Apr. 30, Discount 

Henry Brown, Gain 









Apr. 30, Real Estate $ 

Apr. 30, Merchandise 

50 00 

42 15 

92 15 


Apr. 30, Cash I 33 90 

Real Est 2250 00 

Mer 2700 00 

F. Horner 16 03 

B. Rec 20 00 

Iflt Nat. Bank 827 00 

J. H. Brewster 2 44 

Ins 3 12 

5852 49 

Apr. 30, H. Brown $ 5420 43 

Bills Pay 324 86 

H. Anderson & Co... 100 00 

Jenson & Co 7 20 

5852 49 


*grN view of the niialeadiog statements 
11 made by the authors (?) of the 
numerous so-called "easy" systems 
of shorthand, the following remarks con- 
taioed in a little brochure entitled "From 
Amanuensia to Court Reporter" will be 
read with interest. Mr. WilUrd B. Bottome, 
an Official Law Reporter. (New York) the 
author of this work says: "There is room 
always for expert stenographers and re- 
porters. The demand has exceeded and will 
exceed the supply. Of course, there are 
any number of mediocre stenographers who 
are willing to work for from f to }io.oo 
a week, but the author is acquainted with 
stenographers who receive anywhere from 
$20.00 to $40.00 a week, and with Iaw Re- 
porters whose annual income is more than 
that of the average lawyer." Further, in 
regard to these " simple " systems, we find 
in " Pitman's Shorthand Weekly " the follow- 
ing : " It is a gratifying ti^n of the times 
to observe the attention which is now being 
paid by American business educators to the 
highereducationofstenographers and typists. 
There has been too great a tendency to send 
out to the commercial world imperfectly 
equipped students. The leading business 
educators of America, it is but fair to say, 
have never countenanced or adopted the 
methods to which eiceptiou is taken, and 
now that the disadvantages of the ' short 
courses ' of certain teachers are being dis- 
closed, they are making a timely plea for a 
more thorough business training as essential 
to students who aspire to fill properly re- 
munerated business positions. In this as- 
sociation the weighty words of Garfield are 
quoted, that ' Shorthand when properly 
learned will prove to be not only a most 
agreeable and remunerative profession, but 
in many cases a stepping-stone to something 
much better ; and as a means of mental 
training, it is without a rival.' " 

Ker to 
ls»ac Pitmnn SKorthand. 

R«prln1«d fTom Pinnan'i lolh Ccnlury Diclallon Book. 

Mr. Robhrt D. Andrews, 
Westchester, N. Y. 
Dear Sir ; We have your favor of the loth 
insl., and do not feel that you should be 
about your advertisement i " 

"The Age." 

I the I 


it would hardly be supposed that you 
would hear from your advertisement at that 

We trust that before the force of the April 
issue is expended you may be more 

We believe that your advertisement is in a 
most suitable medium, and that the con- 
tinued use of it will bring satisfactory results. 

We would be pleased to hear from you in 


Yours very truly. 


Messrs. James S. Pierson & Co., 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Gentlemen : During the past eleven years 
it has been my duty and pleasure to put 
before you in the most convincing and 
seductive way possible the advantages to be 
derived from, advertising in "The Book- 
Reeper," I have endeavored to base my 
claims upon reason, and to state them, as 
temperately as circumstances and my own 
condition of health would permit. Perhaps 
I have succeeded — I trust so. 

Now. however, I have no claim to make ; 

to offer, I have only to submit to you the 
evidence of those of my advertisers who 
have used " The Book-Keeper " during the 
past several yean, and testimony of tbeir 
actual experiences. I submit it all to you 
without argument. 

t believe there is nothing more for me to 
add except to express m advance the 
pleasure it would afford nie to receive your 
early acknowledgment of the testimony. I 
might also add that, if you are not already 
an advertiser in "The Book-Keeper," it 
would afford me great pleasure to—but that 
is another story. 

Yours truly, (191) 

le Pttmnn 

pages, *i.7i. Pitman's lolh Century DIcuilon anil Leg: 
Qon Square. N«w York, 

> pp.,Ei.jD:  Phonographic Dlctionaiy. wlih Ihc ihonluiid 
. Nos. 1 and 1, each y> cents. Spunlih Ptionograpliy. tai 
I Forms. 9;6 pp . 7{c. Published by luac Pitman ft Sons. » 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Century Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 


. Y. X 

- J ' t^ L. i;' 

cr^ BOBEBT D. ANDREWS, a/f , N 


'v, X 

^^ James S. ?ierson & Co. , '>/'. 

^oi^ " ^ "^ ^ • l» >y ^ °^ (I ^^ " • ^^J — «\x" 

x^v, . ^^kr^Xc ) " . \ — ^- .i^....N>. ?^ 



Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman 9i Sons. 33 Union Square. New 


Toast--"\^hy Doem A Hen Lay An E-gg?" 

(CoiitiDued from Jui 



ENCE the question : Why does a 
bea lay an egg ? 

Fourthly, f/en, my friends, Aen. 
Why does a Aea lay an egg ? Why not a 
dude? Why not a cigarette fiend? Because 
my frieads, nature never expects something 
from nothing. The hen is selected because 
she represents industry, application, humility 
and an earnest steadfastness of purpose. 
Observe the business-like wa'^ in which a hen 
discharges her duty. Like a good business 
man she believes in advertising, and when 
she has done an act that she is not ashamed 
of and has enriched the'world by the pro- 
duction of an egg, she calls attention to the 
fact in appropriate and wall chosen terms, 
and the male bird like his human prototype, 
puts on an air of dignity and giving an ap- 
proving glance, aniiounces : " If there is no 
objection, the work of the hen will be ac- 
cepted and her work approved. I hear of 
none, it is so ordered. ' ' In view of the sterl- 
ing virtues the hen represents, why do we 
hear of a concave of giddy women assembled 
in Folly's name muncliing confectionery and 
gossip, stigmatized as a " Hen Convention ? " 
How very insulliug to the hen ! 

Fifthly, lay, my friends, /ay. Why does a 
hen lay an egg. Why doesn't she keep it to 
herself? ' Why give the egg to the world and 
thus assume the great responsibilities that 
may follow. Why lay aa egg and thus return 
value tor value received in corn and shelter ? 
Because, my friends, the lesson sought to be 

enforced is that the value of human life is 
estimated by its prodncts. A debt is not set- 
tled when the bank account justifies payment 
but when the money is actually paid. A doc- 
tor who professes to know how to cure, must 
cure ; the lawyer whose mind is stored with 
legal lore must win cases, the minister must 
live the good live lie preaches, and in general, 
no contract to do or lo be is considered closed 
until the goods ate delivered. Hence, while 
the hen arranges her nest, talks about what 
she proposes to do, and goes about with an 
earnest and thoughtful expression, the world 
attaches value only to the egg she has /aid. 

Sixthly, my friends, an, an. Why does a 
hen lay an egg? Why doesn't the question 
speak of a doien of eggs — why an egg — one 
little, single, unpretentious egg? Because, 
my friends, we are thus admonished that the 
duties and responsibilities of life are met 
singly. Que duty at a time seems to be the 
law of nature, and it is well for us that 
troubles and responsibilities do not come to 
us in flocks. We do not eat enough at one 
sitting to last USB month (unless this banquet 
proves an exception), we sleep one night for 
rest and strength for the next day's duties, 
and even the little cherubs that bless our 
homes are, with few exceptions, famished ns 
on the iustallment plan. Hence, the hen lays 
an egg, symboliziog the fact that the single 
duty of the hour is met and discharged and 
the brood of chickens that in time will 

(To be continued.) 




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e New Hrs of Phonography," 

e or tt 


It Pmctlcsl L««on 

ibalL l>e plMKd to 

Oentlemen: Our agent, Mr. Currle, has 
(orwarded to us your letter o( the 10th 
inst. to him, saying that It we could not 
Ship "Star" as desired, you did not want 
the other goods ordered at the same time. 
We heg leave to aay that In transmitting 
the order to us, Mr. Currie made no men. 
tlon of any such condition attaching to 
It, and as there Is a good deal of expense 
and inconvenience connected with mak- 
ing so small a quantity of a special brand, 
we declined your order for "Star" 41i to 
the pound, 

1 receipt of your letter of 

wired us not to ship any 

If we could not send the 

had shlpt all but the 

1b telegram was received, 

ire now on their way to 

> presume you have received 

i this. 

■, Currle, i 
the 10th Inst,, 
of your order, 
"Star." but wi 
"Star" before t 
and the goods 
you. and t 
invoice e 

We l>eg leave to say that since writing 
Mr. Currle that we could not make you 
the "Star" 4^ to the pound, we have had 
orders for similar goods running 6 to the 
pound. It you will take the goods of this 
weight. Instead of 4'/j to the pound, we 
will forward them within two or three 
days of the receipt of your authority to 
do so, provided we hear from you 
promptly by return mall. 
Yours respectfully. 


Extract of speech made by Secretary of 
Stale Hay at a dinner given by the Board 
of Directors of the Pan-American Ex- 
position to the National Editorial Associa- 
tion. Buffalo. June la. 1901. 

"Last night as I looked from my win- 
dow at uiis marvelous creation, lined in 
Are upon the evening sky, and as 
I have walked through the courts and the 
palaces of this Incomparable exhibition, 
the words o( the prophet have been con- 
stantly in my mind, 'Your old men shall 
dream dreams; your young men shall see 
visions.' We who are old have through 
many hopeful years dreamed this dream. 
It was noble and Inspiring, leading to 
earnest and uplifting labor. And now we 

For th% test-book (pries Sf.OO) and axareiat books (prie» 15c, t 
Keirs Company. 83 Duane Street, H, Y, 

■I of T 

share with you who are young the pleas- 
ure of beholding the vision, far nobler and 
more inspiring than the dream. • *  

"As a means to those ends, as a con- 
crete realization of those generous dreams 
which have ted us thus far, we have this 
grand and beautiful spectacle, never to be 
forgotten, a delight to the eyes, a comfort 
to every patriotic heart that during the 
coming Summer shall make the Joyous 
pilgrimage to this enchanted scene. 

"There have Iwen statesmen and sol- 
diers who have cherished the fancy In 
past years of a vast American army re- 
cruited from every country between the 
arctic and antarctic seas, which should 
bind us together In one immense military 
power that might overawe the older civili- 
zations. But this conception belongs to 
the past, to an order of things that has 
gone, I hope, forever by. 

"How far more Inspiring Is the thought 
of the results we see here now; how 
much more in keeping with the better 
times in whose light wi 
more glorious future ' 
forward, Is the result * 
armies of labor and Intelligence In every 
country of this new world, all working 
with one mind and one will, not to attain 
an unhappy pre-eminence in the art o( 
destruction, but to advance in lllieral 
emulation In the arts, which tend to make 
men happier and better, to malie this long 
harassed and tormented earth a brighter 
and more blessed abode (or men of good 
will. • • • 

"God forbid that there should be in all 
this the slightest hint of vain glory, still 
less of menace, to the rest of the world. 
On the contrary, we cannot but think that 
this friendly challenge we send out to all 
peoples — convoking them also to join In 
this brotherly emulation la which the 
prizes are after all merely the right to 
further peaceful progress In good work — 
will be to the benefit and profit of every 
country under the wide heavens. •  • 

"The benign influences that shall ema- 
nate from this great festival of peace 
shall not be bounded by oceans nor by 

live and the still 

I which we look 

to-day of the 

ch) apply to the Interoafioaal 




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Fraifment of a Law R.eport. 

Q. State the condition in which you 
found the plaintiff when you first eaw 
him? A. He was Buffering from a 
sprained anlcle, a epratned wrlet, and I 
think three fingers on hla left hand and 
two on the right had tteen sprained, and 
he told me they had been out of Joint and 
had t)een replaced. They were swollen 
and tender. His back was bruised and 
swollen and discolored, and he had a 
swelling just above the talp. 

Q. Was there discoloration on the side? 
A. There was some dlHcoloration there. 

Q. Were his hands and fingers band- 
aged, at the lime he came to you? A. I 
am not sure; there were heavy flexible 
plasters put on, to keep his fingers in 
place. I presume there were bandages on, 

Q. Was there a bandage about his body, 
at that time? A, 1 am not sure; I know 
he bad to be bandaged. 

.Q. Did you have bandages put on? A. 
Yea. sir. 

Q. You saw blm, from time to time, 
through the fall of 1S99? A. Yes, sir. For 
about four months I bad charge ot blm 
regularly for that trouble. 

Q. State about the conditions that you 
observed? A. He complained largely about 
not being able to eat very well, and 

couldn't retain his food. He said be had 
so much pain in bis back that he could 
not sleep, and he had attacks of cold 
perspiration in the night, and then a chill. 
Q. What was bis appearance, at that 
time? A. For a few months, he was in 
very poor condition, and his nervous sys- 
tem was in very bad shape. He bad not 
been very well nourished, and he was 
pale, trembling, his hands were not 
steady, and two ot the vertebrae ot the 
lumbar spine — between the ribs and the 
hips — were tender ail that time, and dur- 
ing the latter part of the time the muacles 
at the left of the spine were wasted. One 
could hardly find them. He was sore all 
along those muscles and these two verte- 
brae. They were very tender, on pres- 

Q. Did you make a diagnosis of atro- 
phy? A. Yes, sir. 

q. What Is that? A. A wasting of the 

Q. State about the enlargement in his 
side? A. 1 should say It was about the 
size of half an ordinary apple. It was 
rather prominent, and oblong. For quite 
a while I thought that waa a swelling 
of the muBclee and fascia there, from the 
bruise and sprain. It took me some time 
to And out what it really was. Dr. Rose 
and I made a thorough examination in 
March, and we then decided that it was a 
case of lumbar hernia. 

^Osgoodby's Phonetic Shorthand Manual, $1.1$: Speed-book {withoul key), ii.oo; 

^ •ndium,/or.   -- ..'.. r..,. ^. .. *. ^ . ... ... ., ., 

thorthand) ^/.vj. 

Compendium, /or the vest-pocket, ^oc ; tVord-Book.f/.so; The Great Moon Hoax (engraved 
■" " " " For sale by The Stenographer Printing and Publishing Co., 

40S Drexet Building, Philadelphia 





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^m^-RE belief tbat one con do q thing is 
\Aj nowhere more helpful than In 
^■' rapid shorthand writing. On the 
other hand, do foe I3 so deadly as 1b the 
 hallucination tbat continually haunts cer- 
tain students, compelling them to sur- 
render to the thought that they are by 
nature unfitted for successful work In this 
line. When hope and courage leave ihe 
student he Is almost a total wreck, and It 
requires the consummate skill and tact Of 
friends and teachers to convince him that 
hlB own misgivings are working him in- 

The first cause, perhaps, of the Idea 
that one is unfitted. Is to believe that he 
Is slow of hand, that he lacks manual 
dexterity. It should be a very simple 
matter to convince a student that so far 
as his hand Is concerned be is all right. 
The writer has never seen a person who 
haa not sufficient dexterity to write 150 
words a minute. 

With this article Is presented a group 
ot figures containing the digits and 

/ ^ 3 iJ-xS" G y f a o. 
/ :i 3 H^ ^ ^ y f* £^0. 

cipher. From careful computation (which 
Is sufficient for all practical purposes) the 
writer has found that manual dexterity 
may be measured in terms of shorthand 
by simply multiplying the number of 
lines of these figures one can make in a 
minute by sixteen, the product will give 
him the number of words he Is able to 
write In a minute so tar as bis hand is 
concerned. If he cannot write at the 
rate Indicated, then the head Is wrong. 
Try it student, teacher and reporter. If 
you can write ten lines legibly your speed 
should be 160 words a minute. If you 
can write twelve lines, your speed should 
be 192 words. 

Key to 
Great Modern Presses. 

— a running capacity ot about 8,000 
papers an hour printed on one side. As 
the demands ot the newspapers Increased 
more Impression cylinders were added, 
until these machines were made with as 
many as ten grouped around the centra] 
cylinder, giving an aggregate speed of 
about 20.000 papers an hour printed upon 
one side. A revolution In newspaper 
printing took place. Journals which be- 
fore had been limited In their circulation 
by their Inability to furnish tne papers 
rapidly Increased their issue, and many 
new ones were started. The new presses 
were adopted not only throughout the 
United States, but also in Great Britain. 
The type-revolving machine marked a 
great advance In rapid printing. It was 
believed tbat the problem nad been 
settled, at least for a long time to come. 
It was scarcely conceivable that any 
paper would want to print more than 20,- 
000 copies an hour. 

The type-revolving presses had scarcely 
been put into general operation in this 
country and Europe before the constant 
growth In circulation hgures demanded 
still further Improvements. Various ex- 
periments had demonstrated the possibil- 
ity of casting stereotype plates on a curve. 
The process was brought to perfection by 
the use of flexible paper matrixes upon 
which the metal was cast In curved 
moulds to any circle desired. These 
plates were placed upon the type-revolving 
machines Instead of the typeforms. The 
newspaper publishers were thus enabled 
to duplicate the forms and to run several 
machines at the same time, with a view 
to turning out the papers with greater 
rapidity. In some of the large Uindon 
and New York offices as many as five of 
these machines were kept In constant 

The difficulty in obtaining high speeds 
with these machines was not In printing 
fast enough, but In getting the sheets to 
the machine rapidly and In disposing of 
them quickly after they had passed 





I- ^ 



The only books that present the Graham system in its purity are pub- 
lished by Andrew J, Graham & Co,y 1135 Broadway^ New York, Catalog and 
circulars free. 

through the press. The demand was for 
a press which would print from a con- 
tinuous roll of paper, leaving the sheets 
to be cut and folded after they had passed 
through the machine. It was necessary, 
too, to Insure satisfactory results, that 

the machine should perform all these 
operations itself. It was found that 
human hands could not work fast enough 
to keep up with the requirements of the 
modem newspaper. In 1871 — 



department of Ipracttcal Grammar- 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, H27 Euclid Ave., Phila., Pa. 
Instructor in Grammar, Riietoric and Etymology. 

The seven pronouns /, thou, he, she, we, 
they, who — are often incorrectly used for 
the forms me, thee, him, her, tw, them, 
whom; and these latter forms are often, 
too, used for the former. Unless one has 
heen trained in analysis of the sentence, it 
is very difficult to use these different 
forms properly. In this article, proper 
usage shall be briefly stated, and depend- 
ence put upon the illustrative and the 
promiscuous sentences for whatever is 
to be learned about them. J, thou, he, 
she, we, they, who become me, thee, him, 
her, us, them, whom — when used (1) as 
object complement, (2) as chief word 
in a prepositional phrase. 

(1) I struck thee. 
Thou Shalt aid him. 
He saw her. 

She rescued him. 
We advised them. 
They scorned tt«. 

He chose twelve who were lowly, 
and whom, he named Apostles. 

(2) I gave the book to thee. 
Thou didst not appeal to me. 

He divided the money between her 

and him. v 

She sang with us and them. 
To whom shall I liken him? 

Pronouns that explain other words are 
in the same case as the words they ex- 

The person sitting there is my brother, 
he that has just returned from college. 

I assisted my brother, him that has just 
returned from college. 

Pronouns that are attribute comple- 
ments of participles or infinitives, are 
in the same case as the words to which 
they relate. Use /, thou, he, her, we, they, 
who as subject, as attribute complement, 
and independently. 

Five of the following sentences are cor- 
rect See as what each of the italicized 
pronouns is used: and, if an improper 
form is used, correct it. 

I bought the house from the grocer, he 
who your family patronize. 

O thee who art! Solomon calls thou 
almighty, which is the noblest of all thy 

Myself was lost, gone from me like an 

Not that any man hath seen the Father, 
save he that is of God. 

The children took me to be he. 

You are richer than him. 

Who is it customary to address as hon- 

Me being inexperienced, they easfly 
cheated me. 

They all said it was him. 

Who did you inquire for? 

We soon knew it to be they. 

I know not who she is. 

Who say ye that I am? 

We thought it was thou at the door. 

Who do you think it. is? 

Impos'iible ! It can't be /. 

They arrested the servant, he who my 
friencji yesterday dismissed. 

He is taller than me. 

They believed the writer to be I. 

Whom do you think was there? 

Who do you suppose it to be? 

My cousin, her who lives in the conn- 
try, shall be my guest. 

It was sure to be him that was called 

Who flatters is of all mankind the low- 
est save he who courts the flattery. 

Sooner trust the wind with feathers 
than she with anything. 

I am better acquainted with the coun- 
try than her. 

Thou only have I chosen. 

Thee must have, left earlier than me. 

I can write as well as thee. 

None knew better than him. 

We met your uncle, he that lives In 
New York. 

He often speaks to we girls. 

Us boys shall have our picnic next 

They like thou better them me. 

It could not have been her. 

Whom did he think you were? 

Are not John and thee cousins? 

I that speak to thou am him. 

Her being called for testimony, we all 
left the room. 

The candy was all given to we girls. 

I know not whom it was who did it 

Her and me are of the same age. 

Who shall we send on this errand but 

Let he and I avoid such company. 

Them that seek wisdom shall be wise. 

(Continuedou folio 176.) 



The National SHortHand Reporters' Association 

Btiffalo, 1901. 

/■■■r HE Committee of Arrangements 
M^l have been working steadily on the 
\i^ program for the Buffalo Conven- 
tion, August 19-24. While many details 
remain to be arranged, the principal feat- 
ures of the program have been planned 
and decided upon. 

There is to be something to interest, 
amuse, or instruct each stenographer who 
may attend, whether he (or she) be re- 
porter, teacher, amanuensis, or student, 
or one who uses shorthand simply as a 
useful accomplishment — and there are 
many such. 

The New York, New England, and other 
associations probably, will hold their own 
distinctive sessions during the week, and 
the interesting programs which have been 
carried through by them in former years 
may perhaps serve as a criterion of what 
may be expected from them at Buffalo. 
Doubtless anyone who attends will feel 
well repaid by what may be heard and 
enjoyed at either of these meetings. 

It is in the national meeting, however, 
that the most widespread interest will 
naturally be felt, ana a treat is assured 
to all present. 

To the earnest worker for the "good of 
the cause," the business sessions of the 
Executive Committee and the Convention, 
in which what has been done in the past 
will be reviewed, and plans for the future 
discussed and evolved, will be of prime 
interest and importance, and it is planned 
to give ample time for reasonable discus- 
sion of all suggestions. 

To avoid the possibility of the sessions 
becoming tedious to those who attend as 
guests or visitors, a judiciously prepared 
sprinkling of suitable essays, addresses, 
etc., will be scattered through the ses- 
sions, while the special features will prob- 
ably be given at specially appointed times 
or short evening sessions. 

It may be briefly said of the general 
program that the best writers and speak- 
ers of our profession will participate, and 
all sections of the country will be repre- 

For special features the Committee 
have been fortunate in securing what 
must prove attractive to all. 

The reporter will be interested in the 
practical demonstration by Clarence E. 
Walker, of Goebel assassination trials 
fame, of the practical workings of the 
phonograph and graphophone in the re- 
porter's office, for the speedy transcrip- 
tion of notes, where "daily copy" is re- 
quired. Mr. Walker will bring his whole 
outfit, operators and all, to the Conven- 
tion, install his machines exactly as they 
are to-day in use in reporting the Ala- 
bama State Constitutional Convention, 
and by taking a "turn" in some of the 
Buffalo courts, part of the Convention 
program, etc., show conclusively "how to 
do It." 

The amanuensis or teacher will be de- 
lighted by Prof. N. P. Heffley's fine lecture 
on the history of shorthand, magnificently 
illustrated by stereopticon views. 

The student of shorthand literature and 
bibliography will be well repaid by an 
inspection of the choicest collection of 
shorthand books, manuscripts, etc., that 
can be culled from the libraries of the 
four leading collectors of this country. 
Quaint old seventeenth century publica- 
tions will be displayed side by side with 
the fruits of the early Pitmanic propa- 
ganda in this country and England, and 
curious old manuscripts written by our 
forefathers even within the life of some 
of the Mayflower's gallant voyagers, will 
share the attention of the curious with 
the work of ingenious fingers still living. 
And a most interesting part of the pro- 
gram to all will undoubtedly be the "Ques- 
tion Box," or "Round Table," for which 
during each session ail else will be sus- 
pended for a part of the time. This will 
consist of appropriate questions or 
topics concerning anything connected 
with our work, which any member or 
Interested guest may select. These topics 
or questions will be sealed in envelopes, 
and placed in a box to be withdrawn 
one by one and opened for discussion. 
Members and guests will then be invited 
to participate in three minute discussions 
of the topics, and it is expected that great 
benefit and pleasure will be derived from 
this part of the program. 

Topics and questions for this feature of 
the program are solicited by the commit- 
tee in advance of the Convention and 
may be sent tp the editor of the Phono- 
graphic Magazine, or to Charles Currier 
Begtle, Court House, Boston, Mass. 

Some of those who have been invited 
to take part in the program with essays, 
speeches, or papers, are Louis E. 
Schrader, West Virginia; Charles L. Mor- 
rison. Tennessee; W. N. Tiffany, Arizona; 
Richard A. Mabey, Minnesota; Miss F. A. 
Hoover, Missouri; H. C; Demming, Pa.; 
Fred Irland, Washington, D. C; George 
C. Palmer, Georgia; Thomas I. Daniel. 
Michigan; George R. Bishop. New York; 
Francis H. Hemperly, Pa.; L. E. Bontz, 
California; Mrs. R. H. Kelly, Illinois; 
C. C. Herr, Illinois; J. D. Strachan. In- 
diana; O. C. Gaston, Iowa; E. H. Smith, 
Ohio, and others. 


Chairman (ex-officio), 

Committee in Charge of Convention. 

Prepared and submitted by Charles Cur- 
rier Beale, Boston, Mass., who is a com- 
mittee 01 one on program for the Buffalo 
1901 Convention. 


Tbe Stenc^apbcr Printing: & PubltiUng Co* 
408 Drezcl BulUing, Phila., Fa. 

Francli H. Hi.-npirl«y. PrestJenI and Editor. 
John C. Dixon, SecreUo' and TiHsurcr. 

"The SleooErapber" 1b publlsbed Id tli« Interest 
I the Shorthand and Tfpewrltlog proFeHloD of 
he couQtrr; and all men. all eyeCetnB aad all 

ways open to 


to publish mi 

mer« of interest 

to tbe p 


in all 1(3 bra 

.ncbes. Co 

■ddreaaed to 

tor th« oplDl. 



-The Steno 

gpapber" 1 

B a pr 



and tha publli 

Bhera will i 

ts departmeotV 


if UnUEd t 


Csaadn i 



Ico. Jl.OO a J 


tl.25 a year. 

A avert! sins 

Rates fun 


on appllcaUi 


dates, over a dOEen State branches. In' 
eluding upwards at 600 members, bare 
been established. Of course, It will re- 
quire bard work to keep up and develop 
tiie organization, but we feel inclined to 
say that there are lew men In the couotry 
tOHiay who would have done more or bet- 
ter up to the present time than Kendrick 
C. Hill. 



Again I am sitting by the side or 
Natures greatest work and wonder here 
below, and as 1 gaze upwards Into its 
Inspiring (ace it occurs to me that I am 
but an hour's ride away, on the electric 
cars, from man's greatest work and 
wonder— the 2l>th Century City of Light, 
the Buffalo Exposition. 

I came to Buffalo on the Gth instant. 
to make hotel and convention hall ar- 
rangements for our annual meeting. My 
trip has been attended with the most 
gratifying measure of success, largely 
through tbe aid and influence of Mr. 
r-haHuB H RbiIcv nne nr TtufTaln's most 

^MVR. Patrice J. Sweeney is tlie head ot 
*"^ the Manhattan Reporting Co., 150 
Nassau St., New Yorit. That is a very 
simple statement of a fact, but it means 
a great deal because Mr. Sweeney Is one 
of the rising young men of this twentieth 
century generation, with "Honesty In 
Everything" as his motto and the energy 
of all the ages back of him. If you wish 
to learn shorthand, write to him. If you 
have brains he will help you to cultivate 
them. If you have not, he will tell you 
BO and save your money for you. We wish 
there were more like him in business. 

/Wg\^- Kendbicr C. Hill i 
*''•' ter of Interest In connection with 
the meeting of the National Association 
at Buffalo in August next. 

Our acquaintance with Mr. Hill has con- 
vinced us that there are tew more ener- 
getic, unselfish and se If-sac rifle in g work- 
ers than he. With the aid of his asso- 

costing (aoo.OOO). on the EnpositioD 
grounds, right by the Blmwood entrance, 
for the week beginning August 19th, tor 
the sessions of the National. New York. 
New England, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and 
other shorthand associations. 

In the matter of hotel accommodations, 
we are to be even the more congratulated, 
having had reserved tor us the entire 
Hotel Raleigh until July 15th, up to which 



time members of the various associations 
and their friends may reserve rooms there 
without making a deposit, as is custom- 
ary. This notel is built of brown stone 
and brick, and is a commodious, well 
lighted, well ventilated, newly furnished 
house. Its location is Al, its appoint- 
ments and equipments ditto. It is but a 
block away from the Main street cars, 
which run direct to the Elmwood Avenue 
entrance, (car fare 5 cents). The rates 
for rooms are: » 

Room with double-bed for one, $3.00 per 

Room with double-bed for two, |3.00 
per day. 

Room with 2 double-beds for four, |5.00 
per day. 

Room with 3 double-beds for six, |6.00 
per day. 

The rooms with two and three double- 
beds are very large and the beds evidently 
very comfortable. The above prices of 
from $1.00 to $1.50 per day for each 
person, considering the excellent accom- 
modations, are very reasonable, indeed, 
for August rates, when prices, as a rule, 
will at least be doubled. 

A first-class cafe is maintained in* con- 
nection with the hotel. 

At the American Inn, on the Exposition 
grounds, tempting meals are  served at 
reasonable prices. There are places on the 
grounds of which this could not be said. 

The entire house, accommodating over 
200, will be reserved until July 15th, as 
stated above, for the week (or longer) 
commencing August i8th. Further infor- 
mation will be given oy addressing James 
D. Campbell, Secretary, Spartanburg, 
S. C, or the writer at Trenton, N. J. As 
no deposit is required, it costs nothing to 
reserve rooms now and I hope those who 
contemplate attending the Convention and 
the Exposition will promptly write 
for what they want to The Raleigh, 
352 Franklin St., Buffalo. N. Y. If later 
on they find they cannot attend they will 
kindly write and cancel the same. 

Great preparations are being made by 
the program committee, and a number of 
interesting innovations will be intro- 

Notice is now and hereby given to the 
members of the Executive and Legislative 
Committees and others interested, that 
the Executive Committee will meet 
promptly at 10 a. m., Monday, August 
19th, sitting througnout the day. Its 
business, in matters of legislation, . etc.. 
is of the utmost importance, and it is 
hoped there will be a large ascendance, 
as heretofore. To this end it is earnestly 
hoped that all members of the Executive 
Committee will endeavor to arrive at the 
Raleigh by Sunday. 

At the convention it is also most earn- 
estly hopea that all those attending the 

participating in the same by lending their 
presence and their co-operation, and enjoy 
the pleasure and the profits of the great 
Exposition when a session closes, for 
which purpose ampie time will be af- 

Hoping to meet ana greet you at the 
convention, the 20th uentury City of 
Light and Niagara Falls, and that to- 
gether we may greatly enjoy, as we surely 
will, this "triple alliance." 

I 'am, my dear reader. 
Yours sincerely, 

KENDRICK C. HILL, President, 
National Shorthand Reporters' Associa- 
tion, Trenton, N. J. 

Niagara Falls, June 10. IbOl. 

^iiVr. Aug. Menoelkamp, 415 Hickory 
St., Scranton, Pa., has just issued 
a text-book of shorthand which is adver- 
tised elsewhere in The Stenographer. 
It is the fourth copyright edition. The 
consonantal characters are written upon 
the slope of the ordinary hand-writing. 
The vowels may be joined without lifting 
the pen. The exercises are progressive 
and well adapted to self-instruction. 
There seems to be a growing demand for 
this style of shorthand — the light line 
script, — and this presentation of it is en- 
titled to the favorable consideration of 
those who prefer it to the Pitmanic or 
geometrical systems. Mr. Mengelkamp 
has had much experience as a writer and 
teacher, and deserves the confidence of 
tne public. 

•||N a letter just received oy the editor 
^ from Mr. U. Grant Case, 18 Holborn 
Viaduct, E. C, London, England, the 
"New Century" representative In London, 
he says that he Is getting comfortably 
settled In business, is happy, full of pleas- 
ant remembrances of the kind treatment 
of his many Philadelphia friends and 
hopes to see and hear from them as op- 
portunity offers. Mr. Case will be sure 
to make a success of his London ofiice and 
we commend him to all of our English 
cousins who wish to know a good fellcw, 
a good business man. ana the representa- 
tive of a good machine. 



Grammar Department. 

(Coutiuued from folio 172.) 

Art thee him ichom they say thee art? 

From he that is needy, turn not away. 

It rests with thou and / to decide. 

It is your brother, him whom we 
thought was thee. 

Who should I see between her and he 
but my brother! 

All believed the guilty man to be /. 

I have always wished to be he. 

Thee helping, I know I can succeed. 

There are few pupils better than him. 

The hat belongs to John, he that works 
in the garden. 

I thought the approaching man to be 

Had it been Tier, she would have told 

He that is idle, reprove sharply, 

Mary often said that she longed to be 
she who we visited to-day. 

Father let he and J accompany her. 

Let he be whom he may, he is not the 
person xchom he seems. 

Die Kaiserstenographie. Kurzer Lehr- 
gang der Gahelsbergerschen Debatten- 
schrift von Karl Hempel. Oldenburg, 
(Germany) 1901. 

Those of our readers who use the 
Gabelsberger system for German report- 
ing, will, no doubt, be interested in this 
text-book of the Reporting Style. The 
author, one of the most active represen- 
tatives of the Gabelsberger school in Ger- 
many, who became known in this coun- 
try through a paper presented at the 
World's Congress of Stenographers held 
in Chicago in 1893, calls his book "Die 
Kaiserstenographie," Imperial Steno- 
graphy, because the Gabelsberger system 
is used by the official stenographer of the 
German Emperor, Dr. Max Weiss. Con- 
sidering the character of the German 
language, the many long words, the rich 
inflection, etc., as well as the graphic 
character of the German shorthand sys- 
tems, it is obvious that the Corresponding 
Style of the German system of shorthand 
Is not short enough for practical purposes. 
The knowledge of the Reporting Style, at 

least to a certain extent, is necessary even 
for the business stenographer. The 
Gabelsberger school possesses a number of 
text-books dealing in full with the Re- 
porting Style, and on the other hand there 
are also books containing simply a theo- 
retical exposition of the rules of con- 
traction, but as yet only few books have 
been published which employ a happy 
medium and present the rules of con- 
traction in such a manner as to enable 
the beginning practiUoner who does not 
intend to become a professional reporter, 
to increase his speed considerably. Such 
a book is Mr. Hempel's. It deserves much 
praise, and we do not doubt that the stu- 
dent can use it to great advantage even 
without the assistance of a teacher. 

R. T. 

To My Teacher. 

Dedicated to Prof. H. H. Johnson. (Copy- righted.) 

O thou whose hapless eyes from thy nativity 

Have never seen the light of heaven's glor- 
ious sun ; 
For whom, by preternatural activity, 
Four senses do imperfectly the work of one ; 

Though all the beauty of the earth, of life 

and art 
To thee is like the fancy of some foreign 


Yet known to thee are pride of mind, the fire 
of heart, 

The rapturet of the ear, the cunning^ of the 

In learning's dark and labyrinthine ways 

thy task 
It is to guide the aimless feet of youth aright; 

And thee doth many a lost and weary 
traveler ask 

For vision sure and hear thee say, " Receive 
thy sight! " 

t Primary and common signification, both. 
X Primary signification. 

W. W. Sticklkv. 

Baltimore, Md.,May 13, 1901. 

(Professor John son is blind but writes well 
on the typewriter. — Ed.) 


TKe Histox^ of Tot&cK 

'TTHE History of Touch Typewriting 
^ reaches us with the compliments of 
Messrs. Wyckoff, Seamans ft Benedict, 
327 Broadway, New York City. It is a 
very handsomely illustrated presentation 
of the subject, referring especially to Mr. 
Prank E. McGurrin, as a noted Reming- 
ton operator^ the first expert to use a 
touch system in writing on the machine; 
to Mrs. M. V Longley, as instructor of 
typewriting on the Remington, who was 
the first business educator to pmploy a 
"touch system" in the instruction of 
* pupils and also the first to publish a 
manual on the subject; to Mr. Bates 
Torrey. another pioneer, to whom belongs 
the credit of first coining and giving cur- 
rency to the word "touch" as applied to 
the system; to Mr. H. V. Rowell. manager 
of the Remington typewriter at Boston, 
Mass, who was the first typewriter man 
to see the future of the system and whose 
efforts first brought it into general use in 
the business schools. There are hand- 
some half-tone cuts of these parties and 
also of others with accounts of the rapid 
work which have been done by noted ex- 
perts. We would suggest that our readers 
drop a line to Messrs. Wyckoff, Seamans 
& Benedict, mentioning The Stenogra- 
pher, who we think will be glad to send a 
copy in reply to a request therefor. 

On to Buffalo. 

^HB Stenographers of the country are 

^ under many obligations to the ef- 
Pcfent ofiicers of the National Shorthand 
Reporters' Association in making ample 
provision for their accommodation and 
entertainment at Buffalo, during the 
week of August 19th-24th. During this 
week a number of shorthand associations 
will hold their meetings in the New York 
State Building, which is at the service of 
the stenographers. 

We desire, however, most particularly, 
to comment upon the enterprise displayed 
by the President of the National Aoso- 
cfatlon, Mr. Kendrick C. Hill, in having 
secured an option upon the entire re- 
sources of the Hotel Raleigh. 

This option can be taken advantage ot 
by the members of the profession by send- 
ing in their names and the accommoda- 
tions they desire not later than July 15 th. 
By doing this the rooms they wish will be 
secured for them without charge and held 
for their use during the week of the 
shorthand conventions. In view of the 
great demand, the prices named are very 
reasonable, and the entire hotel should 
be secured by the members of the pro- 
fession who will gather there at that 

'JT'HE editor of Thb Stenographer has 
w been honored by an invitation to de- 
liver an address on one of the days of the 
meeting, and if it is possible for him to 
be present in Buffalo he will most gladly 
avail himself of the privilege and pleas- 
ure of making the acquaintance of many 
of the members of the profession who 
will gather there at that time. 

Wb regret the Mun.son Department 
reached us too late for insertion in this issue, 
but will appear as usual next month. 

Miss Marie Bush, of Y%, Wayne, Ind., 
has accepted a position as stenographer 
in the Office of Attorney J. E. Graham. 

Mrs. Rose Patbick is filling the posi- 
tion of stenographer in the office of the 
Davidson Commission Co., Parsons, Kans. 

Frank W. Wakenfield has taken a po- 
sition as stenographer at the chair manu- 
factory of Nichols & Stone, at Gardner, 

East Syracuse. Otto L. Dayharsh has 
received a position as stenographer and 
typewriter in the office of Trainmaster 
Hemingway at Syracuse, N. Y. 

Miss Isabel A. Dean, who has been 
working for the Wheeler & Wilson Mfg. 
Co., of Boston, during the past year, has 
returned to Haverhill, Mass., to become 
stenographer for the firm of J. H. Win- 
chell & Co. 

Supreme Court Stenographer John E. 
Ketcham, Patchogne, N. Y., has been as- 
signed to aid as the official stenographer 
at the trial and special terms of the Su- 
preme Court to be held in Nassau Co. in 

MisR Amanda Barsantee, Miss Mary 
Lewis, Miss May Walker and Mr. Alex- 
ander McNutt are graduates from the 
Department of Stenography and Type- 
writing In the People's College of Ken- 
sington, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Miss Lillian N. Dean, has secured a 
position as stenographer with the Sawyer 
Boot & Shoe Co., Bangor, Me. Miss Sadie 
A. Sparks, of Brewer, Me., has secured a 
position as stenographer In the office of 
the Public Works Co.. Bangor, Me. 

Miss Mae Hopkins, of BouckvlUe, N. 
Y., who recently finished her course ot 
study at Utlca Business' College, has a 
position as stenographer In Ithaca. 

W. H. Minier Is filling the position In 
the city clerk's office, Toledo, O., vacated 
by R. F. Schneider, who commences work 
on Monday as stenographer to the city 

speciaij^COm^j aj(j GOjlVEJlTIOIl HEPORTEHS. 

If you wish to increase your speed, use 


T^o. 5 Elastie-Baek Note"Book. 

a NY kind of paper cao be used in the maiiufsctiire of 
iiole-liooks, but to produce the besl results, cerlain 
peculisrilies of" stock " and " finisli " are absoluiely 
euential, and Ihe paper in' this book is tlie result of a care- 
ful stutly of over fifteen years. In regaMi to binding this is 
the only note hook that, after a page is turned will lie prr- 
fedly flat and stay Ikere — a fact apprecintei) in rapid work. 
 1 bKame acqmlnled wlih lhe(« nol*-book» nm or Ihre* years ago. when 
I slroncly rKommendtd their use In The StenoGMPHEB, and have never 

■■--'- — — injt Ihe book \a open Hal upon the ■"--'■ ~- " ---" " —- 

-H. W. ThoBnE, AHomey-at-Uw 


1 10 your No. !Noie-B 


"All shorthand wnlers in the 
world concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
system of shorthand, and the one 
which forms the basis for a 
Ah ndrM or more modiflcatioiis. ' ' 
Or, IVm. T. Hai-ris. (/. S. Com- 
missioner of Education, 

d Oflickil Court Reponrr. 

My c< 

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TUntversal Dictation 


T F you have no Dictation Course for 
your shorthand practice, or Short- 
hand Department, that is, plan to 
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principles to graduation, so that the 
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it a great incentive to systematic 
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student after he is out of school. 
Every stenographer should have a 
copy. Single copy for examination 
$1.50 with privilege of returning and 
getting money back. Special prices 
to schools. 

•W. L. MU5ICK, Publisher, 
307-9-n-J3 St. Louis St. SPRINGFIELD. 







It teaches you how to speak and write cor- 
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Ipunctuation an& Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Euclid Avc.,PhiIa. 

Author of "3000 Drill Sentences for Grammatical 
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PROFESSOR WILLTS is a genius in the 
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Can become an expert reporter if he has tbe 

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**From Amanuensis to Court Reporter; 
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is a book of instruction in court reporting, it contains: 

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stenographer. I cheerfully recommend it."— 
Clarence Bonynge, Law Reporter, St. Paul Build- 
ing, New York. 

"Worth many times the price you ask." — S. A. 
Combs, 26 Park Place, New York. 



The Hatofal System of Shorthand Writing. 




Kby : Suyings Of The Wise. Repetition is one secret of success. The reason J^ 
why so many fail, in various lines, is that they do not repeat their efforts often ^ 
enough and long enough to bring about the desired result. ^ 

/V* • 


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hand. It teaches the Reporting Style from the l)eginning. Constructed by an 
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% TeacHers of SKorthand x 


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Director. Department of Commerce and Finance. 
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^HE book presents the Benn Pitman System In the 
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Address, PARKE SCHOCH, Publisher, 
Drexel Institute, - - Philadelphia. 




The 20th Century 

practical ^i^pevDritittd 


TTHKRE is but one TOUCH method; 
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XClnivecsal Dictation 



TF you have no Dictation Course for 
your shorthand practice, or Short- 
hand Department, that is, plan to 
lead your students in a syKtematic 
manner from the time they learn the 
principles to graduation, so that the 
Dictation Practice part of the course 
is as well defined as a course of iii- 
slrnction in any othe.r suliject, yon 
should examine the Universal Dicta- 
tion Course. The Vocabularies make 
it a great incentive to systematic 
practice, and a time-saver for the in- 
structor. It is of great value to the 
student after he is out of school. 
Every stenographer should Iiave a 
copy. Single copy for examination 
$1.50 with privilege of returning and 
getting money back. Special prices 
to schools. 

•W. L. MUSICK, Publiahtr, 
307-9-11-13 St. Louis St. SPRINGFIELD. 






It leaclies you huw tospeak and writecor- 
rectly, acid aa a nork of lererence is in- 
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the lawyer, the business or prufessioiial man 
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English language. 



S4 La Sallb Stbrkt, Chicago, In., 

Volume XVI. 


No. 8. 

TKe Pennsylvania State iStenoe^rapKers* 


HE Pennsylvania Stale Stenog- 
raphers' Association have print- 
ed the Proceedings of their First 
Annual Convention, held at Har- 
risburg, August 8th, 1900. The 
officers are : President, Col. 
Henry C. Demming, Harrisburg, Pa. ; Vice 
President, F. E. Pelton, Pittsburg, Pa. ; 
Second Vice-President, William A. Shaw, 
Philadelphia, Pa. ; Secretary-treasurer, Sam- 
uel B. Foight, Greensburg, Pa. ; Librarian, 
J. Newton Rhoads, Reading, Pa. 

Members : 

H. L. Andrews, Medical, Law and General 
Stenographer, Pittsburg, Pa. 

John P. McConahey, Law and General 
Stenographer, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

F. E. Pelton, Stenographer Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, No. 1, Pittsburg. 

J. Frank Condon, Official Stenographer, 
Blair, Cambria and Centre Counties, Altoona, 

J. Frank Beatty, Official Stenographer, 
Greensburg, Pa. 

Taylor McBride, Official Stenographer, 
Orphan's Court, Philadelphia. 

George E. Simpson, Court Stenographer, 
Huntingdon, Pa. 

T. F. Crean, Agt. Remington Typewriter 
and ex-Court Reporter, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

J. Newton Rhoads, Official Stenographer, 
Berks County Courts, Reading. 

Joseph F. Patterson, Official Stenographer, 
Pottsville, Pa. 

Samuel B. Foight, Official Stenographer, 
Greensburg, Pa. 

Col. Henry C. Demming, Court Stenogra- 
pher, 19th and 51st Judicial Districts, Har- 
risburg, Pa. 

Arthur Head, Official Stenographer, To- 
wanda. Pa. 

Mrs. C. B. Summers, Law and General 
Stenographer, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

William A. Shaw, Official Stenographer, 
Common Pleas No. i, Philadelphia. 

A. E. Irwin, Official Stenographer, Phila. 

F. C. Sharbaugh, Official Stenographer, 
Ebensburg, Pa. 

A. D. Mornes, Official Stenographer, New 
Castle, Pa. 

Samuel C. Clark, Official Stenographer, 
Washington, Pa. 

George E. Graff, Official Stenographer, 
Williamsport, Pa. 

Edwin L. Allen, Official Stenographer, 
Common Pleas No. 2, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Charles T. Fullwood, Official Stenographer, 
Common Pleas No. 2, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Mrs. Lucy Dorsey lams, Official Stenogra- 
pher, Orphan's Court, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

H. B. Gaulin, Official Stenographer, Clear- 
field, Pa. 

Mr. John M. Rhey, Official Stenographer, 
Carlisle, Pa. 

Jos. F. Cummings, Official Stenographer, 
Sunbury, Pa. 

Peter Vogel, Official Stenographer, Somer- 
set, Pa. 



C. M. Morse, Official Stenographer, 
Beaver, Pa. 

W. D. Coston, Official Stenographer, 
Scran ton. Pa. 

Charles T. Lemnion, Official Stenographer, 
Indiana, Pa. 

Norman B. Dreher, Official Stenographer, 
43d Jud. District, Stroudsburg, Pa. 

The sessions of the Association were full of 
interest and many interesting speeches made 
and papers presented. Any reputable ste- 
nographer shall be eligible to membership 
under the rules : Official court or legislative 
stenographers or such as have been in the 
active practice of law or Legislative report- 
ing for not less than three years are entitled 
to membership, general conditions being sat- 
isfactory. Other applicants shall be fairly 
tried as to speed in writing. If the applicant 
fail to write for five consecutive minutes, at 
the rate of 150 words per minute, matter 
never before written bv him or her, and 
accurately transcribe the same, the applicant 
shall be rejected. If these preliminary tests 
be successfully passed, the applicant shall be 
fairly tried in actual reporting, and the result 
of such trial, including a specimen of the 
notes and transcript thereof, shall be sub- 
mitted to not less than two other members of 
the committee. 

If the provisions of the test have been sat- 
isfactorily complied with, the applicant shall 
be entitled to the privileges and benefits of 
membership, but shall not be fully admitted 
until he shall have received two-thirds of the 
votes of the members present at the next 
regular meeting of the Association. 

The tests hereby specified may be waived 
in the case of a stenographer of well-known 
or sufficiently- vouched- for competency, of 
good moral character and business integrity, 
and upon the unanimous vote of the active 
members present at any regular meeting. 

Examining Commii^kk. 

First Judicial District— William A. Shaw, 
Official Re])orter Court Common PJcas No. i, 
1328 Arch sireet, PhilJidelphia. 

Second Judicial District — Clinrles M. 
Reiling, Court Steno^rajiher, Lancaster. 

Third Judicial District— Q. F. Ehler, Court 
Stenographer, Easton. 

Fourth Judicial District— Mrs. O. V. Cor- 
saw, Court Stenographer, Wellsboro. 

Fifth Judicial District— Edwin L. Allen. 
Court Stenographer Common Pleas No. i, 
629 Park building, Pittsburg. 

Sixth Judicial District — Ira E. Briggs, 
Court Stenographer, Erie. 

Seventh Judicial District — Miss M. Louisa 
Butler, Court Stenographer, Doylestown. 

Eighth Judicial District — Joseph F. Cum- 
mings, Court Stenographer, Sunbury. 

Ninth Judicial District — J. M. Rhey, Court 
Stenographer, Carlisle. 

Tenth Judicial District— J. F. Beatty. 
Court Stenographer, Greensburg. 

Eleventh Judicial District — John F. 
Standish, Court Stenographer, Wilkesbarre. 

Twelfth Judicial District— Frank J. Roth, 
Court Stenographer, Harrisburg. 

Thirteenth Judicial District— W. R. Hoge. 
Court Stenographer, Waynesburg. 

Fourteenth Judicial District — James H. 
Fields, Court Stenographer, Uniontown. 

Fifteenth Judicial District — 

Sixteenth Judicial District — Peter Vogel, 
Court Stenographer, Somerset. 

Seventeenth Judicial District — William H. 
Faries, Court Stenographer, Sunbury. 

Eighteenth Judicial District — MissSuzaune 
S. Beatty, Court Stenographer, Franklin. 

Nineteenth • JiKiicial District — Jacob E. 
Weaver, Assistant Court Stenographer, York. 

Twentieth Judicial District— George E. 
Simpson, Court Stenographer, Huntingdon. 

Twenty- first Judicial District — ^Joseph E. 
Patterson, Court Stenographer, Pottsville. 

Twenty-second Judicial District — Arthur 
Head, Court Stenographer, Towanda. 

Twenty-third Judicial District — J. Newton 
Rhoads, Court Stenographer, Reading. 

Twenty-fourth Judicial District — J. Frank 
Condon, Court Stenographer, Altoona. 

Twenty-fifth Judicial District — J. Irwin 
Hagerman, Court Stenographer, Lock 

Twenty-sixth Judicial District — Newton 
Walker, Court Stenographer, Bloomsburg. 

Twenty-seventh Judicial Dis'rio! — S. C. 
Clark. Cuurt Stenographer, Wa.«;liin;^ton. Pa- 
Twenty eighth Judicial District-- Lawrt uce 
F. Haney, Court Stenographer, I'lankiiii. 

Twenty- ninth Judicial Distriri — George 
Fv. Graff, Court SleiiographtT, WiUianisport. 

Thirtieth Judicial District—William Wal- 
lace, Court Stenographer, Meadville. 

Thirty-first Jinlicial District — Quinlus F. 
Killer, Court Steiiographt-r, AUentown. 



Thirty-second Judicial District — Samuel 
L. Clayton, Court Stenographer, Media. 

Thirty-third Judicial District — 

Thirty-fourth Judicial District — Arthur 
Head, Court Stenographer, Towanda. 

Thirty-fifth Judicial District— C. M. Morse, 
Court Stenographer, Beaver. 

Thirty-sixth Judicial District— C. M. 
Morse, Court Stenographer, Beaver. 

Thirty-seventh Judicial District— W. B. 
Weed, Court Stenographer, Warren. 

Thirty-eighth Judicial District — 

Thirty-ninth Judicial District — J. Gilniore 
Fletcher, Court Stenographer, Chambers- 

Fortieth Judicial District— Charles T. 
Lemmon, Court Stenographer, Indiana. 

F'orty-first Judicial District — Joseph F. 
Cummings, Court Stenographer, Sunbury. 

Forty- second Judicial District — Arthur 
Head, Court Stenographer, Towanda. 

Forty- third Judicial District — Norman B. 
Drelier, Court Stenographer, Stroudsburg. 

Forty-fourth Judicial District— W. D. 
Coston, Court Stenographer, Scranton. 

Forty-fifth Judicial District— H. H. Coston, 
Court Stenographer, Scranton. 

Forty-sixth Judicial District — H. B. 
Gaulin, Court Stenographer, Clearfield. 

Forty-seventh Judicial District— F. C. 
Sharbaugh, Assistant Court Stenographer, 

Forty-eighth Judicial District — Mrs. O. V. 
Corsaw, Court Stenographer, Wellsboro. 

Forty-ninth Judicial District — J. Frank 
Condon, Court Stenographer, Altoona. 

Fiftieth Judicial District— Edward S. 
Riddle, Court vStenographer, Butler. 

Fifty-first Judicial District — Henry C. 
Demniing, Court Stenographer, Harrisburg. 

Fifty-second Judicial District — John Ruth, 
Court Stenographer, Lebanon. 

Fifty-third Judicial District— A. D. 
Mornes, Court Stenographer, New Castle. 

Fifty-fourth Judicial District— Buell B. 
Whitehill, Court Stenographer, Brook ville. 

Miss LiUJK M. RiXTiiVE, has accepted a 
position as stenographer and typewriter at 
the Grand Hotel, Summit Mount, Catskill 
Mountains, New York. 

Miss Ena Dirr has accepted a position as 
stenographer in the law office of B. W. Pres- 
ton, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

Cotirt Test of Mind 




SIMON ORENSTEIN of 199 Allen St., 
was a prisoner in the Essex Market 
police court yesterday charged with 
giving out hand-bills advertising him 
as a mind reader and astrologist. 

" So you're a mind reader? '* asked Magis- 
trate Flammar. 

•' I am, sir," replied Orenstein. " I even 
knew this morning when I started out that 
I would be arrested.*' 

*' Well, if you are a mind reader," said the 
Magistrate, "tell me what disposition I am 
going to make of your case." 

" I can see, " said Orenstein," that you are 
a man of high intelligence and merciful quali- 
ties. My mind tells me that you would not 
interfere with a poor man's livelihood. Your 
eyes blaze out to me that you are going to 
discharge me." 

"Wrong," said the Magistrate, "you're 
no mi^jd reader. You're an imposter. If 
you had predicted rightly I might have let 
you go. As it is I will fine you $10. 

" How could I beat that game ? " remarked 
Orenstein, as he paid his fine. " If I'dt hit 
it right I'd be fined anyway."— T'/^^ Sun. 

Justice MaCAdam of the Supreme Court, 
New York City, is a favorite of the stenog- 
raphers in the Court House. On occasions 
when an official stenographer is not at hand 
the Justice will say to the lawyers : 

"Proceed, gentlemen, I will take notes of 
the case." 

" His record of the proceedings will have 
all the 'meat' in them," said an old-time 
stenographer, " The minutes taken by Jus- 
tice Mac Adam are often fully as valuable as 
the official record of the stenographers. 
They contain all the facts." 

Attention ! StenograpKers. 

Mr. Jamks R. White, stenographer lo 
the Mayor of Buffalo will keep open house 
during the Pan- American season and will 
have accommodations for twenty-five guests 
at his residence No. 430 Swan Street, at 
very reasonable rales. Any one intending 
to visit Buffalo should write Mr. White and 
have him reserve accommodations. 


^he Venerable Law Steno^rapHer. 

f HILE we arefrequeiitly reminded 
that the number of stenogra- 
pllers lias enormously increased 
within Uie past decade, yet sel- 
dom is attention pointedly dir- 
ected to the fact that deatli, 
advancing age, retirement from active life 
and otlier causes are constantly thinning the 
ranks of law reporters and creating places in 
the profcEsioii for younger men and women. 
Reflection will bring to mind many sucli 
instances during the past year. 

Twenty years ago, an elderly, practicing 
law stenographer was a rarity. Now, not 
a few, whose heads are hoary with the frosts 
of many winters, ply their vocation iu court. 
No matter how well these venerable 
practitioners execute their di^iea, tbeirposi- 
tions, once vacant are quickly filled; and, 
save an occasional reminiscence, their in- 
dividuality is as readily forgotten. But that 
is the course of nature. (And is it unfor- 
tunate ?) It is said that no man is so capable 
but that his equal (and, mayhap, his su- 
perior) will arise to fill his place. 

To these pioneers in the profession, the 
younger element owes a debt of gratitude. 
Not only did they formulate and, largely, 
perfect existing methods of law reporting, 
but, by precept and painstaking example, 
passed on the knowledge thereof, to their 
confreres as the latter entered the reporting 
field. And in no better way can this obliga- 
tion be discharged than by thorough ed- 
ucational and steuographic fitness of the 
individual stenographer to take up and carry 
on the work of his seniors as the latter for- 
ever cast it aside. 

Dividing StenogrKpher*« 

^OEFERENCE reporting has developed 
W* the pernicious custom, in some places, 
of requiring the stenographer, as a condition 
of employment, to share his fees with the 
referee. The New York supreme court has 
wisely condemned this practice, and refused 
to confirm a referee's report in a case where 
such an agreement had been made. It is 
hoped that every law stenographer who 
receives information of that decision will 
be diligent in bringing it lo the attention of 
judges, lawyers and especially referees, and 
give it his approval. Should a referee pro- 
pose lo a reporter such a vicious bargain, uo 
better answerconld he made than a reference 
to that decision, adding that such an arrange- 
ment (it should not be dignified by the term 
" agreement " or " contract ") would render 
the referee's proceedings void and his re- 
port would be set aside. Isn't this a proper 
subject for a condemnatory resolution by the 
N. Y. S. S. A. at their anuual meeting ? The 
other State and the National associations 
might also with propriet}'. condemn the 


. VANCE, of Chicago, an able 
reporter, and a very 

* "•' shorthand 

efficient and progressivi 

nography, was admitted to the bar of Illinois 

at the June term of the Supreme Court of 

that State, he having successfully passed the 

recent examination conducted by the State 

Board of Law Examiners, Mr. Vance pros- 



edited his law studies in the Chicago 
College of Law, Law Department of Lake 
Forest University, from which institution he 
graduated in June, 1900, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. He is a well 
read, conscientious aud energetic young man 
and we predict for him a successful future. 

Mr. C. Gifford, stenographer, of 188 
North Paulina St., Chicago, and a friend 
and reader of The Stenographer, will 
accept thanks for recent favors. 

The vacation period is now with us, and I 
trust that each overworked amanuensis and 
reporter, if he has not had, many now have, 
a season of restful and recuperative enjoy- 
ment, and return from mountain, lake, or 
old Ocean's roar fully invigorated to cope 
with the realities of life. 

RuEL E. Smith, the well-known law ste- 
nographer of Bangor, Me., has beenappointed 
one of the stenographers to the Spanish 
Claims commission. This is a first-class 

The salary of superior court stenographer 
Herbert M. Wilson, Worcester, Mass., has 
been definitely fixed at $2000 per year. 
Heretofore the compensation has been per 
diem. I understand that at its last session 
the Massachusetts Legislature left the adjust- 
ment of salary of stenographers of that court 
with the judges. 

Edwin C. Cloyd, of 10 East 130th street, 
N. Y. City, has been appointed a court ste- 
nographer by the Board of City Magistrates, 
for the Courts of the First Division in 
accordance with the Civil Service laws, and 
rules, for a probationary term of three 
months from June i. , 

Because the Philadelphia court stenog- 
raphers would not supply city departments 
with transcripts free of charge, city solicitor 
Kinsey caused an amendment to the act 
creating court stenographers to be introduced 
in the legislature which would require them 
to do so. This in turn caused inquiry to be 
made into the bills of stenographers, which 
has brought forth the charge that not only 
are these gentlemen of the quill overpaid, 
but that they are "twice paid for the work 
performed.'* In support of this indictment, 
many misleading statements have been 
uttered, all pointing to the conclusion that 
the most onerous labor of the law reporter is 

to continually wear a bland smile upon his 
classic countenance, and receive an income 
approximating the salary of Prest. Schwab 
of the Steel Trust. 

Clarence E. Walker, of Louisville, 
Ky., who reported all the trials growing out 
of the assassination of Senator Goebel, has 
been an official stenographer for 23 years. 

By the way, how many times have you 
been asked : which is the best system of 
shorthand ? Methinks, however, that this 
interrogatory is not as frequent as formerly. 

H. W. Thorne. 

Matanzas Mule in Marble. 

London, July 1. — According to the Daily 
News there is to be exhibited in Madrid a 
marble sculpture by an Andalusian artist 
representing the noted Matauzas mule just 
after he had received his death wound from 
an American shell, on April 27, 1898. The 
sculptor obtained the dying expression by 
having a mule shot aud instantly photo- 

It will be remembered that Matanzas was 
bombarded for half an hour by the monitor 
Puritan and the cruisers New York and 
Cincinnati, and the only damage reported 
was the death of one mule. 

By W. W. Stickley. 

( Recalled by the statue made by a Spanish 
sculptor uf the mule that was killed in the 
bombardment of Matanzas.) 

Oh, say, can you see with a Lick telescope 
If that'mule that was hitched in the fort is 

still there ? 
No, even his ears now are gone, and the 

Of the rampart we shelled is deserted and 


The mule stood on the parapet, 
Whence all but him haa fled ; 
Small news abroad to carry, yet 
The cable says he's dead. 

Blanco : 

Place me on Morro's rugged steep, 

And when the shells begin to fly 

You bet your neck I'll try to keep 

From getting killed, though frankly I 

Must say the castle's bound to fall. 

And so — good-by to Spanish rule — 

W^e'll raise a white flag on the wall 

And signal Sampson, " Here's your mule ! " 


Dress— from a Man's Standpoint. 

r is so seUlom tliat 
an cpporl unity 
particular Depart 

topic that we hail 
pleasuie the cliaii 

letter lierewitli fiotn one of our iiias 
readers, whose name we should like tt 
but which we are obliged to omit i 
absence of his permission to use it : — 

" The headiiigof the leading article 
Women's Department of The Stkn 
pHtiK, has cang;ht my attention, and '. 
say that I have read the articl 
My only purpose in writing 
you for introdncmg such an 
paper, because I believe 
shoidd be given to the matter of looks on the 
part of young ladies who want to secure 
positions as Btenogra pliers, teacheri or in 
any other capacity." 

"I am lalkiiiKfrom the standpoint of a man 
wboemployshelp of thiskind.and who, he- 
cause of his particular business, ha.i many calls 
for teachers of stenography. In my judg- 
ment, mere beauty enters to a very limited 
extent into the selection of a stenographer, 
but, on the other hand, ' good looks ' go a 
long way in securing a position. I make a 
sharp distinction between a beautiful girl 
and a good looking girl, and it setnis un- 
necessary to point out the distinction. No 

face, a becoming and suitable giiMU, and that 

good teachers who have failed in securing 
positions for the same reason, I also kuO" 
of those who have been employed in both 
capacities, Inrgely because they presented a 
good appearance either in photograph or in 
person, whom I know to be of ordinary 
ability. So much tor getting positions. 

" .\s to holding is entirely a 
different matter, and depends to a large ex- 
tent uponreal ability, Imt the important thing 
after all to persons well qu.-ilified is to get a 
position ; and I think you will be conferring 
a great favor upon your sisters in the pro- 
fession if you will endeavor to impress them 
)r cultivating nil of 
and manner of which 
.ise this is a part of 

hear from others on 
k now publicly the 
the foregoing letter 


■sof a 


e all indicative of character. I U:ive known 
nany excellent stenographers who were 
mable to secure a position because of Ihe 
lad impression they made through kick of 
lersonal attractiveness. I know of .^ome 

*ith the 


the a 

they ate capable, bet 
their stock in trade." 
We shall be glad t 
this subject, and thi 
gentleman who has i 
supplied us with what ivi 
consider valuable in format i 

G^ Wom&n WHo Acts as a 


^THAT society leader, Mrs. Burton 

;ntly : 

■• The 

Saturday Evening Post : 

" The post of secretary to busy women i)f 
the world is always eagerly sought for ; and 
a Viiriant of this occupation is addressing 
envelopes for bails, 'days.' and viediiing- ; 
while readers to invalids and slory-telkis 
for the nursery are a little army awaiting 
eng.igement. If I were asked what one 
quality, more than auother, is necessary lo 
make a business occupation worth pursuing. 
I should say originality in devising novelties 
The fashionable world into whose mill ibe 



grist is carried demands, before all things, 
something that has not been exhausted by 
predecessors. Next in desiderta are tact, 
good temper, a pleasant voice and that 
simplicity of demeanor which carries with it 
conviction of intent to do earnest work." 

Notes from tHe Field. 

Miss Frances L. Calveard, in the employ 
of the Western Union Telegraph Co., at 
Louisville, Ky., has patented an invention 
which is likely to bring her fame and fortune. 
It is a device for changing the ribbon on a 
typewriter without soiling one's fingers or 
clothing. She has been already offered 
|io,ooo for the patent, but has declined to 
sell. We wish her all sorts of good fortune 
with the product of her brain. 

Miss Martha Sned^ker of Jamaica, Iv. I., 
recently received an appointment as stenog- 
rapher and typewriter in the architectural 
department of the Board of Education of 
Queen's Borough. 

** Every girl — except the few for whom no 
• want of pence ' can ever arise and the 
many whose lirst duty is evidently at home 
— should, if possible, so fit herself that, 
should the day of need ever arise, she may 
be able to face the world without external 
help. Hard work ? Yes, of course it means 
hard work. But in its train conies the 
priceless sense of freedom and independ- 

Miss Blanche Varney of Easthampton, 
Mass., has been engaged as stenographer 
for Bassett & Shaw, attorneys, and has 
already entered upon her duties. 

Miss AdaMillius, of Troy, N. Y., is hold- 
ing a stenographic position in the office of 
Assistant District Attorney O'Brien. 

Stenographers aud niaids-in-waiting are to 
be features on four new trains to be put into 
the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern's 
Chicago-New York service at an early date. 
They will be at the call of the passengers 
and their services will be free of charge. 
The stenographers will have their " offices" 
in the observation cars, and arrangements 
have been made whereby all letters written 
by them may be posted on the train. The 
maids will be expected to perform the duties 
of maids at home, assisting the women 
patrons as much as possible with toilet pre- 
paration and looking after their comfort in 

Miss Annie Clough, stenographer with 
Cook, Everett & Pennell, wholesale drug- 
gists, at Portland, Me., recently entertained 
a party of eight of her friends at dinner in 
the red room of the River ton Casino. 

Miss Lena Rivers, of Ilion, N. Y., has 
accepted a desirable position as stenographer 
with a large mercantile firm in Hartford, 

•' Woman's under-development in all the 
warring centuries when, because of her 
physical inferiority, she became an append- 
age of the family, has laid foundation for 
the claim that she is lacking in judgment, 
self-reliance, concentration, persistence, and 
that she is unable to sink self and family 
and to take the broad view of the whole 
field, — all of which are qualities which are 
absolutely necessary for success. The law 
of compensation has not been in-operative 
in her case, it is true, and the combination 
of the latter-day qualities with her old-time 
virtues must make her a moral power in the 
solution of social problems." 

We give the foregoing paragraph as a fair 
sample of much that is being written on the 
subject of women ; there is more or less 
truth in the statements made, so far as the 
masses are concerned, as woman would have 
been a miraculous being, indeed, to have 
risen above all of the circumstances which 
kept her down through the ages ; but, for- 
tunately, as time goes on, better things are 
being evolved, and the very qualities which 
it is claimed have, in the masses been lack- 
ing, will be the pre-eminent and distinctive 
features of the rank and file of women. 

Miss Harriett Milvourne, of Pittsfield, 
Mass. , has been given the safe bought some 
time ago for the use of the district attorney, 
and which has not been utilized for some 
years, for the keeping of her records and 
note- books. 

Mrs. Mamie C. Baker, stenographer in the 
United States Marshal's office, of India- 
napolis, Ind., for four years, has been ap- 
pointed private secretary to Congressman 
Overstreet, and will have full charge of his 
office in the Stevenson building during his 
absence in Europe. 

Miss Bertha M. Myers, who has been pro- 
moted as chief stenographer and typewriter 
of the Banking Insurance Department, at a 
recent meeting of the Directors of the United 
Aid and Beneficial League of America, in 
Philadelphia, Pa., has the distinction of 
being the only young colored lady holding a 
similar responsible position north of the 
Mason and Dixon line. She is directly 
responsible for hundreds of dollars that pass 
under her supervision daily that aggregate 
several thousands in the course of a year. 

ID.\ E. Turner. 



2>epartment of practical (3rammar- 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, H27 EucUd Ave., Phila., Pa. 
Instructor in Grammar, Rhetoric and Etymology. 

Seven Points to be Observed in Using Adjectives. 

1. In comparisons, do not exclude the 
word that indicates the comparison. The 
sentence, Cope gave more money toward the 
railroad than any fnan, is incorrect because 
the word is omitted that compares Cope a 
man to other men. The correct form should 
be, Cope gave more money toward the rail- 
road than any other man. 

2. In using superlative adjectives, the lat- 
ter term should include the former. The 
sentence, This snow is the deepest of afty 
other we have had, is incorrect because this 
snow is said to be the deepest of snows of 
which it is not a part : the correct form is. 
This snow is the deepest of all we have had, 
or, This snow is deeper than any other snow 
we have had. 

Use comparatives between two things : use 
superlatives between three or more things. 
The sentence, /(?//« is the brighter of the four 
sons, and Mary is the brightest of the two 
daughters, is incorrect because the compara- 
tive brighter refers to four persons, and the 
superlative brightest refers to two persons : 
the correct form is, John is the brightest of 
the four sons, and Mary is the brighter of 
the two daughters. 

4. Don*t compare adjective that do not 
admit different degrees. The following 
sentences are incorrect because tight, square, 
and incomprehensible are three adjectives 
that have not different degrees : 

Your actions are more right than your 

This box is squarer than that. 
His remarks were w<75/ incomprehensible. 

This and that modify singular nouns ; 
these and those modify plural nouns ; numeral 
adjectives denoting more than one require a 
plural noun, except these five words — dozen, 
score, yoke, hundred, thousand. Why are the 
following words in italics used incorrectly ? 

The water is six, fat horn deep. 
Where did I drop that scissors ? 
He gave the poor man an alms. 
I counted seven hundreds. 
All that riches was ill got. 
We heard all these news before. 

6. To form a compound adjective, an 
adjective denoting more than one may be 
joined to a singular noun. The following 
sentences illustrate this use. 

They are mowing theybr/y-acre field. 
We shall build a thirty-TOora house. 
He has bought this twelve-story building. 

7. Avoid double comparatives and double 
superlatives. The following sentences are 
incorrect : more cooler being a double com- 
parative, and most tallest a double superla- 

This evening is more cooler than any other 
evening this week. 

Grenadiers were formerly the most tallest 
men in the army. 

All the following sentences are incorrect. 
See which of the points is violated in each 
sentence, and then write the sentence cor- 

None fall so unpitied as those who raise 
themselves on the spoils of the public. 

The boy bought six dozens of screws. 

In deciding the fate of a child, mothers are 
the greatest of all other powers. 

This was the most unkindest cut of all. 

These kind of men can be found every- 

No class of men is so envied as those 
that are advanced suddenly. 

I have lived two scores of years. 

Russia is more extensive than any empire 
in the world. 

The more contemplative a man is, the 
more happier he is. 

Constancy is the most highest privilege of 



Philip had the most powerful mind of all 
his Indian associates. 

No men are so oft in the wrong as those 
who pretend to be always in the right. 

You may make anything out of the 
passions of men but a political system that 
will work. 

They sent four yoke of oxen. 

The more simpler the diet is, the more 
well is the child. 

The enlisted men number five hundreds. 

Clemency adorns a king more than any 

We intend to build a seven-feet fence. 

I cannot find that snuffers. 

Of all other wrongs, strictest law is often 
the greatest. 

He has a sixteen -years old daughter. 

Platinum is heavier than any metal. 

Nothing is so difficult a<5 the art of making 
advice agreeable. 

Geography is the easiest of the two studies. 

They make fifty set of harness each week. 

The soldier is more mortally wounded than 
is his comrade. 

He is less perfect than his brother. 

No person is so improvident as he who 
neglects God and his own soul. 

Of all other men, the powerful can be 
attacked with least safety. 

I drove a five- horses tally-ho. 

Hope is the most constant of all the other 

There is no place so desirable as one's 
own fireside. 

Israel loved Joseph more than all his 

We shall ship five carload of fruit. 

Space is more endless than anyone can 

Irene was the most admired of all her 
associates in the temple. 

There was no man whom the Spanish 
government hated as Raleigh. 

I lost that pincers yesterday. 

The farmer planted wheat in his seven ty- 
acres field. 

No endowments are greater than virtue 
and wisdom. 

Nothing deepens the mind so much as 
the habit of charity. 

He has a most immense information. 

No vice seems more dishonorable among 
men than drunkenness. 

Nothing is so forced and constrained as 
what we meet in tragedies. 

Contempt of riches is often the most 
shortest road to riches. 

Revenge seemed to him, of all other 
words, the most inhuman. 

What was the height of those gallows 
which Haman erected ? 

John is the best runner of the two. 

There is no gain so certain as that which 
arises from sparing what you have. 

There are no persons he likes so well as 

The years of a man are three-scores-aud- 

He writes a most meaningless letter. 

Of all other men, I should have suspected 
him least. 

This is a more circular box than what I 

This man gave him the best advice of all 
the preceding. 

James is the richer of the three. 

Nothing is so important as to close life 

Coal is more abundant in this state than 
any mineral. 

Bacon's Essay on Study contains more 
closely- packed thought than any English 

Self-neglecting is a more greater sin than 

Of all the other principle? of human sat- 
isfaction, employment is the greatest. 

None seem so greedy and hardfisted as 
the childless. 

Nothing shows as great depravity of the 
understanding as to delight in the show 
when the reality is wanting. 

Nothing is so advantageous as mildness 
and a forgiving spirit. 

Mtinson Correspondent 

« SUBSCRIBER to The Stbnographer 
^^ wishes to correspond with a writer of 
Munson Phonography, address J. C. Black, 
P. O. Box 18, Franklin, Pa. In writing to the 
Editor our correspondent says, '*It is my 
desire to correspond in ' Munson ' as I not 
only wish to profit by the opinions and ex- 
perience of a fellow-worker, but in the end, 
to become an expert in the truest sense of the 
word, for which a perfect understanding of 
one's profession is the essential." 


SINCE last repotted, the CertificHle of 
Proficiency for Icacliers of the Isaac 
Pitman Phonography in the Vniled 
Slates and Cauada, has been awanled to 
the following successful candidates: Mrs. A. 
W. Young. MoHheal, Can., and Mr. N. J. 
Bleaglier, Walerbouni, Wis. This diploma, 
the examination for which is based on a 
knowledge of the systeni as presented in the 
Isaac Pitman '"Complete Phonogriiphic In- 
structor," will be found very valuable in Ihe 
bands of teacheisorihts systeni. It is issued 
only by Messrs. Issac Pitman & Sons, 33 
I'liion Square, New York. 

pROK. P. B. S. Phters, Director Bus. 
Dep't Manual Training Hiyh School, 
Kansas City, Mo., writes: "When the 
Manual Training High School was estab- 
lished, shorthand was added to the course 
of study as an experiment, but the results 
aclijeved have been more than satisfactory, 
and what was an experiment is now a fixed 
fcHture. The interest in the subject since 
introducing the Isaac Pitman system is in- 
creasing fiom year to year, and tlie capacity 
for accommodating the growing demand is 
being sevetly taxed. Since tile adoption of 
of the "Complete Instructor" the progress 
and interest have increased at least forty per 

The Isaac Pitman shorthand has been in- 
troduced into the commercial course of the 
Boyonne (N. ].) High School, displacing the 
Pernin Ligbt-Line system. 

An Isaac Pitman speed certificate Tor two 
hundred words per minute with Silver 
Medal has recently been awarded to Mr. 
Geo. E. Pearson of Sunderland, England. It 
is interesting to note that these certificates 
are given under the most stringent tests and 
arc for ten minutes' conlinnous writing from 
new matter. Other certificates bave already 
been issued in tlie Isaac Pitman system 
under the above conditions for 2[o, 220, 230. 
140. and 350 words per minute, particulars 
of which will be found in a recent issue of 
" Pitman's ShorlUand and Typewriting Year 

Ker to 
Is&ac Pitman ShortKand. 

!tprlnt«d Irom Pltmati't iDlh Century DklHIIon b-ioii. 



e (hre 

regard to " Current Liti 

worthy of the consideration of every prudent 


1. Its subscription price is (3.00 per vear. 
and consequently its circulation is confined 
to the intelligent and well-to-do, 

2. Many improvements have been made 
in the magazine during 1899. More will be 
made during 1900. Itscirculatlon isgrowing. 
It is confidently believed that the average 
circulation of 40,000 for 1899 will be fifly per 
cent, larger for the twelve months of i9i>o. 

3. Us advertising rate is (70 per page, or 
30 cents per agate line — a lower rate, line 
for line, than offered by any of even llie ten 

We enclose you an estimate of your adver- 
tisement which is appearing elsewhere, and 
hope jou will give the matter consideration. 
Order and copy should reach ns by Septem- 
ber 14, for October issue. 

Very truly yours. ([55> 

Mks.shs. Jones & Co., 
St. Louis. Mo. 
Gkntlkmrn : We desire to express to 
yon our entire siitisfaction with the results 
obtained froni our advertisement in your 
paper, on the Standard Dipless Tea Coftec 

We will be frank in stating that when 
solicited for this advertisement m your pub. 
lication, we bad grave doubts as to its being 
a proper or paying medium for a household 
article of tbis nature, supposing your journal 
to be published more in the inleresl of 
mechanical science and manufacture, tbereby 
failing to reach the class of people who 
would have a use for our article, but returns 
received .won eliminated all sucli prejudices. 

We would btale to ^ou that during the 
first month, we received inquiries from 
Scotland, Hamburg, Antwerp, and India, 
stating they saw our advertisement in tour 

Results from these inquiries have brought 
us a satisfactory foreign business. The local 
results from this advertisement have also 
been very satisfactory. 

Yours very respectfully, ( i6[) 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Centur\' Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 



2 ~^^ 

1000 X t o^"~I> o 

Thj3 Jones Publishing Co., Q^, N. J. x 


\x 2 ""^^^^ -^ \^^"~^ ^^ ..].. 1899 X ^^^ (TXn.I 

1S91) r\ VV>^ ./ V, ^"^^--^^ 1'*^^^ 3 L ^ /I o 


::(» QL,; 









14(, ^ ^ .^ X 



. )\. 


^^^ Jones Sc Co., ^ ^, Mi). 


-^i ^^^->^{. 


L^ ^ 



4 ,I^W1 N ^ ^ 

\ )  ^ S^, 




Schools and others, desiring ihe services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply 10 Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman ^- Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


Toast— "Why Does A Hen t^ay An Egg?" 

(Coiiliiuied from July iiumbet. ) 

— her life with joy will lie lier reward for 
discliargiiif; creditably the single duties that 
each day confront her. 

Finally, my friends, egg, egg! Why does 
a hen lay an egg / Why doesn't she lay the 
cornerstone of « ehutcli? Wliy doesn't she 
lay the plan of a political campaign ? Be- 
cause, my friends, the egg embodies the 
practical uses and purposes of life. The egg 
can be used as food, it can be given back to 
the hen or lh« incubator and made to con- 
tinue lien life, or, if it has outlived either 
purpose, it can be used in its old age to 
discourage inferior dramatic talent. It 
contains chemically all the ingredients 
necessary to sustain life, ami even its white 
exterior symbolizes the chronic, agonizing 
wail of tlie church, " Sliell out ! " 

" O, sage, ?o renowned for your wisdom. 

This boou I most humbly would beg, 
f- why, great descendant of Plato, 

O, why, does n hen lay an egg ? " 
.And (he sage, after pondering deeply, 

Made answer, ■' My unthinking friend, 
The reason a hen lays an egg, sir, 

Is because she can't stand it on end." 

9 « » 

TK« TOO I,ITTI,E nnd tKe 


These Ate the Baoei of Human Life. 

•flalilRE is a quotation from a very wise 
'••' person called .\ristolle. 

This Greek pliilosoplier was the 
teacher of Alexander the Great, and incident- 
ally he has been tlie teacher of millions of 

men since lie began to talk philosophy, more 
than twenty centuries ago ; 

" I'irst of all, we must observe that in all 
these matters of human action the too tittle 
and the too much are alike ruinous, as we 
can see {to illustrate the spiritual by the 
natural) in the case of strength and health. 
Too much and loo Utile exercise alike impair 
the slreitglh, and too much meat and drink 
and too little Ixith ahke destroy the health, 
but the fitting amount produces and pre- 
serves them. * • * So, too, the man who 
takes his fill of every pleasure and abstains 
from none becomes a profligate; while he 
who shuns all becomes a stolid and in- 
susceptible 'hayseed,' " 

The next time you fall into a philosophical 
mood, and begin reviewing the causes of 
your troubles, see if you can't find some 
useful suggestion in the common-sense 
statement of .Aristotle we give to-day. 

How about the " too much " of one thing 
and " to little " of another? 

.Are you quite sure that you don't do too 
much talking and too little thinking ? 

Are j-oii sure that yon don't do too much 
drinking and playing and idling, and to 
little reading? 

.Are you sure that you don't do too much 
ol things you like that do you no good, and 
to little of things that you ought to like, and 
that would help j-ou to succeed ? 

We believe thai every one of our readen 
has some friend or brother or sou who can 
be really helped liy the reading of this 
quotation from the old Greek wise man, — 
.\> Y. Journal Editorial. 




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uograpliT." fl« weU 

E Sthnooraphhh who iTiaheato Td 

Corresponding Style- 

GUNTLEMBN : During llie past eleven years 
it has been my duty and pleasure to put 
before you in llic most convincing and 
seductive way possible the advantages to be 
derived from advertising in " TUe Book- 
keeper." 1 have endeavored to base my 
claims upon reasou, and to state tbem as 
temperately as circum stances and Diy own 
condition of health would permit. Perhaps 
I have succeeded — I trust so. 

Now, however, I have no claim to make ; 
no theories to advance ; no reason " why " 
to offer. 1 have only to submit to you the 
evidence of those of my advertisers who 
have used "The Book-Keeper" during the 
past several years, and lestiniony of their 
actual experiences. I submit it all to you 
without argument. 

I believe there is nothing more for me to 
add except to express in advance the 
pleasure it would alTord me to receive your 
early HC know ledgment of the testimony. I 
might also add that, if you are not already 
ail advertiser in "Tbe Book-Keeper," it 
would afford me great pleasure to— but that 
is Huotlier story. 

Yours truly, ('9') 

Reporting Stxle. 

Extract from an address of George IVil- 
liam Curtis, made before the Alumni of 
Brozua University at a Banquet in New 
York in the Winter of /Sga. 

" But to-day we require of the college that 
it shall equip and thoroughly train American 
cili'.ens. We demand that the head of a col- 

lege shall not only be a student, shall not bf 
only a scholar, but that he !ihall be a m>iu of 
affairs, a man of tact ; a man fully alive wiih 
the modern spirit and the best spirit of hi> 
own time ; catholic sympathy ; oF not only a 
knowledge of men. but especially knowledge 
of that uiyried-mind and that strange ami 
subtle nature which the young man possesses: 
and that upon sit occasions and everywlicTc 
he shell fitly and with dignity represent ilit 
greatest force in all civilized society— the 
force of trained intellectual and moral power. 
" When I say that the American college a 
now required to train American citizens, I du 
not mean that it is to abdicate its higlirst 

Eossible function, which is not to impan 
nowledge — not to impart knowledge, gen- 
tlemeu-but to stimulate that intellectual ami 
moral power of which I speak. II is a poor 
education, believe me, that gives us accuracy 
in grammar instead of a love of letters ; thai 
leaves us masters of the integral calculus and 
slaves of sordid spirit aud mean ambition. 
When 1 say that it is to train Americans, I 
mean not only that it is to be a gnome of iht* 
earth, but also a good genius of tbe higlier 
sphere. , With one hand it shall lead ilit 
young American to the secrets ut mateii<il 
skill; it shall equip liim to enter into tbe 
fullest trade with all the worid ; hut with Ihf 
other it shall lead him to lofty thought nt:d 
to commerce with the skies, 

"The college shall teach him the secret 
and methods of material success ; but above 
it all, il shall admonish him that man does 
not live on bread alone, and that the things 
which are eternal are unseen. The gardein 
of Sicily, said Lowell to the assembled hx^l 
of Harvard on her two huudied aud fiftieth 
annivetsnry~the gardens of Sicily ate empty 
now, but the bees from every clime still I eicli 
honey from the tiny garden plots of Theo- 
critus. That ia the honey which i* stored in 
the college cell — the love of beautv, of good- 
ness, the love of truth, the preference for tlif 
spiritual to the material, the unconquerable 

that the.. 
It great riches, but noble n 


for tte text-book (price SI.OOJ and Mareise books (price 15e. each) applf to tha Inttrnatioaal 
Hews Company. 83 Duatta Straat. H. Y. 




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Fishery Rights. 

^^■rHE act which forbids during a certain 
/ 1 part of the year catching fish wilh a 
%V aeiue " in ornpon any of the riveis, 
creeks, strcHms, ponds, lakes, sloushs, bay- 
applies to a lake near an unnavigable river, 
which is only connected with the lake during 
periods of high water for a few days or weeks 
at a time, although the sieiie fitbing done in 
such lake is done with (he petniissiou of ttae 
ounerof the land under and on all sides of 
Ihe lake.— Sjl. 

The power to protect and preeerve the Asb 
ill the waters of the state would be practically 
nugatory, if. as is contended, it was confined 
to BtrcBuis and watercourses, and was ex- 
cluded in case of all bodies of waters wbicb 
were so far subject to private ownership that 
the owners would have a right lo drain them 
or fillthemup.andthus destroy the maabodics 
of water. ]t is well known that lakes, ponds, 
slnugbs, and bayous, many, if not most, of 
wliich are thus subject to private ownership, 
are the very places which are most sought by 
tlie various species of migratory fish for the 
piitpoae of depositing Iheir spawn, and which 
are therefore' of the highest importance in 
the propagation and nialtiplicalion of those 
varieties of iisb. If the power of the legis- 
lature to make provision for Ihe protection 
and preservation of fish depended upon the 
existence of some other right, like that of 
navigation, or of some privale easenienl, 
such as usually belongs to riparian proprie- 
tors, a different conclusion might follow-. 
But we do not understand that to be Ihe 
Case. The power, where it exists, rests 
upon other grounds. It is because of the 
great importance of fish as an article of 
human food that their prolectiou and pres- 
ervation has been regarded as a matter of 
public concern, and it is upon that ground 
that legislatures have assumed the right to 
interpose their authority by way of preve 

n the 

While said body of water baa no couliu- 
uouB connection wilh the river siluated but 
a few yards away, such connection is es- 
tablished during all periods of high water, 
and continues for a sufficient length of time 
lo allow Iisb to pass into it, or the fish in the 
lake lo escape therefrom. During such 
periods of high water, which occur once or 
twice, if not oflener, every year, and con- 
tinue sometimes for several weeks, said lake, 
so far as the passage of fish to and from it is 
concerned, t>econies for all practicable pur- 
poses, a part of the river. During Iheie 
periods, as we may presume, tnigratory fish, 
passing up the river in search of proper 

E laces for depositing their spawn, ate liable, 
>r such purpose, lo pass into this as into 
other bayous where the walers are quiet, 
but wilh this difference : that while, in case 
of ordinary bayous which maintain tbeic 
connection with the stream, the fish, after 
accomplishing their purpose, are at liberty 
to leave and go elsewhere, here by the 
receding of the water, their exit is for the 
lime being cut off, and Ihey, as well as their 
progenv, are compelled to remain. As 
soon, liowever, as auotber flood occurs,— a 
thing which may happen at any season of 
the } ear — the fish thus impounded ere at 
liberty to escape, and if they do so any 
qualified property the owner of the lake mav 
have in Iheni is at once devested. • • • ' 
Laws regulating the exercise of fishery 
rights stand, so far as the questions now 
under consideration are concerned, upon 
substantially the same footing wilh ordinary 
game laws, and we think the rule will not be 
questioned that a general slalute regulating 
Ihe killing of game, or restricting the rigbt 
to kill it, lo certain portions of the year, 
apply as well lo the game which a particular 
landowner may chance to find on his oicd 
premises as to that which may be found on 
the land of others, or upon lands belonging 
to the public. Precisely the same considera- 
tions of public policy prevail in the one 
case as in the other.— /Vo//? of IlUnont. 
Bridges, 3/ Northeastern Reporter, 114. 






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^^»RAHAM writers and teachers will all 
Lj^ be ioterested ia the new book of busi- 
ness letters which has just come from 
the press of A. J. Graham & Co. This new 
volume is uniform in size with the other 
Graham publications, ninety pages, bound in 
cloth, and is accompanied by loughand key. 
The letters have been carefully selected, and 
edited, embracing the following subjects: 
chairs, iron, paper-boards, yarns, marine and 
electrical construction. A sufficient number 
of letters is given to acquaint one with the 
technical language common to each branch 
of business. The phonography is of the 
simple Reporting Style, and is a little more 
advanced than the first of the series. 

^HERE will be a big time in St. Louis 
^ next holiday week. The shorthand 
teachers are waiting anxiously for the time 
to come. The program now preparing prom- 
ises to be of uimsual interest. There is some 
talk. too. about "records" and "teats" 
both in typewriting and shorthand. Anyone 
who has a suggestion to make regarding the 
coming meeting should not hesitate to write 
the editor of this department. 

•■^AVE word from one writer who can 
"•^ make figures '■ to beat the band." but 

is held up on shorthand. Judging him by 
his outlines, he is a wonder, and when he 
gets the subject Uartird his figures will be 

^EVERAL have sent the writer specimens 
^^ of their figure work. Now, if enough 
will send in tests of their work, it might be 
possible to arrange with Mr. Hemperley to 
publish the beat. Make the tests at least five 
minutes loug. This exercise is a good nms- 
cle developer. Send specimens to the 
address at top of this page. 


— R. Hoe & Co. set to work to study this 
problem in a comprehensive manner and to 
solve the difficulties in the way of Bttainii;g 
much higherspeed than had ever before l>een 
attempted. Espert mechanicians mere set lo 
work on different phases of the problem. 
Time, money, and effort were expended 
without stint in the study of eiisling models. 
in erecting experimental machiues, and in 
trying all manner of devices suggested to 
meet the requirements of the situation. 

The difficulties were not wholly of a 
mechanical nature. One was in the set-oft of 
the first side ot the sheet printed. This wns 
avoided by the co-operation of the ink 
makers, who were induced to devise special, 
rapid-drying inks. Another drawback was in 
obtaining paper in the roll of uniform perfec- 
tion and strength. The paper makers were 
led to make a study of producing large rolls 
of paper meeting these requirements. They 
solved the problem of finding a strong and 
cheap paper such as could be afforded by the 
daily press. While these improvements 
were being wrought out, the press manufac- 
turers were working on the problem of a 
rapid severance of the sheets after printing 
and the accurate delivery of the printed 
papers. The most important device relating 
to this matter was the patent of Stephen D, 
Tucker, a member ot the firm of R. Hoe & 
Co. It was called a gathering and delivering 
cylinder, anil was able to handle the papers 
as fast as they were printed. It is the 
mechanism on which the great speed of the 
modem press depends. Without it one of the 
great machines would block a pressroom with 
papers before it had been in operation fifteen 

Thus it will be seen, the rapid- working web 
press is a composite for which no one man 
deserves the entire credit. It is one ot the 
most notable examples of a really wonderful 
mechanism constructed in response to a 
specific demand. The expert mechanicians 
engaged in the manufacture knew what was 
wanted. They sat down and figured to these 
results just as experts in other fields might 
solve problems in mathematics or military 
tactics. It is a concrete illustration ot the 
saying that no matter what the demand is, 
if It is strong enough it will be satisfied. 

The press which was constructed in 1871 as 
a result of these investigations was fed from 
a roll or web of paper over cylinders, — 




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The only books that present the Graham system in its purity are pub 
lished by Andrew J. Graham & Co.^ 113s Broadway^ New York, Catalog and 
circulars free. 



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The SteooKrapher Ptitxting & PubUihfpg Co. 
408 Dmel Bulliine, PhlU., Pa. 

Reporters' Association, the Ohio Slenogri 
pbers' Association, and the West Virgiui 
Slate Association of Official Reporters wi 
also meet in Buffalo. This will bring t( 
gelher the largest aggregation of prominei 
shorthand writers ever held — not only i 
this country but in any other. 

All members of the shorthand professio 
pracliciug in Pennsylvania, whether men 
bers or the State Association or not, are ii 
vited to be present. 

Vol. XVI 

■■Tlie Stt 

lOgrBpher" Is pubtlataed la 
'thHQd and Typewrlttng p 

the 1 1 


a or 
SDd all 
1 la Its 

The columUB of "The Stenographer" are al- 
to publish IniiHerB of lnlerMt 

addressed to the Editor, who I 
for the pin lone of correspandeDts. 

ould be 

n the OrB 


1 Uex- 

o( ei 

a staus, Cbqh 

Her place* In Postal Unt 

turnlBbed on appUca 

Stenographer** Day at the 
Pnn-Amerlcan Exposition. 

^■HE Pennsylvania State Stenographers' 
Association' composed of the official 
court reporters throughout the State and the 
more prominent members of the ste.nographic 
profession of Pennsylvania, will hold its 
annual meeting on Monday, August 19th, in 
the Pennsylvania State Building, Pan-Ameri- 
can Exposition grounds, Buffalo, at 4 P. M. 
I The Convention will occupy several days in 

its deliberations. 

j During the week within which Ihe Penn- 

I sylvania State Stenographers' Association 

; holds its meeting in Buffalo, the National 

I Shorthand Reporters' Association, composed 

of the more prominent official reporters 

throughout the United States, will hold its 

annual convention, and during the same 

week the New York Slate Stenographers' 

Association, the New England Shorthand 

"^ PHERS' ASSOCIATION, will hold its 
Twenty-sixth Annual Convention at Buffalo, 
August 23d and I4lh in the New York State 
Building on the grounds of the Pan-American 
Exposition. The Secretary -Treasurer George 
A. Murray, issues a circular announcing that 
a large attendance is expected. 

holditsannuat meeting also during llie week. 

tract large numbers of the leading shorthand 
reporters from the West and South, and un- 
doubtedly a rare treat is in store for all who 
can arrange to be presdRt. 

Tim ^ ^^^^ special attention to Mr. Thome's 
^'^^ remarks concerning the habit of di- 
viding stenographer's fees with the Referee, 
and would urge some action in the matter on 
the part of the various Associations which 
may meet during this and the coming 


It is with feelings of the greatest satisfac- 
faction we announce to our readers that, after 
long and strenuous eflorls, we have the prom- 
ise of a number of articles for The Stenog- 
RAFUER by Mr. William Ross, a gentleman 
of large experience, acute observation and 
remarkable talent in the power of happy 
expression and pertinent illustration. The 
first article entitled "Something about Ste- 
nographers," will appear next month. 




•if HAVE just been reading a magazine 
" called Modem Culture, The subject of 
culture is one about which much can be 
be said. The mind may be opened to the 
reception of truths — truths of senses, 
physical facts ; truths of science ; truths of 
ethics, of morals, of life. We can learn these 
things from books, from experiment, from 
careful observation in our associations with 
men and things. 

But, we are not ail mind. Our hearts 
may be cultured ; our emotional faculties 
may be stirred, exercised, purified and re- 
fined. We may outgrow the deformities of 
selfishness ; we may come into sympathy 
with the good wherever we find it ; we may 
learn to know that all of the events of life 
are intended to unfold the interior forces of 
a higher life within us. 

I wish it were in my power to do some- 
thing, to say someUiing, each month, from 
this time forward, to stimulate in each of the 
readers of The Stenographer the resolu- 
tion to grow in the way of genuine culture. 
N(»t simply to be better business men and 
women, more perfect machines, doing better 
their daily work in the narrow grooves of 
routine, but to be better men and women in 
the establishing of the powers and faculties 
and graces of that real, divine-human life 
which comes to us all and finds a develop- 
ment and permanency in us all so far as we 
receive it and make it our own by noble, 
unselfish use. 

proprietor of the Manhattan Report- 
ing Company and the editor of Chat. The 
moito of Chat is *• Honesty in Everything," 
and this is the editorial for July : 

" Wake up !— Do you ever stop to think ? 
Where are you going ? Where are yOu at ? 
Where were you this lime last year.? Where 
will you be this lime next year? What do 
yon know now that you did not know a year 
ago? What have you to show for the lime 
you have spent within the past year ? I am 
not talking about the money you have spent, 
but the time. Think it over! Stop every 
now and then and ask yourself a few ques- 
tions. That's the only way to get ahead. 
That's the right way and surest way to im- 
prove. Be ever forging ahead, slow and 

Be honest. The only way to be honest is 

— to be honest. No "ifs" or " ands " or 

Mnits." Not one way to-day and another 

way to-morrow. Not dishonesty of intent 
and hone.<ity in doing. Honesty in all things, 
great and small. Be honest. And, again, 
the only way to be honest is to be honest. 

When you have anything to do, do it. If 
the work will take half an hour and you feel 
that you have an hour at your disposal, do 
not "potter along" for the hour simply 
because you have that much time : but, get 
thrcrugh as quickly as you can. Otherwise, 
you will get into a rut, and when ** rush " 
time comes along you will be poorly 
equipped for it." 

A l¥ord to Beginners. 


July number of Chat has the follow- 
ing : 

•• Vebatim reporting, like everything else 
worth knowing, is easy when j*ou know 
how, but the beginner who is afraid of hard 
work will never know how, for the art of re- 
porting is not easily mastered. Therein lies 
its chief value. If the ability to follow ac- 
curately a rapid speaker could be absorbed 
as a sponge lakes up water, the stenographic 
profession would soon be filled with the 
failures from every other department of 
work. Fortunately, he who would become 
a verbatim reporter must, far from absorbing 
the knowleage he seeks, dig for every 
morsel of it — dig deep through strata of 
principles beset with difficulties which only 
the patient, industrious and resourceful 
mind can hope to overcome. 

It is the experience of most reporters that 
the mastering of the principles of phonog- 
raphy during the first few weeks of his study 
is the most trying part of the work ; it re- 
quires a great amount of humdrum drill to 
follow readily the intricacies of circles, loops 
and hooks. It is at this time especially that 
the learner should have the stimulating help 
of a competent and conscientious instructor. 
When the principles are once properly un- 
derstood, the application of them to practical 
purposes is positively fascinating ; but !>efore 
the goal is reached many beginners have 
become discouraged and have given up, 
solely on account of quack instruction. 

Whoever is ambitions to become a verbatim 
reporter must not make the fatal error of 
being in too great a hurry. 

He must be willing to spend time enough 
to learn the art thoroughly. If he trusts his 
reporting fortunes, to an instructor wIk) 
guarantees to turn out experts in three 
months, his experience is certain to be lil e 
David Copperfield's, whose ' imbecile pen 
staggered about the paper as if in a fit.' " 

From William Eaton, Birmingham, 'Ala. 
" I have learned more from the pages of The 
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" All shorthand writers in the 
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original inventor of the BEST 
system of shorthand, and the one 
which forttts the basis for a 
h undred or more modifications. ' ' 
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84 La Sallb Strhbt, Chicago, III. 



No. 9. 

SometKini^ About iStenog^rapHers. 

No. U 

B^O begin with, the average stenog- 
rapher and type-writer is a good 
scholar ; that is of fair education 
and with a brain-scope amply 
sufficient for the ordinary re- 
quirements of business. The 
type-writer (machine) is of comparatively 
recent invention, and, as a rule, type-writers 
(human) are young, ambitious and possess an 
eye which is always open for a situation 
where salary is as much an object as constant 

When Adelaide Morgan was presented to 
the present incumbent of the papal chair, it 
was during a congress of Bishops and the 
Pope was consequently very busy ; but being 
informed that a young American lady was 
waiting for an interview, and was also anx- 
ious to catch the next train, 'American 
fashion, he allowed her an audience, with 
the understanding that it must terminate at 
the end of ten minutes. Seated at the 
pontifical table with his sleeves metaphor- 
ically rolled up, the Pope was addressed by 
Miss Morgan with the announcement that 
she was a stenographer and type- writer by 
occupation and would humbly crave the 
honor of passing in review and letting him 
observe the contour of her physique ; in 
other words, bow and retire. This so pleased 
his holiness that he requested that she take 
down a few notes, with the only object, 
doubtless, of testing her ability, to which she 

graciously assented. Everybody knows that 
the Pope is not only a thorough Latin scholar 
but a Latin linguist as well. Dictating in a 
clear, deliberate and distinct tone, he re- 
peated, in Latin, a portion of the work which 
he had been discussing with the Bishops, 
and was astonished when the completed 
matter was handed to him without a word 
misspelled. It, is needless to say that the 
interview was considerably prolonged. Miss 
Morgan was the daughter of the late Judge 
Morgan of the United States District Court 
and is as familiar with the dead languages 
as with her native tongue, and acted for a 
number of years as her father's amanuensis. 
Miss Morgan subsequently married Paul 
Erricksen, the artist, and is now living in 

When Mary Jane Sutton came from the 
west three years ago and took up the study 
of stenography in New York, she was re- 
garded a very dull scholar and was many 
times importuned by her teacher to return 
to her former duties as milk maid at the 
Groveton dairies out in Illinois. She ob- 
stinately refused to take his advice, and one 
year later she married her employer and is 
now enjoying the comforts of a fifty - 
thousand dollar mansion at Long Branch, 
with servants and horses galore. It is said 
that she took the first prize in a contest at 
Abbeyville College. The award was im- 
mediately follow A stinging prot 



view of accomplishing something this 
year if possible — ^that is to say, men were 
selected mostly from, the Eastern part 
of the country, who would De willing, 
if necessary, to go to Washingrton, etc. 
Charles Currier Beale. the new chair- 
man of this most important committee, 
is intimately acquainted with Mr. Small, 
and they will co-operate together suc- 
cessfully, I believe. E. V. Murphy, of the 
Senate corps of reporters, was also placed 
upon the committee. Colonel Demming, 
last year's chairman, was put on the 
committee this year as a sixth man, 
necessitating an amendment to the Con- 
stitution; but it was a wise move. 

The outlook of the Association Is 
promising. With a renewal of faith in 
and allegiance to the National Short- 
hand Reporters' Association on the part 
of those who have felt an interest in it 
in the past, the success — lasting and sub- 
stantial — of the organization seems as- 

I am attached to the hope that we may 
all, with many new faces, meet another 
year, to renew our pleasant and profitable 
personal and professional associations 
for a week together. 

Although I am now out of shorthand, 
in the sense that I have not lived by 
the practice of it for several years and 
severed my oflicial connection with the 
National Shorthand Reporters' Associa- 
tion, still I shall doubtless continue to 
take an earnest interest in shorthand 
matters and the Association's success, 
because my zeal cannot give up as yet. 

I hope the profession will not now re- 
gard me as a back number in mattere 
stenographic, but that heretofore pleas- 
ant relations may be long continued. 

Mrs. Hill accompanied me to Buffalo. 
We remained ten days, being among the 
last to leave. When we dwindled down 
to a few, I did not want to be the last 
to go; still, I hated to go hence. We 
left Campbell, Schrader, Small and 
Bumgamer to pull up stakes, put 
out the campflre, cover the trail 
and go their respective ways. 
As we gazed in spellbound admiration 
and awe, ten days prior to Sep- 
tember 6th, at the crowning glory of 
Niagara Falls, in the electrical illumina- 
tion at the Pan-American Exposition, lit- 
tle did we dream that it was set to be 
the funeral pyre of William McKinley. 
What a sad taking off. and yet how sol- 
emnly sublime! Magnificent careei>- 
the nation's great loss sustained and 
soothed by the grandeur of his death, in 
the pathetic yet heavenly beauty of his 
submissive Christian spirit Well may 
we say with Shakespeare: 

"Good night, sweet prince. 
And flights of angels sing thee to thy 

For William McKinley lived as he died 
— ^the ornament of the opening twentieth 

Sincerely yours, 

Kendbick C. Hnx. 

^ ^ ^ 

Does It Pay To Lie? 

No. 2. 

«|| is said of a late prominent clergy- 
H man that he made the remark, while 
arguing with a friend upon the subject of 
the sincerity of people in general, that the 
truth should not be told at all times, add- 
ing thereto, "As the good book says." 
While his explanation to the Advisory 
Board that he only intended to con- 
vey the idea that it was not always politic 
to answer any query directly and to the 
point where, by so doing, an injury might 
result to some one, their feelings hurt 
or a feud started that would be disastrous 
to the morals of society, they could not be 
convinced that he recommended, to a lim- 
ited lextent, the telling of a lie, and he 

subsequently had a very hard time of it 
with those of his congregation who were 
absolutely "pure in heart," or thought 
they were. He contended that he made 
a truthful and pertinent statement which 
should have been rightly understood and 
which required no apology, and he gave 
none. He often smiled at the remem- 
brance of subsequent developments which 
brought out the fact that his most violent 
accuser absolutely lied to his pious and 
devoted wife and daily companion, when 
she asked him for a pittance to buy their 
oldest and best boy a new pair of sus- 
penders, by telling her that he had not 
received his salary from the treasurer 



and was therefore unable to comply. In 
fact, he had not only received it, but had 
invested nearly one-half of the amount in 
a "corner in wheat/' which Deacon Jack- 
son told him meant no less than 40 per 
cent, within a short period, — say not ex- 
ceeding ten days. Of course the Deacon 
knew all about it, and his reputation for 
telling the truth was very flattering. Later 
on, when the solemn penance began, and 
the gn'ocer and tailor and milk dealer 
commenced to. question the honesty of the 
gentleman to whom they had been de- 
livering their goods on credit and receiv- 
ing nothing but promises in return, the 
good wife learned that her liege lord was 
a veritable Ananias. It was a hard case 
throughout, but did it pay to lie in the 
tlrst place merely to postpone the final 

George Washington Bates, of Leadville, 
made over a million dollars in the sale of 
lands which bore no more resemblance to 
gold producing soil than a load of sand, 
and yet his credit was unimpeachable, 
while his victims died of grief by the 
dozen or took in washing. He never had 
a spade in his hands during his entire ca- 
reer, but his interesting lectures on the 
wealth lying under his soil and which 
he had himself exposed to view by his 
own personal muscle ana the sweat of his 
brow, accompanied by lurid illustrations 
on canvas showing men in full evening 
dress and plug hats picking up gold and 
depositing it in hide-bound trunks, 
brought purchasers by the hundreds, who 
fought and scrambled and almost cried 
for first choice in the front rows. Bates 
had the deeds all made up to suit the 
most Incredulous at first sight, but the 
boundaries were so terribly mixed that 
the venturers turned into a pack of squat- 
ters, who built shanties on any uncovered 
?pot that happened to be lying around 
loose. But one pleasant day in the early 
autumn, when the dew was on the grass, 
and daylight was Just beginning to show 
in the mellow east. Bates started on a 
protracted vacation, and the place saw 
him no more forever. In the fast-growing 
town of Sprucetown, in the fair valley of 
Sante Fe, lived in quiet seclusion the 
man whose card bore the stamp of 

"Brown," but under the surface could be 
seen the faint outlines of "Bates." He 
built cheap churches for poor Christians, 
with interest at the starving rate of 15 
per cent, and inaugurated philanthropic 
schemes for others' contributions, with 
himself as president, secretary and trea- 
surer. His lonely widow says that she 
paid a thousand dollars for his monument 
in the cemetery laid out by himself, at 
so much a plot, and a hundred dollars to 
the poet who wrote his epitaph. She de- 
clares that Brown-Bates was a conscien- 
tious, kind, Christian gentleman, who sel- 
dom swore, never chewed tobacco, and 
when in anger was considerate enough 
to show his sweet disposition by hitting 
her with nothing harder than a pound of 
soap. Was George Washington Bates an 
absolute liar? If so. did it pay him to lie, 
taking into full consideration the money 
he made out of it and his chances after 


A seventeen-year-old boy walked from 
Easton to Philadelphia, to find a situation 
of any kind that would guarantee him a 
supply of daily food and enough clothing 
to assure a decent appearance. The sec- 
ond day after his arrival he walked into a 
wholesale house on Front street and so- 
licited something to do. He was told that 
they needed a typewriter who could write 
their letters intelligently for five dollars 
a week, and when interrogated as to his 
ability to properly do the work, he de- 
liberately lied by saying that he could 
perform those duties and felt sure that 
he would suit them. He had just four 
days in which to prepare and just suf- 
ficient money left to pay for the tuition 
and his board in the meantime. Wnen he 
went to work he had mastered the rudi- 
ments, having worked all of the day and 
most of tne nights. The boy had energy, 
ambition ana a remarkable will power, 
and although he was obliged to go slowly 
at first, he made himself useful in other 
ways around the store. and in time be- 
came indispensable to his employers, who 
yearly increased his salary, until his name 
eventually appeared on the firm's sign and 
to-day, the bank would honor his check 
for a good round sum. Did it pay him 
to lie, and was it right for him to do so? 



from the other contestants, who solemnly 
and firmly declared that Miss Sutton 
manipulated the space board with her 
nose — the length of which nature had evi- 
dently carefully studied, possibly with just 
such contingencies in view, while her fingers 
were dexterously flying over the keys with 
the rest of the copy. Miss Sutton considered 
the charge too ludicrous and absurd to 
refute, so she declared, but it was specially 
noted that she did not actually deny the 

Charlotte De Mere never saw a work on 
stenography or a type-writing machine until 
reaching the age of thirty-six, when her 
uncle, Admiral Mortier of the French Navy, 
a descendant of the unhappy Louis the 
Sixteenth, purchased them for her in Paris. 
Charlotte was considered a positive, dyed-in- 
the-wool old maid, with no interest in any- 
thing particular, excepting her parrot, who 
could talk in four different languages, three 
of which were unknown and the other con- 
siderably limited and mostly nautical, and 
she took hold of her Remington only to 
please the eccentric "sad sea dog," whose 
hand writing but few of the officials at 
the Navy Bureau could decipher. Charlotte 
was kept pretty busy when the Admiral 
made up his reports. After two or three 
years of that kind of work she ran away 
from home and friends to make a living for 
herself. She was not by any means an ex- 
pert, took notes slowly, wrote clumsily and 
appeared to take no interest in anything but 
keeping the machine in an immaculately 
clean condition. This specialty won for her 
a valuable prize. A celebrated Bishop of 
the English Church, noting how deftly and 
carefully she daily '* polished up the handle 
of the big front door,'* married her and she 
is now quietly enjoying life, with her 
sanctified companion and pet parrot in one- 
of the suburbs of Liverpool where, from 
appearances, the quality of Mersey is not 

John Edward Fulton, now a prominent 
subject of the Kaiser at Berlin, when oc- 
cupying the position of stenographer and 
type-writer in one of the up-town hotels of 
New York, sixteen years ago, attracted the 
attention of an old German Baron, for whom 
he did considerable work from time to time. 
He was very expeditious and methodically 
correct, which with his natural, polite 


manners, so constantly manifested, led 
eventually to the prominence attained by 
him in Germany. His close affiliation with 
Emperor William and, in fact, the entire 
royal family, is attributed to the influence of 
the crusty Baron who took so kindly to him 
when visiting this country in *86. Fulton's 
personal appearance was unattractive. The 
fact that his complete dental outfit consisted 
of but one extremely prominent incisor which 
projected from his upper jaw, was the basis 
of the report current among the office boys 
that his former occupation was confined to 
punching holes in sponges. This unpleasant 
rumor was the source of much displeasure to 
him, but he continued clinging to that tooth, 
as it were, until deprived of its use by a well- 
directed foul tip at a base-ball match. News- 
paper reports show that he played quite an 
important part in the recent negotiations of 
the Powers in settling the Chiuese indemnity 
question in the interests of the German 
Empire. From ten dollars a week in New 
York to a competency in Germany with the 
chances of ultimately wearing a title is, in 
the common parlance of the day, a decided 

During the excitement which prevailed in 
the Stock markets last June, a stenographer, 
with the peculiar and unclassical name of 
Buddy Brown, made a glaring error in 
transcribing a telegram, whereby the firm 
of Brokers by whom he was employed made 
a clean profit of fifty thousand dollars. As 
mistakes generally insist in occupying the 
wrong side of the balance sheet, the firm in 
this instance, were made happy over the 
incident and acknowledged their satisfaction 
by giving Brown a check for five-thousand 
dollars, accompanied by a letter of instant 
dismissal, fearing that his carefulness was 
not of that consistency commensurate with 
the safety of the firm's business ventures. The 
most painful part of the young man's experi- 
ence was embraced in his subsequent 
efforts to become an important factor in the 
stock market, when he invested the entire 
amount with the same firm *' on margins,'* 
and he is now ruminating on his late beauti- 
ful dream, while " drumming " for a manu- 
facturer of a patent stove polish. 

As for the army of stenographers and type- 
writers in evidence, the poor die young, the 
indifferent and unreliable hang on for a 
while and are finally lost in the '* whirl of 

on folio 206.) 


£xpert or Amanuensis? 

C must be appareut to the 
most supeilicial ihinket, 
that all young persons who 
become, aud continue to 
practicing stetiogra- 



nor reasonably 1 1 ope to follow the vocation 
of law and general reporting. It is evident 
that the nnmber of official bertlis to be 611ed 
and the amount of legal and iniECellflneous 
sborthund repotting to be performed, are too 
limited to furnish all with eniploytuent. 
Hence many must meet bitter dlsappoint- 
ment. This is unfortunate ; but it is the 
result of the inexorable law of demand and 

In view of this, and, considering the vest 
number of stenographers now in, aud tile 
army of students preparing for adniission 
into, the field, it is unwise for one who does 
not possess the proper natural qualifications, 
the educational accomplishments and the 
potent aids (which consist, principally, of 
influential friends) to official appointment ot 
acquisition of lucrative practice, to devote 
the time and labor and expend the money 
Decessary to gain the proHcienry required 
of en expert in any of the tectinical branches 
of the business. 

To such a one — and, in fact, to tlie average 
stenographer— thorough preparation as a 
stenographic amanuensis yields tbe best and 
quickest results. Such a position, used as a 
means of advancement in the particular 
business, as, for instance, railroading, man- 
ufacturing, banking, etc., ought, eventually, 
to lend an amanuensis, who has the proper 
capability, at, or well up toward, the top of 

his business. Cases where even the oflice 
boy has ultimately become the propiietor are 
known to every reader. It will be found in 
nearly all such cases that the office boy pos^ 
sessed, at least, these cliaracterislics : a cor- 
rect understanding, and punctual and con- 
scientious perforniance, of duty ; anxiety to 
learn all about all parts ot the business ; wil- 
lingness to render any service iii connection 
with that business, and though tfulness of 
his employer's interest. 

It is not intended to discourage the 
student from preparation for technical 
professional reporting. On the contrary, if 
he has the qualiGcations, accomplishments 
and aids above mentioned, he should not 
hesitate, but press fonvard toward the goal 
of his ambition. 

The Xew York Court of .Appeals, in decid- 
ing a recent case, say : " The fact that the 
action has been tried four times, and as often 
appealed, bears ample testimony to the 
earnestness and intensity of feeling with 
which the contest lias been waged to its 
present stage, A general historical review 
of the case would portray a fine study in the 
vicissitudes of litigation." 

J Tubbs (reported in 41 
ared that the plaintiff, a 

In Plumb vcr: 
N. Y.. J42) it ap 
large landowner 

toxicating liquor 

sale to be inserted in deeds given br him. 
The defendant Tubbs, having violated the^e 
conditions in the dee<l to him, claimed ilie 



conditions to be unreasonable and absurd, 
and therefore void. The New York Court 
of Appeals says: "Whether this plan is 
wise or unwise, is not for us to say. No 
man is bound to be wise. He has a legal 
right to be wise or otherwise, as his own judg- 
ment or as his own caprice may determine. 
It is enough here to say, that neither the 
purpose of the grantor, or his mode of ac- 
complishing it can be pronounced unreason- 
able or absurd.*' 

'W'HAT Kentucky demoiselle whose iuven- 
^■^ tive mind has just evolved a device for 
changing t3'pewriter ribbons without soiling 
the fingers, is a public benefactress whose 
image should be carved in everlasting granite ' 
and whose memory should be forever en- 
shrined in the hearts of all typewritists. 

♦if DO not wish to bring the blush of em- 
'■ barrassnient to the cheek of Brother 
Horace G. Healey of the Graham Depart- 
ment of this magazine, but having, incident- 
ally, learned a few facts of his shorthand 
career, I feel obliged to impart them to his 
readers, hoping, thereby, to impress upon 
them that Mr. Healey is a practical law re- 
porter and that the matter contained in his 
department is the work of an experienced 
practitioner, and not that of a mere theorist. 
Mr. Healey has done a great deal of law 
reporting. He was a reporter in the Super- 
ior Court of Iowa for about four years ; he 
held the position of official stenographer of 
the State Bar Association, the State Medical 
Society and the State Dental Society of the 
same State ; at one time he was private sec- 
retary to the attorney-general of the State of 
Idaho, and also did considerable unofficial 
reporting in the District Court of that State ; 
he was for several years assistant editor of 
The Phonographic World, and is now chair- 
man of the executive committee of the 
National Association of Shorthand Teachers 
besides holding a similar po.sitiou on the 
executive committee of the Eastern Com- 
mercial Teachers' Association. 

« CORRESPONDENT writes : *• I wish at 
^^ this time to express to you the great 
pleasure I have derived from perusing your 
articles ever since they began to appear in 
The Stenographer. * * * I have been in a 

position to appreciate the many interesting 
points you have discussed, and which no 
one but an attorney would think to be of 

'W'HE remarks above quoted from my cor- 
^ respondent's letter, impels me to sug- 
gest to every reader of The Stenographer, 
whether student, amanuensis or professional 
reporter, that much benefit may be derived by 
sending to this department communications 
on subjects embraced within its domain. If 
you wish information ask for it ; if you have 
special or peculiar experience, write it out 
and mail it to me. Your example will be fol- 
lowed by others. By that means interchange 
of views must be helpful to all. Try it. 

H. W. Thorne. 

SometKing Abotit Ste« 

(Continued from folio 204.) 

the town,'* while the efficient and pains- 
taking stick to it with constantly renewed 
vigor and earnestness, hoping that some 
pleasant, breeze might waft them into some . 
remunerative and permanent position, with 
a maximum of salary and a minimum of 

While all stenographers do not reach the 
summit of their ambition, marry their em- 
ployers or eminent clergymen or become 
associates with the royal families of Europe, 
statistics prove that, as a rule, they are 
happy, frugal, good-natured and eminently 
respectable. Business cannot be carried on 
without them. The professions find them 
absolutely necessary. The newspapers, 
corporations, exchanges and, in fact, all 
branches of industry depend upon them for 
a proper conduct of their business affairs and 
they are continually in demand. 

The most obvious certainty connected with 
the present situation is, that we are to look 
henceforth to an era of unexampled com- 
mercial de\*elopment, and, standing face to 
face with opportunity, the stenographer will 
always command the respect and careful 
consideration of the employer, as a brain 
worker as well as a mechanical assistant. 

" } Typewriter operators have words at 
their fingers* ends. 


A Colle|£e education. 

g RADUATE '■ inquires if H col- 
lege education la essential in 
becoming a tirst class stenog- 

We would eniplialically say 
" no " as ourhunible opinion, 
altliough we congratulate our correspondent 
upon her possession of sucb a liberal educa- 
tion as a full college course would indicate. 
We are not, of course, referriiig to short- 
band colleges but those devoted lo general 
learning and the higher arts, such as 
Princeton, Harvard, Bryn Mawr, Vaswr, etc. 
While such an education is not necessary 
to B first class stenographer, yet it is a long 
step towards that end and aim.— although 
everything depends upon the student, her- 
self. If we were to be given our choice of 
teaching a college graduate shorthand or 
one without such experience, we would 
unhesitatingly select the former, as she will 
have learned how to think connectedly and 
to study logically, if she has taken advantage 
of her opportunities. 

On the other hand, as we believe we have 
said many times before in these columns, or 
intimated it, the study and pursuit of short- 
hand i» a college educaliou, virtually, in 
itself, for the practice of the art sends the 
young stenographer more often to tht 
dictionary or the encyclopedia than auy 
other occupation of which we know. Not 
alone that, but there are many otherwise 
closed avenues of knowledge to which the 
•borthand writer has access through her 
contact with men of mind and affairs. There 
are two courses open to her, — either to 
grope along and trust to "luck" in tran- 
scribing her notes, or to examine the refer- 
ences at hand and get the matter exactly 

right. '■ But this takes time,"— yes it does, 
but it pays and things will even themselves 
up during the day, and our sum of knowl- 
edge at the close will be miicli greater 
it we carry out the plan of mastering each 
detail or reference as we teach it : further, 
the more we know, the better position are 
we in to turn that knowledge to substantial 
account. Anj- woman in a position of trust 
who does not make herself familiar with 
everything respecting it h losing her golden 
opportunity and, most likely, laying the 
foundation for subsequent trouble. 

All of this is education in a limited sense, 
but one item of knowledge will lead to an- 
other, and in this broadening out process we 
ourselves will be benefited, as also, in large 
measure, our home, our employer and the 
world in general. 

Let us by all means get a college educa- 
tion if we can. end urge it upon others ; but 
if it is out of our reach, then let us do the 
next best thing, — form our own college and 
use our eyes and our ears in acquiring the 
knowledge that comes by seizing oppor- 
tunities, by making observations and keep- 
ing keen and alert throughout the working 

Just so far as the standard of education 
and knowledge is raised in our profession, 
will the world's estimate of us iniprove and 
its respect increase ; let us work for such  
splendid c 

The Perfect ^Voman. 

aNOTHER man writes us : " Some time 
ago it was your intention to present 
your views in The Stenographer regard- 
ing the personal appearaii(» of stenogra- 



pliers, and whether or not the same in any 
way affected the salaries of the ladies. The 
following is sent with the hope that it may 
interest you and your readers. I think it 
will because we are all, — at least all of us 
men who are conceited enough to think we 
are rightly constructed, — interested in the 
perfect woman, — but does she exist in 
reality or only artificially ?— 

" A woman 5 feet, 5 inches in height 
should weigh 128 pounds. Her arms ex- 
tended should measure from tip to tip of 
the middle fingers just exactly her height — 
5 feet, 5 inches. The length of her hand 
should be one-tenth of that ; her foot, one- 
seventh ; the diameter of her chest one-fifth. 
From her thighs to the ground she should 
measure the same as from her thighs to the 
top of her head." 

Notes From tKe Field. 

Create interest for yourselves. Definitely 
make up your mind to take up something — 
religious, philanthropic, intellectual, what 
you will — the growth of which you can 
watch, and to the success of which your 
individuality will be an -essential. 

Mrrf. Alice Freeman Palmer, ex-President 
of Wellesley College, says that *' of the 
sixty colleges and universities of this country 
of the highest standing, only nine refuse 
to women their degrees. Every college 
founded since the war has been founded for 
both men and women. This naturally affects 
the conditions of life in both the city and the 
country. Practically, all schools below the 
high school are in the hands of women, and 
eijBjhty per cent, of the teachers in the New 
England high schools are women. Former- 
ly, if a women studied the sciences, philoso- 
phy or the classics, it was said she would 
lose her health, religion and morals ; but 
time has proven just the contrary." 

Miss Bessie Sniythe has been appointed 
library stenographer at the O. S. Y. of 
Columbus, Ohio. She was formerely located 
in Chicago as stenographer in the law office 
of Rutherford P. Hayes. 

Mrs. Rosamond Johnson, who recently 
completed a course of study in shorthand 
and typewriting at H. N. Doe's private 
school, Bangor, Me., has secured a position 
as stenographer and assistant book-keeper 
with the firm of John Cassidy & Son, whole- 
sale grocers and lumbermen. 

Hon. Joseph H. Choate is as celebrated as 
a postprandial orator as he is as a lawyer. 
At one of the dinners of the New England 
Society of New York he once proposed the 
following toast : *' Woman, the better half of 

the yankee world — at whose tender summons 
even the stern Pilgrims were ever ready 
to spring to arms, and without whose aid 
they never could have achieved the historic 
title of the Pilgrim Fathers. The Pilgrim 
Mothers were more devoted martyrs th^n 
were the Pilgrim Fathers, because they not 
only had to bear the same hardships that the 
Pilgrim Fathers stood, but they had to bear 
with the Pilgrim Fathers besides." 

Miss Ida May Jackson of Milwaukee, Wis., 
has been appointed under a new law of 
Wisconsin, Woman Factory Inspector, and 
will be the first woman in the State to take 
up official work of this kind. Her grand- 
father was an editor, and she has been doing 
newspaper work for a dozen years past. 

In a recent address. Miss Jane Addanis, of 
Hull House fame, said : "If you women 
wish to bring about equal suffrage, you will 
gain more by taking up the moral side of the 
question. For instance, if you can show 
the women of this land that the child labor 
evil can be mitigated only by the votes of 
women, you will interest every woman in 
the country.*' 

Acting Mayor Walker of Chicago, is in- 
clined to sympathize with the girl stenogra- 
phers who are on the eligible list of the 
civil service board for certification, but who, 
because of the clause of the law which gives 
the head of the bureau the right to state in 
his requisition that he prefers men stenogra- 
phers, are unable to be certified. He says 
that is the law, and while he has not been 
asked to pass upon the question of another 
examination, it is quite probable that one 
will have to be called. There is but one 
man on the eligible list, while there is a 
long list of young women who are anxious 
to inscribe the thoughts of the bureau chiefs 
in shorthand, and transcribe them on the 

It is stated that about one hundred women 
are engaged in detective work in New York 
and its neighborhood, and a dozen or more 
of them are employed in the big stores, 
where shoplifting is so commonlv practiced, 
that the head of one large establishment 
said : "We could no more do without a. 
detective in this store than we could do 
without a model to show off our gowns." 
Women detectives are valued and well paid 
when they are skilful. 

In East Oakland, Cal., is to be tried a 
plan for helping homeless girls, which 
seems almost ideal in method as well as in 
purpose. A rich and generous hearted 
woman has declared her intention of build- 
ing ten cottages, each of which will ac- 
commodate ten girls, and be in charge of a 
*• house mother." At a suitable age they 
will be taught whatever trade they select,— 
thus equipping them to earn their living. 

Ida E. Turnkr. 



department of practical (3rammar. 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, H27 Euclid Ave., Phlla., Pa. 
Instructor in Grammar, Rhetoric and Etymology* 

Use of tHe Subjunctive. 

I. The subjunctive mode asserts being or 
action as a mere wish^ conception or supposi- 

In fortn^ there is little to distinguish the 
subjunctive from the indicative : it omits s 
from its third person singular active present ; 
it uses be instead of ani^ arty is and are ; it 
uses were instead of was^ and wert instead of 
wast. A noteworthy point about the sub- 
junctive in English is its decline; be^ 
were, wert, and the form without s dis- 

II. The subjunctive mode past tense of 
be is used (i) to express a wish for some- 
thing impossible to have immediately, or at 
all ; (2) to express a mere supposition or 

(i) I wish I were a man ! 

Oh ! that I were as in days past ! 

Would that I were the ruler of many 
worlds ! 

Would that I were some maiden coarse and 
pure ! 

Oh ! that his tomb were visited by valiant 
youth ! 

(2) Economy is, as it were, the poor 
man's mint. 

Were all men honest, society would be 

There fell from his eyes, as it were, scales. 

Were another to share this wayward, love- 
less heart, it should be thou. 

Were ye to taste the mirth ye mar, not in 
the toils of battle would ye fret. 

III. The subjunctive may be used instead 
of the indicative (3) in noun clauses as ex- 
planatory modifier, or (4) in noun clauses 
that are indirect questions used as subject or 
as object complement. 

(3) It is disgraceful that an old man haig 
nothing to produce of a long life but his 

It is requisite for all that the mind and 
body be kept in action. 

It is beyond all hope that be who left you 
ten long years ago ^^ still alive. 

It is not infrequent that a benefactor claim 
more than he has given. 

It was advised by St. Paul that a man be 
angry and sin not. 

(4) Whether habit grow upon a man 
need not be asked. 

Whether punishment wisely eiven be an 
instrument for good in the education of 
children is unquestionable. 

I shall see whether mine be the foremost 
prow in pressing to the strand. 

I know not whether another care to make 
thy face his sweetest haven. 

I asked him if to touch the passions be the 
art of poetry. 

IV. The subjunctive may be used instead 
of the potential (5) in independent clauses, 
and (6) in adverb clauses of purpose, and 

(5) Better were wisdom without an in- 
heritance, than an inheritance without 

The madness of the wise were better than 
the sobriety of fools. 

A life of sickness were better than a life 
of sin. 

I were blessed could I bear ills with 

To trace the origin of dancing were a 
difficult task. 

(6) Be diligent, that you be found spot- 

They shall bear thee up, least thou dash 
thy foot against a stone. 

Whatever be the fate of noble families, 
the commonwealth is safe. 

Though ambition in itself be a vice, yet is 
it often the parent of virtue. 

V. The subjunctive maybe used in (7) 
abverb clauses of time. 

(7) They shall have finished before he 

They refuse to deliver the goods before he 

VI. In condition or concession clauses, 
use the indicative when (8) the assertion is 
a fact, or when (9) merely the speaker does 
not know it to be a fact ; use the subjunctive 



when (lo) the assertion is thought of merely 
as a contingency, or when (ii) the speaker 
prefers to speak hypothetically of a thing 
about which he is certain. 

(8) If he zvas poor, he was never indolent. 
If he loves you, he will give evidence of it. 
Though he is defeated he is happy. 
Though he was a son. he learned obe- 
dience by what he suffered. 

Though thou lovest tranquillity, yet dost 
thou dispute. 

(9) If there is a mistake, I cannot detect 

If the money zvas there, I could not see it. 

If it moves ^ I cannot perceive it. 

Though he ivas in the room, I could not 
have seen him. 

Though he is a chief, I lind nothing to 
distinguish him. 

(10) If thou leave thy father, he shall die. 
He shall meet you this afternoon, unless 

it rain. 

If the largeness of a man's heart carry him 
beyond prudence, it is weakness. 

Though I zvere king, still should I cling to 

IVere one order to grow disproportion ed, 
it double weight must ruin all below. 

(11) If honesty ^<? the best policy, he is 
not an honest man who acts on that prin- 

If it be the function of education to pre- 
pare us for complete living, that is the most 
important object in it. 

^ If he be slow of belief, he is honest and 

Though ceremonies be different in every 
country, true politeness is everywhere the 

Though few be qualified to shine m society, 
it is in most men's power to be agreeable. 

VII. When doubtful whether the indica- 
iive or the subjunctive is proper, use the 

A synopsis* 

I. The subjunctive mode past tense of be 
has two uses : — 

1. To express a wish for something im- 
possible to have immediately, or at all : 

2. To express a mere supposition or con- 

II. The subjunctive may be used in place 
of izuo other modes : — 

1. The indicative mode, 

(a) In noun clauses that are explanatory , 
or that are indirect questiofis used as sub- 
ject or complement : 

(b) In adverb clauses of time, 

2. The potential mo^e, 

(a) In independant clauses : 

^Observe that. In this synopsis, ail the matter upon the 
Subjunctive Is arranged In sets each of which has two 

(b) In adverb clauses of propose and 

III. There are tzvo kinds of adverb clause 
{condition and concession) which require 

1 . The indicative mode, when 

(a) The assertion is a fact ; 

( b) Merely the speaker does not know it 
to be a fact. 

2. The subjunctive mode when 

(a) The assertion is thought of merely as 
a contingency ; 

(b) The speaker prefers to speak hypo- 
thetically of a thing of which he is certain. 

DIRECTION— driticize the use of the 
verbs in italics. 

When thou pray or do an alms, blow not a 
trumpet before thee. 

Thy deep blue eyes shine amid the glories, 
as it were, like jewels in a shroud. 

Better were a life of poverty than riches 
and a bad conscience. 

If I were a fairy, good boys should be 
born rich. 

Let them strike the foe with the sweep, as 
it were^ of eagles. 

If he is discreet, he shall succeed. 

Although the fig-tree blossom not, yet will 
I rejoice in The Lord. 

I am solicitous that he write these lines 

If money be not thy servant, it shall be 
your master. 

The black Tartar tents cluster, as it were, 
like beehives. 

If he allow himself no rest, shall a laborer 
long endure ? 

If the child show the man, this boy 
shall make a bad man. 

He holds his breath, lest he dislodge the 
overhanging snow. 

If your words are living words, they shall 
strike root somewhere. 

Our concern should be, that our duty be 
always done. 

He casts not his heavy eye afar, lest he 
view his vineyard desolate. 

If application be the price of mental 
acquisition, he shall be a scholar. 

If men are complained of, it generally 
happens that the benefactor claims more 
than he has given. 

I shall not lose thee, tho* thou die. 

We knew not thou wert so soon to go. 

Although he seems honest, he can deceive. 

If it be a false alarm, I shall soon return. 



If the Greeks give me a fitting share, all ts 

IVere you to see her face, surely you 
would not know her. 

I shall speak the truth, though it shake 
the universe. 

I will be as giddy in my desires as if I 
were a monkey. 

Although there ts much kindness among 
soldiers and sailors, there is little grief. 

If men de classed by moral distinctions, it 
is true that all men are of the same rank, 
whether they de counts or cobblers. 

Would I were this boy's father. 

If thou/ell as I, we could soon decide. 

If thou cast me off, I shall be miserable. 

If she was present, I did not recognize 

Thou shalt be fined, unless thou make an 

Would that I were not destined to such 

It is law that a man be forced to keep his 

Promise was that I deliver Israel from 
Phillistian yoke. 

He casts off a friend as if it zvere a hunst- 
man's pack. 

That a man be angry and sin not, was 
advised by the Apostle. 

It is not necessary that man be taught to 
thirst for power. 

He has no will to go, lest he see him forced 
to things unseemly. 

A man shall never be poor, if he live 
according to nature. 

He seemed as if he were a form of statued 
stone with burning human eyes. 

If I was to write » he would not regard it. 

Experience is, as it were^ the shroud of 

The snow hath retreated as if it were an 
army defeated. 

Were such a gloomy touch to fall, my 
guardian angel would -cry out. 

Tho' I die, I know the thorn will grow in 
rosy-tinted tufts. 

Lest he do it wrong, in his tongue thy 

sweet, beloved name no more shall dwell. 

The art of pleasing would better deserve 
our study, were there more worth pleasing. 

If refinement do not lead to purity of 
morals, it obviates the greatest depravity. 

Tho' maxims be as full of truths as a 
winter's night of stars, they fall dead upon 

I doubt whether he knozv of the danger. 
Would that I were free from this golden 
prison ! 

Whether it be worth the venture has con- 
cerned him much. 

Would that torment were not confined to 
wounds and sores ! 

The bat leaves his lair as silent as if he 
were a snowflake. 

He should have been valuable to us were 
he a close student 

Oh ! that estates, degrees, and offices were 
not derived corruptedly ! 

If passion be the most general, it is not 
the only cause that bind up the understand- 

Spring is, as it were, nature's artist. 
Heaven avert that ever thou weep in vain. 
The mind shall banquet, though the body 

Would that I ivere lying pn this bloody 
sand ! 

IVere I mistaken, I would endeavor to 
correct my views. 

Were death denied, e'en fools would wish 
to die. 

I wished that thou werl as diligent as 
were they. 

If Sundays be neglected, all religion shall 

Though one smite him on the cheek, he 
will not speak. 

Oh ! that I were rolled deep below the 
white, cold, heavy- plunging foam ! 

Her tresses fell free, as it were, like the 
plumage of birds. 

Were all books reduced to their quintes- 
sence, many a bulky author should appear 
in a penny paper. 

If the horse be lame, he shall remain 

Would anyone wish he were a father in 
my stead ? 

A man without patience is, as it were, a 
lamp without oil. 

Though ambition is a vice, it is often the 
parent of virtue. 

Unless the Lord build the house, in vain 
they labor who build it. 

Thy counsel falls into my ear, as it were, 
like water into a sieve. 

It is an element of success that a man be 
alive to his best interests. 

Were we clearly to see ourselves, life 
would be less endurable. 



Lest fierce remembrance wake my sudden 
rage, not for thy life approach me ! 

Death lies on her, as it were^ like untimely 
frost upon the sweetest flower of all the 

Though good conversation be the most 
delightful method of gaining knowledge, 
how few excel as talkers or listeners ! 

Whatever be the issue, all shall be well. 

I shall surely die, unless some one aid me. 

Were love never feigned, it would be 

Our hopes fall free, as it were, like with- 
ered leaves. 

A dumb mouth were better than a brain- 
less skull. 

Better were death than that we dwindle 
from high to low. 

Were this an open country, the situation 
should have been less frightful. 

One of the passions of the present age is, 
that a child be taught everything. 

If the greatest plainness be characteristic 
of the greatest learning, he must be a very 
learned man. 

How I wish that the work were done ! 

Milton, would thou wert living at this 
hour ! 

I shall walk out this afternoon, finless it 

Were all the year playing holidays, to 
sport were as tedious as to work. 

Without adversity, a man hardly knows 
whether he be honest or not. 

Though thou wert as huge as Atlas, thy 
efforts should be vain. 

If education got by struggling to get an 
education be valuable Benjamin Franklin 
was at a great advantage. 

Would that I were gone from all these 
scenes ! 

If drunkenness fnake sober heathen blush, 
how should it affect Christians ! 

Tho' thou bray a fool in a mortar with a 
pestle, yet shall not his foolishness depart. 
It tvere better to pretend not to see an 
insult, than to be guilty of wrong. 

Would I were as steadfast as thou art, 
bright Star ! 

If solitude be thy portion, with what 
healing thoughts wilt thou remember me ! 

If he despair , he shall go mad. 

If thou leave thy father, he shall die. 

The trooper sits in his saddle as if he 
were a statue. 

He will maintain the cause, though he 
lose the estate. 

Wert thou to meet him, I know thou 
wouldst inform him. 

It is requisite for all men that the mind 
and body be kept in action. 

Were you to tell her you had seen him 
dead, this would be her comfort. 

Lest the world task you to ask what 
spirit lives in me, forget me. 

Though it were to be had simply for the 

asking, I would decline to ask. 

If I be made to love and serve God, His 
love and service should be my chiefest 

Let him take heed lest h^fall. 

Though he was in the garden, I did not 

see him. 

If he be slow of belief, he is honest and 

Though it is hidden, I can see no cause 
for having it so. 

Were they successful, the entire popula- 
tion would rise. 

Maidens are ever caught like moths, as 
it were^ by -glare. 

Nature pleads that only he rule that most 

resembles me. 

. If superstition have many direct sorrows, 
atheism hath no direct joy. 

Messrs. Isaac Pitman & Sons, 33 Union 
Square, New York, propose to issue a new 
edition of their "Complete Shorthand In- 
structor," which will be known as the 
** Twentieth Century." The rules have been 
entirely recast, and are arranged in what, it 
is believed, will be found the best order for 
teaching. A large number of new exercises 
have been introduced, so that the work not 
only contains complete and carefully graded 
instruction in the whole system, but a series 
of model exercises in every principle, and on 
the various lists of abbreviations. In order 
to display the new matter to the best ad- 
vantage, and to allow of the engraving of 
the shorthand in one uniform, standard 
style throughout, a number of additional 
pages have been added to the work, making 
it a volume of 278 pages. The advanced style, 
for the first time, is so arranged as to give 
an orderly presentation of the abbreviated 
principles. The new *' Instructor '* is printed 
for Isaac Pitman & Sons, by Messrs. J. J. 
Little & Co., New York. 


Tbe Steoograpbcr Prtnttog & Publlahti^ Co. 
40S DkzcI BuiUtQE, PUIa., Pi. 

Funds N. Hempcrley. PieslJcnI ini Edllor. 
John C. Dijon. Secrelary and Tre«iur*r. 

VOL. XVI. SEPTEMBER. 1901. No. 9. 



few business men who properly encourage 
tlieir employees, who say to them, after bh 
especial effort, "tliet is a good piece of 
work ; I tbaiik you for your effort, I 
appreciate what you are trying to do." 

We are all of us so constituted that en- 
couragement is necessary. Rewards of 
effort in the right direction are few at the 
best. Tbe self consciousness of honest 
efTort is not enough. We like to know that 
others recognize them. 

We, thertfore, trust that each of our 
patrons who employ others will bear in mind 
the help they may give them by acting upon 
this idea, and that each toiler in die great 
work of life may receive some encourage- 
ment as he goes along, that he may not 
have to wait until he closes his labors to 
receive the encouraging assurance of " Well 
done, good and faithful servant." 

-The atenogrflpher 

SubBCrfptlon: Uolled Slates, Canada BDd Uei- 
lco._»l.lW a year; other placet In Po«Ul Unton, 

AdverllsiDE Ratea furnlahed on eppllcatloa. 

Tt GENTLEMAN who stands high In the 
" profession writes to tbe editor as fol- 
lows: "I wish to congratulate you on the 
continued interesting features which appear 
each month in The Stenographer. Von 
certainly have a carefully edited magazine 
and one that isa credit to the profession. I 
want you to know that I appreciate it very 

We print this not so much for the purpose 
of expressing our pleasure st the kindly ex- 
pression, as to point a moral which we would 
like to make, and that is that there are many 
people working quietly for the good of others, 
and for their own good, incidentally, who 
do not really know whether or uot their work 
is appreciated, and that it is a great encour- 
agement to such to receive a word of good 
cbeer. occasionally, somewhat as our friend 
has done to us. 

It is wise and helpful and productive of 

good, to encourage others in honest efforts to 

do useful work. We tear that there are loo 

(Cod tinned c 

'JT'HE Phonetic Journal, for July 30, in an 
^^ article by Alfred Kingston, "Why 
Americans make Our Typewriters," among 
several interesting ideas, says that the cap- 
iUliat in America nurui the mechanical 
genius ; takes the inventor by the hand, and, 
so to speak, runs him for all he is worth ; 
that there are, perhaps, half a dozen type- 
writer inventors in the United States 
regularly salaried and under contract with 
the typewriter companies to let them have 
alt the work they produce in the way of new 
improvements. The entire article is well 
worthy of perusal. 

^irnE desire to call especial a 
'*^" the matter in the Department of 
Law Reporting for this month. Mr. Tborne 
is one of the few expert professional court 
reporters, who is also equally qualified to 
attend to the work of an Attorney-at-Law. 
We trust every reader of THE Stenogra- 
pher will carefully note what Mr. Thome 

1 folio 22s.) 


SINCE last reported, tlie Certificate of 
Proficiency for teachers of tlie Isaac 
PittnBii Phonography in Ihe United 
Statel and Canada, lias been awarded to the 
following successful candidnle : Miss Jennie 
L. Hale, 372 Pleasant .Ave,, New York City. 
This diploma, the examination for which, is 
based on a knowledge of the system as pre- 
sented in the Isaac Pitman "Complete 
Phonographic Instrnctor," will be found 
very valuable in the hands of teachers of 
this system. 

JiH. R, S. Taylor, Official Court Reporter, 
St. Paul. Minn., writes : " Althougli 8 writer 
of one of the ' modifications ' of the Isaac 
Pitman system, I claim, however, that the 
use of (he latter and improveit Isaac Pitman 
vowel scale gives me a better diflereiitiation 
of outlines, end I have many arguments 
with my colleagues upon this subject. For 
iustauce, with the present Isaac Pitman 
vowel scale I can at once (without the aid of 
cotllexl) distinguish between ' at ' and ' out ', 
' see ' and 'saw ', ' laws ' and ' lease ' (con- 
struction of the laws or construction of Ihe 
lease) ' until ' and 'at all,' ' fall ' and 'fill,' 
' by-laws, and * hills,' anil hundreds of other 
words which I need not mention at this 
time. I enclose a page of my notes so you 
may see how I write. I retain many of the 
Isaac Pitman principles, for instance adding 
dr, tr, and thr after the final hooks by 
lengthening the stems. 

Mr. William Hops, fonnerely of Ihe 
New York Business Institute, has recently 
opened a thoroughly equipped and up lo 
date Shorthand, Typewriting. Office Practice, 
and Bookkeeping School of 14 Weal izjlh 
Street. The Bookkeeping Department is in 
charge of Mr. A, N, Fellows, an experienced 
business man. and an expert accountant. 
The name of the institution is the Harlem 
Commercial Institute, In the Shorthand 
Department Mr, Hope wilt use exclusively 
the "Twentieth Century" edition of ihe 
"Complete Instructor" and other books in 
connection with same. 

Ker to 
Isftftc Pitman ShortKand. 

Reprlnifd tram Pllmsn'i igth Ceniury Dictation Book. 
Mkssrs. a, F. Thompson k Co,, Bath, Me. 

Gkntlbmkn : Will you not send us aii 
order for the insertion of the enclosed adver- 
tisement ill the " American Boy " ? Y'ou can 
send it to us direct, or through your agency 
(if you einploy one), just as you desire, ff 
your business is placed by an agency, we 
would be glad to have you ask them whal 
they think of the " American Boy " as an 
advertising medium, and of its phenomena] 
success in its subscription department. 

Please remember that we are spending 
thousands ofdollars for advertising lo secure 
subscriptions, and subscriptions secured in 
this way are of the greatest value to Ihe 
advertiser, because the subscribers arc used 
to answering advertisements. At the present 

soon to advance rales, and we will be glad 
to have your order for space at once. Rates 
are given on rate card herewith. 

Yours very truly, ( 156) 

Messrs. I. Jenkins" Sons. New York, N.Y. 
Gkntlhmhn : We desire to call your at- 
tention 10 the fact thai thia is the season of 
the year when all large advertisers are 
placing their contracts 'for advertising of all 
kinds ; and. knowing you annually spend 
thousands of dollars for this purpose, we 
desire to call your attention lo our method 
of reaching the desired class wanted by the 
advertiser, at a cost of one-fourlh of that 
now entailed by advertising in the daily 
press. We can put your pamphlets directly 
in the hands of parties who are likely to be 
of the most benefit to you, at fe.oo per 
thousand, any kind. We think you will 
agree with us that this is a very liberal offer, 
and we trust you will take advantage of it 
and let us hear from you by return mail, and 

Respectfully yours, (14S) 

Ms. Lloyd A, Carroll. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir : Here are two facts that you 
cannot help knowing : 

First : That the Cooper Co. have, in less 
than one year, and in spite of the unusually 
hard times, made the greatest business 
success of the century. 

ic Pltma 

U Phoni 




nor, iio pp.. $1.10 ; 1 Phoroersphic DlcMoiurj 
indcncc. Nos. 1 Dnd >. tich ]>> ctnii, Spanls 
id Lteal Foroii. >;6 pp . TfC. Publlilwd 1^ isa. 

lb liw ihonlund 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Century Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 



\V l^.^^^.X'[ 

^d A. F. Thompson & Co., \ , Me.x 

~>\, (156) 
'^*^ I. Jenkins' Sons, — /^, N. Y. x 


^ n ^/ . J^ " .-^cr".. .> J 

l/ .CZ...<^ V->V.>«. 1 $3.00 V^ . ^^' "'x c/t/^e— ' ) 

yk "^, (148) 

cr-N Lloyd A. Carroll. ^^^^, Pa.x 

Schools and others, desiring the services of experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman &' Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


Learninff To Do One TKiikg Well. 

MHAT the President had to say at 
PrairieView to the students of the 
Texas Normal and Industrial 
School was not new. Indeed, it admits of 
classification as a platitude, and as such it is 
likely to be passed over by the casual reader 
without the attention it merits. A platitude, 
however, is not necessarily contemptible. 
Some truths are so broad and indisputable 
that they cannot be presented in any other 
form, and yet tbeir significance is so greet 
that they merit iteration and reiteration unlil 
they burn themselves into the consciousness 
of every one for whom they have interest and 
value. What the President aaid was: 

What we want more than an3'tbing else. 
whether we be whiteorwhetheTwebe black, 
is to know bow to do something well. If you 
will just learn how to do one thing that is 
useful better than anybody else can do that 
one thing, you will never be out of a job. 

This is as good advice as could be given to 
the young man ambitious of success in life. 
If the story of a majority of successful lives 
could be told truthfully, it would surprise us 
to learn on what small pivots great events 
have turned. It would be seen that the basis 
of success has usually been thoroughness ia 
doing some small and relatively unimportant 
thing. The opportunity for attaiuiug con- 
spicuous excellence in something is open to 
every man at some period of his life. It does 
not demand exceptional talent. He ia favor- 
ed at every stage by the fact that those with 
whom he is in competition give him every 
opportunity to excel them, to take up duties 
which they are extremely glad to neglect, 
and to seize opportunities which seem to 
promise them no immediate advantage. A 
young man does not need to be a genius to 
make himself invaluable to an employer. 

He can do this by being thorough in the 
things which others consider negligible. 

Among employers of labor the discovery of 
a man who can do one thing well, even 
though it be a small thing, is always a source 
of satisfaction. The man who can do " any- 
thing " in the perfunctory, half-hearted way 
which is characteristic of the average em- 
ployee, is about as useless material as he can 
find. The world is full of such misfits, who 
never get anywhere and never deserve to. 
On the other hand, the young man who, in 
reply to the question. What can you do ? is 
able to reply that he can render one useful 
service better than it is usual ly rendered , and 
can make good his statement, generally gets 
a chance to mount the ladder which leads to 
where there is always plenty of room — the 

In his own conspicuous career in public 
life, Mr. McKinley haa furnished an object 
lesson which is full of instruction to the am- 
bitious. He made himself an expert Presi- 
dent by learning how to endear bis friends 
and conciliate his enemies. Very much 
greater men have made, and would make, far 
less successful Presidents. Perhaps his most 
useful accomplishment ia in knowing how to 
meet an attack in such manner that the man 
who wants to quarrel with him feels as if he 
had " fallen into a bank of roses." This is a 
betterqualification than most Presidents have 
brought to the office, and ne have no doubt 

Mr. L. J. Weichmann, of the Anderaon 
Business School, -Anderson, Ind,, writes as 
follows : '■ Mr. Chas. T. Piatt, Eagan Short- 
hand School, Hoboken, N. J. Dear Sir : I 
wish to congratulate you on your splendid 
dictation book. I shell adopt it this fall in 
my school." 





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mphlel, "The Nen 

of Phoooftraphy," as veil 

■hall be pleased ti 

idea of the nyttem.—Dr, R. Tainie. 

Corrospondin^ Style. 


It U hardly to be assumed that the receiit 
action of the National Educational Associa- 
lioii has disposed of the question of a National 
university. That would not have been 
the case bad the action of ibe asEoci 
been never so deliberate. Since it 
not deliberate at all, but hasty 
if;norant. it will not have much lufli 
except on the reputation of tbi 
The report of the committee on the subject, 
which the association refused to accept, 
though not one in a scoie of the members 
voting had read it, will have tar more weight 
with the public than the unthinking and 
foolish course of the association. 

The report, as out readers are aware, is 
opptosed to the creation of a universitj sup- 
ported by the Government and under 
Government control. It approves, on the 
other hand, and very strongly, a plan by 
which use can be made of the Government 
collections for the promotion of higher 
education, but without dependence on the 
Government, The chief objection to a 
National university as a Government in- 
stitution IS that there is absolutely no need 
of it. To be perfectly frank, the university 
supply at the present time decidedly exceeds 
the demand. It will, in all probability, 
continue to exceed it for a long time to 
come. Doubtless the demand will increase ; 
but so will the supply. Every institution of 
natnre is bound to expand in a degree quite 
proportioned to the real need, however that 
need may grow. New ones may be added. 
The chances are that they will be added 
superfluously. What we really require is 
not so much additional quantity, but a better 
quality of university. We can stand any 
amount of probable improvement. It is 
much better to seek it than seek 

Reporting St^-le. 

Even if we required more nniver.siiies, the 
Government is not in a position to give us 
what we require, and will not be for many a 
long year. The danger in this direction — 

one to which all sensible students of educa- 
tion are keenly alive — is politics. It is not 
merely spoils politics, though of that there 
would be a fatal amount. It is that the ap- 
pointing and regulating power of the Gov- 
ernment is and must be in the hands of men 
who could not use it properly in this kind of 
work. With the best intentions— which 
probably they "would not have — they would 
not have the knowledge and the judgment 
essentia! to success. Theycannot have those 
qualities. They are neither born nor bred to 
them. Their training has been in other 
directions, and for the most part in quite in- 
directions. There are not more 
men in the present Cabinet who 
I pretend to an intelligent concep- 
tion of the task ; both of them know too 
much to undertake it. Moreover, and this 
is the conclusive fact, a university cannot be 
made by law. Il must be a growth. Those 
we have are so. Those, even the Govem- 
ment-made universities that exist abroad, are 
so in the sense that the statesmen who have 
bad to do with them have left them usually 
their entire independence. Even so, they 
have at limes been in great peril, * • • 

We hear much of the need of a Govern- 
ment university to " crown the National sys- 
tem of education." There is no such system, 
and lucky for us is it that there is none. 
Apart from the schools that have grown np 
in neighborhoods, or under State control, 
there have been developed certain institutions 
in the line of universities. They are National 
in the sense that they are the outcome of the 
National feeling and opinion regarding high- 
er education. But they are not Governmen- 
tal, are not dependent on the National <^v- 
ernment, are not guided by it, anymore than 
the so-called "lower" schools. Education, 
in short, in the United States is a free devel- 
opment, and its strength and vitality are due 
to that fact, A university would not "crown" 
the system. It would exist apart from it, 
and its chief effect would be to " meddle and 

There is no real danger of such an experi- 
ment, so far as we can now see. If tjiere 
were, the report of President Harper's com- 
mittee of the Nnlioiial Association would go 
far lo counteract it, — The New York Times 
Sadiitfay Kefiew, Aug. j, /go/. 





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for fAe text-book (price $1.00) and exercise books (price 15c. each) apply to the Internationa f 
News Company, 83 Duane Street, M. Y. 


Mont Blanc. 

HFTER Hie glimpse of Mont Blanc, all 
else fades into inEignificance. The 
long spurs of the forest crowded 
slopes making ladders from its wbite height 
to the valley, the shining rivers of glaciers 
falling in frozen billows of green and white 
li^ht between them, the pastoral loveliness 
of the little plain with its quiet farm 
honses, and flower'Sprinkled pastures — what 
arc they, but the fanning of that priceless 
getn above ? They are the setting of the 
pictuie, and Nature never conmiits the 
solecism of making her shrines too ornate 
for the divinity to whom they are dedicated. 
Everything is hatmonlous, and blends with 
the principal itnptession. Even the sound 
of the tinkling sweet-voiced bells from the 
lowing herds wandering slowly taotneward 
in Che twilight remains always part of one's 
pleasure in the place! and is never heard 
again without recalling it. And the little 
goatheards.clamberingdownafter their flocks 
with shrill, clear cries and yodels that fade 
away among the crags ; and the small 
shepherdesses, with fair hair tightly braided, 
knitting their long slockingsas they follow 
the flocks through the grass ; and up and 
down the village streets, the guides with 
cock's feathers in fall Tyrolese hats ! 

For ten or twelve miles' after leaving the 

valley, one still looks backward at the 
mountain. First, from one angle, then 
from another ; now a glimpse only, again 
a few moments of full view, it moves to 
left and to right, before and behind one, 
as the loveliest road in the world twists and 
turns through gorges and hillsides. Tbe 
awful mouth of Tete Noire swallows one 
awhile, then the road zigzags upon itself 
four different times, until it comes out a 
tbonsaad feet above the valley, with the 
cataracts and whirlpools of the boiling 
stream below as motionless as the dusty 
white road beside it. Bnt in Ihe steepest, 
the wildest, the most remote spot, wherever 
there is an inch of soil, there is also the inch 
of cultivation, signs of human presence and 
loving labor soften the sternest outlook. At 
intervals, the exquisite valleji enclose thrifty, 
clean villages, end wide fertile fields ; at 
intervals, again, a rare bit of desolation glows 
like a mosaic of crimson and ember from the 
wild flowers growing among the yellow rocks. 
A sontheru slope is covered with the elegant 
foliage of the chestnuts, those aristocrats of 
trees, and a forest of arches drapes the path 
like curtains of lace. And just beyond the 
village below, one aees a single snowy cas- 
cade falling'like a long while plume over the 
dark brow of the mountains that hem it in. 

rOsgoodby's Phonetic Shorthand Manual, $1.25; Speed-book {toithout key), f/.c 





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If I Were a Student Again. 

*tW"P I were a student BKain, and on Sep- 
II tember 3rd were to begin the study of 
shorthand whatwould I do? Well, if 
I were as inexperieaced as I was fifteen yeeis 
ago, constituted mentally and physically the 
same as then, I should no doubt duplicate the 
work of that period. But, guided bv the 
light of subsequent eiperience, variea and 
severe, I can see where I might have been 
Mved many a sharp comer and bitter trial, 
Bod I almost wish that I might begin over 
once more ; for where could I not do better I 
And (o what would I do? 

I would be sure that I was ready. It I were 
not> then I would eel ready. I should be 
absolutely certain that studying shorthand 
was tbe very best thing for me to do, and 
then I should roll up my sleeves, pick up the 
sledge hammer of earnest enthusiasm and I 
would smash every shorthand problem, task 
or trial that might come my way. Shorthand 
would be my servant from first to last, not 
my master. 

I wonid serve notice on my teacher that he 
might draw on me "at sight," for all my 
time, my strength and my ability. I would 
" honor " eve^ draft ; that I wa*  firm ad- 
herent of the faith of reciprocity, and would 
expect him to do the same ; that I had paid 
my hard earned money for the privilege of 
his guidance and I should expect him to 
keep me on tbe "main line" with a clear 
tracK ahead — no "way freights" in the 
shape of indolent, careless, indifferent, 
cigarette-smoking youth who might be in 
my class were to cause delays. I should 
expect him to use his red lantern just as soon 
as ne discovered that I had a tendency to run 
on to a side-track. I should agree with him 
to do the work, and he to " O. K." it. Then 
for business, to read, to study, to learn, to 
master. Reviewing would be my fortress 
and stronghold while sttidying my text-book. 
I should endeavor to master principles, and 
not commit to memory outlines. I should 
look upon sn outline as the proper phono- 
graphic spelling of a word, and not view it as 
^picture representing a word as zodiacal signs 
represent the heavenly bodies. I should do 
this so that I might be able to write unfamil- 
iar words and not be limited simply to the 
vocabulary of my text book. I should try to 

be reasonable and remember that my text- 
book does not contain all the words of the 
English language, neither could I have the 
same words over and over again ; but that I 
must make each my own when it is assigned 
to me and that aside from my review 1 would 
not " pass that wa^ again." I would say to 
each word, "possibly the next time I meet 
you will be in the busy business office, but I 
will recognize you as an old friend." (The 
writer waited seven years before he was called 
upon to write the word " perniciousness " 
and be wrote it as easily as he would had it 
been in daily use but with the most pleasure- 
able delight.) In all things t would have 
method. Southey says, " Order is the sanity 
of the mind, the health of the body, the 
peace of tbe city, the security of the state. 
As the beams to a house, as the bones to the 
body, so is order to all things." 
(To be continued.] 
— carrying stereotyped plates, which printed 
it on lioth sides. The sheets were not entire- 
ly severed by the cutters, but were simply 
Kertorated after the printing. They were 
rawn by accelerating tapes, which complete- 
ly separated them, into a gathering cyhnder 
so constructed that six, or any desired num- 
ber, of perfect papers could be gathered one 
over the other. These, by means of a switch, 
were at the proper moment turned off onto 
sheet flyers, which deposited them on the 
receiving board, This press for the first time 
did away completely with band labor in tbe 
process of printing. It was therefore, the 
beginning of rapid printing as that term is 
understood to-day. The only duties men 
were required to perform in connection with 
it were the starting of the press, watching to 
see that its work was performed pruperly, 
and taking away the papers after tliey were 
piled flat on the receiving board. 

When tbe first of these web perfecting 
presses was put into successful operation it 
was said that there was no limit to its speed 
except the ability of the paper to stand the 
strain of passing through the press. This 
' seemed to he justified by the 




i" -^--|--3'->-x-'^-c'^"; 

fact that i8,ocx3 aa hour were printed from a 
•ingle feed-board. This was, however, the 
maximum speed obtained by this press. In 
most offices 12,000 an hour was the actual 
running speed. 

One feature in the latter improvement of 
the web press illustrates the way in which 
the demand has acted to stimulate invention 
in this field. The first press did not fold the 
papers, but delivered them fiat. They were 
given to the carriers in rolls, and it was left 
to those who sold them to fold them. Here 
was a chance and a demand for a time-saving 
mechanical device. The newsman wanted 
the folding done in the offices. At length a 
folder was devised and put in operation. It 
was found immediately that men hurrying to 

their offices or trains would purchase the 
folded papers in preference to the others. 
Of course such an advantage of competition 
could not be allowed to remain in the hands 
of a single publisher. All the offices had to 
put in folders. The advantage of combining 
this operation with the others performed by 
the press was clearly apparent. And so one 
more function was added to the already com- 
plex duties of the printing machine. 

So it has been with every advance. The 
enlargement of papers by tlie addition of 
supplements or odd pages brought about the 
necessity of pasting or stitching these pages 
into the main body of the paper. A press 
had to be devised to do this work. To-day 
the— (To be continued.) 


Game Lavrs. 

^w'HE releasiDg of live game, iU^ally 
€|. talceti, does not interfere vith the 
^^ legal right or title of the person so 
holding it. Accordingly, it nea held that 
the defendant, a game warden, without 
process from a proper court, was not liable 
to the plaintilT far releasing a moose from 
his possession ; it having been captured bj 
the plaititifF at a time of the year when it 
was unlawful to hunt and take mooae. Syl. 

Dainagea were claimed for preventing the 
plaintiff from doing an illegal act, which, if 
done, would have been criminally punish- 
able, end the court aay : It is diflictilt to 
perceive how the prevention of an offense 
coustitutes a valid cause of action on the 
part of the would-be offender, who is inter- 
fered with in the commission of his intended 
offense. It is still more difficult to under- 
stand how any damages can have been 
sustained by reason of such interference." 
Railroad Co. v Smith, 49 Me. 9. 

Suppose a hunter has his rifle leveled at 
game in close time, and some one shoves it 
aside so that the game is missed. Shall the 
hunter have damages? He has only been 
prevented from continuing a criminal act. 

Suppose lobsters illegally taken are thrown 
overboard alive. Is he who does it a tres- 
passer? Shall the taker of them have 
damages for his illegal catch ? Or suppose 
one lands a salmon in violation of taw, and 
a bystander, while it is yet alive, throws it 
back into the water. Shall the fisherman 
have the value of the salmon that the law 
forbids his having at all P When game is 
killed, it absolutely becomes property, but, 
when taken alive, only conditionally so ; 
for, when released, property in it is gone. 

So long, then, as the possession of live game 
is illegal, qualified property in it is illegal 
also, and the releasing of Sttch game inter- 
feres with no legal riglit or tMe of the per- 
son illegally holding it captive. 

The plaintiff 's possession of the moose was 
prima facie title, but when it appeaca that 
ills possession was gained in violation of law, 
it cannot be that the same law will say that 
his illegal act gave him a legal title ; 
and if be had no legal title to the mooae be 
has suffered no dswagcs from its being set 

The plaintiff's illegal act prevented the 
moose from becoming properly at all. Not 
so with the illegal act of a thief who may 
have stolen a coat ; for the coat was already 

aerty, and had an owner, who alone could 
uUy take it from the thief. The public, 
whose servant the defendant was, stands in 
the place of the owner of the coat. Care 
should be taken, therefore, not to confound 
the doctrine of this case with the well-settled 
rule of law that possession of property is a 
good title against everybody but the tme 

Rev. St. ch. 30 Sec, 9, provides : " No per- 
son shall in any manner hurt, kill, or destroy 
any moose, under the same penalty," «f 
$100.' Tbe plaintiff followed tne moose in 
the forest until it became snow-bound, and 
then, by the use of a rope, tied it to a tree, 
and finally bound it upon a sled, and hauled 
it some 15 miles to his home, where he con- 
fined it until it was released by detendent 
• « * • -pfig purpose and scope of the 
statute is to give moose absolute immunity 
from the vexations of men during a portion 
of each year deemed by the legislature 
necessary for their preservation and protec- 
tion, and to prevent their decimation and 
extinction. The defendant's act, therefore, 
was meritorious, and in tbe aid of the pur- 
pose of the statute.— /a »«« i'- ^ood, ip AH. 
Rep. 160, 






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sad be said he waa afraid he was going to be 
arrested, aiid he sal down and took a num- 
ber of bills he had in his pockel, and 1 asked 
him why he was afraid of being arrested, and 
be said just simply because he might be 
arrested. Tbat was the first conversatioo I 
had with him after the shootiog that I re- 
member of. 

Cross- examined by Mr. Owens : 

Q. How long have you lived in Frankfort: 

A. I came here, I think it was in the 
latter part of 1896 or Ihe first of 1897. 

Q. What were you engaged in? A. I was 
here sometime before I went In the Auditor's 
office, and I was afterward engaged in the 
Auditor's office. 

Q. What time of day did you tell us it 
was that you saw James Howard ? A. Along 
in the afternoon, I think it was after the 
soldiers came in from Lexington, and I 
think ttaey came in on tbe 3.04 train in the 
afternoon. It was after tbat time. 

Q. What is your best judgment about the 
time you saw him ? A. I could not say, but 
it naS'between 3 and 4 o'clock. 

Q. Where did you see him then? A. In 
the Agricultural office, the first time I met 
him was in tbe Agricultural office. 

Q. What conversation did you have with 
him at tbat time? A. I walked up and shook 
hands with him, I think, and said I was sur- 
prised to see htm, or something, and asked 
aim when be came and he laughed and said, 
■' Oh, I have been here a week or so." Or 
something to that amount, and I told him I 
bad never seen bim and he said he knew 
that. That was the only conversation I bad 
with him in the of!ice at tbe time. 

Q, That was all? A. Yes, sir. 

Q. When did vou see him again ? A. He 
walked on from tbat office over to tbe Ex- 
ecutive building. 

Q. What took place there? A. After we 
started and got along there by the mail box 
we were still talking. I don't remember 
what was said and I looked up and said, 
"That window is where Ibey say Senator 
Goebel was shot from," and then be made 
the remark about the slat. 

Q. What was tbe remark? A. He turned 

aud said, " Do you see that picket off the 
fence and a paper this side of it?" I said 
"Yes. what about it? '^' and be said " Noth- 
itig," or ask no questions about it, or some- 
thing like that. 

Q. What did he say ? A. I think he said 
ask DO fool questions about tt. 

Q. Where was tbat slat yott speak of? 
A. In the fence over there. 1 could not, 
from here, just tell you where it was. It is 
on Lewis Street. There was a slat off of that 
fence as you go up, and it was just about 
between Kagin's place and the building 
nest to it, along there. 

Q. It waa an iron slat ? A. Yes, sir ; an 
iron slat off of the iron picketing. 

Q. There was a slat off there, leaving a 
right sniart little space there ! A. Yes, sir. 

Q. Enough for a man to get through ? A. 
I would think a man could get tbrough. 

Q. That is on Lewis Street, between tbe 
corner of Broadway and Lewis and the Ex- 
ecutive Building? A. Ves, air ; along up on 
tbat street. 

Q. -About how far from Broadway? A. 
Twenty or 30 or maybe 40 steps up there. I 
could not tell you the distance. I never 
thought about it. 

Q, You have a pretty good idea ? A. I 
could go to about the place. 

Q. Is the opening still there or has it been 
closed ? A. I think the picketing has been 
put back in there. 

Q. You think it was ao or 30 steps up 
from the corner ? A. It was between those 
buildings. There is a sort of an alley, and I 
think it rather fronted the alley, between 
tbe two buildings. 

Q. When you asked what about that, he 
told you to ask no damn fool questions or 
no fool questions? A. An answer of that 

Q. Then did you separate? A, No, sir; 
we walked on into the Secretary of State's 

Q. Did yon have a conversation with him 
in there? A, I had a conversation about tbe 
cartridge, as I stated this morning. 


;^-«| . 0|ll--y , '^ l^ 

W^ <v,v^.xV^-fr-^^n 





Benjamin ^tanlex BptnRs, 

I^* I^* B* 

'TT'HE sadden and unexpected death of Mr. 
Banks came like a shock to his many 
friends in Philadelphia and elsewhere. 

With his family he had started on his vaca- 
tion, bnt being taking ill on the way he 
stopped over at Boston and went to a hos- 
pital, where hia illness grew worse, assuming 
typhoid characteristics, and he passed away 
peacefully. His remains were brought back 
to Philadelphia and his funeral was attended 
by a large number of the members of the 
shorthand profession from neighboring cities. 

Mr. Banks was the founder of a successful 
school of shorthand, which will be continued 
on the plans which had been thoroughly 
elaborated by himself. 

As the editor of The Stenographer, we 
knew Mr. Banks intimately. In fact, he was 
admitted by us to membership in the old 
Philadelphia Stenographers' Association, 
upon a very favorable personal examination 
as to his proficiency. He was a scholar and 
a gentleman, a member of the Philadelphia 
Bar and one of the most enthusiastic and 
successful of shorthand teachers. 

The text-book he used was his own edition 
of '* Analogical Syllabic Shorthand," pre- 
pared by the Editor of The Stenographer, 
supplemented by Mr. Banks's own ideas, and 
his special, original and instructive lectures. 

grammatical knowledge," and when one 
considers how little time is devoted to this 
subject in the schools and even after gradua- 
tion, it is not surprising that so very few are 
masters of the subject. 

HVROFESSOR James F. Willis furnishes 
■^ this month in his Department of Prac- 
tical Grammar, an article on the Subjunctive ^ 
to which he has given nearly a year of 
preparation. While some few of the quota- 
tions may be found in Professor Willis's 
other books, his scheme of treatment is alto- 
gether new. The proper use of the subjunc- 
tive is one which is not easily mastered with- 
out a pretty thorough acquaintance with the 
construction of the English sentence. Pro- 
fessor Willis says: **The ability to analyze 
the sentence is the foundation of all accurate 

^l^HE meetings of the various Stenogra- 
^ phers* Associations at Buffalo were very 
successful, and we regret that we have 
not the space this month to give full particu- 
lars. The National Shorthand Reporters' 
Association elected, as officers, the follow- 

Reuel Small, one of the official reporters 
of the House of Representatives, President ; 
Louis E. Schrader, Wheeling, W. Va., first- 
vice-president ; Clarence E. Walker, Louis- 
ville, Ky., second-v ice -president ; Miss 
Frances A. Hoover, St. Louis, Mo., third- 
vice-president ; and J. D. Campbell, Spar- 
tausburg, S. C, secretary- treasurer. The 
election of the important Committee on 
Legislation resulted in the choice of Charles 
Currier Beale, Boston, Mass., chairman ; 

E. V. Murphy, Washington, D. C, Charles 

F. Roberts, New Haven, Conn., Buford 
Duke, Nashville Tenn., and Clayton C. Herr, 
Bloomington, Ills. 

The Pennsylvania Stenographers* Associa- 
tion elected : 

Col. Henry C. Demmine, President ; 
Arthur Head, Vice President ; Taylor 
McBride, Vice President ; Samul B. Foight, 
Secy, and Treas. J. Newton ^hoads. 
Librarian ; Executive Committee ; George 
E. Simpson, Thomas F. Crean, Joseph E. 
Patterson, J. Frank Beatty, A. D. Momes. 

The New York State Stenographers* 
Association elected : President, Sidney C. 
Ormsby, New York ; vice president, Chas. 
H. Bailey, Buffalo; secretary, George A. 
Murray, Albany ; librarian, M. Jeanette 
Ballantyne, Rochester ; executive committee, 
John P. Martin, New York ; John C. Uhlein, 
Watertowu ; X- R- Griffith, Rochester ; H. 
W. Thorne, Johnstown. 

yil^R. CLARENCE E. WALKER has just 
"^ published an interesting and valuable 

book entitled "Speed and Legibility." We 
give a specimen of the shorthand notes, with 
key, in this number. Also a half-tone photo- 
graph of Mr. Walker, who is one of the lead- 
ing official court reporters of Louisville, Ky. 




If you wJBb to iDcrease your speed, use . 


flo. 5 Blastis'^Baek J^ote"fiook. 

aNV kind of paper can be used ia the mauufEicture of 
note-books, but to produce the 6esl results, certain 
peculiaritiea of "stock " and " finish" are absolntel; 
essential, and the paper in this book is the result of a care- 
ful study of over fifteen years. In regard to binding this is 
the only notebook that, after a page is turned will lit per- 
fectly flat and slay there — a fact appreciated in rapid work, 
linied wUh these noi*-booki Wo or ihtee >eais ngo. «h*n 


"All shorthand writers in the 
world concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
a/Item of ahorthand, and the one 
which forms the basis for a 
hundred or more modifications. ' ' 
Dr. Wm. T. Harris, U. S. Com- 
' of Education. 

reertiied doing so. The p^per i 
back, pcnnlMInf the book 10 op4 


n The Stenographer.  

inil OEclil Court Reporter, 

r. Burl) In thli Con 

Court nf C 

—Peter P. McLaltohun. 

I. s than 1 have been ible to lo wi'h •nu nnia-lmk 
'—Thomas Burrill. Depirtnt 

u.^^idyn.N.YT'" "■" " "■ "*~ "^' 

Sample copy post-paid, SOc. Very liberal reduction by 
the dozen. Specimen pages showing 3 styles of ruling free. 
ISkAC PITHM « SOUS. Pabliahora, 33 Union Sqnan, Mow York. 



Retailo at tS eonta por box of t 

The papen Are clipped hy raLiing or d^p 

punctuation an^ Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS, 1427 Euclid Ave.,PbtU. 

Aulhorofiooo Drill ScnMocai lor arammatleal 
Aoaly>l*,"'-araramBUcBlCuiUaD>," -5hartPra- 
GCH3arlu In Arlthmalle," •tc. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a geoius in tbe 
art of book making. He succeeds in 
putting into these monographs all that is 
necessary for a 'comprehensive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Journal of Education. 



A wouderfulsuccessfortheeasyandai 
acquirement of a foreign language. All en- 
terprising A men cans should have a practical 
speaking and writing knowledge of the lan- 
guage of Mexico, Central and South America, 
Cuba and Porto Rico. 

A course for beginners in Spanish (which 
may be studied with or without the talking 
machine, as desired) will be run during 1901 in 

e»<> H nternational ^aea3ine 


Onli' $1.00 s Ynr 

"lauflb an^ (grow fat." 
'The Oddities of Shorthand "; 

or, "The Coroner and His Friend.' 

Depicts posslbilltiea of Shortband In 
Affairs of Daily Life— Its Business, Love 
Making, Crime. 

frsr/ona should read this interesting book 
To close out the balance of Becond and Uiird edi 
in the U. S. or Canada for 40 cents. 

aBSORBING in character the stories 
abound in humorons, natural sitna- 
tiotiB ; tbe fortunes of loverS forwarded — 
plots of rogues defeated by a knowledge of 
Shorthand by the right person, under vary- 
ing circumstances. Will instruct and in- 
terest general reader and student or expert. 
will send a copy to any address 


CONCISE and comprehensive arrange- 
ment of Grammatical Cautions to be ob- 
served in using; English, supplemented by 


W. L. MftSON. 
n COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
dictation exercises, containing also 
many useful hints, phrases, abbreviations, 
lists of grammalc^ues, contractions, etc., 
which have never before been published. 


Mny of the Above Book* Sent Poetage Paid Upon Receipt of Price. 

Stenographer Printing & Publishing Co., ■«» Drwei Bidg., pwiada. 
S60 rjUtitan S''*'*"'* n>rnt<>rtnr 


pair wltb Pa«liRcrs, joc. poslpald. 
AiEiiu wanleiJ In uTillc«n»<J Knltmy. 
THE PURITAN CO.. Rochfitar. N. V. 

A Handy Desk Book for Steno^rapKers 
and all LetteroWriters 


"Ibovp to See tbe point anb place It^'^ 

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Send for a copy and you will not be content until all your friends know 
about it. ONLY 16 CENTS, POSTPAID. 

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Catalogue and "touch" instruction book mailed free. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter Co., Syracuse, n. v., u. s. a. 

lUniversal Dictation 

TF you have no Dictation Course for 
your shorthand practice or Short- 
hand Department— that is. no plan to 
lead your students in a systematic 
manner from the time they learn the 
principles to graduation so that the 
Dictation Practice part of the course 
is as well defined as a course of in- 
struction in any other subject, you 
should examine the Universal Dicta- 
tion Course. The Vocabularies make 
it a great incentive to systematic 
practice, and a time-saver for the in- 
structor. It is of great value to the 
student after he is out of school. 
Ever>- stenographer should have a 
copy. Single copy for examination 
$1.50 with privilege of returning and 
getting money back. Special prices 
to schools. 

Steitegnplier PDntlng & Publishing Co. 

40S Draxel Building. • Philada/phia, fa. 


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It teaches you how to speak and write cor- 
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the lawyer, the business or professional man 
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English language. 



84 La Sallb Stkbet, Chicago, lu.. 


» ©©^^O'^^^CSS^'^C*^^?*^ 



William McKinley. 

No. o. 

{Oration delivered at Masonic Memorial Services, Masonic Temple, Trenton, N. /., 
September ig, igoi^ by Kendrick C, Hill.) 

Against the background of the Past 

Three figures loom, 
Unneedful of encomiast. 
Unheedful of Iconoclast; 

Fixed as the dooms. 
Though sculptors, painters, poets strive. 

And statesmen plan. 
There Is no art that can contrive 
A monument which will survive 

These simple men. 

Let but the truthful tale be told. 

And far above 
The reach of Time's obscuring mold 
A grateful world will ever hold 

The names we love; 
Let Truth the purposes proclaim 

Of them, her sons. 
And man will bid his servant Fame 
To keep forever bright the names 

Of Lincoln, McKlnley and Washington. 

Thus has the name of McKlnley been 
made, by perhaps universal approval, the 
third and last link in a chain which com- 
prises a trio of statesmen, rulers and 
liberators, which civilization will ever 
hold in perpetual honor. Three men who 
proved themselves the signal benefactors 
of posterity. In the course of human 
events these three men have been, at 
stated intervals of time, the three lead- 
ing field-marshals of Almighty God in this 
western world, for they all had faith in 
the eternal Justice and truth and the 
boundless mercy of Providence and made 
the golden rule of Jesus Christ the prac- 
tical creed of their lives. 

Let us consider, briefly, what it means 
to link a name with those of Washington 

and Lincoln. No man ever trod the globe 
who was the equal of Washington, with 
the single exception of "Him whose 
blessed feet were nailed for our advant- 
age to the bitter cross." Washington was 
declared in his own day to be "First in 
war, first in peace, and first in the hearts 
of his countrymen." One hundred years 
after his death he is even more than that, 
for he now ranks first in the hearts of 
all mankind. On the temple of human 
greatness his name is engraved above 
every other name. Underneath is in- 
scribed the name of Abraham Lincoln — 
a man born and reared in a cabin; as he 
himself stated, of defective education — 
less than one year's schooling; a hired 
hand on the boats of the Mississippi; and 
yet chosen of God, because of his sublime 
qualities, to guide the nation through a 
great civil strife, whose war darkness for 
four transcendant years he lit up by his 
genius, from horizon to zenith, and then 
suddenly departed at the dawn of peace, 
at once the martyr and the miracle of 
American history. 

And when William McKinley issued the 
edict, in the name of suffering humanity, 
which released white and black slaves 
alike, from foreign shackles and th ran- 
dom, in the Island of Cuba, he moulded 
the third link of this chain, which he 
cemented for all time to the other two 



links of this highly honored trio, by his 
stainless public and private character 
and life, combined with the pathetic yet 
hallowed grandeur of his death, in the 
heaven-born exhibition he displayed 
while a week at death's door, of a sub- 
missive and sweet Christian spirit. 

Thus we have before us these three 
great benefactors of mankind: Washing- 
ton, the founder of liberty: Lincoln, who, 
through the abolition of slavery, gave to 
liberty a higher and nobler interpreta- 
tion; and McKinley. whose name will en- 
dure the test of Time with theirs, be- 
cause through him, and by him, was 
wrought that "more perfect union." of 
which the preamble of the constitution 
spoke, as framed by our wisest men more 
than a hundred years ago. With a love 
for humanity as great as theirs in his 
heart, and with the grace of God ever 
upon his lips, the wise and noble fruits 
of his world-wide labors accomplished, 
"William McKinley died as he lived, the 
crowning glory of his time — the orna- 
ment of the opening 20th century. 

All three of these men were truly 
great, for their successes were never won 
at the expense of honor, justice, integrity,- 
or by the sacrifice of a single principle. 

Not long since some of us, peering 
through the portals of the 20th century 
city of light, gazed in spell-bound admir- 
ation and awe upon man's greatest work, 

and then journeying to Niagara Falls, 
nearby, looked upward Into the soul-In- 
spiring face at Nature's greatest wonder. 
However, we could but admi^ that 
the great glory of Niagara was the 
practical 'Utilization by man of its 
"thundering sides" in the electrical 
illumination of the Pan-American 
Exposition. Little did we dream 
that that magnificent illumination was 
set to be the funeral pyre of William Mc- 
Kinley. Thus do the unforeseen and the 
invisible mysteries unravel, though we 
never seem to learn the true import of 
their warning lessons. 

But William McKinley did. and as he 
lay on the brink of eternity he could sing 
in deathless song, with the poet Whittier: 

I hear the solemn monotone 

Of waters calling unto me; 
I know from whence the airs have blown 

That whisper of the Eternal Sea. 

As low my flres of driftwood burn. 

I hear that Sea's deep sounds facrease. 
And, fair In sunset light, discern 

Its mirage-lifted Isles of Peace. 

The w^orld has laid our beloved Chief 
Magistrate away In the tomb this day, 
and as we mentally turn away from the 
darkness and gloom of that grave to-night 
I can only say, in the language of Shakes- 
peare — and not for the sake of poetic 
fancy do I say it, but sincerer w^ords I 
never spoke: 

Good-night, sweet prince, good-night. 
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest. 

R.ings In Otir Noses. 

No. 3. 

^ff T is unquestioned that the mature 
11 and enlightened judgment of an 
educated people is capable of es- 
tablishing and maintaining an opinion 
w^hether or not it is best to submit to the 
dictations and wishes of other people, 
taking the chances of fate and the doubt- 
ful results of personal endeavor by so 
doing, reaping thereby whatever the 
gods might see fit to dispense. And 
yet. we are very apt to follow 
where others lead, or* adopt their 

methods, merely as a token , of our 
appreciation of their superior wisdom 
and well developed judgment, compli- 
mentarily expressed and freely given. 
The fact is, many of us are too much 
afraid of ourselves and deny possessing 
anything more than a mediocre intelli- 
gence. We form adverse opinions by 
preference or compulsion, often the lat- 
ter. No man always insists upon follow- 
ing the conclusions of his own judgment, 
no matter what his position in business 



or society may be. Even the millionaire 
merchant is actually obliged to submit 
to many demands upon his time and 
check book, when by so doing he feels as 
if he was losing his self-respect and vio- 
lating his rights. He goes home after a 
long day's devotion to business or un- 
ravelling the intricacies of knotty prob- 
lems of large financial bearings and is 
informed by his wife that Mr. and Mrs. 
Cash, near neighbors, had sent in their 
card with the hope expressed thereon 
that they might have the pleasure of find- 
ing them at home after eight and would 
take the opportunity of bringing along 
the three little Cashes who were soon to 
"tour Europe" and wished to bid their 
formal adieus. There was no escape. 
They came, dined, wined, were sumptu- 
ously entertained, ordering their carriage 
at 2 A. M. and were greatly surprised 
over the unexplainable filght of time and 
hoped they would have the delightful 
pleasure of seeing the merchant and his 
charming wife at the "grand opening" of 
something or other in the coming fall. 
The poor, unwilling victim goes to bed 
with a tearing headache, awakes in the 
morning altogether too soon, in very bad 
humor, and resumes, after his coffee and 
rolls, the terrible routine, treadmill du- 
ties which confront him "down town." 
There are thousands of men enjoying 
just such exactions, — led by the nose, — 
and no system of preventives by which 
they can escape, are ever found. 

George Wharton Ellis, whom the world 
knew twenty-five years ago as one of the 
ablest financiers on Wall street, was 
never known to smile. He said that he 
never had occasion to. The opportunity 
was only in the abstract. Theoretically 
he laughed but no one heard him, not 
even himself. His surroundings prevent- 
ed any exhibition of merriment or pleas- 
ure, and as for genuine, blissful hilarity, 
he knew not its meaning. His wife made 
him come home early and read her to 
sleep. This occupied, on the average, 
over two hours, and being a man of a 
somewhat nervous temperament, superin- 
duced by a multiplicity of conjugal in- 
felicities, amusements wtre unknown to 
him, theatres and operas he seldom at- 

tended, although naturally turning in 
that direction, and public meetings of all 
kinds he absented himself from, — why? — 
because his wife did not approve of such 
gatherings, and thought he was better ott 
at home, where she could have an eye on 

He finally died, one dark, stormy day 
in mid- winter, evidently to his own in- 
finite delight. It was apparently the 
happiest day he had seen for many years, 
since boyhood gave to him the privilege 
of barefooting it over the old Berkshire 
hills where he first saw the light of day. 
Having no children, his entire wealth 
slipped into the waiting lap of his 
widowed relict, who "starred it" in her 
own steam yacht on the Mediterranean 
during the season immediately following 
the demise of the patient old gentleman 
who did her chores and entertained her 
callers. He was daily led to death by his 
wife and when the grim messenger came 
in sight, he was welcomed as a dear 
guest. The public, or rather that portion 
of it that comprised his close customers 
and with whom he had business relations 
mourned his untimely "taking oft" and 
deplored his fate, knowing the misery 
which was his daily companion for so 
many years. 

A good natured, ruddy-complexioned, 
steady old bachelor of Albany, whose 
chief ambition was centered in making 
other people happy, carried his good in- 
tentions so far that the demands for him 
for post-prandial speeches and all general 
jollifications were so numerous and press- 
ing that he broke down under them and 
became a wandering, decrepit old tramp of 
the pure dusty species. His friends held 
the rope that was attached to the ring, 
and led him, inadvertently perhaps, into 
a life of careless ease and biting poverty, 
which has but one end. 

Charles D. Ferris, the inventor, was 
brought up on a farm in Maine. His boy- 
hood was passed in such a manner that 
it was very difficult for him to tear him- 
self away from the cows and the hers 
and the newly laid eggs and pumpkin 
pies, to take up the solemn work of cal- 
culating, studying and experimenting at 
Cambridge. Nature had endowed him 
with a peculiar aptitude for making work 



easier and saying time. Some of his in- 
ventions were so simple that he was 
ashamed to take money for them, but he 
was the first man to materialise the 
thought and mit the idea into tangible 
and working shape and he was therefore 
entitled to their full value. Their very sim- 
plicity was the secret of their popularity, 
and large sales followed accordingly. Con- 
trary to the usual fate of Inventors, he 
accumulated a fortune, — ^being prudent 
and of good, common sense — ^and it was 
long his chief desire to quietly retire to 
the little village which lay hidden in a 
narrow valley many miles from any rail- 
road, where he had passed the pleasant- 
est and happiest days of his life, and with 
his books and gun and fishing tackle, live 
them all over again. But he couldn't. He 
was needed in the hundred and one en- 
terprises that were the offspring of his 
genius, in the Societies that were formed 
under the magic influence of his wonder- 
ful personality and by the* studious, am- 
bitious younger element of the commun- 
ity who walked in his footsteps and 
watched his every movement, hoping 
thereby to catch some of his inspiration; 
so he plodded along in Just the opposite 
direction from where his wishes and in- 
clinations pointed, — led by the many 
strings that were attached to the ring 
that he had voluntarily placed in his own 
nasal organ, — ^and finally stumbled one 
day and fell into the great whirlpool of 
men who were struggling and fight- 
ing to overcome each other in the 
crowded, congested business center 
of lower New York. Down in 
that peaceful valley in his dear New 
England, where the water is bubbling 
and dripping and murmuring everywhere 
and the great homed cattle are lying 
asleep, hidden among the huge stems of 
the burdocK, so still, so quiet, so strange- 
ly familiar to the boy who meets once 
more his youth whom he left so many 
years ago, rests at last the man who was 
never really happy, for he always carried 
with him that terrible fever of discon- 
tent, born of homesickness, and yet he 
could do nothing different. He had often 
dreamed of the dusky woods in the dis- 
tance and farther yet the slope of the 
wide plain flushed with the delicate 

crimaons and deep lilacs that blend in 
that soft, melodious hue for which there 
is no name, — a hue that glows in north- 
ern skies at sunset and when the sweet, 
silent winds sweep up the dewy scents 
of mosses and of leaves and of wild hyar 
cinths, and during such moments the 
vagaries of the brain served a good pui^ 

Genius is oftentimes but a poor fool, 
who, clinging to a thing that belongs to 
everybody but himself, lives on a pittance 
and dies in a hospital; unless willing to 
be led along by a power that he cannot 
resist, he gives his time and talent for 
a few years leisure in a brown stone front 
and dines on the best that the earth gives, 
then Genius thrives and receives its 

We all have rings in our noses. 


Mb. Harold B. Russ, a recent graduate 
of the Bangor Business College, has ac- 
cepted a position with the Great Northern 
Paper Company, of Millinocket, Me. 

Mr. Ernest W. Kelsey, a graduate of 
the Ithaca High School, and a student of 
shorthand at the Wyckoff Stenographic In- 
stitute, at Ithaca, N. Y.. has been appoint- 
ed stenographer at the Manhattan State 
Hospital, Albany, N. Y., at a salary of 
$50.00 a month. 

Mr. Harold .Johnson, Oflicial Steno- 
grapher in Division No. 6, of the Circuit 
Court of St Louis. Mo., is said to have 
recently invested |3,000 with a real estate 
company which owns property near For- 
est Park, and the property has quadrupled 
in value, since that time, with the pros- 
pects of a still further increase. We con- 
gratulate our former shorthand pupil, Mr. 
Johnson, upon his very flattering financial 
prospects. Mr. Johnson is actively en- 
gaged in connection with the promotion 
of the stenographic interests at the com- 
ing St. Louis World's Fair. 

The St. Joseph, Mo.. Stenographers' As- 
sociation is apparently making successful 
progress. The newly elected officers are: 
C. C. MacDonald, President; George Pas- 
quella. First Vice President; Gertrude 
Hall, Second Vice President; R. H. At- 
kinson, Secretary; Pearl Best, Treasurer. 
The members are divided into two classes. 
The second class is composed of those who 
can write 85 to 102 words per minute for 
three minutes and the first clas for those 
who can write 120 or more words per 
minute for five minutes. 


Reporting the Schlex Court of Inciuiry^. 

HE organliatlon, tunctlons 
and procedure of Courts of 
Inquiry are analt^ouH to 
those of Courts-Martial. 
The latter tribunal, bow- 
ever, tries and determine 
cbargee preferred against persons. A 
Court of Inquiry, upon tbe application of 
a person to tbe proper department of tbe 
government. Inquires into tbe trutb of 
Bpeclflc matters touching Bucb person's 
military or naval conduct, and reports Its 
opinion tbereoD. 

Tbe Scbley Court of Inquiry Is com- 
posed of tbree members. Admiral Dewey 
being its president 

A Jury Is not In attendance In eltber 

In both courts the representative of 
the moving party (the Qovemment) Is 
known as the Judge- Advocate. He usually 
has an assistant, who, by training and 
experience, has become an export special- 
ist In tbe procedure of such courts and 
the law applicable to the pending case. 
The duties of these offlclals correspond, 
especially In courts-martial, to those of 
the prosecutor and his assistant in crimi- 
nal trials. 

The person on trial In a court-martial 
Is known as the "accused." This term was 
formerly applied to the person whose 
conduct is under examination in a court 
of Inquiry; but It has been discarded for 
the softer appellation of "applicant" 

The accused and applicant are entitled 
to be present and to be heard In person, 
or by one or more attorneys. 

The Oovenunent has the initiative In 
courts-martial, and, accordingly, Rrst puts 

In testimony. In courts of inquiry tbe 
procedure In this respect is usually set* 
tied by agreement In the Schley case 
the Government, by mutual arrangement 
opened the case by the Introduction of Its 

These courts are, of necessity, steno- 
graphlcally reported. This requires the 
services of a corps of expert stenograph- 
ers and copyists, as the report of pro- 
ceedings of each day Is printed In full 
and copies thereof usually furnished the 
court, attorneys and all parties In interest 
on the succeeding day. 

The procedure Is similar to that in 
judicial tribunals; and, hence, the steno- 
grapher's duties and methods of work 
are very like those in "daily-copy" cases 
In the State courts: witnesses are sworn, 
examined In chief, cross-examined, i«- 
d 1 rect-exam 1 ned and re-cross-examln ed ; 
objections, and rulings thereon by the 
court overruling or sustaining the same, 
are made; arguments upon questions 
raised by objections and otherwise are 
Injected into tbe proceedings, which are 
usually preserved verbatim In the record. 

Qreater latitude, however. Is allowed 
witnesses In answering questions and 
volunteering statements, and the rule of 
Judicial tribunals, that hearsay evidence 
Is inadmissible. Is not rigorously en- 
forced. This results In longer answers, 
explanatory and prolix statements and, 
what in civil courts Is known as "lectur- 
ing" by tbe witnesses, which tend to in- 
crease tbe demands upon the reporter's 
powers of endurance. Fortunately, the 
daily session of naval and military courti 
is not long. 



For the Schley Court of Inquiry there 
are relays of stenographers at the ses- 
sions of the court. Each stenographer 
carries the proceedings for 16 minutes 
or half an hour and is then relieved, 
while he talks his notes Into a grapho- 
phone. Expert typewriters transcribe 
the reports from the graphophone cylin- 
ders. The report of the morning session 
is written at 4 p. m. and of the afternoon 
session at 8 p. m. The proceedings are 
printed at the government pilnting office 
by a force of seventy printers ordered to 
report for night duty. Every morning 
printed copies of the proceedings of the 
preceding day are placed in the hands of 
the court. 

The numerous requests of witnesses 
in the Schley case to be recalled to cor- 
rect their testimony is remarkable. 
Doubtless, these witnesses, having read 
the printed record of their testimony be- 
come dissatisfied with the phraseology, 
and desire to change it. But that is true 
of practically every witness who has an 
opportunity to look over the transcript 
of his evidence. 

It would seem that special technical 
training and fitness are necessary to prop- 
erly report a naval court. Not only is 
knowledge of ships, tugs, torpedo-boats 
and their various parts essential, aside 
from acquaintance with nautical jargon 
and naval tactics and regulations of the 
War Department, but historically, geo- 
graphically and in every other way, the 
scribe should be up-to-date. 


'W'HE unusual appearance and difficult 
^ pronounciation of "Czolgosz" has 
caused an enforced use of the word 
"assassin," with the incidental advantage 
of increasing the phonographic vocabu- 
lary and orthographical knowledge of 
stenographers. Vogue, or fashion, in 
language, as in dress and manners, occurs 

The (N. Y.) Times, reporting the con- 
ference of mine workers with Brie R. R. 
officials says: 

"On arriving at the Erie offices the con- 
ference was had at once, and all the pro- 

ceedings were recorded by a stenogri^- 

Not an exceptional use of stenography. 
This kind of work, if performed ver- 
batim, is not easy. 

The shorthand reporters of the Su- 
perior Court of Oakland, Cal., decided to 
appeal their test case in which the five 
judges in banc decided that the State law 
placing court stenographers on salaries 
was illegal. The reason for taking the 
matter to the Supreme Court is that the 
Superior Court of Los Angeles has up- 
held the law. The Alameda county steno- 
graphers are desirous of having the le- 
gality of the statute passed upon by the 
court of last resort. 

The Appellate Division of the New 
York Supreme Court has decided in 
Taylor vs. N. Y. C. & H. R. R. Co., (63 
App. Div., 586, 588) that an objection that 
a question is "incompetent, inadmissible, 

and that anything said to E in the 

car next the smoking car was not com- 
petent," is sufficient in form to laise and 
present, on appeal every ground of in- 
competency which could not have been 
obviated at the trial, had special atten- 
tion been called to it. This is antagonis- 
tic to the usual ruling of one trial judge 
of the (N. Y.) Supreme Court to the ef- 
fect that "objected to as incompetent and 
inadmissible" is meaningless. 

Chat (for stenographers), published 
monthly at 25 cents yearly, by Manhattan 
Reporting Co. (Patrick J. Sweeney, 
Prop.) 150 Nassau St., N. Y. City, appears 
enlarged and improved in the current 
number. It is one of the brightest of the 
smaller magazines for shorthanders. 

The (N. Y.) Times recently celebrated 
its fiftieth anniversary by issuing a hand- 
some Jubilee supplement. One writer 
commenting on the newspaper methods 
fifty years ago says: 

"The work then was difTerent from 
what it is now. each writer and reporter 
having to write out his matter in full, 
there being no typewriters and few steno- 
graphers employed in the business." 

H. W. Thorne, 


Marriages Amon^ Workin{( Women. 

T seems quite opportune that 
at about the same time as an 
Inquiry reaches us from B 
reader (presumably, a man) 
concerning the tendency of 
women toward marriage, we 
should happen upon the fol- 
lowing from the "Chicago Tribune:" 

"People who urge that the proper 
sphere for women is the home may find 
much encouragement in the figures show- 
ing an increase of fifty per cent, in the 
number of marriages In Cook County, 
Chicago, since 1890. Still more to the 
point Is the fact that the license books 
clearly show that an increasingly large 
percentage of the brides are young wo- 
men formerly engaged as wage earners 
on their own account. Negative proof 
of tb* same fact Is found in the reporta 
which show that the number of young 
women seeklUB employment as sten- 
ographers and clerks has correspondingly 
decreased. »ame authorities are inclined 
to credit the prevailing business prosper- 
ity with the Increased marriages among 
working women. Others declare that men 
are Just beginning to find out that women 
with a business experience make better 
wives. All are Inclined to think that the 
somewhat general reaction against the 
'new' woman has had a considerable In- 
fluence. Certainly the sign is a healthy 
one. There are few who will deny that 
tbe Ideal place for a woman Is In a home 
of her own. and there will be universal 
acceptance of the statement that a com- 
munity where homes are yearly increas- 
ing and multiplying Is likely to be sate, 
prosperous and happy." 

What Is true of Cook County is doubt- 
less applicable to other sections; and per- 
haps In the foregoing our inquirer will 
find aufflcient answer. We should like to 
add. however, that to our way of thinking 
a man or woman's sphere Is what he or 

she can do best . All are not fitted for the 
same thing; most of us will admit that 
there are men and women who would 
make a mistake by marrying. This whole 
subject Is becoming more and more one 
of Individual opinion and leaning, on the 
part of men as well as women; Just the 
same as tbe newspapers have in their 
mind's eye and on tbe printed page, a 
"new woman" never seen "on land or 
sea." We think that no one need feel 
alarmed on tbe score of the probability ol 
marriage going out of fashion among 
working women, as, unless all signs tail. 
It is Just as popular as ever. The standard 
for men, though, has been raised, as a 
woman's Independence, through self sup- 
port, has Increased; and the sooner the 
former find this out and act accordingly, 
the happier they will be. 

Whether a man or woman marries IB 
a f'.ihject of private consideration and de- 
cision; and we predict that the time will 
soon come when It will be no more re- 
marked when a woman remains single 
than when a bachelor stays indefinitely 
in that much criticised and pitied state! 

We do not believe that business de- 
prives every woman of her romantic por- 
tion; and we do believe that when she 
meets ber affinity, the fact that she Is In 
the ranks of the workers has little effect 
upon ber decision relative to same. It 
Is not that women have become more 
calculating In connection with "giving 
their hand In marriage," but that their 
horizon has been broadened and they 
are harder to please; this, of Itself. 
win have a beneficial result and 
add to human happiness. Can 
more than this be desired.— and 



would anyone wish to go back to the old 
condition of things, when an offer of 
marriage meant that, whether one's feel- 
ings were in unison or not, duty was 
destiny and there was nothing left but to 
"take the chance." 

More Real l^omen Needed. 

^AYS Cynthia Westover Alden, in 

^^ ** Success:" — It is as necessary for 
women to regulate their lives as 
men. No single rule of life is more far- 
reaching than that of old King Alfred: 
'Eight hours for work, eight hours for 
sleep and eight hours for recreation.' But 
six hours of real work will accomplish 
more than eight hours of dillydallying; 
six hours of genuine sleep are better than 
eight hours of restless dreaming, and six 
hours of active, whole-souled play will do 
more good than eight hours of trivial 
'pottering around.' Never forget that the 
same elements, in mind and physique, 
that will make you a good professional 
woman will, if a change comes in your 
career, make you a good wife and mother. 
Physical strength and mental alertness 
are as necessary in the home as outside 
of it. Make yourself a woman, a real 
woman, not a puppet, or a scarecrow. We 
need more real women, more real men, 
in our Twentieth Century civilization." 

Notes from tKe Field. 

'^THBRE has been unveiled at Gettys- 
^ burg by the Women's Relief Corps 
of Iowa a monument to the memory 
of a heroine of the Battle of Gettysburg, 
Jennie Wade. 

"Aim for success. Do not select a call- 
ing which is beyond you. It is better to 
be a good housekeeper than a poor 
teacher. It is better to be an expert 
stenographer than an inferior lawyer. It 
is better to be an efficient nurse than an 
inefficient doctor. Perhaps the more am- 
bitious calling will bring a slight notor- 
iety in the beginning, but if a girl wishes 
to take a worthy place in the world, she 
must not only follow her bent, — she must 
consider whether she has strength for 
the long race." 

The second woman pilot, licensed in 
Maryland, received her papers recently. 
She is Miss Carrie B. Hunter, of Snow 
Hill, and the license authorizes her to 
navigate her father's pleasure . steamer, 
the Carrie. Miss Hunter is a native of 
Pennsylvania, and is 25 years old. She is 
said to be the sixth woman licensed in 
the United States to be a pilot. 

The American Bar Association, in aesr 
sion at Denver, decided that women law- 
yers are ineligible to membership. A 
movement will be made to amend the con- 
stitution, in this respect, next year. 

The Atlanta Daily News makes a new 
departure among Southern newspapers by 
devoting a page daily to women's inter- 
ests. The women of the Twentieth Cen- 
tury are marking out so many new lines 
of endeavor, and have such varied inter- 
ests, that a pa^e devoted to them should 
make interesting reading. Emily P. Har- 
rison, as editor of the Woman's Departr 
ment, is planning to bring it up to the 
highest possible standard. 

"It may be well to say in the beginning 
that there is nothing more than idle 
rumor in the story that the 4.000 tele- 
phone operators, or 'hello girls,' of Chi- 
cago and vicinity, are planning to strike 
in support of the linemen; but the mere 
suggestion of such a possibility is simply 
terrifying. Even people who habitually 
complain whenever they use a telephone 
will be ready to admit that the entire 
silencing of the telephone bells would be 
little less than a catastrophe. They will 
also admit, if they give the subject a mo- 
ment's thought, that the 'hello girl' be- 
longs to a much abused class. She is be- 
sieged all day by eager, hurried and of- 
ten irritated and angry men. Her po- 
sition is such that she is often blamed 
for mechanical faults and breakdowns 
over which she has no possible control. 
The wonder is not that she sometimes 
momentarily loses her temper, but that 
on the whole she maintains such an even, 
courteous and business-like attitude."— 
Chicago Tribune. 

In Iowa fourteen women are serving 
acceptably as County Superintendents of 

In Chicago, girl tellers are a success. 
The Royal Trust Bank of that city has 
tried the experiment of employing girls 
as tellers in the savings department and 
the officers say it is an unqualified suc- 
cess. At each of the thirteen windows a 
girl presides, and women are employed 
on the adding machines and the tele- 
phones, and in every capacity where they 
can do the work. We are glad to say the 
tellers draw the same salary as men 
similarly employed. They are the only 
women tellers in the business. Every- 
thing in the bank goes by civil service 
rules; each starts in at $25.00 a month 
and raises are made two or three times a 
year. The girls have won advancement 
rapidly and the service has steadily in- 
creased in usefulness. 

Ida E. Turner. 



Department of practical (Brammar^ 

By PROF. JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Eadid Ave,, PWIa^ Pa. 
Inftructor in Grammar, Rhetoric and Etymology* 

In the following drill, there are both 
correct and incorrect uses of shall and 
vHll; give reasons why they are so. 

Say, heavenly Muse, shall not thy 
sacred vein afford a present to the in- 
fant God! 

I toill challenge forth the bravest 
Persian lords to meet me. 

If you toill, when Enoch comes again, 
then he shall repay me. 

For maidenhood sh^ loves, and will be 
swift to aid a maiden. 

What is mine own. thou toilt take 
away; verily I will fight for thee no more. 

Come, thou shall see how Rustum 
hoards his fame. 

We have another kinsman; he will be 
our friend. 

8?iall man repine that his frail bonds 
to fleeting life are broke? 

Most harm shall, in the happy trial, 
prove most virtue. 

The willow and the hazel green shall 
now no more be seen. 

He shall be strong to sanctify the 
poet's high vocation. 

No search will make us know; only 
the event will teach us in its hour. 

Men shall not forget thee in thy grave, 
and I will spare thee in thy hosts. 

While all younger hearts shall bleed, 
mine shall escape the doom. 

Nor fixed is yet the goal where he shall 
rest him in his pilgrimage. 

He shall sit upon my knee, and I toill 
teach him tales of foreign parts. 

Nor all the dreary course of daily life 
shall e'er prevail against us. 

Those scarfs of red blood sh^ll be 
redder before the saber shall be sheathed. 

There the soul shall enter which has 
earned the privilege by virtue. 

When you shall see her, tell her that 
I died blessing her. 

Thy name shall circle round the gaping 

I will now tell what ne'er was heard 
in tale or song. 

Shall I then forget to urge the gloomy 
wanderer o'er the wave! 

Surely we toill drink to him, and sing 
the song he loved to hear! 

In a few short hours, the sun toill rise 
to give the morrow birth. 

My saber shall win what the feeble 
must buy. 

We know that what we love shall ne'er 
be 80. 

The grave shall bear the chiefest prize 

Thou Shalt be our Star of Arcady. 

Speckled Vanity toill sicken soon and 
die, and leprous Sin toill melt from earth- 
ly mould. 

As surely as this scepter sh^ll never 
again have bark or leaf or shoot, so sure- 
ly shXLll the Greeks miss Achilles. 

The gods are agreed that Troy shall 
fall, and thou shalt gain great glory for 

By this complaisance, thou toilt win the 
lords to favor. 

I shall not lose thee, tho' I die. 

Since a real book, like a real man, has 
its proper character, — it is not easy to 
determine whom it toill please or dis- 

By giving a truer education to women, 
the beauty and the charm of their na- 
ture toill be more effective. 

If the Greeks toill give me a fitting 
share, well; if not, then I toill take it 
from some one, for my share I toill have. 

Shall love be blamed for want of faith? 

Shall you this day accompany me? 

Think for thyself, with a single view to 
truth; so only toill thy thought be of 
worth and service. 

Long shall thine annals and immortal 
tongue, O Greece, fill with thy fame the 
youth of many a shore. 

Shall I unmoved behold the hallowed 

Still shall wisdom find an equal por- 
tion dealt to all mankind. 



The wise man toill esteem above every- 
thing and will culti^vate those sciences 
which further the perfection of his soul. 

Will you admit him when he calls to 
see you? 

Not a period shall be unsaid for me. 

If thou Shalt leave thy father, he will 

Unwatched, the garden flower shall 
sway; unloved, that beech vnll gather 
brown, the brook will bable down the 

Now there is but one of all thy blood 
that will embrace thee in the world to 

If the air will not permit, some still 
removed place loill fit. 

'Twill not restore the truth and hon- 
esty thou hast banished from thy tongue. 

Will not the political woman lose some 
of the sacredness of wife and mother? 

Shall the sons of Chimari who never 
forgive the fault of a friend bid an enemy 


How sad will be thy reckoning day 
when thou shalt see thy sons in crowds 
to Hades hurled! 

There is good reason to presume that 
the subjunctive imll soon become alto- 
gether obsolete. 

Make thy moral and thy intellectual 
improvement thy chief business, and thou 
Shalt not lack improvement. 

The terrific sound will haunt me to the 
hour of my dissolution. 

That plea with God or men uHll gain 
thee no remission. 

Where shall Poverty reside to 'scape 
the pressure of contiguous Pride! 

Tell me at and in what thou workest, 
and I wHll tell thee what thou art. 

On the finger of a throned queen, the 
basest jewel will well-esteemed be. 

Shall God be abandoned because His 

world is ill? 

Do proper homage to thine idol's eyes, 
or she will despise thee and thy suit. 

Her most I pity who will no more see 
Sohrab returning from the Tartar camp. 

Art thou so bound to men that, how 
thy name will sound will vex thee under 
ground ! 

How thou wilt here come off surmounts 
my reach. 

This voyage will bring fair weather 
yet to all of us. 

Surely the news will one day reach his 

God's will guides the universe; all will 
be well. 

What vnll that grief, what will that 
vengeance be! 

In the following drill there are both 
correct and incorrect uses of should and 
would: give reasons why they are so. 

Why should I relate that objects which 
the shepherd loved were dearer now? 

The little wife would weep for com- 
pany, and say she would be little wife to 

I then resolved that mine should be the 
foremost prow in pressing to the strand. 

Many a man admired in history we 
should have detested, had we known him 
in life. 

By his witty sayings, he would keep 
up the king's good humor. 

Nor should' I have made mention of this 
dell, but for one object that you might 
pass by. 

The art of pleasing should better de- 
serve our study, * were there more who 
were worth pleasing. 

The oracle foretold that the first Greek 
that touched the Trojan strand should 

Who is God that He should hear us! 

Would that I myself had such a son! 

I would have thought her spirit had 
been invincible against all assaults of 

She prayed that he would lessen his 

The duke refused, and would not take 
her upon such conditions. 

My hesLTt would now its wearied vision 
close, would childlike on his love repose. 

Should the philosophic mind disdain 
that good which makes each humbler 
bosom vain? 

Who would rob a hermit of his weeds. 

Do not charge most innocent nature as 
if she would her children should be riot- 
ous with her abundance. 

Do you desire the dead should still be 
near us; is there no bareness you would 

Love urill make a thing endurable, 
which else should overset the brain or 
break the heart. 

When Anni? would have raised him, 
Enoch said, "How should the child re- 
member this?" 

Who would not sing for LycKlas! 

How should he love a thing so low! 

You would have said that sun and stars 
took part in that unnatural conflict. 

Should one order disproportionea grow, 
its double weight should ruin all below. 

thievish Night, why shouldst thou in 
thy dark lantern thus close up the stars! 

He lurks nor casts his heavy eyes afar, 
lest he should view his vineyard desolate. 

Should I not have been thus taught, 
should I the more suffer my genial spirits 
to decay? 

Even the servants would refuse to 
obey his orders. 

Sorely would the Gallic foeman rue if 
subtle poinards could blunt the saber's 

1 shall send you some marten-skins, 
but I should like better to bring them 


He thought the presence of a superior 
and victorious force would help to make 
them submissive. 

Dull would he be of soul who should 
pass by a sight so touching. 

If at such short notice he should go, 
these would be forgotten. 

She would feign sickness or anything 
else to be rid of the sight of him. 

If you could tell her you had seen him 
dead, that would be her comfort. 

Should another ever share this way- 
ward, loveless heart, it would be thee. 

He wished to know whether they would 
persist in their courtship. 

Dinwiddle remained tranquil at Wil- 
liamsburg, sure that all would go well. 

Should we clearly see ourselves, life 
would be l<ess endurable. 

Should this have been an open country, 
the situation would have been less fright- 

The king himself feared lest it would 

Kent besought lear that he would see 
with his eyes. 

Hear such strains as would have won 
the ear of Pluto. 

To discover that would overtask the 
best land-pilot. 

My own dim life should teach me that 
life shall live for evermore. 

Would that I had glimpses that would 
make me less forlorn! 

He thought that now The Holy Grail 
would come again. 

Cordelia said that she would never 
marry as her sisters. 

That father perished at the stake for 
tenets he would not forsake. 
Agamemnon would not let Chryseis go. 
Should such a dreamy touch fall, my 
guardian angel would cry out. 

Could ye taste the mirth ye mar, not 
in the toils of war would ye fret. 

Who would keep an ancient form 
through which the spirit oreathes no 

The holy sages once did sing that He 
our deadly forfeit should release. 

Lear desired Cordelia to mend her 
speech, lest it should mar her fortune. 

They hold their breath, lest they 
should dislodge the overhanging snows. 
The free-born man should spare what 
once was free. 

Heaven avert that ever thou in vain 
shouldst weep. 

Why should a man run to meet what 
he icould most avoid? 

Would that I might now be lying on 
this bloody sand! 

Who would be free, themselves should 
strike the blow. 

To one so young, my strain loould I 
commend always. 

I would that thou shouldst lead the life 
they led. 
At any other time, Cordelia would have 

plainly told her father that she loved 

Should we see her face, be sure we 
should not know her. 

At times, Enoch would hold posses- 
sion for a week. 

All the lavish hills would hum the 
murmur of a happy Pan. 

Ofttimes strange pangs would flash 
across Childe Harold's brow. 

I taught them a country's a thing a 
man should die for at need. 

My dread would not then be thus ad- 

I could have smiled to see the death 
that would have set me free. 

Thee I now would serve more strictly. 

Why should we shrink from what we 
cannot shun! 

I should be loath to meet the rudeness 
and swilled insolence of such late was- 

It is beyond all hope that he who left 
you ten long years ago would still be 

In horror rose the king lest the work 
by Merlin wrought toould on a sudden 

Time is our tedious song should have 
an end. 

Yet toould the village praise my won- 
drous power. 

This fellow would lord it over us all; 
of a truth. I think he loill perish for his 

Who with the weight of years would 
wish to bend? 

I have been told that the American 
Philistine does not exist; would that it 
were so! 

"For there," he said, "no man should 
sit but he should lose himself." 

Why should I for others groan when 
none will groan for me? 

God would send a glistening angel if 
need be. 

Never would he join the lovers whin- 
ing crew. 

He felt all along the garden wall, lest 
he should swoon and stumble and be 

If these fields of ours should pass into 
a stranger's hands, I should not lie quiet 
in my grave. 

Could I have sung one song that should 
survive the singer's voice I should not 
fear thy sting. O Death! 

I will give up the maid, for I would 
not that the Greeks should perish. 

Is it with Rustum only thou wouldst 

Perhaps you know what I would have 
you know. 

A simple child, what should it know 
of death! 

He oft would beg me sing, while he 
on tender grass would sit. 

Would that thou wouldst resolve to 


Me. William R. Tatlob. teacher ol 
Isaac Pitman sborthaad, Y. M. C. A. 
(PoweltOD Ave. Braocb) Phllada., Pa., 

"The 'Twentieth Century' edition of 
the 'Shorthand Instructor' le Indeed a 
vast Improvement on any prerlons one, 
and I tbink It la by far the best arranged 
Instruction book I have ever seen. One 
thing tB certain, It will RELIEVE THE 

Ibaao PiTMAiT A Sons announce that 
they have a large quantity of shorthand 
text-books received from, schools and col- 
leges changing from the numerous "mod- 
ifications," and light-line syatems to the 
Isaac Pitman system, and which they 
will dispose of at exceedingly low rates. 
Applications should b« addressed to 33 
Union Sq.. New York. 

Since laat reported the Certificate of 
Proficiency for teEicbers of the Isaac Pit- 
man Phonography in the United States 
and Canada, has been awarded to the 
following successful candidates: Mlaa 
Louise O. Roldy, 232 2d St., Jersey City, 
N. J and Miss Emma Volz, 8 West 105th 
St, New York City. This diploma, the 
examination for which Is based on a 
knowledge of the system as presented In 
the "Twentieth Century" Edition of 
"Isaac Pitman's Complete Phonographic 
Instructor," will be found very valuable 
In the hands of teachers of tnls system. 
It Is IsHuert by Messrs, Isaac Pitman ft 
Sons, 33 Union Square, New York. 

Key to 
Isaac Pitman Shorthand. 

Reprlnled from Pinn.n'j ^oih Cemuiy Dkimlon Book 

believe a large number of buyers can be 
infiuenced by advertising your goods 
with names and addresses of retailers In 
"The Evening Post." 

Several times, within the past few 
months, we have prepared reproductions 




of magazine advertisements for use In 
"The Evening Post" which the advertis- 
ers have used to their evident aatisfac- 
tlon. We shall be glad to serve you in a 
similar way. 

Yours very truly, (160) 

Mk. Clement C. Morbis, 
Newton, Mass. 

Dear Sir: You wrote us last April, In 
reply to ours asking you to place some 
advertising, to the effect that your work 
on some specialties necessarily limited 
your expenditure In this direction for 
some time. We write to ask If you are 
open for the consideration of the subject 
as yet? We know ft will pay you to uss 
our space if only to reach our Bastem 
subscribers: but you could slso cultivate 
the trade of our Western readers for 
some of your specialties to good advant- 
age. A number of prominent firms In 
your part of the country use our space 
largely, as will be seen from our pafes. 
and if they find it profitable, we see no 
reason why you should not experience a 
like result. We want your advertise- 
ment We want your advertisement, 
principally, for the cash It will bring uB, 
but also, because we believe It will pay 
well, as It has done others before you. 
Let US have your order for say six 
months' advertising: it will, we are sure, 
result In your resrettlng you had not 
given us an opportunity to serve you be- 
fore. Awaiting your reply, we remain. 

Yours truly. (202) 

The Little.'ohn Co.. 
New Hope, Ky. 

Gentlemen : We write to notify yoa 
that the terra for which yon placed an 
advertisement with us has expired, and 
we enclose bill tor the amount due. Per- 
mit us to say, however, that <ve shall be 
pleased to have your order for the con- 
tinuance of the advertisement for a 
longer term; and in case this Is done we 
will gladly make you an allowance, so 
that the whole term may be covered at 
the long term rate. Why not give us 
your order to keep it in for a year at 

jn; I PhonOEmphIc DIcKonaiy. orilh Ih* ihonhinl 
mil, 3;6 pp., TIC. Published by Isaac Pitman ftSoni. g) 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Century Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 

( By perm iss ton . ) , 



L^ ■-)■ 


<f-N Clement C. Morris,^", Mass. 

^1 -■•_)" -N ^.\» -^^"V^. 



The Littlejohn Co., — ^ ^^, Ky. 


-> 1 ^ 


W; 6 J ^ /— — - ".^, ) '^ T^ ^>. 


Schools and others, desiring the services ol experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers' Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman 9t Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


Defects of Civil Government. 

In his ••Gullivers Travtk," Swift thus satirises the practices of civilized comtnunilies : 
(Continued from October uiimber. ) 

— A claim to cprtaln prlvUegee, accord- 
ing to his quality and coDdltlon of lite, 
with a proportionable sum of money, out 
■of a fund appropriated for that use; he 
likewise acquires the title ol snllpall, or 
legal, which is added to his name, but 
•does not descend to bis posterity. And 
these people thought It a prodigious de- 
fect of policy ajnong us when I told 
them that our laws were enforced only 
by penalties, without any mention of re- 
ward. It is upon this account that the 
image of Justice, In their courts of Judi- 
cature, is formed with six eyes, two be- 
fore, as many behind, and on each side 
one, to signify circumspection; with a 
bag of gold open In her right hand, and 
a sword sheathed In her left, to show she 
is more disposed to reward than to pun- 

In choosing persons for all employ- 
ments they have more regard to good 
morals than to great abilities; for, since 
government Is necessary to mankind, they 
believe that the common size of human 
understandings is fitted to some station 
or other; and that Providence never in- 
tended to make the management of pub- 
lic affairs a mystery to be comprehended 

only by a few persona of sublime genius, 
of which there seldom are three bora In 
an age; but they auppSse truth, justice, 
temperance, and the like, to be in every 
man's power; the practice of which vir- 
tues, assisted by experience and good in- 
tention, would quality any man for the 
service of his country, eieept where a 
course of study Is required. But they 
thought the want of moral virtues was 
BO far from being supplied by superior 
endowments of the mind that employ- 
ments could never be put Into such dan- 
gerous hands as those of persons so qual- 
ified; and at least, that the mistakes com- 
mitted by ignorance, in a virtuous dis- 
position, would never be of such fatal 
consequence to the public weal, as the 
practices of a man whose Inclinations led 
him to be corrupt, and had great abili- 
ties to manage, and multiply, and defend, 
his corruptions. 

Ingratitude Is among them a capital 
crime, as we read it to have been in 
some other countries; for they reason 
thus, that whoever makes 111 returns to 
hiB benefactor must needs be a common 
enemy to the rest of mankind, from 
whom he hath received no obligation, and 
therefore such a man la not fit to live. 




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pamphlet. "The I 

jublicntioni tree o 
Hem.— flf. X. ToKil 

Last Speech of the Unte President McKinler. 


Expositions are tbe time-keepers of 
progress. They record the world's ad- 
vancement. They stimulate the energy, 
enterprise, and Intellect of the people, and 
quicken human genius. They go Into the 
home. They broaden and brighten the 
dally life ol the people. They open 
mighty BtorebouBCB of io formation to the 
student Every exposition, great or small, 
has helped to some onward step. Com- 
parison of Ideas Is always educational. 
and as such Instructs the brain and hand 
of men. Friendly rivalry follows, which 
Is the spur to Industrial improvement, the 
inspiration to useful Invention and. to 
high endeavor In all departments of hu- 
man activity. It eiacts a study of the 
wants, comforts, and even the whims of 
tbe people, and recognizes the efficacy of 
high quality and new prices to win their 
favor. The quest for trade Is an Incen- 
tive to men of business to devise, Invent, 
Improve, and economize in the cost of 
production. Business life, whether among 
ourselves or with other people, is ever a 
sharp struggle (or success. It will be 
none the less so In the future. Without 
competition we would be clinging to the 
clumsy and antiquated processes of farm- 
ing and manufacture, and the methods of 
business of long ago and the twentieth 
would be no further advanced than the 
eighteenth century. But though com- 
mercial competitors we are, commercial 
enemies we must not be. 


The Pan-American Exposition has done 
Its work thoroughly, presenting in its 
exhibits evidence of the highest skill and 
Illustrating tbe progress of tbe human 
family In the Western Hemisphere. This 
portion of the earth baa no cause for 
humiliation tor the part It has performed 
in tbe march of clvllliatton. it has not 
accomplished everything; far from It. It 
has simply done its best, and without 
vanity or boastfulness, and recognizing 

(To be continued.) 

the manifold achievements of others, it 
invites the friendly rivalry of all the 
Powers In the peaceful pursuits of trade 
and commerce, and will co-operate with 
all In advancing the highest and best In- 
terests of humanity. The wisdom and 
energy of all tbe nations are none too 
great for the world's work. The success 
of art. science. Industry, and Invention 
Is an International asset, and a common 

After all, how near one to tbe other Is 
every part of the world. Modem Inven- 
tions have brought Into clostt relation 
widely separated peoples and made them 
better acquainted. Geographic and po- 
litical divisions will continue to exist, 
but distances have been effaced. Swift 
ships and fast traina are becoming cos- 
mopolitan. They invade fields which a 
few years ago were impenetrable. Tbe 
world's products are ei changed as never 
before, and with Increasing transporta- 
tion facilities come incresHlng knowledge 
and larger trade. The world's selling 
prices are regulated by market and crop 
reports. We travel greater distances in 
a shorter space of time and with more 
ease than was ever dreamed of by tbe 
fathers. Isolation is no longer possible 
or desirable. Tbe same important news 
is read, though In different languages, the 
same day in all Christendom. The tele- 
graph keeps us advised of what la oc- 
curring everywhere, and the press for- 
shadows, with more or less accuracy, the 
plans and purposes of the nations. Mar- 
ket prices of products and of securltiea 
ere hourly known in every commercial 
mart, and the investments of tbe people 
extend beyond their own national bound- 
aries into the remotest parts of the earth. 
Vast transactions are conducted and tn- 
ternstlonal exchanges are made by the 
tick of the cable. Every event of Interest 
is immediately bulletined. The quick 
gathering and transmission of news, like 
rapid transit, are of recent origin, and 
are only made possible by the genius of 
the inventor and tbe courage of tbe in- 




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La^v Forms. 

John H. Khlly, i 

against \ Summons. 

WiLLTAM R. T. Lawrbncb, 

Defendant. J 
To the above named Defendanta 

answer the complaint In this action, and 
to serve a copy of your answer on the 
plaintiff's attorney within flre days after 
the service of this summons, exclusive 
of the day of service, and in case of your 
failure to appear, or answer. Judgment 
will be taken against you by default for 
the relief demanded In the complaint. 
Dated New York, August 30th, 1899. 
William K. KEixoao, 
PlaintifT's Attorney. 
Post office address and office. No. 7, Beek- 
man street, N. Y. dty. 

I. That on or about August 24th, 1S99, 
the defendant made and delivered to this 
plaintiff his certain promissory note in 
writing of which the following Is a, copy, 
to wit: 


New York, Aug. 24tli, 1897. 
"Three months after date I promise to 
"pay to the order of John H. Kelly, Two 
hundred and one and 54-100 dollars, to- 
"Natlonal Bank, with interest Value re- 

"W. R. T, Lawrence." 

II. That when said note became due 
and payable the same was duly presented 
for payment, was not paid, anu plaintiff 
paid one and E>4-100 dollars protest fees 

111. That n 
test fees has e 

pan of said note o 
3r been paid. 


John H. Kelly. 

WiLUAM R. T. Lawrbnci 

Defendant. J 
PlalnUff complains of the defendant 
above named and respectfully shows to 
this Court: 

Wherefore plaintiff demands Judgment 

a«alust this defendant for the sum of two 

hundred and one and 54-100 dollars, to- 

Tyial gether with' interest on two hundred dol- 

Ne7v York '^"^ thereof, from August 24th, 1897, be- 

County. sides the costs and disbursements of this 


William K. Kellooo, 

Ploiniifl"* Attorney. 
N. Y. City. 

7 Beekman Slitet, 

(©- TAe only boots that present the Graham system in its purity are pub  
lished by Andrew f. Graham & Co., 1135 Broadway, New York. Catalog and 

circuiars free. 


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Limitation Upon R.ic£ht o^ Free iSpeech. 

fWi'HIS was a criminal complaint, 
f\ charging defendant with violat- 
\v Ing the rules of tbe board dF park 
CO m ml Hs ion era of tbe city of Boston. 
Pranklln park Is a public park, purchaaed 
under the authority of chapter 1S5, 3t 
1ST&. and under said act a board of park 
commissioners was constituted, which. In 
the due exercise ot Its authority there- 
under, forbade all persons "to make ora- 
tions, harangues, or loud outcries" there- 
in, except with prior consent ot the board, 
UDder penalty of $20, The total area of 
eaid park Is about 520 acres. Within Its 
limits are large areas not devoted to an; 
special purpose, and not liavlng any 
shrubbery tbat would be injured by the 
gathering thereon of a large concourse of 
people. On July 4, 1891, defendant, with 
some 12 others, without consent of the 
park commissioners, entered the park. 
and delivered an oration or harangue of 
about 10 or 15 minutes In length. It con- 
tained nothing Inflammatory or seditious, 
and was delivered In an ordinary, oratori- 
cal tone. Some of the listeners applauded 
by clapping their hands. At the close of 
the oration the audience Qu'ctly dis- 
persed. No Injury of any kind waa done 
to the park. 

The park commlaslonerH had by the 
Statutes of 1875, chapter 185, section 3. 
power "to govern and regulate" any of 
the parks which they might lay out under 
the statute, "to make rules for the use 
and government thereof, and for breeches 
o( such rules to affix penalties, not ex- 
ceeding $20 for one offense, to be imposed 
by any court of competent Jurisdiction." 
The rules which the defendant violated 
are similar In form to the city ordinance 
which was before the court In Common- 
wealth vs. Davis. HO Mass. 485, and 
which was held to be reasonable and 
valid. Of that ordinance Chief Justice 
Morton said: "Its purpose Is to preserve 
the public peace, and to protect the pul)- 
lie grounds from Injury; and It Is cal- 

culated to effect these ends without vio- 
lating the Just rights of any citizen." Tba 
same language Is applicable to the rules 
before ua. We see nothing In these rules 
Inconsistent with article 19 of the bill ot 
rights of this Commonwealth, which de- 
clares that "the people have a right, in 
an orderly and peaceable manner, to as- 
semble to consult upon the common good, 
give Instnictlons to their repreeentatfves, 
and to request of the legislative body, by 
the way of addresHes, petltlona, or re- 
monstrances, redress of the wrongs done 
them, and ot the grievances they suffer." 
The defendant admits that the people 
would not have the right to assemble for 
the purposes apeclQed In the public 
streets, and might not have such right in 
the public garden or on the common, be' 
cause such an assembly would or might 
be Inconsistent with the public uses tor 
which these places are held. The same 
reasons apply to any particular park. The 
parks of Boston are designed tor the use 
of the public generally: and whether the 
use of any park or a part of any park 
can be temporarily set aside for the use 
of any portion ot the public la tor the 
park commissioners to decide, in the ex- 
ercise of a wise discretion. The defend- 
ant further contends tbat the rules In 
question are In conflict with the provl- 
slons of the fourteenth amendment of 
the Constitution of the United Stateft, 
which provides that "no State shall • • • 
deny to any person within its Jurisdiction 
the equal protection ot the lawB." This 
amendment does not impair the police 
powers ot a State. And we fall to see 
anything In the rules, or in the statute 
authorizing them which tails within the 
amendment. The case of Tick Wo vi. 
Hopkins. 118 U. S. 356, on which the de- 
fendant chiefly relies, was one of race 
discrimination. Exceptions overruled. — 
Extract from opinion of Judge Lathrop 
in Commonicealth vs. Abrahams, 30 N. E. 
Rep. 79. 





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'L\in\ia\,ion upon Ri^lvV o\ Free Speech 

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Ibemperle^'6 Ibome Stub^ Sbortbanb. 

By FRANCIS H, HEMPERLEY, Editor of " The Stenographer. 


A practical knowledge of shorthand writing may be acquired at home 
by anyone possessing a fair education, common sense, and a willing- 
ness to study, to think, and to practice. 

Our experience as a shorthand writer and, teacher of upwards of 
thirty years enables us to say that this can be done. Of course, the 
presence and personal influence of a good teacher or of a good short- 
hand school is desirable where the student has the time and the money 
to secure it, but, in their absence, no one need be discouraged. Some 
of the very best shorthand reporters in the country have mastered the 
art without a personal teacher. 

We propose to drop the theoretical features of so many text-books, 
and to confine the student exclusively to what is of a thoroughly 
practical nature. 

The Editor of "The Stenographer" will always take pleasure in re- 
plying by mail to any questions which any of its subscribers may 
desire to ask him, providing they will inclose a self-addressed stamped 

In the following exercises the stroke or stem represents the con- 
sonant sound of a word or syllable, while the dot indicates where the 

sound of a vowel has been omitted. For the present the student may 

pronounce the syllable with the short sound of e, as sep, seb, etc. 

Later we will teach you to distinguish between soap, soup, sap, sup, 

sop, etc. 


No. 1. Simple Steins. 


eB.V.- eV.V.. Ya.f . . ^i- 

eT.A.. eTH'C. . eR.?^. 

eD .1. . eDH.C. Wa?S: 

etCn/.. eS..).- eM 

e J • ■/ • • eZ • • ' • ^ eM 

• « • 

S or 

Z <^ 


• ». ."^ • 1 • 



YeK . r or .". 

• • • 


A small circle represents the sound of s at the beginning of words 
or syllables, and the sound of s or z in the middle or at the end. 

A large circle represents the sound of ses, sez, or zez, initial or final. 

A small loop represents the sound of st initial or final, and some- 
times zd final. 

A large loop represents the sound of ster, when used finally. In 
a few words it occurs in the middle. 

A small circle may be joined to a large circle, to a small loop or to 
a large loop to add an additional sound of s or z. 

The circles and loops are joined to straight stems with a backward 
motion; to curved stems, on the inside of the curve; between straight 
stemjB which form an angle, on the outside of the angle; between a 
curved and straight stem, on the inside of the curve; between two 
curved stems, generally, on the inside of the first curve but, when 
more convenient, it may be made on the inside of the second curve. 

The student should practice these exercises imtil they are thor- 
oughly familiar. Join each syllable in turn to every other one, naming 
them as they are written until there is not the slightest hesitation in 
recalling the sign or the sound. 


Write the shorthand outlines for the following words, and spell 
out in ordinary longhand as many words as you can think of for each 
outline. In cases of joining stems let the first up or down stem rest 
on the line. 

ep, epek, pek, eb, bek, tek, etek, dek, chek, ej, kej, kep, chek, 
kefe, veg, veket, thek, beth, bedh, esk, beze, shek, besh, bczhe, fel, fele, 
erk, ewek, kem, kemp. mek, mene, nem, keng, lek, lem, rek, bed, tepek, 
jeket, theket, deket, tenese, le-ezene, temene, menetene. 

Longhand words for a few of the above : 

ep, may stand for ape, ope, up, etc. 

epek, may stand for epic, opaque. 

pek, may stand for peck, puck, pick, pack, etc. 

veket, may stand for vacate; beth, for bath; bedh, for bathe; 

tenese, for Tennessee, etc. 

bezhe, may stand for bijou; le-ezene for Louisiana, 

No. 2. 

Brief s 

^ seF .^ seL '7" n£^C^ 

A seV ^ Yes C Slk^m^ 

T seTK C seR "^ 3tea'«^ 

seD [ seDH C Wes ^' He«' 

setCK/ seS ^ seM rS s^e/V* 
sej / seZ y_ seMptf-K Peae.^»6 

seK 0-^ seSH -^ seN <ij-^ ifesP Av 

■^ seNg ^^ StemP ^ 


No. 3. Brief S. 

No Fes ^ £^sr 

\ Ves kp ERs^ 

4 TKes Vd 

Des I Dhes C 

/ Ses y 

Jes /• Zes ^* 




eNgs _ 
«>^ Hes ^ 

No. 4. 

Brief ses. 

\o Feses ^ ^eses (^ 

^ Veses VT) eReses "B 

D TKeses O ^eses ^ 

O DKeses O Meses ^^ 
O Seses O' 

Jeses o Zeses <J' Neses ^ 

o'- Heses C^ 

O^ PesesT ^ 


The Stenograpbet PrlnttD{ & PublUUng Co. 
408 Dnxcl ButldliiE, PhlU., Ft. 

FrincJi H. HeiUFcrley, Pmiitnt and EdilDt. 
John C. DUon, Secretary nnd Treasurir. 

VOL. XVI. NOVEMBER, 1901. No. I 

"Tho SCenogrspber" la publlahed In Che loten 
ol tbs Shorthand and TrpewrltlDg profeuloa 
the cauDtr;: and all men. all ajratema and 1 

to publish I 
In all lU bi 
■ddreeaed to 


■lug Ratea Eurnlahed on appllcatloD 

OuB readers will agree with us that the 
leading apace place Id Thk Stenoorapheb 
thiB month has been wisely filled with th« 
splendid oration delivered by Kendrlck 
C. Hill, at the Masonic Memorial Services 
In honor of "our late brother" President 

We are sure that this oration will give 
pleasure to all who read It and we can 
easily enter into the spirit at the occa- 
sion ot its delivery, as upwards of one 
thousand Master Masons filled the audi- 
torium of the Masonic Temple at Trenton. 

We began last month in . The Stekog- 
BAPHER a series of lessons to enable any- 
one who desires to do so to master the 
art of shorthand writing at home. We 
propose to make the Instruction simple 
and yet thorough, such as will, if careful- 
ly followed up, lead to the ability to write 

the very briefest as well as the moat 
legible reporting style. 

We aball keep mainly In view tlte 
thought of aiding our students to acqaire 
a thorough understanding of the funda- 
mental principles. We do not wish them 
to depend upon arbitrary rules, the 
memorizing of arbitrary forms, lists of 
outlines or dictionaries, but to be able 
to analyze words quickly and correctly 
and to reproduce the signs for the sounds 
without hesitation. 

It Is our deliberate judgment that there 
are thousands and hundreds of thousands 
of young people who cau and who should 
acquire the power of writing ahorthand 
for their own use, not for the sake of 
becoming professional stenograph ere, but 
for the strengthening at all their other 
mental powers and faculties. 

It one needs to wrlt« at all, surely it 
is wise to learn to write rapidly. 

very many users of the typewriter use 
the Capital I for the figure one. Thus: for 
II they write 11. The latter is the Roman 
notation for two, and not foreleven. Agaib, 
quite a number make use of the small o to 
represent the cipher, Tlius : for twenty Ihey 
write 2o. It looks better in this case to use 
the capital : Thus, 20. 

Fob the small sum of $1.00 you can ac- 
quire a practical knowledge of shorthand 
writing. That Is the aut>scriptlon price of 
The Stekoobapheb for one year, during 
which time a simple and yet compreben- 
aive course ot Home Lessons will appear. 
If you desire to hurry up matters some- 
what, we would advise you to procure the 
text-book, which win cost you (1.25 addi- 
tional. For $2.25 you really have a com- 
plete working outfit for tbe study ot short- 
hand. Success depends simply upon your- 
self in the wise use of the same. 



special to 

GOllliT and COIitfEllTIOll HEPOl^TEllS. 


The Invcntor of Phonography. 

*^All shorthand writers in the 
world concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
system of shorthand^ and the one 
which forms the basis for a 
hundred ormoremodifcations. * ' 
Dr. Wm. T, Harris, U. S. Com- 
missioner of Education, 

If you wish to increase your speed, use 


flo. 5 Elastic^Back flote^^Book. 

HNY kind of paper can be used in the manufacture of 
note-books, but to produce the best results, certain 
peculiarities of ** stock " and " finish " are absolutely 
essential, and the paper in this book is the result of a care- 
ful study of over fifteen years. In regard to binding this is 
the only note-book that, after a page is turned will lie per- 
fectly flat and stay there — a fact appreciated in rapid work. 

" I became acquainted with these note- books two or three years ago. when 
I strongly recommended their use in The Stenographer, and have never 
regretted doing so. The -paper used is first-class, while the rubber-bound 
back, permitting the book to open flat upon the desk or knee. MAKES IT in- 
valuable."— H. W. Thorne, Attorney-at-Law and Official Court Reporter, 
Johnstown, N. Y. 

" I have become so used to your No. 5 Note-Book, that I can use no other. 
. . . My colleague (Mr. Beard) In this Court says that your books are the 
best he has ever used in twenty years' experience,"--PETER P. McLaughlin, 
Court of General Sessions. New York City. 

" I have no hesitation in saying that I can write at least TWENTY WORDS A 
MINUTE more with your No. 5 than I have been able to do with any note-book 
I have previously used."— THOMAS BuRRiLL, Department of Highways, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ^ 

Sample copy post-paid, 20c* Very liberal reduction by 
the dozen. Specimen pages showing 3 styles of ruling free. 

ISAAC PITMAN A SONS, Publishers, 33 Union Square, New York. 





The Coffey Copy Holder 

Unquestionably the most Complete, Simple and Practical Holder ever 
invented. The Line Indicator moves by touch, and the spacing can be 
changed instantly. It saves one-third of the Operator's time in Tran- 
scribing notes, Copying or Billing, and absolute accuracy is assured. 

Send $2.50 for one and be convinced. 

Money refunded if not satisfactory. 

Coftey*s Loose Leaf Note Books are a God-send to Stenographers; 

55 cents per dozen. 


D. L. COFFEY CO., 801 Pioneer Press Bldg.. ST. PAUL. MINN. 



• • • r W K a • • 




without mutilation for holding together enclosures, 
MSS., etc., is the only one that can be used over and over 
again. After fastening together a thick bunch of papers, 
it will be just as effective next time on a thin one. 

Retails at 15 cents per box of 100. 

The papers are clipped by raising or depressing the 
inner loop. 


Manufacturers, 240-2 W. 230 8t.. New YORK. 

punctuation an^ Capital 

JAMES F* WILLIS, J427 Eaclid Ave., Pfaila. 

Author of **aooo Drill Sentences for Qrammatlcal 
Analysis.*' *'Qranimatlcal Cautions," ** Short Pro- 
cess Series In Arithmetic,'* etc. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a genius in the 
art of book making. He succeeds in 
putting into these monographs all that is 
necessary for a comprehensive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Journal of Education, 


The Stenoorapher. 


Seippel Keyboard Govef 

The Only Device by which 



Consists of a Wire Covered with Cloth 
Completely Conceals the Keyboard. 

Compels the Pupil to Write by TOUCH. 

PRICE, $9.00 PER DOZEN, (Prepaid.) 

Made for the Remlni^on end 
Smith Premier Typewriters 

Manufactured and For Sale by 

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Vl/ ANTE D— Stenographers for ** new 
' '^ fields," large salaries. Spanish and 
shorthand lessons free. Address, 

PROF. J. C. STEINER, Lexington, Ky. 


A beautiful Artogravure 
of the scene itself, por- 
traying nature's beautiful 
T^ II T T C colorings. The only high- 
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sold before under |i.oo. Sent postpaid for 
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Thos, MacTaggart, 1413 Filbert St., PMIria. 
Practical Typewriting, 

By bates TORRCY. 

n COMPLETE Manual of Instructions in 
Touch Typewriting, Original method, 
200 pages. 

PRICE, $1.00. 

The Stenographer, 408 Drexel Bttllding, Pbllaila. 


anxious to succeed.^ Of 
course you are ; therefore 
you should obtain a copy 

'>^ ''Practical Points and Progresslie Principles.'' 

It is brief, interesting, and up-to-date. Every 

young man should read it. Price, 10 Cents. 


J. L. PEER, Norwood, N. J. 


XauQb anb 6row fat. 


"The Oddities of Shorthand"; 

or, **The Coroner and His Friend." 

Depicts possibilities of Shorthand In 
Affairs of Dally Life— Its Business, Love 
Makins:, Crime. 

Everyone should read this interesting book 

HBSORBING in character the stories 
abound in humorous, natural situa- 
tions ; the fortunes of lovers forwarded — 
plots of rogues defeated by a knowledge of 
Shorthand by the right person, under vary- 
ing circumstances. Will instruct and in- 
terest general reader and student or expert. 

To close out the balance of second and third editions we will send a copy to any addresa 
in the U. S. or Canada for 40 cents. 




H COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
dictation exercises, containing also 
many useful hints, phrases, abbreviations, 
lists of grammalogues, contractions, etc., 
which have never before been published. 




^ CONCISE and comprehensive arrange- 
ment of Grammatical Cautions to be ob- 
served in usine English, supplemented by 
exercises affording the drill netfessary to ac- 
quire facility and skill in applying these 


Any of the Above Books Sent Postage Paid Upon Receipt of Price, 

Stenographer Printing & Publishing Co., 408 Drexei Bidg.. phiiadt. 





E.H. BEACH. Editor and eSjnomicaYly— 
one should subscribe for 

Shrte momiha Mai aubterlptlon, ISe. 
S'er year but One 3>olhr. 
A modem 200-page monthly, giv- 
ing sensible and complete instruc- 
tion in book-keeping, shorthand, 
penmanship, law corporation ac- 
counting, banking, and lightning 
calculations. Its business pointers 
are valuable to all, both employer 
and employe, in any and all com- 
mercial lines. 

A trial subscription will confirm 
our statement. 

■Stenography- « " ccess r u 1 1 y 

ftnd '^"Sl't by cor- 

_ respondence. 

rype^vritin^, o.iiy so cents 

p«r week. 

Books free. Anyone can becottie a proficient 
stenographer by taking my nail course. Ten 
years experience as teacber. Adiiress, 
Prof. C. L. KELLV, Kingston, N. V. 

gbe Dan Sant Sys tem 
Of goucb gigpewrittng. 

I go Pages on Calendered Qirdboiird.) 

tested iwo ini a hair yeirs. 
L large proporllon of the tom- 

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The sysieai Is produclne Ihe fastest operators of nny 
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The 20th Ceofury 

practical ZTppcwritinfl 


^HERE is but one TOUCH method ; 
namely, by tenure of hand position, 
maintained by frequent finger contact 
with established guides. 

IMs hai ALWAYS been our way 

Price $1.00, Postpaid. 
Chart, 25 Cents. 

Liberal Disc 

s and Schools. 


j 332 Congress St., BOSTON. [ 

[ r»» UAD PEKCIL for Shorthand ICr/rt"^ 

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" Gtsde. Ifyour ststloner a 
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For Schools and CoII^n 


The book, cons 

Price, $1.00. 

lel Inslllute, Philadelphia, 
ems the Benn PI 
Style'* and Is the 
Althoufch publlshe 

Addreat. PARKE SCHOCH, Publiahar 
Draxal Inatituta, . . Philadelphia 





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Complete Keyboard machine, consequently the favorite of 
the " loucli " operator. 

Simple, hence rarely out of order. Strong, therefore durable. 
A Dollar of Service for every Dollar of Cost. 
Catalogue and "touch" instruction book mailed free. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter Co., Syracuse, n. y, u. s. a. 

lUnivevsal dictation 

TF you have no Dictation Course for 
your shorthand practice or Short- 
hand Department— that is, no plan to 
lead your students in a systematic 
manner from the time they learn the 
principles to graduation .so that tlie 
Dictation Practice part of the course 
is as well defined as a course of in- 
struction in any other subject, you 
should examine the Universal Dicta- 
tion Course. The Vocabularies make 
it a great incentive to systematic 
practice, and a time-saver for the in- 
structor. It is of great value to the 
student after he is out of school. 
Every stenographer should have a 
copy. Single copy for examination 
$1.50 with privilege of returning and 
getting money back. Special prices 
to .schools. 

StenoKripber Printing & PubHshlng Co. 

40S Dreirel Building. - Philadelphia. Pa. 


U P-T 0-D ATE 




It leaches you liuw tospeak and write cor- 
recily, and as a work of ie(er«iice is in- 
vdlualile to tlie teacber, the professor, Ihe 
scholar, the sliideiit, the doctor, the iiiinisler, 
the lawyer, tlie business or professional mail 
or woman ; in fact, everybody who uses Ihe 
English UugtiHge. 



S4 La Salle Strkkt, Chicago, ill. 

Volume XVI. 


No. 12. 

Ibempetle^'s Ibome Stub^ Shottbanb. 

By FRANCIS H. HEMPERLEY, Editor of " The Stenographer . 


A practical knowledge of shorthand writing may be acquired at home 
by anyone possessing a fair education, common sense, and a willing- 
ness to study, to think, and to practice. 


Our experience as a shorthand writer and teacher of upwards of 
thirty years enables us to say that this can be done. Of course, the 
presence and personal influence of a good teacher or of a good short- 
hand school is desirable where the student has the time and the money 
to secure It, but, in their absence, no one need be discouraged. Some 
of the very best shorthand reporters in the country have mastered the 
art without a personal teacher. 

We propose to drop the theoretical features of so many text-books, 
and to confine the student exclusively to what is of a thoroughly 
practical nature 

The Editor of "The Stenographer" will always take pleasure in re- 
plying by mail to any questions which any of its subscribers may 
desire to ask him, providing they will inclose a self-addressed stamped 

In the following exercises the stroke or stem represents the con- 
sonant sound of a word or syllable, while the dot indicates where the 

sound of a vowel has been omitted. For the present the student may 

pronounce the syllable with the short sound of e, as sep, seb, etc. 

Later we will teach you to distinguish between soap, soup, sap, sup, 

sop, etc. 



No. 1. 




eD. I . 

etCh / . • 
e J . J-   

Simple Stems. 

eF .K.. . 


eLr • ( • 


• • • • > 






• . « 



Ar fli . / . . . 

SotZ P. . . 

Ses Q . . 

Ste .. . A , . 
Star . . ^. . . 
^TeK .*-. or .^ 
YeH . ^ or . . 
HeK.^ or.*. 

The student should practice these exercises until they are thor- 
oughly familiar. Join each syllable in turn to every other one, naming 
them as they are written until there is not the slightest hesitation in 
recalling the sign or the sound. 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words, and spell 
out in ordinary longhand as many words as you can think of for each 
outline. In cases of joining stems let the first up or down stem r€St 
on the line. 

ep, epek, pek, eb, bek, tek, etek, dek, chek, ej, kej, kep, chek, 
kefe, veg, veket, thek, beth, bedh, esk, beze, shek, besh, bczhe, fel, fele, 
erk, ewek, kem, kemp, mek, mene, nem, keng, lek, lem, rek, hed, tepek, 
jeket, theket, deket, tenese, le-ezene, temene, menetene. 

Longhand words for a few of the above: 

ep, may stand for ape, ope, up, etc. 

epek, may stand fcr epic, opaque. 

pek, may stand for peck, puck, pick, pack, etc. 

veket, may stand for vacate; beth, for bath; bedh, for bathe; 

tenese, for Tennessee, etc. 

bezhe, may stand for bijou; le-ezene for Louisiana, 


No. 2. 

Brief s . 


-— ^ seU f %£^^ 
^ seV ^ . Yes C SKern^ 

I seTK C seR "^ iJes"*^ 

seD I seDK C Wes ^' He«- 

setCK/ seS ^ seM <rS s^eaT^ 

sej / seZ ^ seMp«rK Peae^sV 
seK 0.^ seSK >1 seN 1.1-/ ^esP ^ 

-^ seNg^ux 5lesP ^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Soap, sub, seat, said, such, sage, soak, sag, safe, save, sooth, soothe, 
cease, siege, sash, yes, soar, ways, same, samp, sun, sung, slay, raise, 
hoes, slays, puzzles, lisp, rasp. 

A small circle represents the sound of s at the beginning of words 
or syllables, and the sound of s or z in the middle or at the end. 

A large circle represents the sound of ses, sez, or zez, initial or final. 

A small loop represents the sound of st initial or final, and some- 
times zd final. 

A large loop represents the sound of ster, when used finally. In 
a few words it occurs in the middle. 

A small circle may be joined to a large circle, to a small loop or to 
a large loop to add an additional sound of s or z. 

The circles and loops are joined to straight stems with a backward 
motion; to curved stems, on the inside of the curve; between straight 
stems which form an angle, on the outside of the angle; between a 
curved and straight stem, on the inside of the curve; between two 
curved stems, generally, on the inside of the first curve but, when 
more convenient, it may be made on the inside of the second curve. 




No. 3. Brief S. 

>o Fes \r> ^es ( 

N» Ves ^ ERs^ 

L THes. Vd 

I DHes C 

/ Ses }• 

Jes / Zes J* 

^' eNgs 

^ Hes <r^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 
Pace. bays, tease, daze, chase, joys, case, gaze, face, vase, thews, 
says, shows, lace, airs, muse, knows, impose. 

No. 4. 


Brief ses. 

No Feses ^ ^eses ^ 

No Veses VO eReses ~S 

O TKeses O ^eses -^ 

b DKeses O Meses ^'^ 

o Seses O' 

6 Zeses c/ Neses ^ 

-T^ SKeses Cy* Heses ^ 

0>- PesesT "^ 



Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Paces, basis, tosses, doses, chooses, juices, cases, guesses, faces, 

vices, thesis, ceases, chaises, laces, erases, roses, Moses, Imposes, 

noises, houses, possessed. 

No. 5. 

steP \ 

steB A 

steT -f 

steD I 


stej / 
steK '-i- 

Brief SteH. 



eV ^ 
oTKe X 



»teL ^ 
steR ^ 
ste5?e ^^ 




Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 
Stop, stub, state, stood, stitch, stage, s^take, stag, staff, stave, 
stithy, Stacy, stale, store, starry, stem, stamp, stone, stung, stately. 

No. 6. 

Pest \ 

Best \ 

Test \ 

Dest t 
Chest / 

Jest / 

Brief Steh. 

Fest "^ 
Vest ^ 
eTKest ' ^ 


Shest ^' 
ZKest ^' 


L^st (^ 
Yest ^ 
eldest ^ 
West ^ 
Rest ^ 
Hest ^ 



Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Post, based, toast, dust, chest, just, coast, guessed, fast, vast, 

theist, ceased, zest, last, yeast, arrest, waste, raced, most, impost, nest, 


No. 7. 

Pestr \S 

Bestr ^ 

Testr tf 

Destr b' 
CHestr /' 

Jei^tr / 

Brief Ster. 

Festr ^ 

Vestr v:> 

THestr ti 
DKestr v^ 

Sestr 0' 


SHestr ^ 
ZHestr <::^- 

I^estr f^ 
Yestr ^ 
eRestr ^' 
Westr l!i 
Nestr ^^^^ 
Hestr <^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 
Poster, boaster, taster, duster, Chester, jester , castor, foster, 
shyster, luster, yester, arrester, Worcester, master, Nestor, Hester. 

No. 5. 



Festrs t^ 

YestrDe ^ 



Shestrs <^ 

MesteFe "^ 



Lestrs f^ 

LesTeLe rr 



Resters ^ 

PesFeLe \^ 


Mestrs ^"^ 

eKseseV >^ 




Westrs "^ 








Hestrs (T^ 

MesesePe ^ 


weM <^:^"^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Possessed, abases, excesses, pests, boasts, tastes, dusts, chests, 
fosters, shysters, Lester's, roosters, masters, wasters, imposters, 
Hester's, yesterday, mystify, lustily, peacefully, excessive, necessary, 
Mississippi, accessory. 

No. ' 9. Brief WeK. 

weP \ werV. weL (^ 

weB \ wevV. weR <^ 

\ weTK •( 

weD I weDh V weN 

wetCh/ Wes "^ weMp 

wej / We»"^ weNg 

weK^ — weSh-^ sweP \ 

weG 3u^- weZKJ^ sweG^^^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Weep, web, wait, wade, watch, wage, wake, wag, waif, wave, 
withe, with, Weiss, woes, wash, wail, wear, wane, swim, swain, swamp, 
swing, sweep, swig. 

No. lO. Brief YeH. 

. -_ X yeF V. 

xeB X yeV Y" 

yeD 1 reDK V 

retCK / Ye« C 

yj I Y«« ( 

yeH*'-^-" reSk -^ 

reZH -^ 

Write the shorthand outlines for the following words: 

Yawp, yuba, yacht, Yeddo. yoke, youth, yell, yore, yam, j-ou, 
yoiing Yara unyoke, Yahoo. 


Control of Court Over Stenographer's 
Minutes o^ Trial. 

fl NDBR the above title a very 
valuable contribution to New 
York State stenographer-law 
appears In New York Anno- 
tated Cases, (advance sheets), 
Volume 9, number 3, from 
whicti the following abstracts are made 
and upon which this article Is founded.' 

The New York Statute (Section 83 ot 
the New York Code ot Civil Procedure) 
which points out the duty of the aten- 
ographer is first quoted as follows: 

"Each stenographer specified in this 
act must, under the direction ot the Judge 
presiding at or holding the term or sit- 
ting which he attends, take full sten- 
ographic notes ot the testimony and ot 
all other proceedings In each cause tried 
or heard thereat, except when the judge 
dispenses with his services in a particu- 
lar cause or with respect to a portion of 
the proceedings therein. The court, or a 
judge thereof, may, in Its or his discre- 
tion, upon or without an application for 
that purpose, make an order directing 
the stenographer to file with the clerk, 
forthwith or within a speclfled time, the 
original stenographic notes taken upon a 
trial or hearing, whereupon the sten- 
ographer must tile the same accordingly. 
Such stenographer shall tully note each 
ruling or decision ot the presiding Judge, 
and when the trial is by Jury each and 
every remark or comment ot such judge 
during the trial, when requested so to do 
by either party, together with each and 
every exception taken to any such rul- 
ing, decision, remark or comment by or 
on behalf ot any party to the action. 
Atter any such ruling, decision, remark 
or comment has been made, the same 
shall not be altered or amended by the 

minutes ot judicial 

stenographer without the consent of the 
party excepting thereto, whether the 
same is made during the charge ot the 
court to the jury or at any other time 
during the trial. The stenographer shall, 
upon payment of hia fees allowed by law 
therefor, furnish a certified transcript ot 
the whole or any part ot his minutes. In 
any case reported by him. to any party 
to the action requiring the same." 

This section Is then considered In 
reference to 

of the stenographer's 
proceedings, as follows: 

"A stenographer may be punished for 
contempt, where he wrongfully refuses 
to deliver a copy of his minutes unless 
paid therefor in excess ot the statutory 

{This was decided in the case of Cav- 
anagh v. O'Neill, reported In 20 Miscel- 
laneous Reports, page 333; 79 State Re- 
porter, p. 789.) 

■Although a stenographer la not 
obliged to part with his notes unUI his 
bill has been paid, yet l( he does deliver 
them to the referee to be examined and 
- used as the basis ot bis report, the sten- 
ographer cannot limit the effect of such 
delivery, and the court can compel the 
referee to file them with hia report, even 
though the stenographer's fees remain 

(So decided in Pope v. Perault, 22 Hun, 
page 46S.) 

In the case of Horrocka t. Thompson, 
reported in 27 Hun. page 144, the court 


construes the above mentioned section 
83 and also section 84 of the Code of 
Civil Procedure in connection with sec- 
tions 1007, 1018, 1022 of that Code, in 
reference to their app^lication to the 
power of the court to compel the filing 
of stenographer's notes of proceedings 
upon trials before referees and reaches the 
conclusion that the court has such power 
the same as in casns triea before the court. 


This power, to make the minutes corre- 
spond to the truth, is inherent in the 
court, and is liberally exercised. 

(So stated in Encyclopedia of Pleading 
and Practice, Vol. 14, p. 29.) 

But the New York Court of Appeals 
decided in People v. Hoch, page 291, (re- 
ported also in 44 Northeastern Reporter, 
p. 976), that that court has no power to 
correct a record transmitted to it for 
review, even though the stenographer of 
the trial court submits an affidavit that 
his notes were incorrectly printed. 

The same court in the case of the 

People V. Conroy (151 N. Y., 543; same 

case, 45 Northeastern Reporter, 946), on 

this question said: ''Printed copies of 
what purported to be the minutes of the 
stenographer, as transcribed and certi- 
fied by him and filed with the county 
clerk, were served on the attorney for 
the defendant. Each copy bore the cer- 
tificate of the county clerk that it was a 
copy of the stenographer's minutes.   • 
Upon comparing the printed copies, thus 
certified, with the original transcript of 
minutes filed with the county clerk and 
with the copy filed with the governor, it 
appeared that changes had been made 
therein, but on investigation it also ap- 
peared that such changes were made in 
good faith to correct what were regarded 
as manifest errors, and not for the pur- 
pose of prejudicing the defendant. 
While some changes were made by the 
stenographer by interlineation before the 
minutes were filed so as to conform to 
his original notes, others were made 
without his authority after the minutes 
were filed, and without the knowledge or 
consent of the defendant or his attorney. 
Our attention is called specifically to up- 
wards of one hundred changes, the most 
of which appear upon inspection to be 
of no material importance, as they simply 
correct mistakes in grammar and the 
like, without changing the meaning in 
any particular, but a few, if not clearly 
material, are of such a character as to 

make it a debatable Question whether 
they may not prejudice the defendant 
upon the hearing of the appeal. It is 
claimed that no court or officer has the 
power, either with or without notice to 
the parties, to make any change what- 
ever in the minutes of the stenographer 
after they have been filed with the county 
clerk. We do not now sustain, nor do 
we dissent, from this posit on taken by 
the defendant's counsel. It may be that 
the statute compels this conclusion. On 
the other hand, it may be that there is 
an implied power to correct mistakes, 
springing from the commanding neces- 
sity of the situation, the nature of a case 
and exceptions and the method of proce- 
dure in all other appeals that prevailed 
when the statute was passed. We are 
not now required to decide whether such 
a power exists or not. We simply hold 
that if it does exist in some officer or 
tribunal it can only be exercised after 
due opportunity has been afforded to the 
defendant to be heard. To hold other- 
wise would violate every precedent that 
has been created to protect rights of 
property and the liberty of the person. 
The changes made in the stenographer's 
minutes now under consideration, after 
they had been filed with the county clerk, 
were without notice and without author- 
ity. Even if they were immaterial and 
made with the best of motives, we can- 
not too strongly condemn any interfer- 
ence with a publi'^ record of such great 
importance. On the facts as they now 
appear, we think it Is the duty of the 
clerk to cause the stenographer's min- 
utes to be printed literally as filed, with- 
out change or alteration of any kind, 
made after that date. If changes may be 
made at all, it is not for him to make 
them without the knowledge or consent 
of the defendant, or to practically Indorse 
them after they have been thus made. 
He has no more power to alter the sten- 
ographer's m-inutes or to adopt an altera- 
tion made by some one else, than he has 
to tamper with the judgment roll itself. 
What we have said in relation to him 
applies with equal force to everyone else, 
unless it may be, as we have suggested, 
but not decided, that mistakes may be 
corrected upon due notice to the defen- 
dant, or with his consent. We have no 
power to alter the record furnished us by 
the county clerk, but we have power to 
require the clerk to do his duty oy obey- 
ing the statute. This power exists by 
necessary implication, as the right to 
hear the appeal involves the right to re- 
quire such a record to be presented as 
the law commands the clerk to prepare 
and print. Unless he does his duty, the 
right of appeal given to the defendant 
may be of no avail. As the printed rec- 
ords are reauired to be furnished to us 
for official action, we necessarily have 



the right to determine, upon a proper am- 
plication and the full presentation of the 
facts, whether they have been prepared 
and printed according to law; and, if we 
find that they have not, to direct the 
clerk accordingly. It is ordered, there- 
fore, that the miuntes be printed as they 
were filed by the stenographer, without 
omission or change of any kind." 


Under this caption the cases of People 
V. Benison (32 Miscellaneous Reports, p. 
366), and People v. Giles (reported 152 
N. Y., 136; same case 46 Northeastern 
Reporter, p. 326), are cited, and while not 
dealing directly with the necessity tor 
stenographers preserving their notes, yet 
discuss the question of when courts should 
preserve a record of their proceedings; 
and, to that extent, may be of Interest to 


Law stenographers who attempt to dis- 
criminate between what is. and what is 
not, proper to be taken, are sometimes 
embarrassed In deciding this question. 
This occurs oftenest as to discussions 
between court and counsel, and is not 
unusual after the court has charged the 
jury and the latter are about to retire 
for deliberation. 

Practitioners who are Interested In this 
topic will not waste any time by reading 
the following cases: Chapman v. McCor- 
mlck (reported 86 N. Y., p. 479); O'Nell 
v. Dry Dock, Etc., R. R. Co. (129 N. Y., 
p. 125; same case. 29 Northeastern Re- 
porter, 84) ; Gallagher v. McMuUln, (7 Ap- 
pellate Division, 321); People v. Gray, (5 
Wendell, 289); Zabriskie v. Smith, (13 N. 
y., 322) ; Tlnkham v. Thomas, (34 Superior 
Court, 236); Pfeffele v. Second Avenue R, 
R. Co.. (34 Hun. 497); Raymond v. Rich- 
mond. (88 N. Y. 671) ; Schule v. Cunning- 
ham. (13 State Reporter), 81; Malone v. 
Third Avenue R. R. Co., (12 Appellate 
Division. 508), and DeBost v. Albert Pal- 
mer Co. (36 Hun, 386). 

While these cases do not in terms dis- 
cuss the stenographer's duty as to the 
making and contents of his official rec- 
ord, yet the intelligent reader will readily 
appreciate the importance of incorporat- 

( Conlinutf'l oii 

Ing therein the discussion between court 
and counsel, as to requests to charge the 
juiy. By that, and that alone. Is the 
higher court, when reviewing the proceed- 
ings, enabled to determine wliether or no 
rights have been granted or denied liti- 
gants which call for reversal or aflirm- 
ance of the Judgments of the lower 


• • * 

The record of the Schley Court of In- 
quiry comprised over 1500 pages of solid 
type, approximately 1,000,000 words of 
testimony, not including some long of- 
ficial documents and other communica- 
tions. The testimony was printed each 
night at a cost of |700 to the Govern- 

• • • 

The appeal of the committee on legis- 
lation of the National Shorthand Re* 
porters' Association for financial aid to 
defray the expenses attending the pro- 
posed attempt at the coming session of 
Congress to procure legislation provid- 
ing for oflficlally reporting the Federal 
Courts, should be responded to by every 
stenographer, who is able, in the country. 
The personnel of the committee, to any 
one of whom contributions m^ay be sent, 
is a sufficient guarantee that the funds 
will be properly utilized. Charles Cur- 
rier Beale, Court House, Boston, Mass., 
Chairman; Charles F. Roberts, P. O. Box 
1278, New Haven, Conn., Secrjetary; Ed- 
ward V. Murphy, Washington, D. C, Clay- 
ton C. Herr, Bloomlngton, 111.; Buford 
Duke, Nashville, Tenn., and H. C. Dem- 
Ing, Harrlsburg, Pa., compose the com- 


HN official stenographer, who will not 
permit his name to be used, sends 
me the following clippings and his 
comments thereon: 

"At the trial term of the Supreme 
Court at Caldwell (Warren county, N. 
Y.) yesterday the entire day was occu- 
pied In the hearing of the Merlthew 
bridge case, which was continued to-day. 
This evening members of the bar will 
give a game supper to Judge Stover and 
Stenographer Robert R. Law, of Cam- 
bridge, at the Half Way House, French 
Mountain."— Troy Times. 

folio 29^.) 


R.eliability and R.eliance. 

B have thought at various 
times of wrltlnK about this 
on the "woman's page" of 
this magaiine, along the line 
of the quallfl cations ot a 
thorough stenographer ; but 
Mrs, A. R. Ramse; has covered the suth 
ject so well In a recent number of "The 
Ledger" that we are led to quote from 
it. rather than prepare Bomething for 
publication which would be confessedly 

."Let UB agree that self-reliance Is an 
admirable trait and one which should, by 
every possible training, be given to chil- 
dren. Yet, the most self-reliant person 
Is dependent every day and hour upon 
someone else, although It may happen 
that this la not realized save In times of 
distress or sorrow. Gray's beautiful line, 
'On some (ond breast the parting sou! re- 
lies,' expresses the reaching out of 
wrecked humanity in a season of extrem- 
ity: but It tells only half the truth, since 
not only at life's end. but all along the 
journey we are absolutely dependent 
upon the faithful care, if not the love, of 

"It seemg like a step from the sublime 
to the ridiculous to bring this line into 
a discussion of domestic and business re- 
lations; but, since it InslstH upon our 
human dependence, it may stand, while 
we see how far anyone can be sufficient 
to himself, even in humblest ways. 

"That busy, shrewd man. who fan"ies 
himself wholly self-reliant, is entirely 
dependent upon the sobriety and skill of 
his coar'hman as he drives to his morn^ 
Ing train. Then he must depend (or 
safety upon the same qualities in the en- 
gineer, and every one of the railroad em- 
ployees who starts the train, minds the 
switches, sets the signals or take carf of 
ibe wheel.i and track. Not one man must 
f^ll tn one particular if our travelfr is to 
leach the city without danger to life and 

the poll o, while, arrived at his office, his 
comfort depends upon the dnstlng of the 
office, the exactness of the typewriter, 
the promptness ot mall delivery and the 
performance of every one of the dally 

■'Carry this thought Into the life of 
the home and see how impossible It Is to 
escape dependence upon others. When 
cook departs and her helpers flee, then 
for the mistress comes a mighty realiza- 
tion of what her dependence has been. 
Or. let Illness enter our doors, and with 
what a"hlng hearts we depend upon doc- 
tor and nurse. 

"With the full realization of our de- 
pendence comes the realization of the 
pre'iouB quality which answers to our 
need — the power to hold on, to do the 
iuty at all coats to ourselves. 

"It Is this which we must cultivate as 
carefully as the self-reliance men praise. 
It la nothing to have skill If we do not 
use It for all our work ; to have It and 
withhold It Is to abuse It. It is nothing 
to be faithful if we make a choice as to 
when we shall be .so. Real faithfulness 
knows no time for neglect, no season 
for forKcttuIness. 

"When women have this conscientious 
attitude towards their work (hev are apt 
to be worn out. not ao much with their 
faithful work, as with the attempt to 
put their consciences Into too many ef- 
lorts. It is our duty to perform so well 
our task that those who need It are 
never without the stay and comJort of 
our eervl.e: it Is even more of a duty 
not to undertake too much. We must 
learn that reliability Is as great a virtue 
and as rare a one as consistency. It 
may be cultivated along the same lines 
as our self-reliance: but It Is killed If 
s-attered over many fields of work. 
Therefore, let us make concentration the 
watchword for our winter, and while we 
>umblv acknowledge our dependence up- 
on others, mav we feel as keenly the re- 
sponsibllitv of the tasks we accent and 
our obligitlon to be exact and reliable." 



In the next number we hope to dwell 
on the "winning quality of enthusiasm," 
as the- Brown Boolt of Boston calls it. 

began by securing an expensive head 
cook, with the result that no better food 
is served at any restaurant, notwith- 
htanding its cheapness. — Selected. 

-^ HE "Noonday Rest" of a woman's 
^ club in Chicago, the big Klio Asso- 
ciation, comes very near to solv- 
ing the problem which periodically agi- 
tates the self-supporting women of all 
large cities — how to get a comfortable 
luncheon in a comfortable plaje. The 
rest is a sort of club in itself, but non- 
mjembers are admitted to its privileges, 
so that at noon it is practically a general 
lunch room. Five cents deposited with 
a clerk at the door buys a ticket which 
gives any woman entrance. The lunch 
room is managed in an admirable and 
unusual way. The visitor first enters the 
serving room, and takes a hot plate tfom 
a pile in a rack at the side. She then 
proceeds to fill It from an array of good 
things set out on long tables before her. 
At a counter across one end of the room 
meat and vegetables are served. The 
scale of prices is almost nominal. A cup 
of coffee costs 3 cents; a slice of bread, 
1 cent. 15 cents, or even 10, will buy a 
good hot meal. With her plate filled, 
the visitor goes on into the dining room, 
passes a second clerk, who looks over 
her order, estimates its value at a glance 
and gives her a celluloid check for the 
amount. The guest finds a seat where 
she pleases, pre-empts it by putting 
down her plate of food while she steps 
to the place in which the knives, forks, 
napkins, etc., are kept; she picks out her 
own supply, and from another table 
pours herself a glass of water before she 
returns to her seat, and proceed.s with 
her luncheon. When she has finished 
she takes her dishes and leaves them at 
another side table, and, going out by an- 
other door, turns over her check and 
money to a third clerk seated there. By 
this individual service there are no de- 
lays in getting through with the lunch- 
eon, and the system does away with a 
large force of waitresses, with a conse- 
quent economy in the management of 
the enterprise. Its promoters, it may be 
added, have known where to spend. They 

Notes From tHe Field. 

ynvlSS Agnes Montgomery Gill was the 

LnJ Acting Governor of New Jersey 

for one week, during the absence 
of the Chief Executive, his clerk and pri- 
vi*c Secretary, at Buffalo. Miss Gill is 
the stenographer of the Executive Oflice, 
and is an extremely bright young woman. 
All manner of questions have come in 
the mail, and she alone has sought out 
and supplied the information; all the 
attaches of the State House addressed 
her during that memorable w^eek as Gov- 

It is a great mistake for business wo- 
men to dress showily. Cheerfulness, in- 
telligence and anxiety to do weh appeal 
to an employer more than any personal 
attraction, and, as a rule, girls who pos- 
sess these qualities develop business 
capabilities and succeed in their work. 

Miss Viola Codding was recently ap- 
pointed court stenographer at Nome, 
North Dakota. It is said that the salary' 
is $150 per month, with a chance for 
Miss Codding to earn $200 a month more 
in clerical work. We hope she will win! 

In the Middlesex Court, Lowell, Mass., 
Miss Grace N. Kinney, of Roxburj', a 
young Boston stenographer, recently be- 
gan action to obtain one-sixth of a large 
Billerica estate. Her share may amount 
to $10,000. 

"The aspiring journalist would do well 
to train herself in the writing of brief 
and pointed paragraphs. Few among 
even practiced writers excel in the ac- 
complishment of producing agreeable 
brevities. Cultivate, too, the habit of 
observing interesting incidents as you 
go here and there, and discriminate be- 
tween what It would be legitimate to 
describe In a newspaper and what should 
be regarded as confidential." 

Miss Helen M. Stoddard has been ap- 
pointed by Governor Sayers of Texas 
a Commissioner to locate the State In- 
dustrial School for Girls, and her ap- 
pointment has been confirmed by the 
Senate. This Is the first time a woman 
has been honored In any such way In 
Texas. The Commission consists of 
twelve men and one woman. Texas 
women, led by Mrs. Stoddard, have 
worked hard to get this School, the first 
bill having been introduced about ten 
years ago. 

Ida E. Turner. 


Laiv Department 

(Continued from folio 290) 

They don't give game suppers down 
our way. You can get in the "game," 
though, any evening. 

"The two EUenville cases brought by 
the BllenvlUe and Kingston Railroad 
Company to acquire title to property  •  
were tried at EUenville and a number of 
witnesses were examined and cross-ex- 
amined at length, two days and an even- 
ing being occupied. The evidence was 
taken by a lady stenogrrapher, an em- 
ploye of the railroad office, and she found 
the next day that somebody had broken 
into the railroad office and torn ud the 
minutes. The cases were therefore sub- 
mitted by counsel upon what they re- 
membered of the testimony and upon 
figures, which had been taken down by 
Mr. Burhaus, a member of the commis- 
sion." — Kingston Leader. 

There is certainly nothing slow about 
cipher tracks. It was probably that even- 
ing session that "broke her up." 

"How are you getting on with your 
new stenographer?" asked the business 

"First rate," answered Mr. Cumrox. 

"Is she accurate?" 

"I should say not. If she was accurate 
Vd discharge her to-morrow. She simply 
gets the sense of what I want to say, and 
then expresses it grammatically." — 
Washington Star. 



We are in receipt of the following let- 
ter to which we have made the reply 
given below. 

"Mr. F. H. Hemperley, Editor The Sten- 
ographer, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir: 

I desire to take a thorough course in 
stenography. I enclose ten cents for 
sample copy of The Stenographer and 
particulars of the method you pursue in 
teaching same. 

Yours truly, 

xj[. B. O. 

To H. B. C. 

I take great pleasure in sending you a 
sample copy of The Stenographer. Some 

of the best shorthand writers of the coun- 
try have mastered the art in the manner 
in which I am Instructing many of the 
subscribers to The Stenographer. 

A good text-book will cost you $1.25; 
the magazine will cost you $1.00 for a 
year. The Instruction will cost you noth- 
ing except the postage on correspondence 
both ways. 

I am sure that you will find it satisfac- 
tory and successful If you are sufficiently 
interested and persevering to give it the 
necessary study and practice. 

There Is no royal road to the mastery 
of anything worth knowing. An under- 
standing of the principles of shorthand 
is easily acquired; the successful use of 
shorthand as an art, comes only by prac- 
tice. I can tell you how to practice; the 
work you must do yourself. 

You can go to a school of instruction 
and pay from $75 to $125, simply for the 
privilege of doing under an overseer what 
you can, if you will, do under your own 
self-compulsion, with the assistance of 
o:casional revision by the editor of The 

I shall be glad to have you take 
hold and secure the co-operation ot 
several others in your city, because in that 
way we can work together and make more 
certain the persistent application which is so 
essential. — Editor. 

Otir TypeMTriter. 

By Edwin Davenport Ross. 

Who entered promptly just at nine 
Each morn, and worked till time to dine. 
And always wore a smile benign? 

Our Typewriter. 

Who catered to our every whim. 
And never would her labors skim, 
Appearing always neat and trim? k 

Our Typewriter. 

Who raised the moral status high 
In counting room and office nigh, 
And never told a business He? 

Our Typewriter. 

Who won the heart of our Cashier. 

Arid led him on a wild career, ! 

Which ended in a prison drear? | 

Our Typewriter. , | 


jn^ R. Wm. Hope, President Harlem 
rllA Com'l Inst. N. Y. City, and for 
4.ll>/ eight years Supt. o( the N. Y. 
Biia. Institute writes: 

"1 have critically and with mucb care 
examined the revised edltioD of 'Isaac 
Pitman's Shorthand Inetructor.' I am 
so much pleased with the im.provementa 
made In it that I have discarded the use 
of the shorthand text-book of which I 
am author, and am now only using 
■Isaac Pitman's Shorthand Instructor,' 
and their other shorthand publications 
In m3' Institate. The results are most 
satisfactory, and I do not hesitate to 
cheerfully testify to superior merit and 
excellente. It is an American produced 
book tor American students that has no 

Since last reported, the Certificate of 
Proficiency tor teachers of the Icaac Pit' 
man Phonography In the United States 
and Canada, has lieen awarded to the 
following successful candidates: Mr. 
Lionel R. Stert, 1435 Lafayette St., Den- 
ver. Colo. This diploma, the examina- 
tion for which is based on a knowledge 
of the system as presented In the "Twen- 
tieth Century" Edition of "Isaac Pitman's 
Complete Phonographic Instnictor," will 
be found very vahtabte in the hands of 
teachers of this system. It is Issued by 
Messrs. Isaac Pitman & Sons. 33 Union 
Square. New York. 

"Pitman's 20th Century Dictation and 
Legal Forma." and "Aesops' Fables" In 
Isaac Pitman's Phonography, have re- 
cently been adopted by the N. Y. Board 
of Education for use in the High Schools. 

K«y to 
Isaac Pitman Shorthand. 

1 Pllmi 

y Dkls 

Yon may thus keep the readers of the 
"Gazette" familiar with your name and 
goods, and when the new season comes 
around you would have great advantage 
over competitors not constantly adver- 

tising. Spasmodic advertising, while 
better than none at all, la not the best 
policy. We know a constant steady ef- 
fort would repay you well, even though 
t^c advertisement did run for a few 
months when your goods were out of 
season. Confident that an Investment 
of this kind would be mutually profitable, 
and hoping to re.eive your favorable 
response, we remain. 

Yours truly, (IflZt 

Messrs. J. H. Love & Co., 
Meriden. Conn. 
Gentlemen : May we not have your 

order to give you some assistance in 
pla-.-lng your ma:hlncry In bakers' and 
confectioners' establishments? There Is 
a large and growing use of such machin- 
ery in these trades to which our Journal 
Is devoted, and we see no reason why we 
should not be able to put you In the way 
of new and profltable trade among our 
readers. W't are not aware that anyone 
has attempted to work this Held as yet, 
and we feel sure you have a good oppor- 
tunity to secure good results from adver- 
tising with us. We send you a copy of 
the "Gazette." and trust you will give it 
careful examination. Let us bave your 
order for advertising in the September 
and subsequent numbers, and see what 

Yours truly. (145) 

Mr. Harold White, 

Atlantic Highlands. N. J. 
Dear Sir: We have your favor of the 
14th Inst, asking for sample copy of the 
'"Tribune." and rates of Bub£;crlptlon. 
etc. We take pleasure in complying with 
your request and mall you to-day copy 
of our September Issue, and Inclose with 
this subscription blank and circular giv- 
ing the opinions of men In different parts 
of the country as to the uaefulness of 
our Journal to those In the trades to 
which It is devoted. We shall hope to re- 
ceive your subscription at once, believ- 
ing that you cannot afford to miss the 
amount of trade information and Instruc- 
tion given In our columns each month 
for the small cost of subscription. 

; l-llma 

-, Shon 

I Ins 




us. Sp. 

innltli Phornemphy. loi 
by Imk Pllirin Sihii. )) 




Business Letters from Pitman's Twentieth Century Dictation Book 

and Legal Forms. 
( By permiss ion . ) 


> H-— p»» 



■A' '"■ "^'^ 

'\- ' (192) 

^d J. H. Love & Co., ^-^' , Conn. 

y^^l^" )x ^„- "r\./ "t." 1 r_ I 

"V- , (l-to) 

Harold White, h — ^ , N. J. 

a^: ^4g.L... 'l'^.Zn./ "l^.." "A V. ^ 









6 ^ "^ ; M« ^^^ ^^V i. .\>- \ 




>^ N^::) 

t — "":^. "^ / "M Vv^ V 

Schools and others, desiring the services ot experienced 
shorthand teachers, will please apply to Teachers* Bureau 
Department. Isaac Pitman 9i Sons, 33 Union Square, New 


Olthand" iiplain thf geotral prineiples of GabelBberger syMeni. I all 

KOT£.~Tliia Department will be continued for another /ear. 

L.ast 5peecK of the late President McKinley. 


At the beglnulng of the nineteenth 
century there wae not a mile ol steam 
railroad on the globe. Now there are 
enough miles to mahe Its circuit many 
times. Then there was not a line at 
electric telegraph; now we have a vast 
mileage traversing all lands and all 
e^as. God and man have linked the na- 
tions together. No nation can longer be 
Indifferent to any other. And as wq are 
brought more and more in touch with 
each other the less occasion 1b tbere for 
mIsunderHtandlngB. and the stronger the 
disposition, when we have differences, 
to adjust them in the court of arbltra. 
tlon, which la the noblest forum of set- 
tlement of International disputes. 

Mr fellow citizens: Trade statistics 
indicate thH.t this country Is In a state of 
unexampled prosperity. The figures are 
almost appalling. They show that we 
are utilizing our fields and forests and 
mines, and that we are furnishing proBt- 
able employment to the millions of work- 
Ingmen throughout the United States, 
bringing comfort and happiness to their 
homes, and making it poeslble to lay by 
savings (or old age and disability. That 
all the people are participating In this 
great prosperity is soon In every Ameri- 
can community, and shown by the enor- 
mous and unprecedented deposits, and 
their safe Investment demands the high- 
est Integrity and best business capacity 
of those in charge of these depositories 
of the people's earnings. 

We have a vast and Intricate business, 
built up through years of toil anu strug- 
gle, in which every part of the country 
has Its stake, which will not permit of 
either neglect, or of undue selflshness. 
No narrow, sordid policy will subserve It. 
I'he greatest skill and wisdom on the 
pait of the manufacturers and producers 
will t>e required to bold and Increase It. 

Our Industrial enterprises which have 
grown to such great proportions affect 
the homes and occupations of the people 
and the welfare of the country. Our 
capacity to produce has developed so 
enormously and our products have so 
multiplied that the problem of more mar- 
kets requires our urgent and Immediate 

Only a broad and enlightened policy 
will keep what we have. No other policy 
will get more. In these times of marvel' 
ous business energy and gain we ought 
to be looking to the future, strengthening 
the weak places In our Industrial and 
commercial systems, that we may be 
ready for any storm or strain. 

By sensible trade arrangements which 
will not interrupt our home production, 
we shall extend the outlets for our In- 
creasing surplus, A system which pro- 
vides a mutual exchange of commodities 
Is manifestly essential to the continued 
and healthful growth of our export trade. 
We must not repose In fancied security 
that we can forever sell everything and 
buy little or nothing, tf such a thing 
were possible. It would not be best for 
lis or for those with whom we deal. We 
should take from our customers such of 
their products as we can use without 
harm to our Industries and labor. Reci- 
procity Is the natural outgrowth of our 
wonderful Industrial development under 
the domestic policy now firmly establish- 
ed. What we produce beyond our do- 
mestic consumption must have vent 
abroad. The excess must be relieved 
through a foreign outlet, and we should 
sell everywhere we can and buy wher- 
ever tbe buying will enlarge our sales 
and productions, and thereby make a 
greater demand for home labor. The 
period of exciuslveness is past. Tbe ex- 
pansion of our trade and commerce Is 
the pressing problem. Commercial wars 
are unprofitable. A policy of good will 
and friendly trade relations will prevent 
^prlsals. Reciprocity treaties are In 

9 of retaliation are not 




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LrEtvr Forms. 

County of New York, ss: 

John H. Kelly, being duly sworn, saya 
that Ije is tlie plninlifl above nained ; 
that be bas read the loregolng complaint 
and knowf! th^ contents thereof, and that 
the same Is true of his own knowledge, 
except -as to the matters therein stated to 
be alleged upon Information and belief, 
and as to those matters he believes It 
to be true. 

New Yoik Couuly. 

Fkederick Jambs, 

Thomas Campebil and 
Joseph O'Brien, 


The defendant, Thomas Campbell, by 
Robert T. Wilson, his attorney, aaswer- 
ing the complaint of the plaintiff herein. 
respectfully shows to this Court: 

I. He admits the allegations contained 
In paragraphs I and lY, of said complaint. 

II. He alleges that he has no knowl- 
edge or Information sufficient to form, a 

belief as to the truth of the allegations- 
contained in paragraphs numbered II. 
and 111. of said complaint. 

III. He denies ttp.t before the com- 
mencement of this actlOD he received 
of the assets of Susan Robertson, de- 
ceased, the sum of six hundred dollars, 
or any other sura whatsoever, as alleged 
In paragraph numbered V. of said Com- 

Wherefore this defendant demands 

judgment that the complaint as against 

him be dismissed with costs. 

Robert T. Wilson, 

Attorney /or De/tttdant, Thomas Campbell, 

7 B.-ekiiian Street. N. )'. City. 

City and County of New York, ss : 

Thomas Campbell, being duly sworn, 
says that he is one of the defendants 
herein; that he has read the foregoing 
answer and knows the contents thereof; 
that the same is true of his own knowl- 
edge, except as to the matters therein 
stated to be alleged upon information 
and belief, and as to those matters he be- 
lieves the same to be true. 

WS'Tke only books thai present the Graham system in its purity are pub- 
lished by AndreviJ. Graham & Co. , //y Broadtvay, New York. Catalog and 

circulars free. 





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Extract from "Dombey <& Son." 

'"Those wbo study the physical sci- 
ences, and bring them to bear upon the 
health ot man. tell us that iC th« noxious 
particles that rise from vitiated air were 
palpable to the Eight, we should see them 
lowering In a dcnae black cloud above 
such haunts, and rolling slowly on to 
corrupt the better portions of the town. 
But If the moral pestilence that rises 
with them and In the eternal laws of 
outraged Nature, is Inseparable (rom 
tbem, could be made diacernable too, 
how terrible the revelation! Then should 
we see depravity. Impiety, drunkenness, 
theft, murder, and a long train of name' 
less sins against the natural atfections 
and repulsions of mankind, overcharging 
the devoted spots, and creeping on, to 
blight the innocent and spread contagion 
among the pure. Then should we see 
how the same poisoned fountains that 
flow into our hospitals and lazar-houses, 
inundate the Jails, and make the com- 
vlcc ships swim deep, and roll across the 
seas, and overrun vast continents with 
crime. Then should we stand appalled 
to know, that where we generate disease 
to strike our children down, and entail 
Itself on unborn generations, there also 
we breed, by the same certain process, 
infancy that knows do Innocence, youth 
without modesty or shame, maturity that 
is mature In nothing but In suffering 
and in guilt, blasted old age that Is a 

scandal on the form we bear. Unnatu- 
ral humanity! When we shall gather 
grapes from thorns, and figs from this- 
tles: when fields of grain shall spring up 
from the oftal In the byways of our 
wicked cities, and roses bloom in the fat 
church-yards that they cherish; then we 
may look for natural humanity, and And 
it growing from such se^d. 

Oh, for a good spirit who would take 
the housetops oft, with a more potent 
and benignant hand than the lame demon 
In the tale, and show a Christian people 
what dark shapes issue from amid their 
homes, to swell the retinue of the De- 
stroying Angel as he moves forth among 
them! For only one night's view of the 
pale phantoms rising from the scenes of 
our too long neglect; and from the thick 
and sullen air where Vice and Fever pro- 
pagate together, raining the tremendous 
social retributions which are ever pour- 
ing down, and ever coming thicker! 
Bright and blest the morning that should 
rise on such a night: for men, delayed 
no more by stumbling-blocks of their 
own making, which are but specks of 
dust upon the path between them and 
eternity, would then apply themselves, 
like creatures ot one common origin, 
owing one duty to the father ot one 
family, and tending lo one common end. 
to make the world a better place!" 




,-:!'- ^^<o_ ^^^^ . /v^^, V I, ^, 

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— ^-^ 




'Osgoodby's Phonetic Shorthand Manual, $1.2^ ; Speed-book [ivithout key), $1.00; 
Compendium , for the vest-pocket, ^oc ; IVord-Book, $1.50 ; The Great Moon Hoax [engraved 
shorthand) $1,2$. For sale by The Stenographer Printing and Publishing^ Co., 

40S D rex el Building, Philadelphia, Fa. 


CKinese Retain Residence During Voyages. 

^m^HE petitioner fa a siibje::t of the 
f\ that he came to California hIx 
\m emperor of China, aod alleges 
years ago, and has ainre resided In the 
state; that (or some months past he has 
been employed as a seaman on board the 
steamship City of Sydney, which depart' 
ed from the port of San Franclsro on the 
eighth of May last, bound on a voyage 
to Australia, and returned to this port 
on the eighth of this month; that since 
Hb return the captain has refused to al- 
low him to land, and detains him on 
hoard, in contravention of the constitu- 
tion of the United States, and of the 
treaty between this country and China. 

The question presented Is whether the 
petitioner is within the class of laborers 
whose landing In the United Stales is 
prohibited by the act of Congress, The 
captain of the vessel Is desirous of obey- 
ing the law, and is not a-^tuated by any 
personal feeling in restraining the peti- 
tioner. He is also inder this embarrass- 
ment: he Is bound by bla contract to re- 
turn the petitioner to the port of ship- 
ment, and this Implies that he shall land 
blm. The detention, if unlawful, renders 
bim liable to both civil and criminal 
prosecution. He therefore asks the di- 
rection of the court aa to his duty. 

We Ho nol, Iv.wev^r. liiiil Biiv H ISc'Lv 

In arriving at the meaning of the act. 
Its provisions are plain. The master of 
a vessel la prohibited from bringing 
within the United States, and landing 
or permitting to be landed, any Chinese 
laborer /rom nnj/ foreign port or place: 
and that means, from bringing any 
Chinese laborer embarking at a foreign 
port or place. The prohibition does not 
apply to tbe bringing of a laborer already 
on board o( the vessel when It touches 
at a foreign port. 

The object of the at of Congress waa 
to prevent the further immigration of 
Chinese laborers to the United States, 

not to expel those already here. It even 
provides for the return of such laborers 
leaving for a temporary period, upon 
their obtaining certificates of Identifica- 
tion. It was deemed wise policy to pre- 
vent the (omlng among us of a class of 
persons who. by their dissimilarity of 
manners, habits, religion, and physical 
chara'terlstks cannot assimilate with 
our people, but must forever remain a 
distiid race, creating by their presence 
enmities and conSicts, disturbing to tbe 
pea e and inlurfous to the interests of 
the country. But It was not thought th»t 
the few thousands now here, scattered, 
as they must soon be, throughout all the 
states, would sensibly disturb onr peace 
or affect our civilization. And in this 
connection it should not be overlooited 
th?.t the petitioner, while on board (be 
^iteomship as one of Its crew, was with- 
in the jurisdiction of the United States, 
at all tlmi's under their protection, and 
amenrtble to their laws. \n American 
vessel la df'^'med to be a part of the terri- 
tory of the state within whl^h ils home 
port is si;uuted and as such a pari of the 
territory of the United States. The 
rights of Its crew are measured by the 
laws of Its state or nation, and their 
contracts are enforced by its tribunals. 
' •  It would be, therefore, a singular 
(ircumstance In the legislation of the 
country if the act of Congress had been 
60 framed that a subje:t of China, by 
his temporary employment on an Anaert- 
can vessel sailing from an American 
port, was deprived of the right of resi- 
dence acquired under the treaty with his 
country. Only the clearest language 
would Justify such a conclusion. Noth- 
ing in the act requires it. Whenever 
the United States Intend to eject any 
person from their jurisdiction thej- will 
undoubtedly express their purpose in 
plain terms,— Case of the Chinese Cabin 
Walter. 13 Fed. 289, 



muns6n shorthand. 

CriiTi-3^. r.'-v.M.' K^-bLC";r.C'- I vjr\:/.^ Voyc\y,<^o 


The Stenographer Piiatiag & Pufali«hing Co. 
408 Drexel BuiUing, PhHa., Pa. 

John C. Dixon. Seci^UrvanJ Treasurer ' 

Voi,. XVJ. DECEMBER, 1901. 

No. I 

11 bB glad 

y.X" s"^'^*- t^aaada and Mei- 
,..„ - ,a. ' Pl'cea In Postal Union, 

" AdvertWnk R ates furnished on application. 

Thk Shorthand Home Study leasona 
which the Editor of The Stenographcb la 
presenting in this magazine lead to the 
mastery of th^ Reporting Style In the very 
briefest time. You will observe that they 
skeletonize words from the beginning, snd 
yet thai ihey obviale many of the old time 
difficulties and escape many o[ the most 
dangerous pitfalls. By the use of the 
universal vowel— the short e— to aid in the 
rronnnciation of the outline, the student 
grapples with and masters tbe principle 
of represetitirig the word with the 
consonants which really constilnle the 
frame work of the word, and at the 
sunie time he avoids the pernicious habit 
of naminR the individual consonants 
Instead of pronouncing the entire group 
form. For instance, under the method of 
Mr. Hemperiey's Home Study lessons, the 
word Tennessee, would be analyzed in 
syllable phonography thus— Te-Ne-Se, 

whereas by the old style the student U 
taught to say, Te,En,Es. The word Burden 
would be analyzed syllabically a« Ber-Den; 
whereas by the individual coneonant 
method as be, ar, de, en. 

The elementary sounds of the language 
are comparatively few. When thoroughly 
niBstered, in their simple and modified 
forms, mlltionB ot words may easily be 
written by simply grouping these ele- 

TuENatlonalCommittee on Legislation, 
acting under a vote of the National Asso- 
ciation passed qt Buffalo. Is endeavoring 
to raise a fund with which to meet the 
necessary eipenso of an effort to aecnre 
at the coming session of Congress the 
passage ot a bill providing for olHclal 
stenographers In the United States courts. 
The Committee now has In course of 
preparation a bill which will be intro- 
duced at the opening ot Congress in De- 
cember, and as many of Its features have 
already been approved by leading United 
States Senators, several members of the 
National House of Representatives as 
well as by high officials ot the Department 
of Justice and a number of United States 
judges, tlie prospect for the passage 
o( the 1)111 is good provided the money 
necessary to malte a proper showing be- 
fore the committees o( the two bouses of 
Congress can be obtained. The CoIJlmi^ 
tee guarantees that every dollar con- 
tribnted shall be legitimately expended, 
and strictly accounted for to the Na- 
tional Association. 
Charles Currier Beale, 

Court House, Boston. Mass., Chairman. 
Charles F. Roberts, 

P. O. Box, 1278, New Haven, Ct., Sec'y. 
Edward V. Murphy, Washington, D. C. 
Clayton C. Herr, Bloomlngton, 111. 
Buford Duke, Nashville, Tenn. 
H. C. Demming, Harriaburg, Pa. 

National Committee on Legislation. 

sp^ia!jo,co01(T and G0l!«E]iTI01i HEPOHTEllS. 


The Inventor or Phonography. 

'''All shorthand writers in the 
world concede the debt of grati- 
tude due to Isaac Pitman as the 
original inventor of the BEST 
system of shorthand^ and the one 
which forms the basis for a 
h u ndred or more modificaticms. * ' 
Dr. Wm. T. Harris, U. S. Com- 
tnissioner of Education. 

If you wish to increase your speed, use 


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HNY kind of paper can be used in the manufacture of 
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essential, and the paper in this book is the result of a care- 
ful study of over fifteen years. In regard to binding this is 
the only note book that, after a page is turned will lie per- 
fectly fat and stay there — a fact appreciated in rapid work. 

" I became acquainted with these note-books two or three years ago, when 
I strongly recommended their use In The Stenographer, and have never 
regretted doing so. The paper used Is first-class, while the rubber-bound 
back, permitting the book to open flat upon the desk or knee, makes IT in- 
valuable."— H. W. Thorne. Attorney -.It- Law and Official Court Reporter, 
Johnstown. N. Y. • 

" I have become so used to your No. 5 Note-Book, that I can use no other. 
. . . My colleague (Mr. Beard) in this Court says that your books are the 
best he has ever used In twenty years' experience, "--PETER P. McLaughlin. 
Court of General Sessions. New York City. 

•• 1 have no hesitation in saying that 1 jcan write at least TWENTY WORDS A 
MINUTE more with your No. 5 than I have been able to do with any note-book 
I have previously used."--THOMAS BURRILL, Department of Highways, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. <r 

Sample copy post-paid, 20c. Very liberal reduction by 
the dozen. Specimen pages showing 3 styles of ruling free. 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, Publishers, 33 Union Square, New York. 



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Manufacturers. 240-2 W. 23D St., Ncw YORK. 

punctuation an^ Capital 

JAMES F. WILLIS, J427 Euclid Ave., Phila. 

Author of **aooo Drill Sentences for Qraminatlail 
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cess Series In Arithmetic.'* etc. 

PROFESSOR WILLIS is a genius in the 
art of book making. He succeeds in 
putting into these monographs all that is 
necessary for a comprehensive treatment in 
a surprisingly small space. 

—Journal of Education, 

iM wtTM OUR Aovf ariftvns PLfAte mcmtio» 
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Practical Typewriting. 


Jl COMPLETE Manual of Instructions in 
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200 pages. 

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PROF. J. C. STEIMER, Lexington, Ky. 

anxious to succeed? Of 
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Xaufib an& (Brow fat/' 

**The Oddities of Shorthand'^; 

or, '*Thc Coroner and His Friend.'' 

Depicts possibilities of Shorthand in 
Affairs of Daily Life— its Business, Love 
Making, Crime. 

Everyone should read this interesting book 


BSORBING in character the stories 

abound in humorous, natural situa- 
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To close out the balance of second and third editions we will send a copy to any address 
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Compiled and Pubushko av 
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n COLLECTION of words, sentences, and 
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lists of grammalogues, contractions, etc., 
which have never before been published. 




n CONCISE and comprehensive arrange- 
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served in using English, supplemented by 
exercises affording the drill necessary to ac- 
quire facility and skill in applying these 

Any of the Above Books Sent Postage Paid Upon Receipt of Price. 

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